Ethical Consumerism Essay

In recent years ethical consumerism has risen to create a new type of consumer market. Where ethics and corporate responsibility are now surpassing quality and price when it comes to consumer trends. Therefore, since the rising impact on consumer behavior due to ethical issues involving companies, businesses today are purposely promoting corporate responsibility due to its impact on their profits or losses. Metrics that used to define brand equity are no longer effective because they ignore business ethics and the perception of its corporate responsibility, which are now prevalent. The effect on various businesses has been immense, not only do business now engage in ethical consumerism to avoid losses but also many actively use ethical branding …show more content…

Ethics are defined as “the moral principles and values that govern the actions and decisions of an individual” . Thus, from most consumers’ perspective today it applies to business as well. Research done by Mintel shows that 56 percent of US consumers do not purchase from a brand if they see it as unethical. Also, the research shows that 35 percent do not buy from a brand that they see as unethical even if there is no substitute in the market. Which shows a strong will and belief in consumers, especially to make a conscious decision not to purchase a good or service in which there is no other option for. In conclusion the research has shown that well above the majority of consumers see ethical issues as critical and often use their purchasing power to reflect that. Though most consumers agree not to purchase from unethical brands, getting them to purchase from ethical brands is more difficult. This is due to lack of trust in many consumers who are wary of big brands using ethical branding as a marketing tool to lure them. Whereas small brands with unique attributes are seen as far more trustworthy and many consumers tend to support those brands, and for many that also means supporting small businesses. Therefore, small brands are often perceived as more ethical than the bigger brands despite the bigger brands’ marketing efforts …show more content…

Today’s brands want to seem more ethically conscious to persuade consumers in a number of ways and it begins with ethical branding. Whether it is social ethics or environmental ethics, brands are perusing a firm hold in the market in this new age of ethical consumerism. For example, PepsiCo is actively branding itself as ethically conscious. Using a multitude of strategies, whether it is its Global Code of Conduct where it creates a culture within the company and its employees to set ethics as a company goal, or its environmental practices to increasingly reduce its carbon footprint. This has led to PepsiCo to attain many awards in different aspects of corporate ethics. Thus, well establishing itself in this new type of market. This not only limited to PepsiCo, many brands pursue these practices. Also, many use icons on their products or advertisements to show their conscious efforts to certain issues. For example, Cruelty Free companies not supporting or practicing test on animals. Which suggests “by purchasing products solely from Cruelty Free companies, you’ll be helping to end cruel test on animals.” These are a few of many methods of ethical branding used today to adapt to and even thrive in the ethical consumerism

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that ethical consumerism has created a new type of consumer market where ethics and corporate responsibility are now surpassing quality and price when it comes to consumer trends.
  • Explains that consumers emphasize the importance of a company's ethics when they consider spending money and use their purchasing power accordingly.
  • Explains how big brands want to appear more ethically conscious to persuade consumers in a number of ways. pepsico has achieved many awards in different aspects of corporate ethics.
  • Concludes that ethical branding has a positive impact on society as it rewards companies who engage in ethical practices.

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The abovementioned process is influenced by the commoditisation of products and blurring of consumer's own perceptions of the companies' offering. In order to differentiate and position their products and/or services today's businesses employ advertising which is sometimes considered not only of bad taste, but also as deliberately intrusive and manipulative. The issue of bad advertising is topical to such extent that organisations like Adbusters have embraced the tactics of subvertising - revealing the real intend behind the modern advertising. The Adbusters magazine editor-in-chief Kalle Lason commented on the corporate image building communication activities of the big companies: "We know that oil companies aren't really friendly to nature, and tobacco companies don't really care about ethics" (Arnold, 2001). On the other hand, the "ethics and social responsibility are important determinants of such long-term gains as survival, long-term profitability, and competitiveness of the organization" (Singhapakdi, 1999). Without communications strategy that revolves around ethics and social responsibility the concepts of total quality and customer relationships building become elusive. However, there could be no easy clear-cut ethics formula of marketing communications.

Whole Foods Market Corporate Social Respinsiblity(CSR)

In today’s society is it becoming increasingly more difficult for companies to stay competitive in their industry. Even established brands eventually die out due to growing competition from other companies. Corporations are having a difficult time figuring out a strategy that keeps them at the top of their game. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the strategic value of CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility). Corporate advertising is changing dramatically, appealing to consumer’s ethos using the causes that matter most in their lives. It is important for consumers to understand the manipulation that comes along with the CSR strategy. Skepticism about companies’ goals is crucial when making the right consumer decisions. Understanding CSR will help the consumer evaluate the affects of their consumption choices.

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Ethical Consumer Case Report

Shopping has become a pleasure for most individuals and with the help of technology it has been implemented in every dimension of our lives. Business and capitalism have dominated the majority of markets that involve consumer related goods such as clothing, apparel, and food. Living in a consumer driven market, individuals are capable of obtaining all of their necessities at a fairly reasonable price. Corporations on their end are dedicated to find new ways on providing the ultimate good at minimal cost of production even if lives are at risk. Capitalism is income driven, and to generate income, it requires one to satisfy the needs of the individuals who are willing to spend hard earned compensation on their goods no matter how little the pay. To satisfy the demand, executives have broken production methods down to a science with the help of technology to accommodate their everyday need. Productions costs have decreased while levels of productions have augmented throughout the globe; consumer demand is on the rise and someone will try to find a way to supply it. Being ethical consumers would be the ultimate option for all, indeed but these unethical standards can be seen as an act to go above and beyond to provide care for the unattained crowds that also have needs that are to be met. As consumers, we would want to be ethical but to which extent if merchandise produced under sinister measures are cost efficient and incomparable in price to goods made ethically and local.

Consumer Sovereignty Essay

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After World War II subsided, American soldiers returned to a country different from the one they left years earlier. Wartime production drove America’s economy out of depression and Americans saw an unprecedented increase in spending power. This postwar society founded itself upon consumerism and conformity, transforming the middle and upper-middle class into a leisure class, the working class into the middle class, and classifying individuals by the items they own. “A Consumer’s Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America,” by Lizabeth Cohen details this new society and the New Yorker advertisements and short stories reflect upon the consumerism. The advertisements convey the life of luxury, leisure, and happiness that

Léal: One Of The World's Most Ethical Companies

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CSR-Environment: Employee Perceptions and Brand Image

Specifically, employees have different perceptions of company’s CSR-Society activities, and their perceptions influence brand image in their minds. One of the reasons why employees have the different perception towards CSR is the their interests, employees will have the good perception of the company or the brand if the company can share the same value with them (Marquis et al., 2010), similarly, employees are willing to get positive brand image if the company holds their personal value (Strandberg, 2009). However, base on the value model (Holbrook, 2006), preference creates value, which means individuals perceive the value differently by judging company’s action in various criteria, in this case, employee will perceive different value of the company. Thus, employees’ perception towards CSR-Society is different, if they can get functional value from those activities, they will have positive functional brand image, and similar with emotional brand

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It is contended that a business should only focus on making profit and most of the businesses think business ethics costs too much to put up with, but being ethical and socially responsible is necessary for companies. Business ethics is a group of moral principles in the business environment. Many factors of business environment can cause corporates to act unethical such as competition, the urge to make profit and selfishness. Generating revenue is vital for corporates, that’s unquestionable, but competi...

Coca Cola's Ethical Dilema in Belgium

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Case Study Of Nike And Reebok's Marketing Strategy

Marketing conducted in this day and age is an ever evolving process. The marketing process can be dictated by current trends, economic and societal changes, as well as technological advances. Evolution in technology and the social media phenomenon for how people communicate and interact with one another have contributed significantly to the manner in which business research is conducted. Research studies have shown that it goes beyond just traditional promotional marketing to connect with consumers. Marketing has to attract consumers on a socially responsible level. Today’s consumers want to know that the business or brand being marketed towards them supports an important cause. This requirement has become a focus within management at both

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McDonalds is one of the largest food chains globally and in the U.S. It has one of the most recognized symbols with the golden arches. There are more than 34,000 local McDonalds around the world and they serve approximately 69 million people in 118 countries every single day. They also spend about two billion dollars on advertisements each year. The ethical issue that I want to address in this essay is whether or not McDonalds is ethical for advertising and selling obese and unhealthy foods to its customers. I believe it is important to explore this organization because McDonalds is one of the largest and most well-known food chains around the world. It is important to know that an organization as successful and large as them is also ethical with their approach. If a corporation as successful and profitable as McDonalds can be ethical with their selling and advertising schemes then just about any other organization or corporation striving towards that same goal can be too.

Marketing Ethics: The Ethical Ethics Of Deceptive Advertising

In order to generate sales, marketers often promote aggressively and uniquely, unfortunately, not all marketing advertisements are done ethically. Companies around the globe spend billions of dollars to promote new products and services and advertising is one of the key tools to communicate with consumers. Conversely, some methods that marketers use to produce advertisements and to generate sales is deceptive and unethical. Ethical issues concern in marketing has always been noted in marketing practice. According to Prothero (2008), ethics itself has a profound, varied and rich past. It emphasizes on questions of right and wrong or good and bad.

Corporate Ethics Program

In the past decade, concern with the ethical accountability of companies has continued to grow. Consumers increasingly look to support and buy from companies that make ethical decisions. The government has also created new legislation that requires a certain level of ethics and creates encouragement for companies to go as far as to create ethics programs. The idea of “business ethics” is not new, but there is more pressure now than ever before on companies to prove they are making an honest effort to be ethical. This additional pressure on companies can be largely attributed to a change in the neoclassical view of a company as only needing to take care of stockholder interests by creating profits (Wines & Hamilton III, 2009). Today, people view the organization as a complex unit made of up many different groups that must be considered. This new definition of an “ethical corporation” requires not only compliance with the law, but also consideration of the ethical implications of all actions (Epstein & Hanson, 2006; Thornton, 2009). “Ethics are a system of moral principles and behavioral norms intended to express and support an underlying set of values” (Post, Lee, & Sachs, 2002). Following the meanings given by several professional sources, business ethics is defined as the study of moral standards in the context of all business situations (Columbia University, 2008; Knapp, 2001; Crane & Matten, 2007). Because of this change in consumer and regulator concerns, a corporation cannot survive unless it takes care of and strives to respect the interests of all of its stakeholders by applying ethical standards to actions (Post, Lee, & Sachs, 2002).

Essay On Business Ethics And Social Responsibility

Now-a-days it is considered that CSR is one of the major concerns of organization’s business ethics. Companies increasingly increase their corporate social responsibility (CSR) and ethical management accepting the positive impact on the bottom line. The vast bulk of Standard & Poor’s 500 companies publish sustainability reports unfolding their program challenges and achievements. These pre-emptive efforts can pr...

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The Benefits of Ethical Consumerism

The Benefits of Ethical Consumerism

A bstract: With the rise of globalisation, ethical consumerism has an increasingly more important role within the global society. As international communities grow closer to one another, it is more important than ever to focus on the responsibilities of global citizenship and the importance of global communities coming together to pressure international corporations to uphold ethical and sustainable methods of production. The following essay writer argumentative essay will address globalisation and ethical consumerism, arguing that ethical consumerism benefits communities worldwide, though the focus of ethical consumerism needs to move from the individual responsibilities of consumers to a more collective political approach.


            In modern society, making consumer purchases has become a large part of a person’s identity. Deciding what to buy and who to buy it from not only supports the person’s sense of self, but also tells others about them (Papaoikonomou, Cascon-Pereira, & Ryan, 2014). Consumers are now becoming more aware of the impact their purchasing decisions have on the world as climate change is becoming more socially recognised worldwide. Being able to make ethical consumer choices pressures corporations to use sustainable practices that cause less harm to the environment and results in less waste by the corporations and the consumer (Papaoikonomou & Alarcon, 2015). Some may argue that even ethical consumerism is hopeless and that it does not lead to lasting change because consumer behaviour is often inconsistent (Irwin, 2015). Even if consumers only make ethical purchase decisions some of the time, the desire for sustainable practices places additional pressures on organizations and forces them to adopt more environmentally friendly practices. Globalisation and ethical consumerism are two important concepts of modern society that continue to evolve, even as more developed nations begin to try and separate themselves from being global citizens and take on less responsibilities in terms of purchasing power. Ultimately, ethical consumerism is a positive force that causes a higher level of mindfulness among consumers worldwide and pressures international corporations to maintain sustainable practices and cause less harm to the environment and global communities.

The Impact of Globalisation on Society, Culture, Politics, Economics & Business

            Globalisation has a wide impact on societies around the world, even though most of the focus of globalisation is on business and economics. There are a wide range of definitions for globalisation, but it can be best explained as a process of integration and ongoing interaction among different companies, governments, and people of different countries across the globe (Reysen & Katzarska-Miller, 2018). Globalisation has occurred through trade and business expansions into other countries, but there are also cultural and social exchanges that occur when members of different countries interact with one another through trade (Smith, 2013). As Smith (2013) explains, “people forget that economics does not exist in a vacuum. Culture indicates essential goods—music, movies, books, fashion, and art… that would not exist without culture” (Smith, 2013 p. 1). Through globalised trade, societies around the world are affected politically, economically, and culturally. While many people embrace globalisation and the opportunities that it presents for advancement or exchanges of resources that will better their lives, others turn to feelings of nationalism as a way to protect their individual culture which they see as being threatened by other cultures as globalisation practices grow (Smith, 2013). This can create political and social issues between countries worldwide, which harms the process of globalisation.

Real World Issues Involving Globalisation

            One of the primary real-world issues related to globalisation and consumerism is the continued growth of environmentally harmful corporate practices. The business side of globalisation is about expanding into new markets around the world, which often means aggressive marketing of new products, increased production, and cost-cutting measures that have a negative impact on the environment, the communities where corporations have operations, and on vulnerable populations who are taken advantage of to meet production quotas (Smith, 2013). Since globalisation also means that there are more products being offered by a greater number of competitors in an international market, corporations must find ways to remain competitive and cut costs so that the products can be offered at a lower price (Smith, 2013). The purpose of aggressively expanding into new markets and marketing products to consumers is to get more people to purchase the goods or services (Smith, 2013). While consumers have a lot of purchasing power, they may look for the best deals for themselves rather than considering the impact that their purchasing decisions have on the environment or global communities (Irwin, 2015). When consumers are unaware of their own purchasing power or do not make ethical decisions when purchasing goods, they continue to give permission to corporations to behave unethically.

What it Means to Be a Global Citizen in a Globalising Environment

            People are becoming more aware of their place in global society and the responsibilities that come with it, but as levels of nationalism have increased among developed countries many people have begun to think of themselves less as global citizens and more of citizens of a specific nation (Reysen & Katzarska-Miller, 2018). Interestingly, people of less developed countries have begun to view themselves more as global citizens while people of developed nations have begun to step away from defining themselves as global citizens (Reysen & Katzarska-Miller, 2018). Being a global citizen in a globalising environment means that each individual has a responsibility to practice ethical behaviours, especially related to consumerism, and to be aware of how their own actions impact the lives of others around the world (Reysen & Katzarska-Miller, 2018). Failing to recognize oneself as a global citizen means that the individual does not feel a sense of responsibility towards others, or even towards the global environment, and instead focus first on their own needs or the needs of their immediate communities.

The Debate for and Against Globalisation

            Globalisation can be a force for good, improving the lives of individuals worldwide and sharing responsibility for the global environment. Increased concern for the wellbeing of others around the world is also an aspect of globalisation that improves a person’s understanding of their place in the world. It also allows them to learn more about others and identify with others through the shared human experience. Additionally, it allows people to have more diverse interactions in their daily lives, which in turn allows them to empathize with others. From an economic standpoint, globalisation also allows companies to expand into new markets, creating new jobs and improving local economies in developing nations (Smith, 2013). In many cases, globalisation can be a benefit to people around the world, raising the quality of life for people and creating stronger global communities.

            Arguments can also be made against globalisation, which also must be considered. Globalisation is effectively based off capitalism, which has always been about creating a profit. In order to do this, it means that production costs must be lowered as much as possible. This leads corporations to seek out production alternatives in developing nations where the cost of labour is lower than in the company’s own country of operations (Smith, 2013). It can also lead to corporations taking advantage of laws, or lack of laws, in other countries, which allow the corporations to cut corners in production, which in turn may harm the environment and local communities (Smith, 2013). In many cases, this leads to practices of exploiting disadvantaged labourers, higher rates of environmental degradation, and economic and social inequality (Carrington, Zwick, & Neville, 2015).

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The Role of Ethical Consumerism

            These arguments against globalisation can be addressed through ethical consumerism. When consumers become more aware of their purchasing power, they can make informed decisions about what companies to purchase products from and force companies to be more transparent about their operations (Jones, 2019). When a consumer makes a purchasing decision, they ultimately choose to ‘vote’ for a specific company or product compared to other products on the market (Jones, 2019). When enough consumers make a vote for a specific product, they indicate what it is they are interested in purchasing and what is expected of the company they are purchasing from. Other companies then look at who has the most power in the market and identify why consumers are making specific purchase decisions and then make changes to their business plans to remain competitive in the market (Jones, 2019). Even when the choices by consumers are inconsistent, showing interest in sustainably sourced products from companies, or green products, encourage other companies to adopt sustainable practices (Irwin, 2015). This leads to a larger shift among companies worldwide to practice sustainability as consumer trends show the desire for products that have been ethically produced.

essay on ethical consumption

Arguments Against Ethical Consumerism

            The first major argument against ethical consumerism are based on the beliefs that consumers are unable to maintain consistency and uphold ethical values in their purchasing decisions. Consumers may say that they want to practice ethical consumerism, but the reality is often that consumers make purchasing decisions that are most convenient for themselves (Carrington et al., 2015). This leads to ethical consumerism being undermined, as the point of the practice is to ‘vote’ for specific companies that are ethical and sustainable (Jones, 2019). Many consumers are also unwilling to take the time to research products and corporations to determine whether companies are behaving ethically and sustainably. Research has shown that consumers often take corporate advertisements at face value rather than doing their own research prior to making a purchase decision (Jones, 2019). This causes the ethical consumerism movement to backfire, as corporations realize they can manipulate consumers into thinking that practices are sustainable and transparent, rather than making actual changes in operations (Jones, 2019). By taking corporations at face value rather than conducting personal research, consumers feel as though they are making ethical choices even if those choices are not, in fact, ethical.

            Consumers who feel that they are making ethical choices in their consumer purchases are another concern. Researchers have discovered that it takes very little for consumers to feel as though they have ‘done their part’, which in turn leads them to feeling relieved of having further responsibilities when it comes to making informed choices or changing their own lifestyles to be more sustainable (Carrington et al., 2015). This is another strong argument against the ethical consumerism movement, as it may lead consumers to feel as though they are making a difference through their purchases, without having to make any significant changes to their own lifestyle or habits. These beliefs bring about another set of problems on a political level. As Jones (2019) explained, ethical consumerism creates a sense of “false consciousness that dampens the possibilities for political action by encouraging people to focus on their limited power as individual consumers, rather than as political actors connected to a broader collective” (p. 3). When consumers feel as though they are making a change individually, they are less likely to come together collectively, especially on a globalised scale.

            While these arguments do have merit, they can be used to strengthen ethical consumerism practices and shift the focus to the community rather than putting pressures on the individual. The purchasing power of consumers as a collective remains strong and as consumers continue to make ethical consumption a priority, it forces corporations into making sustainable change (Irwin, 2015). This requires that consumers continue to work together on local, national, and global levels to pressure corporations into being transparent about their practices and hold companies to a higher standard (Irwin, 2015). In the arguments made against ethical consumerism, it is not the underlying practice that is argued against, but the follow-through of consumers on individual and collective levels. By reframing how we view consumer power and focusing on the collective’s ability to bring about change, rather than placing the pressure on the individual consumer, more companies will be forced to address issues related to sustainability and ethical practices worldwide (Irwin, 2015).

            Globalisation is ultimately about bringing people together and removing boundaries that distance people of different nationalities and cultural backgrounds from one another. While not every aspect of globalisation is positive, change can occur through the practice of ethical consumerism. Having consumers make ethical purchase decisions and holding corporations to higher standards can bring about sustainable and ethical change in production, labour, and environmental concerns. The arguments against ethical consumerism, however, show that ethical consumerism needs to focus on the collective responsibilities of people around the world, rather than putting all the pressure on the individual consumer to make informed purchase choices. Globalisation is meant to reduce isolation between groups of people, so forcing the consumer to work alone to make ethical purchase decisions removes the power of the collective. For sustainable change, consumers around the world must work together on a political level for the benefit of the global society.

Carrington, M. J., Zwick, D., & Neville, B. (2016). The ideology of the ethical consumption gap.  Marketing Theory ,  16 (1), 21–38. 

Irwin, J. (2015). Ethical consumerism isn’t dead, it just needs better marketing. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from

Jones, E. (2019). Rethinking Greenwashing: Corporate Discourse, Unethical Practice, and the Unmet Potential of Ethical Consumerism.  Sociological Perspectives . 

Papaoikonomou, E., & Alarcón, A. (2017). Revisiting Consumer Empowerment: An Exploration of Ethical Consumption Communities.  Journal of Macromarketing ,  37 (1), 40–56. 

Papaoikonomou, E., Cascon-Pereira, R., & Ryan, G. (2016). Constructing and communicating an ethical consumer identity: A Social Identity Approach.  Journal of Consumer Culture ,  16 (1), 209–231. 

Reysen, S. & Katzarska-Miller, I. (2018). The psychology of global citizenship: A review of theory and research. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Smith, K. E. I. (2013). Society of globalization: Cultures, economies, and politics . New York: Taylor & Francis.

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Ethical Consumption - Essay Example

Ethical Consumption

  • Subject: Marketing
  • Type: Essay
  • Level: Undergraduate
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Downloads: 3
  • Author: gblick

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Integrating ethical brands into our consumption lives, environment and development, attitudes and behavior in ethical consumption, the basics of marketing ethics in the cosmetics industry, implications of ethical consumption under fairtrade, consumer research on ethical consumption, longitudinal theory of value in ethical consumption, the concept of ethical consumerism.

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The overview will delve into the concept of ethical consumerism, examining how consumer choices impact the environment, society, and the economy. It will explore the rise of ethically conscious consumers who consider factors like sustainability, fair trade, and corporate responsibility. The essay will discuss the challenges and opportunities in ethical consumerism, including how businesses are responding to this trend. It will also provide insights into how individuals can make more ethical choices in their consumption patterns. Also at PapersOwl you can find more free essay examples related to Communication.

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Advertising is a method to gain attention and target customers to sell products. This is also known as targeting. Not all companies follow the ethical rules to reach out to consumers. Many businesses use manipulation and deception to achieve their sales goals. Ironically, some consumers trust the business to look out for not only their interest but also their full knowledge of the product to ensure their satisfaction and even their safety. What we fail to see is that consumers are a part of the problem by not being knowledgeable about the products they buy. It is ethical to target uninformed consumers.

Unless it is stated by some sort of law, it is not the brand’s duty to advertise the reality behind their product. Most people don’t seem to want to buy reality. Propaganda focuses on that: selling the good parts of the product. Coca-Cola does not fly off the shelves for having the amount of sugar it takes to make it taste like that, but because it promises you and your family happiness and a great tasty experience. It is in the hands of the customer to seek information. Nowadays, it is everywhere. All of the media, especially the internet, will give you everything you need to know about what you’re curious about.

Let us say you choose to buy a certain car. You can ask the salesperson at the dealer’s for information and they will give it to you. You may ask people who own that car for information and they will give it to you. You may look it up online and you will find the information right there. There are many resources around you to get more information about the car but you choose to do none. All of a sudden, you have a car without the functions you wanted. The fuel consumption is high, maintenance is expensive, repairing it after a minor crash costs a fortune… As much as you may be tempted to blame the manufacturer, you have to admit you have not been deceived. It was your choice not to go after the information out there.

As customers, we hope markets lookout for all of our needs. They don’t use any harmful ingredients, don’t charge high prices, and specify any risks to them. But unfortunately, businesses have needs also, and that is money. They will sprinkle a few lies to sell their products. A lot has changed for the better and companies do have a responsibility for their clients, rules to follow so that they won’t harm us too much. Their goal, however, is still to profit. That hasn’t changed. It is up to us to choose to who we give our money, which brand is worthy of it and why. It is the ethical thing to do: research and then decides.

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Essay On Ethical Consumerism

In recent decades, there has been an increase in ethical consumerism because consumers today are becoming more aware of the ethical aspects in the production and consumption of products. As such, they yearn for these goods that encompasses the ethical aspects in the products, namely goods of Fairtrade origin. In turn, companies have been ramping up the production of these products to meet the demands of the ethical consumer. Products of this nature encompasses the environment, labour, social and ethical aspects in terms of their production and consumption and companies have been making this transition in order to project themselves as an agent for positive social change and to meet the consumer requirements. Fairprice, as the premier supermarket …show more content…

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