Essay on Urbanization for Students and Children


500 Words Essay on Urbanization

Urbanization refers to the movement of the population from rural areas to urban areas. It is essentially the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas. Furthermore, urbanization is quite a popular trend in the contemporary world. Moreover, people mostly undertake urbanization due to more work opportunities and a better standard of living. According to the expert prediction, by 2050, 64% of the developing world and 86% of the developed world will be urbanized.

Essay on Urbanization

Causes of Urbanization

First of all, political causes play a big role in urbanization. Many people get forced to leave rural areas for urban areas due to political unrest. Therefore, many families go to urban areas in search of food, shelter, and employment .

Another important cause of urbanization is an economic cause. Furthermore, poverty is a widespread phenomenon in rural areas. Moreover, farmers are finding it very hard to earn enough money and make a living. Consequently, rural people move to urban areas in search of better job opportunities.

Education is a strong cause of urbanization. Urban areas offer opportunities for seeking high-quality education. Moreover, urbanization offers opportunities for studying at universities and technical colleges. Such handsome education opportunities attract many young people in rural areas to move to urban areas.

Environmental degradation also plays a part in contributing to urbanization. Deforestation destroys the natural habitat of many farming families. Furthermore, mining and industrial expansion also harm the natural habitat of farming families.

The social cause is another notable reason for urbanization. Many young rural people migrate to urban areas in order to seek a better lifestyle. Moreover, many young people want to escape the conservative culture of rural areas. Most noteworthy, urban areas offer a more easy-going liberal lifestyle. Furthermore, cities have clubs to attract youth.

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Benefits of Urbanization

First of all, urban areas are much more efficient in providing resources than rural areas. Important and basic amenities like housing, clean water, and electricity are easily available in urban areas.

People in urban areas find it quite easy to access to various important services. Most noteworthy, these services are high-quality education, expert health care, convenient transportation, entertainment, etc. Furthermore, some or all of the services are unavailable in rural areas.

Urban areas offer better employment opportunities. Furthermore, these employment opportunities are the result of industrialization and commercialization.

Urban areas play a critical role as creators and disseminators of knowledge. This is because of the highly connected urbanized world. Most noteworthy, the geographical proximity of people in urban areas helps in the propagation of ideas.

Urban areas enjoy the benefits of technological development. Furthermore, many types of technologies get implemented in urban areas. Moreover, urban people quickly get in touch with the latest technology. In contrast, many rural individuals remain ignorant of many types of technologies.

To sum it up, urbanization is a process which is on a continuous rise. Furthermore, urbanization ensures the transformation of rural culture into urban culture. Moreover, the government must be vigilant to the rapidly increasing urbanization. A fully urbanized world looks like the ultimate destiny of our world.

FAQs on Urbanization

Q1 State any two causes for urbanization?

A1 Any two causes for urbanization are high-quality education and good job opportunities in urban areas.

Q2 Why urban areas offer better employment opportunities?

A2 Urban areas offer better employment opportunities due to high industrialization and commercialization.


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Essay on Urbanization for Children and Students

Table of Contents

Urbanization is the process in which people migrate from backward and rural areas to urban areas often attributed to modernization and industrialization. Industrial revolution has given rise to Urbanization by creating job opportunities that induces people from rural areas to migrate to urban areas. With economic and social reforms demand for man power has increased in urban areas.

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Long and Short Essay on Urbanization in English

Here are essays on urbanization of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam. You can select any Urbanization essay as per your need:

Urbanization Essay 1 (200 Words)

Urbanization refers to movement of mankind from rural areas to urban areas and how society adapts the changes. India is facing serious problem of rise in urban population presently. With Urbanization there is increase in social, economic and political progress but on the other hand it also leads to socio-economic problems due to unplanned growth in urban population and lack of infrastructural facilities.

The natural growth in population combined with the growth due to migration puts heavy load on public utilities like housing, water, health, education, transport and other commodities and services.

People from rural areas migrate to urban areas for better employment opportunities, better education, health and medical facilities, commercialization, better standard of living, social status and so on. Modern-day farming involves new technology lessening the need of manpower leading to Urbanization.

There are several problems that upsurge due to Urbanization that need serious attention. Some of the chief problems in India due to Urbanization are overpopulation, poverty, environmental degradation, unemployment, transport, sanitation, pollution and so on.

Planning and investment is required for infrastructural development. Developing clean cities and green cities is essential. Provisions of essential services such as health, education, clean water, food and electricity among the masses should be the goal. Spreading awareness and educating people about family planning and population control should be emphasized.

Urbanization Essay 2 (300 Words)


Urbanization is the rise in growth of people living in cities and towns. Urbanization also means the transformation of society whereby rural economy is being transformed to advanced industrial economy. It is highly accepted notion that urban areas as compared to rural areas have achieved better social, economic and political development. People from the rural areas are induced to urban areas to take advantage of its advanced economic and social benefits.

Urbanization in India

Urbanization began to stimulate in India after independence due to rise in the development of the private sector. Population living in urban areas in India according to census 2001 was 28.53%, standing at 31.16% as per census 2011. A survey conducted by UN state of the world population report in 2007, predicts 40.76% population in India is expected to live in urban areas by 2030 and will lead to world’s urban population surge by 2050.

Main causes of Urbanization in India are Industrial revolution, Urbanization for economic development, economic opportunities and infrastructure facilities, development of private sectors, employment opportunities, land fragmentations and better standard of living.

Like every coin has two sides, Urbanization has several positive as well as negative effects. The positive factors of Urbanization are generation of employment opportunities, better and higher education, healthcare and medical facilities, housing, transport, new technology, social integration, electricity and better standard of living. The negative effects of Urbanization are unemployment, overcrowding, global warming, traffic congestions and air pollution, poverty, shortage in supply of water, urban crime, trash disposal issues and so on. With the passing time negative impacts of Urbanization are increasing immensely.

Due to growth in population, industrialization and infrastructural development has become a necessity in rural areas. This will also raise employment opportunities in rural areas. Better education, healthcare, transport, sanitation facilities should be provided in rural areas.

Urbanization Essay 3 (400 Words)

Urbanization is the process in which people leave rural areas and shift to urban areas either due to push or pull factors. Urbanization turns out to have positive effects when happens to the certain extent. The positive effects of the Urbanization include employment to the unemployed, better education, health care and medical facilities, infrastructural development and access to new and advanced technologies. Urbanization is the process of development. However, over Urbanization in cities especially metro cities is resulting in adverse effects.

Positive Effects of Urbanization

Here is a detailed look at the positive effects of Urbanization:

  • Efficiency: Urban areas are more efficient in providing resources than rural areas. Basic amenities such as clean water, housing and electricity are easily provided.
  • Accessibility: Apart from the basic resources people in urban areas get easy access to health care and medical facilities, higher and better education, transport, entertainment etc.
  • Better Employment: People from rural areas often migrate to urban areas in search of better employment opportunities. Due to industrialization and commercialization there are several job and business opportunities available in cities.
  • Education: There are more schools, universities and colleges in urban areas as compared to rural areas. Students migrate to urban areas for higher or better education with or without their families. Students can choose from a variety of career options available in cities for their bright future.
  • Health care: There are several health care and medical facilities available in urban areas as compared to rural areas.
  • Better social amalgamation: Urbanization promotes cultural and social fusion. People of various religions, castes and gender work and socialize together breaking down the norms of social and cultural barriers.

Push and Pull Factors of Urbanization

There are various push factors and pull factors of Urbanization in India. Push factors are the factors due to which people have to leave rural areas and move to urban areas for instance, unemployment, poverty, lack of infrastructure and limited resources. Pull factors are the factors that induced people to move to urban areas e.g. employment opportunities, better education, infrastructure development, commercialization, health and medical care.

Urbanization also means the transformation of society whereby rural culture is being transformed to modern urban culture. It is alteration from traditional rural economies to industrial economies. Urbanization allows the overall urban population to enjoy the fruits of economic and social development. However, due to increase in global warming due to Urbanization serious measures need to be taken for clean and green cities.

Urbanization Essay 4 (500 Words)

The mass movement of people from rural areas to urban areas, i.e., cities and towns is called Urbanization, the process in which population in cities and towns increases. Higher the population, higher is the demand of public utilities like housing, sanitation water, health, education and so on. Urbanization is subjected to range of elements such as urban planning, economics, sociology and health care.

The concept of Urbanization is increase in developing and developed society as people want to move to cities and towns to enjoy the benefits of social and economic development that include better education, health care, housing, better work opportunities and sanitation.

Main Causes of Urbanization

Here are some of the main causes of Urbanization:

  • Industrialization
  • Commercialization
  • Social benefits
  • Employment opportunities
  • Modernization
  • Better Education

Here is a look at these factors in brief:

Industrialization is the concept of moving from agricultural sector to industrial sector. Industrialization creates economic growth and employment opportunities. With industrial revolution in developing and developed countries, more and more people are moving from rural areas to urban areas for better employment opportunities.

Modern-day trade and commerce also result in Urbanization. In modern times, development of marketing institutions and methods of trade have significantly contributed to Urbanization. There are better commercial opportunities and returns in urban areas than in rural areas. As a result, people are tempted to urban areas.

  • Social Benefits

There are several social benefits in urban areas compared to rural areas like better education, better health care, transport, sanitation and social status. Better recreational facilities are available such as play grounds, theatres, parks and clubs. Thus, people move to urban areas for enjoying the benefits of modern lifestyle.

  • Employment Opportunities

In rural areas people mainly have to depend on agricultural sector for their living whereas in the urban areas there are several employment opportunities in various sectors such as education, health care, transport, banking, media, television and sports to name a few.

Agricultural sector mainly depends on monsoon. In times of natural calamities and drought, people have to migrate to urban areas in search of employment. With modern farming technology manpower needed in farming sector is decreased leading to Urbanization.

Urban areas are characterized by new technology, infrastructural development, better health care and medical facilities, liberalization and better standard of living. This induces people from backward and rural areas to move to urban areas.

The management of administration is also responsible for Urbanization. The government has not maintained the rapidity with city growth in terms of infrastructure management or spatial.

As compared to rural areas there are better education facilities available in urban areas. The schools and colleges providing professional education are all located in urban areas. Thus young girls and boys either alone or with their families shift to urban areas to seek quality education.

Poverty and economic degradation are the major problems rising with Urbanization that need serious attention. Planning and investment in sustainable industries, eco-friendly infrastructure and eco-friendly technology is essential. Encouraging the use of eco-friendly products and technology among the masses is vital. Creating more and more job opportunities and equality will help fight poverty.

Urbanization Essay 5 (600 Words)

Increase in the volume of total population in urban areas is called Urbanization. Rising population in urban areas creates rise in the demand of basic amenities such as food, health, transport and shelter in such areas. This contributes to the development of land for housing, economic support institutions, commercialization, transport and so on.

Problems Due to Urbanization

Given below are the problems that we face due to Urbanization:

  • Overcrowding

Overcrowding means over population in the urban areas due to migration. Cities where the population is rising every single day are getting overcrowded. This is the current situation in all the big cities in India. Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi are some of the examples of overcrowded cities.

When the population increases, the demand for housing also increases. The factors that are mainly responsible for the lack of housing facilities are lack of financial resources, poverty and unemployment.

  • Unemployment

The chief cause of unemployment is over population in the urban areas due to migration of people from rural locations to these areas. The growth in economic opportunities fails to keep pace with growth in urban population.

The unplanned growth in the urban areas is growing the spread of slums. Rise in slum settlements in India is a striking feature. Urbanization, poverty and overpopulation, has increased the growth of slums as high rate of land and property in urban areas is beyond the reach of rural migrants and urban poor.

Large use of vehicles for transport has increased traffic congestion making the movement slow and difficult.

  • Urban Crime

With the rise in urban population there is rise in poverty and unemployment. Due to poverty there is rise in crimes like theft, pick pocketing, cheating and murders.

  • Air Pollution

Urbanization is a major cause of air pollution and global warming. Industries release greenhouse gases causing rise in the temperature of the earth and creating air pollution. Larger use of vehicles release gases by fuel combustion. Large amount of garbage from the landfills is burnt causing air pollution.

Water is the most important element of nature to sustain life. Due to overcrowding in the cities the supply of water is falling short compared to the demand.

  • Trash Disposal

As the number of citizens grow in urban areas the problem of trash disposal rises. The large quantity of garbage in the cities increases severe health issues. In most of the areas in cities there is no garbage disposal facility. When the landfills get full innumerable poisons leak around its surroundings, inviting diseases, like malaria, diarrhoea, typhoid, etc. Air travel also carries bacteria from one person to another spreading disease even more.

Ways to Keep Urbanization in Check

Here are some ways to keep Urbanization in check:

The chief reason of Urbanization is the migration of people from rural areas to urban areas in search of employment opportunities. Developing agricultural and rural industries will provide employment opportunities in rural areas.

  • Infrastructural Development in Rural Areas

Construction of roads, buildings, hospitals, parks, educational centres, etc. is vital for rural development. This will help rural people get better education and health care locally and also provide more job opportunities. Government should develop transport networks and related infrastructure.

  • Overall Development

Industrial and private sector development in rural areas is necessary. The focus of government should be nationwide Urbanization. Planning and investment in Urbanization of rural areas is essential.

  • Population Control

Over population is also a chief cause for Urbanization. Educating people about family planning and creating awareness among the rural communities is crucial.

  • Global Warming

One of the major problems of Urbanization rapidly rising is global warming. Use of renewable energy sources like solar energy, wind energy, hydropower should be encouraged. Investments in energy efficient industries and technologies will lead to clean economy. Reforestation instead of deforestation should be promoted.

Urbanization is on a rapid increase in our country. While it is good that our country is progressing and that more and more people want to lead a modern life, get better education and good employment opportunities, Urbanization can have negative repercussions as well. It is thus essential to control Urbanization.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization Essay

Urbanization is here to stay. It might slow down but stopping it is not something that will come any sooner. Discover more in this this pros and cons of urbanization essay.


Advantages of urbanization, disadvantages of urbanization, reference list.

Urbanization is a process where people move from rural areas to urban areas to seek higher standards of living. People living in rural areas are faced with unpredictable weather conditions which affect their livelihood; therefore, these people move to cities to seek a better life.

Contrary to rural areas, cities give these people opportunities to live a better life; there are industries, learning institutions, and social services which attract these people more (Andersen, 2002). As these people gain from these essential services, they also face problems caused by their increasing number; therefore, this paper will explore the advantages and disadvantages of urbanization.

The cities are known to be efficient in that less effort is required to supply basic amenities, for example, electricity and fresh water. People who migrate to the cities enjoy these amenities, which are difficult to access in rural areas. The cities also make considerable use of space; there are a lot of flats which accommodate a lot of people in a small land area. There are also recycling programs which make use of waste material such as tins and waste papers; this helps in cleaning the city and providing jobs to those coming from rural areas.

Cities have a lot of social facilities such as health facilities, education centers, social services, as well as cultural activities, these facilities are essential for the development and healthy being of a population (Tolley and Vinod, 2006).

People leave from rural areas to cities to have easy access to these facilities; with all the social facilities, education and cultural activities, people in cities live a sophisticated and comfortable life. Cities also have advanced transport and communication networks which make movement and communication much easier.

During the development of cities, people settled in areas which had well established natural resources; therefore, most cities have a lot of resources around and within (DeBlij et al., 2010). These resources are easily exploited because of the availability of facilities and labor in the cities, which leads to economic development and improvement of living standards of the city dwellers (Varthoulakis, 2008).

The availability of these resources and labor from the city leads to the development of manufacturing and service industries around the city, creating employment for the population from rural areas (Savage, 2005).

Cities have well-established universities, colleges, and schools; these make them the best place for developing human resources. There are varieties of courses from different fields and levels, and students who move to cities have a wide choice of careers to choose from; this means that most of them will pursue careers of their choice, making their levels of success high.

After completing college and university education, students have a lot of job opportunities, also, for those who want to create job opportunities they have better prospects of starting businesses or projects (Andersen, 2002). Also, there are varieties of financial institutions for people to deposit their savings and borrow money for investments. This creates a favorable environment for investment and development.

People move to urban areas from different regions, religions, and castes, and despite these differences, they live and work together. As they live together, they learn and understand each other, and this assist in getting rid of social and cultural barriers, which is always the center of conflicts; since many people live in cities, a country with many cities will have less conflict.

People living in rural areas also benefit from urbanization; most of these people are engaged in farming, and their farm produces need to market. They always appreciate the existence of cities because they consume their farm produce in exchange for money, and this helps them to improve economically (Potsiou, 2010).

Imagine a country where everyone lives in rural areas and has land. There would be a lot of wastage because everyone will have enough for himself or herself. Urbanization also helps to ease pressure on agricultural land; as people move to urban centers, they give more space for agriculture and, therefore, the agricultural industry is boosted (Potsiou, 2010). The country will produce more agricultural goods, and this will ensure food security.

As people continue to move to urban areas, pollution becomes a major issue in cities. Energy becomes inadequate, and some people resolve to illegal electricity connections and others address to the use of inefficient cooking fuels such as firewood and charcoal, which increases the number of carbon emissions (Marchand, 1998).

An example is Kozani in Greece, which is the most polluting city in Europe. The population of cars also increases as the number of people in cities increases, and this leads to the rise in the use of diesel and hence, the increase in carbon emissions

The population increase in cities brings about problems in transportation as well as traffic management. This is evident in cities such as Mumbai, which has close to 18 million citizens, with 55.5% of the population going on foot and 21.9% use train (Potsiou, 2010).

This city has few people with cars; however, over 20,000 have died because of the overcrowded train with a minimum of 10 people per day (Potsiou, 2010). Vietnam is another case, with over 18 million motorbikes and one million vehicles, and with narrow roads, the number of accidents associated with traffic has increased.

Urbanization leads to an increase in the number of people on limited land in cities; the rise in number exceeds the supply of water, which results in water shortages; hence, hygiene is compromised. Also, the population, after using water, it disposes of the wastewater on land which creates overburden disposal; this creates a less appealing sight, lousy odor emanating from the sewage and flies which are attracted by the dirty water (Arnaud et al., 2004).

As the population increases, fresh water in urbanized cities becomes expensive, and some of the people opt to take water from the nearby streams; this water is untreated and can cause diseases such as cholera.

Also, the water in these rivers are contaminated with untreated discharged in them, and these rivers drain their water into the sea where drinking water and water for irrigation is drawn; this can cause diseases for people using the sea water for drinking (Marchand, 1998). In New Delhi, sewerage was used for watering agricultural lands without care of the effects it can cause on human beings.

Cities with high populations face problems of garbage management. An example is the city of Athens, which has produced six thousand tons of garbage daily; the disposal of this garbage has become a problem for the city as the population continues to grow. Many countries have resolved to use landfills for disposal of waste, which is yet another way of contaminating the soil. Greece got into problems with the EU for operating 1,102 open landfills; however, they have reduced the number of operating landfills to 400 (Potsiou, 2010).

The increasing number of people in the cities has led to the need for building affordable houses; most cities with high population lack development policies and this has led to informal development (Arnaud et al., 2004).

The people cut down trees and built on land without any authorization from the landowners, and sometimes these people are evicted from the land and left to look for another place to settle. Slums have been built in urban areas, and they are characterized by poor sizing and quality construction, violation of land-use and no access to essential services. These are areas which crime develops because most of the people living in slums have insufficient job opportunities; they choose to engage in criminal activities for their survival.

Urbanization is here to stay, it might slow down but stopping it is not something that will come any sooner. Therefore, the primary way to minimize the problems caused by urbanization is to plan for all amenities and resources available for the comfort of the public without putting more pressure on society and the environment.

The cities should use the cardinal rule, where their growth is planned, rather than letting them grow on their own. As the local government plans for the city, it should make sure that there is adequate infrastructure to support the growing population and residential areas should be located near civic bodies to improve service provision.

To reduce rural-urban migration, job opportunities can be created in rural areas. This will reduce stress exerted on cities by the increasing number of people. Restricting people to move to cities cannot be used to solve problems associated with urbanization. This is because each citizen has a right to move and settle anywhere as long as he or she is not infringing on other people’s rights.

Andersen, L., 2002. Rural-urban migration in Bolivia: advantages and disadvantages . Web.

Arnaud, A. et al, 2004. Urbanization – impacts . Web.

DeBlij, H. et al., 2010. Global geography . New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Marchand, Y., 1998. The challenges of urbanization . Web.

Potsiou, C., 2010. Rapid urbanization and megacities: the need for spatial information management . Copenhagen: The International Federation of Surveyors.

Savage, M., 2005. Globalization and belonging . New York: SAGE.

Tolley, G. & Vinod, T., 2006. An overview of urban growth: problems, policies, and evaluation . Web.

Varthoulakis, V., 2008. Development of cities . New York: SAGE.

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IvyPanda. (2023, October 28). Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization Essay.

"Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization Essay." IvyPanda , 28 Oct. 2023,

IvyPanda . (2023) 'Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization Essay'. 28 October.

IvyPanda . 2023. "Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization Essay." October 28, 2023.

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IvyPanda . "Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization Essay." October 28, 2023.

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Urbanisation Essay

500+ words urbanisation essay.

Urbanisation is an integral part of development. It is an index of transformation from traditional rural economies to modern industrial ones. The process of urbanisation started with the industrial revolution and resulted in economic development. Urban areas are an integral part of India’s development and growth. It accounts for two-thirds of India’s GDP. India’s urban population has increased rapidly over the past decade and this rapid urbanisation is set to continue in the future. This urbanisation essay discusses the opportunities that urban areas have and the major challenges faced by them. So, students must go through this essay to gather the information and then try to write the essay in their own words. They can also get the list of CBSE Essays on different topics to practise essays on various topics.

Meaning of Urbanisation

When people move from village or rural areas to towns/cities or urban areas for better job opportunities where they can get involved in non-agricultural occupations such as manufacturing industry, trade, management etc. is known as urbanisation. People mainly migrate to cities in search of jobs, new opportunities and to have a better lifestyle.

Urbanisation in India – History and Present Situation

Urbanisation in India is said to have begun somewhere around 600 B.C. culminating in the formation of early historical cities. During ancient and medieval periods of Indian history, the kings established various capital regions, which developed into towns. For example, Pataliputra (now Patna) and Vaishali developed as towns during the Magadh rule. Kanauj was the capital town of Harshavardhana in Uttar Pradesh. The establishment of the East India Company and the onset of British colonial control of India from the seventeenth century led to the growth of the urban centres of Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. These cities (except Delhi) developed along the seacoast in the respective regions where the British had established administrative systems in various provinces.

In the present scenario, the urban population is growing rapidly. Because of this, opportunities are also increasing. Urbanisation in India is mainly due to the expansion of cities and the migration of people. Investments are made in housing, urban transport, road network, water supply, smart cities, power-related infrastructure and other forms of urban management.

Consequences of Rapid Urbanisation

Rapid urbanisation often leads to both healthy and unhealthy consequences and aspects.

Positive Aspect of Urbanisation

Urbanisation resulted in the development and setting up of many industries in the cities. Manufacturing units and the service sector started to grow in the urban areas. This has created employment opportunities for the people. This has resulted in rural-urban migration and caused the “industrialisation urbanisation process” to set in. The growth of cities has given rise to external economies. Urbanisation results in changes in the attitudes and mindset of the urban people resulting in modernisation in behaviour. This indirectly helped the country to attain faster economic development.

Negative Aspect of Urbanisation

Growing urbanisation has increased the congestion in urban areas, which has resulted in problems like traffic jams and too much concentration of population. Too much population is another unhealthy aspect of urbanisation. It has created urban chaos related to housing, education, sanitation, pollution, medical facilities, growth of slums, unemployment, violence, inadequate water supply, overcrowding etc. All these resulted in deteriorating the quality of human life.

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Essay on Urbanization

Students are often asked to write an essay on Urbanization in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Urbanization

Understanding urbanization.

Urbanization is the process where people move from rural areas to cities. This usually happens when a country is developing and becoming more industrialized.

Reasons for Urbanization

People move to cities for better job opportunities, education, healthcare, and lifestyle. Cities offer more services and facilities than rural areas.

Effects of Urbanization

Urbanization can create problems like overcrowding, pollution, and traffic. However, it also leads to economic growth and cultural diversity. It’s important to manage urbanization carefully to maximize its benefits.

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250 Words Essay on Urbanization


Urbanization is a global phenomenon that refers to the shift of population from rural to urban areas. It’s an outcome of economic, social, and political developments. The process has been ongoing since the advent of industrialization and has seen a significant upsurge in the 21st century.

Driving Forces of Urbanization

The primary drivers of urbanization are better employment opportunities, improved living conditions, and access to advanced infrastructure. Urban areas tend to offer more job opportunities, especially in sectors like technology, finance, and services, which attract individuals from rural regions.

Impacts of Urbanization

Urbanization has both positive and negative impacts. On the positive side, it promotes economic growth, cultural diversity, and technological advancement. However, it also brings challenges like overcrowding, pollution, and strain on resources. The rapid influx of people often leads to inadequate housing, leading to the creation of slums.

Sustainable Urbanization

The concept of sustainable urbanization is gaining traction. It involves planning and managing cities in a way that ensures economic, social, and environmental sustainability. This includes efficient use of resources, reducing pollution, and ensuring social equity.

Urbanization is an inevitable process that comes with both opportunities and challenges. Therefore, it is crucial to manage it efficiently to maximize its benefits while minimizing the drawbacks. Sustainable urbanization can be a potent tool in this regard, helping to create cities that are economically vibrant, socially inclusive, and environmentally sustainable.

500 Words Essay on Urbanization

Urbanization, a significant global phenomenon, refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas. It is intrinsically linked with the process of industrialization and modernization, driving changes in almost every aspect of society. The pace and scale of urbanization have grown exponentially in the 21st century, presenting both opportunities and challenges.

The Driving Forces of Urbanization

Two primary factors drive urbanization: natural population growth and migration. The former is due to the higher birth rates in urban areas, while the latter is typically propelled by individuals seeking better living standards, employment opportunities, and access to services like education and healthcare. This migration, often from rural areas, contributes significantly to the urban population surge.

Benefits of Urbanization

Urbanization can bring about many positive changes. Economically, it can lead to the creation of jobs, stimulate industrial growth, and foster innovation. Cities often serve as hubs for economic activity, offering a wide range of services and industries that contribute to GDP. Socially, urbanization can enhance access to essential services such as education, healthcare, and social amenities. It also fosters cultural diversity, leading to vibrant, multicultural societies.

Challenges of Urbanization

Despite its advantages, urbanization also presents significant challenges. Rapid and unplanned urban growth can lead to overcrowding, inadequate infrastructure, and environmental degradation. Cities are often plagued with issues like traffic congestion, air and water pollution, and waste management problems. The inadequate supply of affordable housing can lead to the proliferation of slums. Moreover, the social fabric can be strained due to increased competition, leading to social inequality and heightened crime rates.

Urbanization and Sustainability

The concept of sustainable urbanization has gained traction in recent years. It involves planning and managing urban growth in a manner that ensures a balance between economic development, social equity, and environmental protection. Green urban planning, renewable energy, efficient waste management, and inclusive social policies are some strategies to achieve sustainable urbanization.

Urbanization is a double-edged sword. While it can stimulate economic growth and social development, it can also lead to significant challenges if not managed effectively. The future of urbanization hinges on our ability to harness its potential while mitigating its adverse effects. As we move further into the 21st century, the concept of sustainable urbanization will become increasingly important, requiring concerted efforts from governments, urban planners, and citizens alike.

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Urbanization Essays

Implications of urbanization and urbanization.

civilization during the past millennium is accelerating urbanization. According to the United Nations (, more than half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, and almost all-future global population growth will take place in urban areas. The world’s population will continue to urbanize even after it stops growing around 2050, and we have entered “the century of the city” (Anonymous, 2010). Higher levels of urbanization often correspond to higher levels of economic and

Urbanization in China

Urbanization (or urbanisation) is the increasing number of people that live in urban areas. Urbanization has been the result of economic growth for most countries. In fact, every developed nation in the world has gone through urbanization and this is no news to Chinese leaders. To turn the nation of China from being a developing nation to a developed nation, China encouraged the migration of citizens from the countryside to move to large cities and fuel the industrializing nation. Though urbanization

Essay On Urbanization

slightly satirizing those who long for the purity and peacefulness of the country over city living, and who will go to great lengths to achieve it. However, urbanization is very much present in today’s world. As a global community, we are leaving the countryside and building up cities faster than ever. Exact consequences of rapid urbanization are not certain; however scientists predict that there will be significant changes to the earth and our society. The debate is no longer which is better, city

Jones & Dawson, 2003; Scheffers & Paszkowski, 2012; Villarseñor, Driscoll, Escobar, Gibbons, & Lindenmayer, 2014). It is hypothesized that urbanization is causing a great loss in

The Effects of Urbanization

Urbanization Urbanization is the gradual constant increase in the population of people in urban areas or rather cities. Urbanization is mostly associated with the rural-urban migration phenomenon that takes place when people move in large numbers from rural areas into urban areas in order to seek a better life quality (R.Faridi, 2012) (Tellnes P, 2014). As much as that can be said it is the only way that the population increases, people may also move from other their own urban areas to other more

Urbanization in Africa

Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as

Cause Of Urbanization: Causes Of Urbanization And Economy

1.1. CAUSES OF URBANIZATION There are many reasons of urban sprawl. Some of them are discussed as below. • Low Land Value The land value is low in the suburban areas as compared to the urban centers. Besides, due to congestions and high population, the residence prepared to live in the sub-urban area as compared to urban centers. • Better Infrastructure In cities, the investment on the infrastructures and life facilities is higher than urban areas. Due to these better facilities, people from the

Communities and Urbanization

COMMUNITIES & URBANIZATION Introduction George Murdock once said that a community is one of the two truly universal units of society organization, the other one being family (Schaefer, 461). We are all part of a community, and in many cases, we are a part of multiple ones. In chapter 20 of our textbook, we are looking at communities and urbanization. It discusses urbanization and how communities originate. It also looks at the different types of communities. Communities

Industrialization And Urbanization

more effects, including the urbanization in the United States. Statistics show that from 1820 to 1920, the number of cities in the USA rose from 61 to 2722. Likewise, the urban population increased many times too. Industrialization also changed the production techniques by the extensive use of division of labor to divide simplified tasks among specialized labor. Urbanization and division of labor are highly correlated, and division of labor crucially aided the urbanization of the United States of America

The Importance Of Urbanization

global attention has been drawn to the fact that world’s population has been urbanized, triggering them to move from a rural area to an urban society. Urbanization is defined as the process by which rural areas become developed and urbanized as a result of economic development and industrialization (Naab et al., 2013). In this case, urbanization will cause the shift of a number of population from a rural area to an urban area, which leads to an increment in the number of urban society in that particular

The Implications of Rapid Urbanization

Urbanization is the process of human migration from rural areas to towns and cities, thus rapid urbanization means that the rate at which the migration from rural to urban takes place is hurried that a country has no time to plan for their existence at the cities. The situation differs from country to country as the number of cities and rural areas in the countries are different. Another possible reason for the difference is the development nature of the countries; some countries are developed, others

Negative Effects Of Urbanization

Urban sprawl or urbanization is the migration of people from big towns or cities to more rural areas . One of the main reasons why people do this because of over crowded places or want to move to different areas to live . Urban sprawl is not a new concept even back to the ancient cities , people would move out into more rural areas in the country instead of living in over populated towns . But when people moved out into the country they wanted to build more houses and build roads , so they had to

Urbanization in Jamaica

countries contributing 45 cents from each dollar to pay for debt financing. This case study will examine Kingston, Jamaica’s unique history, economy, social, political, and physical context to further understand the realm of planning and effects of urbanization. Exploring the context of Kingston exhibits how these dimensions have created and influenced the urban formation, morphology and fabric of the variegated capital city. b. Context & Jamaica’s Parishes Map Kingston is located in the Parish of St

Urbanization Analysis

Urbanisation is an indispensable component of Economic Development, but along with it arrives in all allied problems. With the increase in urbanization trends the towns and cities not just becomes more densely populated but also they expand geographically. This process of urbanization creates a huge gap between the supply and demand of urban infrastructure and services. This leads to overstressed basic infrastructure services in urban areas. To cope up with these problems the urban local bodies will

Positive Effects Of Urbanization

commission, 2010, posits that urbanization comes with negative and positive impacts depending on how it is managed or planned for. Urbanization brings along development which in turn gives rise to higher living standards, which will also give rise to further urbanization. Poorly planned rapid urbanization carries with it grave consequences in the form of urban environmental hazards which include flash floods, mudslides and the like. These hazards increase as urbanization increases. Thus there is need

Urbanization In Urban Growth

countries by the beginning of the twenty first centuries, one of the most dramatic and fundamental trend is urbanization. No less striking is the tempo of change the four-fold increase in urban population in these countries in a period of thirty years from 50.4 crores in 1970 to 202 crores by 2000 A.D. The urban growth is several times faster in developing countries. In India urbanization has been as rapid and wide spread as in other developing countries. The effects of this urban explosion are

Effects Of Urbanization In Dhaka

City’ by UN HABITAT, urbanization is a major issue in the national and international arena. In comparison with other third world countries, the level of urbanization in Bangladesh has been incredibly high. This phenomenon has brought with itself an array of results which are both positive and negative in nature. These impacts are observed in the capital city Dhaka more than any other city in the country. This paper sheds some light upon the nature and extent of urbanization in Dhaka and also some

Urbanization: Overview and Effects

Urbanization is the gradual constant increase in the population of people in urban areas or rather cities. Urbanization is mostly associated with the rural-urban migration phenomenon that takes place when people move in large numbers from rural areas into urban areas in order to seek a better life quality. As much as that can be said it is the only way that the population increases, people may also move from other their own urban areas to other more urbanized areas if they chose to do so. In its

Urbanization as a Social Problem

Urbanization as a Social Problem How is urbanization negatively effecting our society? The answer to this question is not a simple one. This essay will not only break down the problems of urbanization in the United States, but it will also tell you some of the attempts made to fix the problem and give some solutions as to how it could possibly be solved in the future. Also when answering this question one must understand that urbanization, can not be stopped, but only contained in a manner

Theories On Urbanization And The Theory Of Urbanisation

developed for such a long period of time that they have been blended into and intersect with theories that also pertain to cities, industrialization and more recently globalization. The prominent theories: The theory on endogenous urbanization: This theory suggests that urbanization requires two distinct prerequisites, the generation or surplus products that sustain people in non-agricultural activities( Childe 1950, Harvey 1973 cited in Peng X. et al 2005) and the achievement of a level of social development

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Urbanization Essay

essays on urbanization

The Urbanization Of China's Urbanization

definitely witnessing the urbanization of China. China not only has plenty of advanced facilities in downtown, but it also is feasting conveniences simultaneously that the urbanization is generating. This paper will explore some aspects about the urbanization of China, and how economical force influence the urbanization. In addition, the paper will analyze the relation between health of people and the urbanization. What is more, the paper will also discuss the how the urbanization impact the population

Urbanization Of China 's Urbanization

Urbanization in China Urbanization is all around us. Every day somewhere along a route that someone takes to school or work, they will likely pass a construction site constructing a new apartment complex or housing community or even the building of a new shopping centre. All of these are ways urbanization creeps in on our daily lives. We may think of urbanization as something that benefits our world but it can also have many negative consequences such as traffic congestion which is the number one

Effects of Urbanization

Urbanization can be defined as the physical growth of population increasing in urban areas. By 2050, it is predicted that 64.1% and 85.9% of the developing and developed world respectively will be urbanized, compared to 1800 where only about 2% of the world’s population lived in urban areas (Urbanization). Urbanization is necessary to sustain growth in developing countries. Urbanization changes the social and environmental landscape across the globe. The increase in world population has tripled

Urbanization In Canada

Urbanization The city life often referred to as an experience like no other. The big change an individual makes when moving from a rural area to the city affects all aspect of a person life. This movement is called urbanization; “is a population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. Urbanization is predominantly the process by which

The Importance Of Urbanization

Since China is a developing country with a large population, the scale of urbanization is expanding, and urban structure becomes increasingly complex and the speed of urbanization is accelerating (Huang & Duan, 2004) since China’s reform and opening up. Rapid urbanization is the main driving force of urban land growth (Li et al, 2015). Moreover, now and in the next few decades, the spatial expansion of construction land is becoming the main feature of land-use changing (Yi, 2015). The study of the

Effects Of Urbanization

Essay Urbanization is an increasing number of city dwellers compared to people living in rural areas. Urban development in poor nations has resulted in multiple issues such as air pollution and health problems. Urban growth puts an enormous strain on social services. This essay will explain how rapid, uncontrolled urbanization has led to serious consequences in developing countries. Urbanization leads to several health issues. One of these problems is a rise of epidemic. Because of a dramatically

Solution Of Urbanization

Urbanization is an increasing number of city dwellers compared to people living in rural areas. Urban development in poor nations has resulted in multiple issues such as air pollution and health problems. Urban growth puts an enormous strain on social services. This essay will explain how rapid, uncontrolled urbanization has led to serious consequences in developing countries. Urbanization leads to several health issues. One of these problems is a rise of the epidemic. Because of a dramatical number

Urbanization In Idaho

houses. After a couple years, they have acquired two more cars and with a rise in income are able to consume double the products they did in Idaho. This family is an example of an issue that impacts the environment everyday: Urbanization. Merriam-Webster defines urbanization as the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more and more people begin living and working in central areas. Due to a rapidly growing population, the world is becoming more urbanized, leading to harmful

Urbanization in South America

Urbanization in Latin America Work done by: Contents I. Introduction 3 II. Urbanization Process 4 III. Internal Migration and Urbanization 8 IV. Urban Systems 10 V. Conclusion 13 VI. Bibliography 14 I. Introduction Urbanization is likely to be one of the defining phenomena of the 21st Century for Latin America

Urbanization, Industrialization, Popullation

Group Presentation Report On topic: How and Why Industrialization, Population and Urbanization are related: Social Relations, Social Control and Law? Student: Yen Hoang Keuka College How and Why Industrialization, Population and Urbanization are related: Social Relations, Social Control and Law? Industrialization, Population Growth and Urbanization are in dynamic relationship with each other that also has been contributing to change various aspects of Social Relations, Social Control

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essays on urbanization


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