AP European History Practice Exams

See below for a complete list of all the the online AP European History practice exams. Each of these sites has dozens of free practice questions. Start your test prep right now!

AP Euro Practice Test

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AP European History | Practice Exams | DBQ & FRQ | Notes | Videos |   Study Guides

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AP European History Resources

AP European History explores the cultural, economic, political, and social changes that have molded Europe from approximately 1450 to the present day. Click through our free AP European History study guides and AP Euro flashcards below:

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It's officially that time of the year again - the AP Exam Schedule 2024 is out, and while it seems far away, NOW is the time to start planning. AP exams are a great way to get ahead of the college curve, but they can also be tough and require a lot of studying! As someone who has taken her fair share of AP exams, a word of advice... it's important to start studying early and keep reviewing small chunks of AP study guides throughout the school year.  Here are the 2024 AP Exam dates : 2024 AP Test Schedule | Week 1 Week 1 8 AM Local Time 12 PM Local Time Monday, May 6, 2024 AP United States ...

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Review all notes for AP European History

  • Unit 1: Renaissance and Age of Exploration
  • In this unit, you will delve into the swift transformations ignited by the Renaissance and follow their lasting impact as they intertwine with the eras of colonialism and a commercial revolution, completely reshaping the fabric of European society.
  • Unit 2: Age of Reformation
  • During this unit, you will navigate the intricate paths of Christianity's evolution in Europe and dive into the immense and widespread consequences of the Reformation, which reverberated through both everyday existence and the political landscape.
  • Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
  • In this unit, you will engage in an exploration of the change in political power and their intricate impact on the dynamics between states and individuals, as well as among states themselves. Additionally, you will delve into the multifaceted outcomes of economic advancements in Europe, shedding light on the resultant social, political, and cultural conditions.
  • Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Transformations
  • During this unit, you will examine the intertwining of scientific reasoning, emerging political ideologies, and technological progress that precipitated far-reaching changes across European society during the 18th century.
  • Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century
  • In this unit, you will trace the expansion of England's influence within European affairs and explore the wide-reaching effects of the French Revolution as they resonated across the European continent.
  • Unit 6: Industrialization and Its Effects
  • Within this unit, you will delve into the paradigm-shifting consequences of the Industrial Revolution, technological advancements, and urbanization, and how these elements collectively reshaped both European society and the realm of political thought.
  • Unit 7: 19th-Century Views and Political Evolution
  • In this unit, you will dive into the dynamics of nationalism and the impacts of alliances, dissecting how these political forces came together to create the backdrop against which the stage was set for the advent of World War I.
  • Unit 8: 20th-Century Worldwide Struggles
  • During this unit, you will get an understanding into the monumental disruptions that marked the 20th century, alongside cultural advancements and the evolving landscape of political frameworks.
  • Unit 9: Cold War Era and Contemporary Europe
  • In this unit, you will delve into the exploration of how conflicting ideologies and the influence of global superpowers played a defining role in shaping the trajectory of the late portion of the 20th century.
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AP European History Flashcards

The Advanced Placement program offers three different history programs, including Advanced Placement European History, which covers a period starting from the year 1450. This course focuses on several themes: how Europe and the rest of the world interact, poverty and prosperity, states and other institutions of power, objective knowledge and subjective visions, and the individual and society.

Also known as AP European History, the course is the equivalent of two semesters of a college-level history class. If you’re signed up for this class, you’ll learn skills like interpretation, argumentation, and the ability to analyze evidence. You’ll learn to examine patterns of continuity and change over time and how to categorize historical events and processes by time period, or determine why an event could be a defining moment in history, or why that event is not a defining moment.

These are complex skills, and the course covers complex topics, so you’ll likely be looking for study aids. Varsity Tutors’ Learning Tools, including Flashcards for AP European History, are a great option to use when you need something to help you study.

There are many free online flashcards in this set, which provides opportunities to answer multiple-choice questions that are similar to what you’ll see when you sit down to take your AP European History exam and tackle the multiple-choice question section. There are four parts to the AP European History exam: multiple-choice questions, short answer, document based short answer, and a long essay question.

An example question in this flashcard set asks you to identify areas ruled by a dynasty prior to unification in Italy, with five potential answers; another example is a question that asks you to identify groups associated with laissez-faire economics.

You don’t have to answer every question, and you don’t have to work through each of the flashcards in the order that they come up. These flashcards allow you to skip through flashcards that cover topics you’re comfortable with; you can answer a question on a flashcard and then return to the question itself, or go backward through the set of flashcards, if you choose. If you don’t have a lot to of time to devote to reviewing concepts before class, or if you’re settling in for a marathon study session, the variety of questions in these flashcards makes studying simple.

Success in the AP European History course can mean that you earn college credits or are placed into advanced college-level course work when you attend college. If this is what you’re interested in, then these Flashcards for AP European are an accessible option for study aids to help you succeed in this advanced placement course.

After creating an account, you can use these free flashcards online or create your own, if you’re looking for something that the Flashcards for AP European History don’t contain. In addition to these, Varsity Tutors’ Learning Tools offers several Full-Length Practice Tests, many Practice Tests focused on a specific topic, and a Question of the Day series for a random question from any topic to keep you on your toes . Together, these Learning Tools are designed to help you put together a solid study plan.

Our AP European History flashcards each contain one question that might appear on the AP European History exam. You can use them to get a comprehensive overview of each topic covered on the AP European History exam one problem at a time, or to do problem drills that focus on particular problem types or content areas found on the AP European History exam.

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Advanced Placement (AP)


Are you taking the AP European History exam and want to make sure you're prepared? One of the best ways to measure your progress and learn which areas you need to focus on is to take practice exams. There are a lot of AP Euro History practice tests available; however, some are higher-quality than others. Taking a poorly written practice exam can cause you to study the wrong things and give you an inaccurate picture of what the real AP exam will be like.

In this guide, I'll go over every AP Euro practice test available , explain if and how you should use each one, and end with a schedule you can follow to help you incorporate practice tests into your study plans.

Official AP European History Practice Tests and Questions

Official practice exams are those that have been created by the College Board (the organization that develops and administers all AP exams). They are always the top resources to use because you can be sure that they accurately reflect the format and content of the real AP exam.

There are three types of official practice resources:

Complete Practice Tests

Full-length official practice tests are hard to come by since the College Board frequently reuses multiple-choice questions and therefore doesn't often make them publicly available. However, they've released one full-length AP Euro practice test:

2017 AP European History Practice Test

This practice test mostly aligns with the format and content of the latest version of the test . It's absolutely the best free practice exam available , so try to save it for when you're closer to test day and want to get an accurate estimate of how you're scoring.

There is another official AP Euro practice test floating around, this one from 2008. The College Board no longer shows it on their website, so you need to find it from unofficial sources. Additionally, the exam has been significantly updated since then, so both the format and content are somewhat out of date. This practice test has 80 multiple-choice questions instead of the current 55, and the questions focus much more on general recall of facts than they do now. Additionally, there are no passages to read and answer questions about like there are on the current exam. For the essays, the DBQ is pretty similar, but there are no short answer questions on this test. Instead there are two long essays (the current format only has one). So you can still use this exam for practice, but be aware that it's much less useful than the 2017 exam.

Free-Response Questions

2021 free-response questions 1999-2019 free-response questions

Even though official multiple-choice questions are sparse, there are over 20 years' worth of official free-response questions for you to practice with. These questions all come from past AP exams. 

AP Euro Course and Exam Description

The AP European History Course and Exam Descriptions offer additional multiple-choice questions and free-response questions—just not in the format of a full-length test. You can still get some great practice with these materials, especially the multiple-choice questions.

This is the most current course description:

2020 Course and Exam Description : Updated for current AP exam format. Contains 17 multiple-choice questions, one short-answer question, one DBQ, and one Long Essay prompt.


Unofficial AP European History Practice Exams and Quizzes

Many unofficial practice AP Euro exams can be a great study resource, but not all are worth your time. Below, we explain each unofficial resource and how you should use it. The resources are separated into two categories: free and paid, and they're roughly ordered from most to least helpful.

Free AP Euro Practice Tests

Marco Learning

This is an unofficial AP Euro practice test, but it fits the format of the actual AP exam exactly and also does a good job of matching the difficulty and type of questions you'll see on the AP exam. You can access the answer explanations here (you'll need to sign up for a free account). This is a high-quality resource, and you should save it for when you do a timed, full-length practice test (see the next section).

CrackAP's site has 32 AP Euro quizzes, each about ten questions long. A lot of the questions are passage-based, as they are on the actual AP exam, although the ones from this resource tend to be a bit more simplistic and easier to answer than actual AP questions. However, this is still a decent resource, particularly for shorter study sessions.

High School Test Prep

This resource has four quizzes, each focused on a different time period. The quizzes are each 20 questions, which is fairly short, but they do a pretty good job of matching actual AP questions. After you answer a question, you immediately learn if you got it right or not (and a helpful answer explanation is provided). This makes this not a great resource if you're trying to time yourself, but we recommend it for early on in your AP prep, when you're still becoming familiar with the types of multiple-choice questions you'll be asked.

A History of Western Society Practice Tests

Even if this isn't the textbook you're using in your AP Euro class, this is a good resource to make sure you're keeping up with the class material. There are 31 quizzes, one for each chapter of the book. You'll click on the chapter you want, then click "ACE the Test" on the left. These questions focus more on facts than making inferences, but they can be a good way to ensure you're staying on top of the information you need to know throughout the school year, especially because you can choose which chapter quiz to take based on the specific topic you want to improve in.

Varsity Tutors

The Varsity Tutors site for AP Euro has seven diagnostic tests, each with 80 multiple-choice questions. On the actual AP exam, you'll only answer 55 multiple-choice questions, which means you're getting about ten tests worth of multiple-choice questions here. They also have over 100 additional questions in the form of short quizzes organized by topics like European expansion and political practice. So there's a lot of content here.

Unfortunately, none of it is a great match for the actual AP exam. Varsity Tutors' questions focus almost solely on basic historic facts, like when a certain event happened or what a particular person's claim to fame is. There are no passages to read and make inferences from or questions that test your knowledge of major themes and changes in Europe. This makes these resources significantly different from the actual AP Euro exam, which, contrary to what many people believe, has few questions focused solely on recalling specific dates or events.

This resource is best used for people looking to build up their background knowledge of specific time periods/places/themes as opposed to using it as a close substitute for real AP multiple-choice questions. We recommend using it throughout the year to keep on top of all the information you're learning in class.


Paid AP Euro Practice Tests

AP Euro Prep Books

Prep books are a very common study resource to use when preparing for an AP exam. In addition to giving you tips for how to do well on the AP test, they nearly always include a full-length practice test as well. Here are three of the most popular AP European History review books:

  • Barron's (about $18, with 5 practice tests)
  • Princeton Review (about $18, with 6 practice tests)
  • Crash Course (about $12, with 1 practice test)


Albert has over 1,000 AP European History practice questions, organized into time period and category. They do a good job of mimicking actual AP questions. You'll see the answer and explanation immediately after you answer a question.

You'll need to create an account to access the questions. After you've done that, some of the questions are available for free, but for most you need a paid subscription to access. It currently costs $69 for a year's access to their AP Euro materials. 

If you purchase a Peterson's subscription, you gain access to two full-length AP European History practice exams . A subscription costs a pretty pricey $49 a month (with discounts for three- and six-month packages), however; this gets you access to all of Peterson's resources, including their other AP prep and their ACT and SAT resources.

How to Use AP European History Practice Exams 

Knowing how to use each of these resources will make your studying more effective, as well as prepare you for what the real AP European History exam will be like. Read the guide below to learn how and when you should use these resources throughout the year.

First Semester

At this point, you can mostly rely on unofficial AP Euro History practice tests and quizzes that only deal with the topics your class has covered. Many of the websites listed above have large collections of questions for each unit of the course. Work on building a strong foundation of knowledge so that you'll be prepared to answer more advanced analytical questions in the future. The Varsity Tutors and A History of Western Society AP Euro practice quizzes are good for testing your basic European history knowledge.

You can also look through the official free-response practice questions to find some you feel confident answering based on what you've learned so far. It's never too early to start practicing for the free-response section, especially when it comes to the Document-Based Question, or DBQ (the essay most students struggle with).

Second Semester

Second semester is when you can begin taking complete practice exams and continue reviewing content you've already learned. Follow these five steps:

Step 1: Complete Your First Complete Practice Exam

About a month or two into this semester, after you've covered a majority of the content you need to know for the AP exam, take your first complete practice exam. For this first practice test, we recommend using the Marco Learning test. You should take this test timed and in one sitting, then correct it when you're finished.

If you haven't already, this is a good time to set a score goal for yourself. Aim for at least a 3 since this is the lowest passing score for the exam. However, if you scored a 3 or higher on this first practice exam, it's a good idea to set your goal score even higher, to a 4 or 5. Getting a higher score on the AP Euro exam looks more impressive to colleges, and it can sometimes get you more college credit.

Step 2: Analyze Your Score Results

After you've figured out your score, look over each problem you answered incorrectly and try to figure out why you got the question wrong. As you're doing this, look for patterns in your results. Were there certain time periods you did better or worse on? Did you do well on multiple choice but struggled with the free-response questions?

Figuring out which problems you got wrong and why is the best way to stop repeating your mistakes and make improvements for future exams. Even if it seems tedious, don't be tempted to skip this step!

Step 3: Focus on Your Weak Areas

By now, you should have a good idea of the areas or techniques you need to work on to raise your score. If there are specific content areas you need to work on, review them by going over your notes, reading a review book, and answering multiple-choice and free-response questions that focus specifically on those topics. High School Test Prep and CrackAP resources are good to use here as they'll help you get more familiar with AP-type multiple-choice questions. Continue to supplement with the official free-response questions, as well.

Step 4: Take Another Practice Exam

After you've spent time improving your weak areas, it's time to see the results of your hard work. About a month before the AP test, take and score another complete practice exam, timed and finished in one sitting. This is a good time to use the 2017 official released exam.

Step 5: Review Your Results to Determine Your Future Study Plan

Now you're able to see how much you've improved, and in which areas, since you took your first complete practice exam. If you've made improvements and have reached or are close to your target score, you may only need to do some light studying from now until the AP exam.

However, if you haven't improved a lot, or you're still far from your score goal, you'll need to analyze the way you've been reviewing and think of ways to improve. The most common reason for not improving is not actively studying, and only passively leafing through your notes or reviewing missed questions.

Active studying takes longer and requires more effort, but it's the best way to see significant improvements. As you're studying, make sure you really understand exactly where you made a mistake for every practice question you answer incorrectly. Also, when you're reviewing your notes, stop every few minutes and mentally go over what you just learned to make sure you're retaining the information. Repeat these steps (using additional AP Euro History practice tests) as many times as you need to in order to reach your target score.


What's Next?

Interested in learning more about the AP Euro exam?  Our in-depth guide to the AP European History text explains everything you need to know!

Is AP Euro hard? How tough is the class and exam compared to other APs? We break down the five key factors in determining how hard is AP European History. (coming soon)

Want more of our AP guides? We've got complete AP test guides for AP Human Geography , AP Language and Composition , AP Literature and Composition , AP World History , AP US History , AP Chemistry , AP Biology , and AP Psychology .

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Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.

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AP® European History

The ultimate list of ap® european history tips.

  • The Albert Team
  • Last Updated On: March 1, 2022

AP® European History Tips

Looking for the best list of AP® European History tips? Look no further.

Excelling on the AP® European History exam can be a challenge, but knowing how to study for AP® Euro can help. With only 11.7% of test takers scoring a 5 and another 20.6% scoring a 4 in 2019, AP® European History represents one of the most difficult Advanced Placement exams to score high on. In AP® European History, you will evaluate primary and secondary sources, write specific historical claims and support them with appropriate evidence, and contextualize historical events within their appropriate time period.

While the test may sound daunting, you’ve already taken an excellent first step towards success by visiting our website. We’re here to help you ace the AP® European History exam. Below, we’ve provided a comprehensive list of suggestions for how to study for AP® European History. You’ll find a variety of AP® European History resources and tips as well as clear AP® European History DBQ examples, practices, and more.

What We Review

Overall How To Study for AP® European History: 11 Tips for 4s and 5s

1. Make studying part of your daily routine.

The old saying goes that, “Those who do not learn history are doomed to repeat it” but it’s also true that, “Those who try to learn five centuries of European History in one night before the test are doomed to fail it.” But seriously, not starting to study until the day or even a few days before this test is a recipe for disaster. Rather than leaving all of your studying until the last minute, make short study sessions a part of your daily routine.

If you don’t believe us, believe the cognitive scientists who research how to study. According to Dr. Yana Weinstein , cramming for tests actually takes longer and results in less learning than simply spending a few minutes each day reviewing what you learned. 

2. Just re-reading your notes and textbooks is bad studying.

Once you’ve made studying part of your daily routine, it’s important to consider how you are studying. Some methods are more effective than others, and you want to spend your time doing what works best. One strategy not to use: re-reading your notes and textbook.

Why not? Studies show that re-reading your notes actually ends up taking a lot of time and producing less durable learning than other study methods. Mark McDaniel, co-author of Make It Stick , showed that students who re-read their textbook had “absolutely no improvement in learning over those who just read it once.” So unless you just happen to enjoy reading history textbooks (we do, it’s cool), try out some more effective forms of studying like using flashcards, creating charts that show connections between events, and journaling about what you have learned in class. 

3. Think outside of the fact.

The way middle schools teach history set up high school students for failure when it comes to tackling challenging history courses. Rather than memorize facts from your book like you’ve done since middle school, create a framework and general understanding of the core themes from your reading. Believe it or not, knowing the type of bread that XYZ leader liked is not important. 

A lot of history books go excessively in depth in regards to the nitty gritty. Learn to selectively read the important bits of information and practice summarizing the key points of your reading by outlining 3-5 key takeaways in your notes on your readings. If you cannot connect the dots, then you will simply craft essays with random “name drops” and “date drops”; as a result, your AP® score will reflect your inability to create a cohesive argument.

4. Try out the SQ3R method.

This is a popular studying technique that can be applied for more than just AP® European History. Francis Robinson originally created it in a 1946 book called Effective Study . SQ3R stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recall, and Review. You can read more about the SQ3R method here.  

5. Connect, connect, connect:

In case we haven’t mentioned it enough, AP® European History is all about connecting the dots. Whether you’re just doing your nightly reading or reviewing for your test, it’s helpful and essential that you recognize how events and people in history are interrelated. History is the study of how people interact with one another. 

One technique to make sure you are connecting the dots is to write key events or terms on flashcards; then at the end of your reading or review session, categorize your flashcards into 5-7 different categories. You may end up doing this by time period, by a significant overarching event, etc. 

A good way to think about this is you have 5-7 drawers, and a bunch of random things lying around in your room. Each thing represents some event or important person in history and you want to fit all the things into one drawer in order to make your room clean again. If the clean room analogy doesn’t work for you, try to think of a way to get in the categorizing mindset yourself and let us know about it!

6. Create a cheat sheet:

While unfortunately you won’t be able to use your cheat sheet on the actual test, you can use a cheat sheet to help simplify your reviewing process as the AP® European History test gets closer. Create a cheat sheet that is flexible and can be added on to—then as the year progresses and you do more and more readings, add to your cheat sheet. Before you know it, you’ll have a handy and hopefully concise reference guide that you can turn to in those last few weeks before the test.

Here are a few examples of what cheat sheets might look like in your history class. Notice that each sheet includes not only key terms and dates but also describes the historical context.

7. Supplement your studies with a review book.

Review books are one of the most important tools for surviving AP® European History. These books are often broken into chapters with summaries and review questions at the end. They also include practical suggestions on how to study for AP® Euro. Typically, they include several AP® European History DBQ examples and at least one full AP® European History practice test. We highly suggest investing in and heavily using one of several highly rated review books .

8. Test, study, test.

In a class that covers several centuries of history like AP® European History, there are going to be some topics that you understand better than others. That’s totally normal, and it shouldn’t scare you. But one key for surviving AP® European History is to spend the time that you are studying on the topics that you are least familiar with. We suggest the test, practice, study workflow. 

First, take a short test between five and ten questions on a specific topic. Albert offers high-quality practice questions broken down by topic. Then, review your score. If you did really well, that means you understand the topic and probably don’t need to spend much more time reviewing it. 

However, if you struggle, you should spend more time studying that topic and then test yourself at the end to ensure understanding. 

9. Hank’s History Hour : 

Going along the lines of alternative ways to learn AP® European History, you can also learn a great deal from Hank’s History Hour, which is a podcast on different topics in history. This is a great way to actually go to sleep since you can listen to the podcast while you dose off. Did you know when you go to sleep you remember what you heard last the best when you wake up?

10. Supplement your learning with video lectures : 

While YouTube can be a distractor at times; it can also be great to learn things on the fly! Crash Course has some great videos here pertaining to AP® European History. Use them to affirm what you know about certain time periods and to bolster what you already know; then, practice again.

11. Create flashcards along the way : 

After you have gotten a multiple choice question wrong, create a flashcard with the key term and the definition of that term. Think about potential mnemonics or heuristics you can use to help yourself remember the term more easily. One way is to think about an outrageous image and to associate that image with the term related to AP® European History.

One of the best ways to use flashcards is through the timeline game. First, create or find a list of the most important dates to remember for the AP® European History Test. Here’s one student who already created a Quizlet with over 60 important dates. 

Next, create a flashcard with the event on one side and the date on the other. Afterwards, get together with one to three study partners and treat your flashcards like a deck of cards. Deal five cards to each player with the date side down. Use the remainder of the index cards as a draw pile. Take the top card from the draw pile and put it down in the center of your table and read the event and the data on that card. This card is the first event in your timeline.

Next, each player goes around one by one, adding to the timeline. All you have to do is to say whether the event on your card happened before, after or between the events that are already on the timeline. If you get it right, you will place your card on the timeline in the appropriate slot. If you are wrong, you will also place your card on the timeline but you also draw a new card. The first person to get rid of all their cards wins. See this link for further directions.

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AP® European History Multiple Choice Review Tips: 9 Tips

1. Pay attention to SOAPSTone.

The best way to quickly understand primary source documents is by paying attention to who is writing, to whom they are writing, and when they are writing. This process is often referred to as contextualization, and SOAPSTone is a very handy way of breaking the thinking into smaller bites.

Let’s take a look at one practice problem from Albert’s AP® European History review resource.

AP® European History Multiple Choice Review Tips - Pope Leo X, 1515

We chose this massive chunk of text for a reason: you can quickly understand what the speaker is arguing by understanding who the speaker is as well as the historical context of the document. Doing so requires only the source line.

An astute student will quickly note that this document was produced by the Pope in the year 1515, just around the beginning of the Reformation. The source line identifies the major topic as “on printing books” and using your historical knowledge about the Reformation, you can make a very solid prediction that the Church will be highly suspicious about the distribution of printed materials. By reading those last eleven words, you’ve set yourself up to better understand the rest of the document. 

2. Read the title, key, and axes for all charts.

AP® European History Multiple Choice Review Tips - Great Depression

The AP® European History exam will not only require you to read text but also to interpret charts. It may seem obvious, but you must read the key on these charts in order to accurately interpret their meaning. 

The question above is really quite challenging on its own: most students won’t remember the year that Brazil dropped the gold standard as a means of estimating their wealth. And yet, students who read the key will notice that that the upside down triangle “marks [the] point at which [the] country left [the] Gold Standard”. 

Furthermore, the X-axis clearly represents years. From there, the answer is obvious. The purpose of this question is not to test your understanding of Brazil’s economic history but to make sure that you know how to read a chart, so make sure you use the title and axes to your advantage. 

3. Pay attention to the clock.

Many of our students have found the timing of this exam to be extremely challenging.  The AP® European History exam allots 55 minutes for 55 multiple-choice questions. The fast pace of the multiple-choice section does mean that you shouldn’t spend too long on any single question. One helpful strategy is to make your best guess and then to return to questions you are concerned about at the end if you have time. 

Another helpful strategy is to take several 55 question multiple-choice AP® European History practice tests in advance. Albert has several full-length tests that you can use to practice as well as a whole host of other standards-aligned questions. When you take these tests, set a 55-minute timer on your phone and stop when that time is up.

4. Attempt to answer every question .

If you’re crunched on time and still have several AP® European History multiple-choice questions to answer, make a solid attempt at answering each and every one of them. With no guessing penalty, you literally have nothing to lose.When it comes to the AP® European History test, all multiple-choice questions are weighted equally. 

5. Use the Process of Elimination .

When it comes to tackling AP® European History questions, the process of elimination can come in handy if you can eliminate just one answer choice or even two, your odds of getting the question right significantly improve. Remember there is no guessing penalty so you really have nothing to lose.

6. Use your writing utensil .

As you work through the multiple-choice section of the AP® European history test, physically circle and underline certain aspects of answer choices that you know for fact are wrong. Get in this habit so that when you go back to review your answer choices, you can quickly see why you thought that particular answer choice was wrong in the first place. 

For example, whenever you see “EXCEPT” on the test, circle it. EXCEPT questions can often throw students off so make sure that you get in the habit of physically circling every time you see the word EXCEPT. This is a technique that you can use for more than just the AP® European History test.

You should also put X’s over the answer choices that you have eliminated while using the process of elimination. Doing so will help you to focus your attention on selecting the best possible answer choice. A word of warning: don’t cross out the entire selection. We’ve seen students waste several minutes trying to erase answers that they later realized might be correct.

Another helpful way to annotate multiple choice questions is by adding SOAP® annotations to the source line of each document.

AP® European History Multiple Choice Review Tips

This strategy is an excellent way of reminding yourself to contextualize the document before deep reading. Doing SOAP® annotations only takes a few seconds, but it will pay off in your multiple choice scores. 

7. Use checkmarks . 

If you feel confident about your answer to a particular multiple-choice question, make a small checkmark next to that question number. The reason why you want to do this is that when you go back to review your answer choices, you’ll be able to quickly recognize which questions you need to spend more time taking a second look at. Also, making this checkmark gives you momentum moving forward throughout the multiple-choice section. If you feel good about an answer, that little bit of positive reinforcement will help keep you alert as you move through the multiple choice questions.

8. Take advantage of chronology . 

Unlike other AP® History exams, no one AP® European History unit is weighted more heavily than another , so we can’t accurately predict what topics will surely show up on the test. Still, when it comes to answering the multiple-choice questions, the questions are actually grouped in sets of 4-7 questions each. 

Practice recognizing when you’re at the start and end of a group. This will allow you to mentally think about the different time periods that are being tested while also staying alert throughout the duration of the test.

9. Practice Using Albert.

If you want to get better at anything, you have to practice. We think the highest-quality practice available is through Albert.io. We offer tons of AP® European History practice exams, study modules, DBQ examples, and more. All of our materials are carefully curated and are aligned to what will actually show up on your test.

AP® European History Free Response: 11 Tips

1. Turn the prompt into a question.

One of the most unfortunate mistakes that you can make during the free response section is to respond to a question that was not asked. It is absolutely essential that you understand the prompt before you start writing, and one of the very best ways to do so is to turn the prompt into a plain question that can be answered in one sentence. 

For example, let’s investigate the 2019 AP® European History DBQ prompt, which was to “Evaluate whether or not the Catholic Church in the 1600s was opposed to new ideas in science.” How could you rewrite this?

We rewrote this prompt as the question: “In the 1600s, was the Catholic Church opposed to new ideas in science? If so, how strong was their opposition?” 

2. Write your thesis…twice.

Once you have re-written the question, answer it twice: once in the introduction and once in the conclusion. Don’t use the exact same words. This test hack actually gives you a much stronger chance of earning the point for writing a thesis in both your DBQ and your LEQ. The 2019 Chief Reader Report notes that some responses have theses that are “more specific in the conclusion than in the introduction.” This means that students get the point for a thesis only after writing their entire essay.

Why do you think that is? We think it’s because many students gain an understanding of the prompt as they write, and by the conclusion, they are finally ready to produce a point-worth version. 

We should also point out that both the 2018 and 2019 Chief Reader reports note that many “ responses merely restated the prompt or did not indicate a line of reasoning.”  It’s important to actually answer the question that you wrote in step one. 

For example, the response “Some people wonder if the Catholic Church was actually opposed to scientific advancements in the 1600s, but others disagree” will not score you a thesis point. Why? You haven’t answered the question that you wrote! Take a side and be sure you back your response up with evidence. 

3. Know the rubric like the back of your hand . 

This goes in hand with the last tip. By the time the test rolls around, make sure you know that AP® graders are looking for these key components: an answer to all parts of the question, a clear thesis, facts to support the thesis presented, use of all documents, and inclusion of point of view/evaluation of document bias. Here is an awesome and very readable rubric that should help you to understand what exactly graders will be looking for in your writing.

It’s very difficult to get a perfect score on the AP® Euro DBQ. In 2019, the mean score on the AP® Euro was a 3.26 out of 7 possible points. The points that students miss most on the rubric are sourcing and complexity. 

In order to get a better understanding of the rubric, we highly recommend that you read through the 2019 AP® European History DBQ Scoring Guidelines . This document provides ample examples of student writing that earn points in all categories. 

4. Read the whole document.

One of the more common mistakes that students make each year on the DBQ is to quickly skim documents rather than reading them more closely. The 2019 Chief Reader Report noted that students “ occasionally correctly analyzed one part but missed that the rest of the document contradicted that information.” 

We know that you might feel rushed on time, but you can’t show off your ability to interpret and analyze documents if you don’t read them closely. Practice reading until the end of each document and check your understanding of that document by briefly summarizing it in writing before moving on. 

5. Assess the author’s perspective.

As you work your way through the documents and group them, keep a few clear questions in mind, “Why is the author writing this? What perspective is he or she coming from? What can I tell from his or her background?” Asking yourself these questions will help you ensure part of your thesis and essay integrates bias and analysis of bias.

For example, Document 7 of the 2019 AP® European History DBQ was a, “Critique of French thinker René Descartes by the Jesuits of Clermont College.” An acceptable assessment of the author’s perspective would note that the Jesuits see Descartses’s model as undermining the Church’s authority.

6. Group, group, group, and did we say group?

When you read and analyze documents, make sure to group your documents into at least three groups in order to receive full credit. You should group based on the three respective key points you will be discussing in the body of your essay.

Just to hit the nail in the coffin, here are a few starting blocks for how to group documents. Think about how the document works in relation to politics, economics, imperialism, nationalism, humanitarianism, religion, society & culture, intellectual development & advancement. Pretty much every single document the CollegeBoard ever created can fit into one of these buckets.

7. Plan out your writing . 

Writing a coherent essay is a difficult task. In order to do this successfully on the AP® European History test you want to make sure that you have spent a few minutes in the very beginning of the test to properly plan out an outline for your essay. You may have heard this advice hundreds of times from teachers but the reason why teachers give it is because it really does help. Ultimately, if you go into your essay without a plan your essay will read without a sense of flow and continuation. One of the things you are assessed on is your ability to create a cohesive argument.

One specific tip for planning out your writing is to write down your groups and explicitly include them in your thesis statement. An excellent example of this comes from Tom Richey’s 2019 AP® Euro DBQ Sample Response. 

Before writing, Mr. Richey splits the documents into three groups.

AP® European History Free Response Tips

Only after brainstorming by grouping does he begin writing. Also notice how the work he does before writing directly influences the organization of his essay. For example, his thesis directly references all three groupings. 

“Although Catholic leaders publicly condemned new ideas in science, some Catholic leaders were open to discussing these ideas in private and the intellectual Jesuits were often directly involved in experiments that confirmed new scientific discoveries.”

By planning his essay before writing it, Mr. Richey set himself up for success on the DBQ. His thesis is almost a copy of the brainstorm, and he has scored the thesis point. Additionally, each grouping becomes the main topic for his body paragraphs. You should notice that each topic sentence again directly references one grouping.

  • “Catholic clergy were quick to publicly condemn discoveries that posed a threat to Catholic doctrine and traditional understandings of the Bible.“
  • “While the Church was quick to publicly condemn scientific discoveries that threatened its doctrines, there were clergy that were open to discussing advances in science – especially in private.”
  • “Eventually, the goals of the Jesuit Order to promote education would bring that order, and the Catholic Church as a whole, to embrace new ideas in science .”

Lastly, we should point out that Mr. Richey knows exactly where to use each document in the DBQ because he pre-planned his essay through grouping.

8. Use the contents of the document to answer the question.

This may seem obvious to you, but simply summarizing the documents is not going to earn you points on the DBQ. Instead, you should explain how the document is helpful in answering the question you wrote in Step One. 

You will remember our question from Step One: “In the 1600s, was the Catholic Church opposed to new ideas in science? If so, how strong was their opposition?” 

Now, imagine being given the following document:

AP® European History Free Response Tips

How would you use this document in order to answer the question we wrote?

Do you think the following is an example of analysis, or is it simply summary? 

“In this document, Maria Celeste Galilei writes a letter to her father explaining that the Pope values the abilities of her father, Galileo.”

If you said summary, you are correct. The sentence didn’t explain how the document was useful in answering the question.  

“Maria Celeste Galielei said, ‘Sire written to you by that most distinguished Cardinal, now elevated to the exalted position of Pope, was indescribable, for his letters so clearly express the affection this great man has for you, and also show how highly he values your abilities.’”

If you said summary, you are again correct. While this is a relevant quote, it’s not being used in any way to answer the question that we wrote back in step one.

“Maria Celeste Galilei’s letter to her famous scientific father proves that some in the Church were open to the new ideas of science because the Pope himself had expressed an admiration of Galileo.” 

If you said analysis, you are correct. The last sentence clearly responds to the initial question and explains the relevance of the document. 

9. Connect between documents.

The difference between scoring a perfect score on your essays and scoring an almost perfect score can often come down to your ability to relate documents with one another. As you outline your essay, you should think about at least two opportunities where you can connect one document to another. 

So how do you connect a document? 

Well one way would be writing something along the lines of, “The fact that X person believes that XYZ is the root of XYZ may be due to the fact that he is Y .” 

So in this example, weI may pull X person from document 1, but use document 4 to support my Y of the reason why he thinks a certain way. When you connect documents, you demonstrate to the grader that you can clearly understand point of views and how different perspectives arise. It also is a way to demonstrate your analytical abilities.

10. Do not blow off the DBQ . 

If you are short on time, do not skimp on the DBQ. The DBQ is worth 25% of your grade, whereas the long essay is worth 15%. To be clear, both of these pieces of writing are valuable, but the DBQ is worth more.

Even if you feel stressed about the multiple choice section or the short answer response section, we’ve seen kids salvage their final score by writing a really strong DBQ. 

11. Read some examples of strong DBQs.

If you’re not sure where to begin on DBQs, we often suggest reading a few sample DBQs. Check out this amazing annotated DBQ sample from the 2020 AP® European exam. You should be able to read student writing and be able to explain why it did or did not achieve a point.

One helpful way to improve your understanding of the DBQ rubric is to read a sample of student writing, create a prediction for if it scores a point, and then to cross reference your prediction against the actual score.

The College Board also freely offers sample responses here for many past exams. You can get a really good feel for these essays just by reading through a few samples.

AP® European History Study Tips from Teachers

Teacher Tips

1. Keep referring back to the question . 

While writing the essay portion, especially the DBQ, remember to keep referring back to the question and make sure that you have not gone off on a tangent. When students drop the ball on an essay it is usually because they do not answer the question. Thanks for the tip from Ms. N at South High School in MI.

2. Review your vocab . 

Complete the vocabulary at the beginning of each section of your preferred AP® European History prep book. If you do not know the meaning of the terminology in a question you will not be able to answer the question correctly. Thanks for the tip from Ms. O at Northville High in MI.

Here’s a list of 35 Frequently Tested European History Terms & Concepts. 

3. Do lots of point-of-view statements.

You don’t want to suffer on your DBQ because you only had two acceptable POV’s. Do 4 or 5 or 6. And be sure to say how reliable a source is ABOUT WHAT based on their background, audience or purpose. Thanks for the tip from Steve!

4. Complete readings as they are assigned.

Chunking material is the best way to learn and then to synthesize material. Look at the primary sources and secondary sources to support textual readings. Think in thematic terms. Thanks for the tip from Ms. J at Trinity High in PA.

If you don’t know where you start with your textbook, check out this amazing blog post by The Learning Scientists.

5. Supplement your in-class learning with videos.

Tom Richey has put together a comprehensive YouTube playlist just for AP® European History students. You can check it out at here . He also has a great website you can check out here .

6. Provide context in your DBQ.

When trying to write a point of view statement for the DBQ you must include three things: First, state who the author really is.  Second, what did he actually say. Third, why it said it.

Are you a teacher? Do you have an awesome tip? Let us know!

Hopefully you’ve learned a ton from reading all 50+ of these AP® European History tips. Remember, AP® European History is one of the most challenging AP® exams to score high on, so it’s crucial you put in the work to get you there. Read actively and review constantly throughout the year, so that you do not feel an incredible burden of stress as the AP® exam nears. Approach readings using SQ3R, connect the dots between documents, and understand how you are going to be graded by AP® readers. You’re going to do great! Good luck.

Wrapping Things Up: The Ultimate List of AP® European History History Tips

The AP® European History Exam is one of the more challenging AP® tests, but you will do very well on it if you use the right strategies and work hard. You must not only build your content knowledge but also hone your writing skills and ability to think historically.

To begin preparing, create a regular study routing and stick to it. Use the test, study, test practice method using our AP® European History practice exams and questions broken down by topic . Create study groups and quiz each other using flashcards and Quizlet. Play European History timeline. Consistently studying with diverse methods is an excellent approach to ensuring success on the AP® European History exam.

  • The one thing to remember about the AP® Euro Multiple-Choice Section : Read the source line closely before attempting to answer any question.
  • The one thing to remember about the AP® Euro Free-Response Section : The better you understand the rubrics, the easier it will be to craft a strong essay.
  • The key takeaway from teacher tips : Practice. Practice. Practice. The top students in this course will not only be productive in class but will spend many hours outside of class making sure their skills are honed before test day. 

If you’ve made it this far, well done. You’re well on your way to success on the AP® European History exam. Work hard, use the study tips that you just learned, and do your very best on test day. Good luck!

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9 thoughts on “the ultimate list of ap® european history tips”.

Do lots of point-of-view statements: You don’t want to suffer on your DBQ because you only had two acceptable POV’s. Do 4 or 5 or 6. And be sure to say how reliable a source is ABOUT WHAT based on their background, audience or purpose.`

Love it, Steve!

DBQ – Nail the thesis! Once the docs are grouped be sure to follow the instructions…write a clear detailed and precise thesis that addresses all parts of the question.

We definitely agree, Keith! Answering the question (#1) and refining your thesis (#14) are crucial.

Thanks for this post and its good post.

You’re welcome!

Please continue to send…very helpful

Glad you enjoyed!

While some aspects of this were very useful, the full capacity of this list could have been better utilized if it wasn’t sent out so close to the exam. For example, several of the points stressed keeping up of your reading and material assignments, but for some, it’s a little to late to tell them that. *EDIT: The tab to show me this list didn’t appear towards the end of the year, so if it were made known earlier, it would have been more useful.

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AP European History Flash Cards (Barron's AP)

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AP European History Flashcards, Second Edition: Up-to-Date Review + Sorting Ring for Custom Study (Barron's AP Prep)

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  • Strengthen your knowledge with in-depth review covering all units on the AP European History exam
  • Find specific topics quickly and easily with cards organized by time period 
  • Customize your review using the  enclosed sorting ring to arrange cards in an order that best suits your study needs
  • ISBN-10 1438076517
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ap european history exam

Familiar with the defenestration of Prague? Know the causes of the French Revolution? The AP ® European History exam tests topics and skills discussed in your Advanced Placement European History course. If you score high enough, your AP Euro score could earn you college credit!

Check out our AP European History guide for the essential info you need about the exam:

  • Exam Overview
  • Sections and Question Types
  • How to Prepare

What’s on the AP European History Exam?

The course focuses on the following nine units of study:

  • Unit 1: Renaissance and Exploration
  • Unit 2: Age of Reformation
  • Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
  • Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments
  • Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century
  • Unit 6: Industrialization and its Effects
  • Unit 7: 19th Century Perspectives and Political Developments
  • Unit 8: 20th Century Global Conflicts
  • Unit 9: Cold War and Contemporary Europe

The College Board is very detailed in what they require your AP teacher to cover in his or her AP European History course. They explain that you should be familiar with the following themes:

  • Interaction of Europe and and the World: commercial and religious motivations to interact with the world; competition for trade; commercial rivalries; Christianity; social Darwinism; mercantilism; slave-labor system; expansion of slave trade; slave revolt and Haitian independence; national self-determination; extreme nationalist political parties; increased immigration into Europe, anti-immigrant policies; Woodrow Wilson’s political/diplomatic idealism; causes of World War I; Columbian exchange; Marshall Plan; 1929 stock market crash; Cold War outside Europe; responses to imperialism; diplomacy and colonial wars
  • Economic and Commercial Developments: industrialization; Second Industrial Revolution; French Revolution; Russian reform and modernization; world monetary and trade systems; European economic and political integration; baby boom; the putting-out system; Agricultural Revolution and population growth; mechanization; the factory system; migration from rural to urban areas; critiques of capitalism; evolution of socialist ideology; Russian Revolution; Lenin’s New Economic Policy; Stalin’s economic modernization; fascism; the Great Depression; green parties; revolts of 1968; labor laws and reform programs
  • Cultural and Intellectual Developments: revival of classical texts; invention of the printing press; Renaissance art; scientific method; rational thought; theories of Locke and Rousseau; humanism; romanticism; fascist nationalism
  • States and Other Institutions of Power: English Civil War; French Revolution; wars of Napoleon; Enlightenment principles; Congress of Vienna; social contract; post-1815 revolutions; nation-building; industrialization; Russian Revolution; constitutionalism; rise of the Nazis; mass media and propaganda; total war; post-1945 nationalist/separatist movements; genocide; imperialism; colonial independence movements; League of Nations; collapse of communism
  • Social Organization and Development: gender roles and marriage patterns; hierarchy and social status; urban expansion; rise of commercial and professional groups; family economy; Napoleon and meritocracy; industrialization and class; destructive effects of technology; religious minorities; social Darwinism
  • National and European Identity: new class identities; ethnic cleansing; national self-determination; transnational identities; European integration; conflict between religious groups; continued influence of local identities; separatist movements; decolonization; radical political thought; rise of Zionism; mass politics; worker movements
  • Technological and Scientific Innovation : Golden Age of Dutch advances (telescope, microscope, etc.); 1 st Industrial Revolution (spinning jenny, steam engine, steamboat); 2 nd Industrial Revolution (electric motors, railways, telegraph, automobile, medical technology); 20 th century (Einstein and theory of relativity, color photography, warfare technology, radio and television, medical innovations)

Read More: For a comprehensive content review, check out our line of AP guides

AP Euro Sections and Question Types

The AP European History exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long. It is composed of two sections: a multiple choice/short answer section and a a free response section. There are two parts (Part A and Part B) to each section.

Note: The College Board has not yet announced if the 2021 digital version of the AP European History exam will be in place for future exam years. For updates on the digital test and its format, please visit the  AP Euro page on the College Board's website .

AP European History Multiple-Choice

Multiple-choice questions are grouped into sets of typically three or four questions and based on a primary or secondary source, including excerpts from historical documents or writings, images, graphs, maps, and so on. This section will test your ability to analyze and engage with the source materials while recalling what you already know about European History.

AP European History Short Answer

The short answer questions will ask you to write answers to questions in your test booklet. Some questions include texts, images, graphs, or maps. Questions 1 and 2 are required and focus on historical developments or processes from 1600–2001. You can choose between Question 3, which focuses on periods 1450–1648 and/or 1648–1815, and Question 4, which focuses on periods 1815–1914 and/or 1914–present.

AP European History Document-Based Question (DBQ)

DBQ questions will present you with a variety of historical documents that are intended to show various perspectives on a historical development or process. You will need to develop a thesis that responds to the question prompt and to support that thesis with evidence from both the documents and your knowledge of European history. The topic of the DBQ will include historical developments or processes between the years 1600 and 2001.

AP European History Long Essay

You’re given a choice form three long essay prompts to complete. You must develop a thesis and use historical evidence to support your thesis, but there won’t be any documents on which you must base your response. Instead you’ll need to draw upon your own knowledge of topics you learned in your AP European History class. Each question focuses on a different time period (1450–1700, 1648–1914, or 1815–2001).

Learn More: Review for the exam with our AP European History Cram Course and Tutors

What's a Good AP European History Score?

AP scores are reported from 1 to 5. Colleges are generally looking for a 4 or 5 on the AP Euro exam, but some may grant credit for a 3. Here’s how students scored on the AP European History exam in May 2022:

Source: College Board

How can I prepare?

AP classes are great, but for many students they’re not enough! For a thorough review of AP European History content and strategy, pick the AP prep option that works best for your goals and learning style.

  • AP Exams  

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Guide to the AP® European History Exam

Why take ap ® european history.

When faced with the choice of whether or not to take AP ® European History, the benefits often outweigh the costs for most students.

Many colleges require students to fulfill a history or social science course before they can graduate. However, if you take the AP ® European History Exam and attain a high score while you are in high school, you may be able to qualify for credit toward that requirement and not have to take another history exam in college.

A more recent argument for taking AP ® Exams, is that more colleges are going test-optional . This means that SAT ® and ACT ® scores are potentially holding less weight in college applications, and a good AP ® score could help tip the scale in your favor when it comes to college admissions.

Besides creating the opportunity to earn college credit for the work you do, AP ® courses also develop crucial skills, challenge you academically, and help round out your knowledge in ways you wouldn’t otherwise be able to. In addition to that, preparing for and taking the AP ® European History Exam provides excellent practice for college-level exams you may take in the future. Still unsure? This article goes into more detail about the benefits of taking AP® European History.

How to sign up for AP ® European History

To register for the AP ® Euro exam, you need to contact your school’s AP ® Coordinator, who can help facilitate your courses and exams.

Bear in mind you’ll likely need to complete requirements to be eligible to enroll in an AP ® course. In order to register for the AP ® European History Exam, you have to join your class section online, on College Board’s My AP portal. Some schools will automatically register you for the exam if you’re enrolled in an AP ® European History class, but others won’t and you will have to register online through the portal. If you are unsure whether or not you are registered for the AP® European History Exam, check wIth your AP ® Coordinator.

There is also a deadline for exam registration, so make sure you register through your AP ® Coordinator by then to avoid paying any late fees. The deadline to register for exams is in the fall, but specific deadlines may vary by the school—be sure to check with your teacher or AP ® Coordinator.

How much does the AP ® Exam cost?

Each AP ® Exam costs a total of $96—if you’re in the mainland United States and its territories and commonwealths, Canada, or a U.S. Department of Defense Dependents School.

If you’re outside of those areas, the AP ® Exam will cost $126 per exam.

College Board has a financial aid program that offers a $34 fee reduction in the exam. Read more about exam fees here .

You cannot use the My AP ® portal to pay fees – they will be collected by your AP ® Coordinator.

When you take into account the cost of a college course versus the cost of the exam, though, you’ll see that the AP ® Exam is actually a bargain. With a passing score, you may be able to earn college credit and save hundreds or even thousands of dollars.

When can I take the AP ® European History Exam?

The AP ® European History Exam date in 2022 is Friday, May 6th. You can find more information about dates and late-testing schedules for the 2022 AP ® European History Exam Exam in our 2022 AP ® Exam Dates article.

What’s on the AP ® European History Exam?

Knowing what’s on the AP ® European History Exam is the first step to nailing it. The exam will cover all of the topics that you cover in your coursework. You will have to write a long argumentative essay as well as a document analysis showcasing your knowledge on a specific topic.

The course itself covers nine units. They are:

Renaissance and Exploration

Age of Reformation

Absolutism and Constitutionalism

Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments

Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century

Industrialization and Its Effects

19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments

20th-Century Global Conflicts

Cold War and Contemporary Europe

You should anticipate that the AP ® Euro exam will cover these topics. As such, you should make sure that you’ve studied all that you can.

What is the Test Format for the AP ® European History Exam?

The test format of the AP ® European History Exam is split up into two sections, and includes a variety of question types including multiple-choice, short answer, document analysis, and long essay.

Students will have 3 hours and 15 minutes to complete the exam. The exam is made up of a 95-minute section of multiple-choice and short-answer questions, and a 100-minute writing section where students will answer two essay prompts.

Here is what the format of the AP® European History exam looks like—along with how much of the exam score depends on each section:

Students are expected to write two essays:

  • A document analysis
  • A long essay based on an essay prompt

Here’s an overview of the two questions students will face:

Document-Based Question

Length: 60 minutes

Worth: 25% of score

This section includes a 15-minute reading period. The exam presents students with seven documents that provide different perspectives on a historical development or process between the years 1600 and 2001.

Students must then develop an argument based on the documents as well as their own knowledge.

Long Essay Question

Length: 40 minutes

Worth: 15% of score

In this section, students have a choice of three different questions/essay prompts. They must pick one of them to answer.

The questions cover varying time periods. They are:

Students must develop their argument and support it with evidence.

What is a DBQ?

If you’ve come across the term ‘DBQ’, but don’t know what it means, don’t worry – the world of AP ® tends to come with quite a few of its own acronyms. AP ® European History, for example, is often referred to as ‘AP ® Euro’, or simply ‘Euro’, for short.

DBQ simply stands for Document-Based Question. This is the first of the two essay questions you will have to answer in Section II of your AP ® European History Exam.

For the DBQ, you will have one hour, including 15 minutes of reading time, to analyze a set of historical documents (usually 6 or 7), which you should use to help you answer the essay prompt.

The documents provided could either be in text or image format. Past examples of DBQ documents include, but are not limited to:

  • Diary excerpts
  • Political cartoons
  • Speech transcripts

You will be expected to use information from as many of the documents as you can to answer the question to the best of your ability.

How is the AP ® European History Exam Scored?

The AP ® Exam’s scoring system is on a scale of one to five—with five being the best and one being the worst.

Here’s a good table that breaks down the score you could get and what it means.

When it comes to AP ® European History, you’ll want to aim for a score of 3 or higher. Most colleges will give you college credit if you score within that range.

It varies from college to college though. So, if you want to know the score that a specific college will accept in exchange for credit, you’ll need to check with the college’s registrar’s office to find out information about AP ® credit for the AP ® European History Exam. Often, you can find this information on the school’s website. You can also check out the College Board’s search tool for AP® credit policies .

NOTE: Colleges sometimes change their requirements for awarding college credit or offering placement out of required courses. So always check in with the college to make sure you have the most relevant and recent information.

Bottom line: You’re going to want to score as high as you possibly can. Sure your dream school only requires a 3—but you should always be aiming for the highest possible score regardless.

When you get that credit, you will effectively be walking into college with part of the requirements already completed. It means you could skip a history requirement and take whatever class you wanted to. Or, you could even save money on college tuition by spending less time getting credits. Either way, getting that college credit before college is a great way to set yourself up for the next four years. Read more about how AP ® exams helped Marco Learning’s tutors earn college credits.

What Can I Bring to My AP ® European History Exam?

Below is a list of all the things you can bring with you into the exam room. Note: It’s possible that not all of the items will apply to you (e.g., the Student Accommodations Letter).

  • Two No. 2 pencils with erasers. These will be used on the multiple-choice portion of the exam.
  • Two black or dark blue ink pens. These will be used for the free-response questions. Be sure to bring black or dark blue ink pens only. Leave your turquoise brush pens at home.
  • A watch. This is a simple analog or digital watch with no internet access or alarms. Don’t even try to bring your smartwatch in the room.
  • The AP ® Student Pack. This is given to you just before you take your exam and contains a label that you need to place on your exam. Follow the labeling instructions carefully.
  • Government- or school-issued ID. If you don’t attend the school where you’re taking the AP ® English Language Exam, you must also bring a government- or school-issued ID.
  • College Board SSD Student Accommodation Letter. If you require accommodations beyond the regular exam, you’ll receive a letter that verifies this (e.g. you need a braille or large-type exam).
  • Remember, you won’t have to bring all these things—but it’s in your best interest to be as prepared as you can for the exam.

Take a look at our Test Day Checklist to make sure you are 100% prepared to take your AP ® English Language and Composition Exam when the time comes!

How do I study for AP ® European History?

#1: Connect the themes

One thing that the AP ® European History course wants you to do is be able to connect historical events to the broader themes covered in the course. Not only that, but you need to be able to show that you know how the themes impact each other. That means connecting the broad themes together and showcasing how they relate to one another using specific examples.

#2: Take practice tests

“Know thy enemy!” You don’t want to take your first AP ® U.S. European Exam on test day. To that end, take as many practice tests as you can before the big day. Take note of the areas you performed the weakest in and dedicate extra study time to those areas. Only by practicing over and over again can you expect to be better at any skill—including test-taking. If you don’t have much experience taking practice tests, check out John Moscatiello’s Step-by-Step Guide to taking a practice test like a pro .

#3: Write as much as you can

The free-response section of the AP ® European History Exam is the most difficult part of the entire test. To prepare, you should be writing and practicing for the document-based question (DBQ) and long-essay question (LEQ) in the weeks leading up to the exam. College Board’s website has a page dedicated to past exam questions . Read them and start to craft essays around them. You can have your AP ® teacher read them and provide feedback as to which areas you can improve. If you’re looking for ways to improve your writing skills, our Free AP ® European History Writing Workshop is designed specifically to teach you fundamental and advanced skills about how to tackle and formulate essay responses. All sessions are recorded and will be sent to you via email if you miss or want to review a session later.

#4: Find resources that work

When it comes to studying for your exam, there is no “one size fits all.” Just because your friend studied best with flashcards doesn’t necessarily mean that flashcards are right for you. We encourage you to take some time to figure out what study methods you are most comfortable with; it could be a mixture of everything!

We know it can be overwhelming starting from scratch. If you feel stuck, we suggest downloading our free AP ® European History study guide as a jumping off point and going from there.

If you’re looking for live video reviews before the AP ® Exams, we will host live AP ® review sessions on our YouTube channel .  As well as live sessions, you can review content and run through essay techniques for the AP ® European History Exam here:  AP ® Euro Playlist .

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From time to time, we may make third party opinions, advice, statements, offers, or other third party information or content available on the Website or from tutors under tutoring services (collectively, “Third Party Content”). All Third Party Content is the responsibility of the respective authors thereof and should not necessarily be relied upon. Such third party authors are solely responsible for such content. WE DO NOT (I) GUARANTEE THE ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS OR USEFULNESS OF ANY THIRD PARTY CONTENT ON THE SITE OR ANY VERIFICATION SERVICES DONE ON OUR TUTORS OR INSTRUCTORS, OR (II) ADOPT, ENDORSE OR ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ACCURACY OR RELIABILITY OF ANY OPINION, ADVICE, OR STATEMENT MADE BY ANY TUTOR OR INSTRUCTOR OR ANY PARTY THAT APPEARS ON THE WEBSITE. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WILL WE BE RESPONSBILE OR LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE RESULTING FROM YOUR RELIANCE ON INFORMATION OR OTHER CONENT POSTED ON OR AVAILBLE FROM THE WEBSITE.

Changes to the Website

We may update the content on this Website from time to time, but its content is not necessarily complete or up-to-date. Any of the material on the Website may be out of date at any given time, and we are under no obligation to update such material.

Information About You and Your Visits to the Website

All information we collect on this Website is subject to our Privacy Policy . By using the Website, you consent to all actions taken by us with respect to your information in compliance with the Privacy Policy.

Online Purchases and Other Terms and Conditions

All purchases through our site or other transactions for the sale of services and information formed through the Website or resulting from visits made by you are governed by our Terms of Sale, which are hereby incorporated into these Terms of Use.

Additional terms and conditions may also apply to specific portions, services, or features of the Website. All such additional terms and conditions are hereby incorporated by this reference into these Terms of Use.

Linking to the Website and Social Media Features

You may link to our homepage, provided you do so in a way that is fair and legal and does not damage our reputation or take advantage of it, but you must not establish a link in such a way as to suggest any form of association, approval, or endorsement on our part without our express written consent.

This Website may provide certain social media features that enable you to:

  • Link from your own or certain third-party websites to certain content on this Website.
  • Send emails or other communications with certain content, or links to certain content, on this Website.
  • Cause limited portions of content on this Website to be displayed or appear to be displayed on your own or certain third-party websites.

You may use these features solely as they are provided by us, and solely with respect to the content they are displayed with and otherwise in accordance with any additional terms and conditions we provide with respect to such features. Subject to the foregoing, you must not:

  • Establish a link from any website that is not owned by you.
  • Cause the Website or portions of it to be displayed on, or appear to be displayed by, any other site, for example, framing, deep linking, or in-line linking.
  • Link to any part of the Website other than the homepage.
  • Otherwise take any action with respect to the materials on this Website that is inconsistent with any other provision of these Terms of Use.

The website from which you are linking, or on which you make certain content accessible, must comply in all respects with the Content Standards set out in these Terms of Use.

You agree to cooperate with us in causing any unauthorized framing or linking immediately to stop. We reserve the right to withdraw linking permission without notice.

We may disable all or any social media features and any links at any time without notice in our discretion.

Links from the Website

If the Website contains links to other sites and resources provided by third parties (“ Linked Sites ”), these links are provided for your convenience only. This includes links contained in advertisements, including banner advertisements and sponsored links. You acknowledge and agree that we have no control over the contents, products, services, advertising or other materials which may be provided by or through those Linked sites or resources, and accept no responsibility for them or for any loss or damage that may arise from your use of them. If you decide to access any of the third-party websites linked to this Website, you do so entirely at your own risk and subject to the terms and conditions of use for such websites.

You agree that if you include a link from any other website to the Website, such link will open in a new browser window and will link to the full version of an HTML formatted page of this Website. You are not permitted to link directly to any image hosted on the Website or our products or services, such as using an “in-line” linking method to cause the image hosted by us to be displayed on another website. You agree not to download or use images hosted on this Website or another website, for any purpose, including, without limitation, posting such images on another website. You agree not to link from any other website to this Website in any manner such that the Website, or any page of the Website, is “framed,” surrounded or obfuscated by any third party content, materials or branding. We reserve all of our rights under the law to insist that any link to the Website be discontinued, and to revoke your right to link to the Website from any other website at any time upon written notice to you.

Geographic Restrictions

The owner of the Website is based in the state of New Jersey in the United States. We provide this Website for use only by persons located in the United States. We make no claims that the Website or any of its content is accessible or appropriate outside of the United States. Access to the Website may not be legal by certain persons or in certain countries. If you access the Website from outside the United States, you do so on your own initiative and are responsible for compliance with local laws.

Disclaimer of Warranties

You understand that we cannot and do not guarantee or warrant that files available for downloading from the internet or the Website will be free of viruses or other destructive code. You are responsible for implementing sufficient procedures and checkpoints to satisfy your particular requirements for anti-virus protection and accuracy of data input and output, and for maintaining a means external to our site for any reconstruction of any lost data. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PROVIDED BY LAW, WE WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE CAUSED BY A DISTRIBUTED DENIAL-OF-SERVICE ATTACK, VIRUSES, OR OTHER TECHNOLOGICALLY HARMFUL MATERIAL THAT MAY INFECT YOUR COMPUTER EQUIPMENT, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, DATA, OR OTHER PROPRIETARY MATERIAL DUE TO YOUR USE OF THE WEBSITE OR ANY SERVICES OR ITEMS OBTAINED THROUGH THE WEBSITE OR TO YOUR DOWNLOADING OF ANY MATERIAL POSTED ON IT, OR ON ANY WEBSITE LINKED TO IT.




Limitation on Liability




You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Company, its affiliates, licensors, and service providers, and its and their respective officers, directors, employees, contractors, agents, licensors, suppliers, successors, and assigns from and against any claims, liabilities, damages, judgments, awards, losses, costs, expenses, or fees (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) arising out of or relating to your violation of these Terms of Use or your use of the Website, including, but not limited to, your User Contributions, any use of the Website’s content, services, and products other than as expressly authorized in these Terms of Use or your use of any information obtained from the Website.

Governing Law and Jurisdiction

All matters relating to the Website and these Terms of Use and any dispute or claim arising therefrom or related thereto (in each case, including non-contractual disputes or claims), shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of New Jersey without giving effect to any choice or conflict of law provision or rule (whether of the State of New Jersey or any other jurisdiction).

Any legal suit, action, or proceeding arising out of, or related to, these Terms of Use or the Website shall be instituted exclusively in the federal courts of the United States or the courts of the State of New Jersey in each case located in the County of Monmouth although we retain the right to bring any suit, action, or proceeding against you for breach of these Terms of Use in your country of residence or any other relevant country. You waive any and all objections to the exercise of jurisdiction over you by such courts and to venue in such courts. You may not under any circumstances commence or maintain against us any class action, class arbitration, or other representative action or proceeding.


By using this Website, you agree, at Company’s sole discretion, that it may require you to submit any disputes arising from the use of these Terms of Use or the Website, including disputes arising from or concerning their interpretation, violation, invalidity, non-performance, or termination, to final and binding arbitration under the Rules of Arbitration of the American Arbitration Association applying New Jersey law. In doing so, YOU GIVE UP YOUR RIGHT TO GO TO COURT to assert or defend any claims between you and us. YOU ALSO GIVE UP YOUR RIGHT TO PARTICIPATE IN A CLASS ACTION OR OTHER CLASS PROCEEDING. Your rights may be determined by a NEUTRAL ARBITRATOR, NOT A JUDGE OR JURY. You are entitled to a fair hearing before the arbitrator. The arbitrator can grant any relief that a court can, but you should note that arbitration proceedings are usually simpler and more streamlined than trials and other judicial proceedings. Decisions by the arbitrator are enforceable in court and may be overturned by a court only for very limited reasons.

Any proceeding to enforce this arbitration provision, including any proceeding to confirm, modify, or vacate an arbitration award, may be commenced in any court of competent jurisdiction. In the event that this arbitration provision is for any reason held to be unenforceable, any litigation against Company must be commenced only in the federal or state courts located in Monmouth County, New Jersey. You hereby irrevocably consent to the jurisdiction of those courts for such purposes.

Limitation on Time to File Claims


Waiver and Severability

No waiver by the Company of any term or condition set out in these Terms of Use shall be deemed a further or continuing waiver of such term or condition or a waiver of any other term or condition, and any failure of the Company to assert a right or provision under these Terms of Use shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision.

If any provision of these Terms of Use is held by a court or other tribunal of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal, or unenforceable for any reason, such provision shall be eliminated or limited to the minimum extent such that the remaining provisions of the Terms of Use will continue in full force and effect.

Entire Agreement

The Terms of Use, our Privacy Policy, and Terms of Sale constitute the sole and entire agreement between you and Marco Learning LLC regarding the Website and supersede all prior and contemporaneous understandings, agreements, representations, and warranties, both written and oral, regarding the Website.

Communications and Miscellaneous

If you provide us your email address, you agree and consent to receive email messages from us. These emails may be transaction or relationship communications relating to the products or services we offer, such as administrative notices and service announcements or changes, or emails containing commercial offers, promotions or special offers from us.

Your Comments and Concerns

This website is operated by Marco Learning LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company with an address of 113 Monmouth Road, Suite 1, Wrightstown, New Jersey 08562.

Please contact us   for all other feedback, comments, requests for technical support, and other communications relating to the Website.


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  1. AP Euro Unit 1 REVIEW (Everything You NEED to Know)

  2. The Renaissance and Exploration (AP European History: Unit 1)

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  5. The AP Exam for 2022, EXPLAINED (AP World, APUSH, AP Euro)



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