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Expository Writing 4 th Grade- Mrs. Green How to complete an expository writing!
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Presentation on theme: "Expository Writing 4 th Grade- Mrs. Green How to complete an expository writing!"— Presentation transcript:
Expository Writing vs Personal Narrative Writing
Character Counts & Step Up To Writing
Are You Smarter Than a ? th Grader? 1,000,000 5th Level Topic 1 5th Level Topic 2 4th Level Topic 3 4th Level Topic 4 3rd Level Topic 5 3rd Level Topic.
Are You Smarter Than a 5 th Grader? 1,000,000 5th Grade Topic 4th Grade Topic 3rd Grade Topic 2nd Grade Topic 1st Grade Topic 400, , ,000.
P REWRITING Step 1 of the writing process. T HE PURPOSE OF PREWRITING Prewriting is the idea stage of the writing process. When you prewrite, you should.
Expository Writing Plan
Literacy Test Preparation
Persuasive Writing 4 th Grade- Mrs. Green How to complete a persuasive writing!
How do I write an expository essay?
The Five-Paragraph Essay
Lesson Objectives 1.Learn what Expository writing is. 2.You will be able to show the structure of a Expository Writing and its features in your writing.
Are You Smarter Than a 5 th Grader? 1,000,000 5th Grade Topic 1 5th Grade Topic 2 4th Grade Topic 3 4th Grade Topic 4 3rd Grade Topic 5 3rd Grade Topic.
Expository By: Miss Adams.
The Three Parts of an Essay
The “How and Why” of Writing
Strategies for Writing Document Based Essays…
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The “How and Why” of Writing
What is Expository Writing?
- Expository writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process
- Informational writing
- An expository essay should follow a logical sequence and have three different main points
- Logic and coherence is the main focus of an expository essay
How is it different ?
- Expository writing does not tell a story
- Expository writing does not persuade a reader but only gives facts and reasons
- Expository writing can also give the steps of a process
- Introduction of an expository should include the main idea and what the essay is about
- The three main reasons supporting this main idea should also be included in the introduction
Expository writing contd.
- Paragraph two should introduce the first reason and give details to support the first reason
- Paragraph three should introduce the second reason and give details to support the second reason
- Paragraph four should introduce the third reason and give details to support the third reason
- The conclusion should re-state all the reasons
Definition of Terms
- Thesis Statement: The main idea of the whole essay
- Transition words: Words such as first, second, as a result, which make transitions easy in the essay.
- Main Ideas: Each paragraph should have a main point or idea
- Supporting Details: Details support the main ideas
Re-Cap:� Expository writing needs:�
- Reasons supporting that topic
- Details supporting the reasons
- A conclusion re-stating the reasons
- Transition words
- Clear, concise, logical and informative language
Topic: How I Would Change the World
- Three ways in which would like to change the world
- Put these three reasons on the bubble sheet
Topic: No more drugs Details: addictive, hurts families, expensive
Details: families are split apart, people die, it is a disease which affects all of us
Equality among people/race/religion
Details: examples of race, religion etc.
Details: water purity, ozone layer, fish die, people have respiratory diseases
Details: animal testing , cruelty to animals, elephant poaching
Details: neglect, physical abuse, verbal abuse
Details: immorality, adultery, faithfulness
Details: school grades, make school fun, scores, learn to read and write
Details: gang warfare, drive by shooting, mafia, robberies
Details: India- starving people, Africa, homeless and starving in America
Details: Hitler, Hussein, Mussolini
- Can be descriptive
- Can be factual
- Can be from personal experience
- Can be anecdotes
Paragraph One �
- Thesis statement
- Background information on your three topics
- I admire friends with great qualities. Three qualities I admire are: loyalty, honesty, a good sense of humor.
- Put main idea for paragraph 2 on the outline
- Add your details
- Personal experiences
- Descriptive details-describe experience
- Facts about the topic-
- Short anecdotes
- Put your main idea on the outline
- Description of how the topic works itself out
- Examples of the topic
- Add your main idea onto your outline
- Personal examples of how the idea has been experienced by you in your life
- Describe how the idea “ looks” or what the person does
- Re-state all of your ideas in your conclusion
What are the qualities of a good friend?
- Keep Secrets
- Sense of Humor
- Doesn’t suck up to you/ (real, authentic person)
- Common interests
- Add your transition words
- To begin with,
- In addition to….,
- Now let’s write the introduction together, now that we know what we are writing about.
- 1. Hook- Hook your reader with a question, quote, short anecdote, or personal experience statement
- Write one “background” or informational sentence about each idea you are going to write about-
- The thesis statement can be first in the paragraph, last in the paragraph or implied throughout the paragraph
- Example: I would like to change the world by improving the poverty situation in our world, alleviating crime, and helping the homeless.
Editing your essay
- Check that you have all the elements of an expository essay:
- Conclusion that re-states your topic
- Coherence, logic and clearly written
There are three different types of expository essays:
1) Essay that is developed with examples and/or facts and statistics
2) Essay that is developed with steps in a process
3) Essay that is in a compare and contrast format
Paragraph 1: Introductory Paragraph
A. Thesis sentence____________________________
B. Background info____________________________
C. Statistics- if relevant__________________________
Paragraph 2: Reason#1 or Process #1 Use a transition word
A. Example/detail #1______________________________
B. Example/detail #2______________________________
Paragraph 3: Reason #2or Process #2 Use a transition word
C. Example/detail #3______________________________
Paragraph 4: Reason #3 or Process #3 Use a transition word
A. Example/detail #1_______________________________
B. Example/detail #2_______________________________
Take a reason from each paragraph and RE-STATE it in the conclusion. Add a clincher sentence.
Do you have a clear logical topic?
Have you introduced your topic in the first paragraph?
Do you have one reason per paragraph?
Do you have three details to support each reason?
Have you used transition words at the beginning of each paragraph?
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Mar 15, 2019
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Expository Writing. Steps to writing an essay for the FCAT. Step 1 – Understanding the Prompt. Read the prompt (the writing situation and the directions for writing) Establish the P.A.C.
- clinching statement
- closing paragraph
- step 3 give
- step 7 practice elaborating
Expository Writing Steps to writing an essay for the FCAT
Step 1 – Understanding the Prompt • Read the prompt (the writing situation and the directions for writing) • Establish the P.A.C. • Purpose (Expository essays have four purposes: To Give Information, To Define a Concept, To Explain Why or How, or To Clarify a Process) • Audience (Who is reading the essay?) • Context (Format – letter, essay, etc.)
Step 1 - Give it a Try… Topic Writing Situation Directions for Writing Everyone enjoys some type of music. Think about the different kinds of music you hear each day. Decide which type you like best. Explain to an adult reader why you prefer one type of music. Tell how that music makes you feel or what it does for you. Purpose
Step 2 – Prewriting for ideas (Brainstorm) • Create a circle map to Brainstorm your ideas: REASON REASON TOPIC REASON REASON
Step 2 - Give it a Try… Brainstorm: [Reason]: Tells a story [Reason]: Soothing to the soul [Topic]: Acoustic Guitar Music [Reason]: Natural and raw [Reason]: Nostalgic [Other Reason]
Step 3 – Choosing Your Best Reasons & Constructing the Main Idea • Based on the Brainstorm, decide your topic and choose your best 3 reasons. • Construct the main idea of the essay by stating your answer to the prompt and listing your reasons [This statement goes in the Introductory paragraph of the essay].
Step 3 - Give it a Try… Main idea: The type of music that I prefer the most is acoustic guitar because it soothes my soul, creates a story in my mind, and reminds me of great moments from my past.
Step 4 – Organizing your essay (You need to organize your ideas into a chart like this one): Introduction Reason #1 (Evidence #1) Reason #2 (Evidence #2) Reason #3 (Evidence #3) Explanation Explanation Explanation Example Example Example Elaboration Elaboration Elaboration Conclusion = Transitions
Step 4a. – Organizing cont’d. (Listing Your Main Reasons) • You may select and organize your reasons from most to least important or least to most important. • Write the reasons on the map (i.e. from least to most important). Each point becomes the main idea in each body paragraph. Most or least important reason Other important reason Least or most important reason Reason #1 (Evidence #1) Reason #2 (Evidence #2) Reason #3 (Evidence #3)
Step 4b. – Organizing cont’d. (Supporting each reason in the body paragraph) • Write the support and elaboration for each reason Reason #1 (Evidence #1) Reason #2 (Evidence #2) Reason #3 (Evidence #3) Explanation – “What do you mean by…[reason #1]?” Explanation Explanation Example – “An example of this …” Example Example Elaboration – An explanation of the importance of the example or… Elaboration Elaboration
Step 4 - Give it a Try… Soothes the soul Tells a story Reminds me of the past Makes me mellow [Explanation] [Explanation] i.e. Stressed by deadlines …took away the anxiety [Example] [Example] Like a cool breeze, it takes away the heat of my anger … [Elaboration] [Elaboration]
Step 5 - Writing out the transitions on the top of the reason boxes and closing paragraph.
Step 5 - Give it a Try… To begin with, Additionally, Most importantly, Soothes the soul Tells a story Reminds me of the past Makes me mellow [Explanation] [Explanation] For example, stressed by deadlines …took away the anxiety [Example] [Example] Like a cool breeze, it takes away the heat of my anger … [Elaboration] [Elaboration]
Step 6 – Writing the Introduction Your introduction should accomplish four things: • It should introduce the subject. • It should capture the reader’s attention. • It should clearly state your main idea. • It should prepare the reader for what follows.
Step 6 - Introduction cont’d. • An Introduction has three parts: a general statement, additional statements, and a main idea or thesis statement. • Imagine the introduction as an upside-down triangle: 1. Big General Statement (that introduces the topic and captures the reader’s attention) 2. Additional statements (Interesting facts, ideas or information leading to the main idea) 3. Main Idea (thesis) statement
Step 6 - Give it a Try… Sitting in nature and listening to its sounds arouse feelings of peace and tranquility in my soul. I love hearing the natural rhythms and beats produced by Mother Earth. If I’m not able to listen to these sounds, due to the noise of civilization, then I like to listen to the next best thing: the acoustic guitar. The acoustic sound is the type of music I prefer the most because it soothes my soul, creates a story in my mind, and reminds me of great moments from my past. General statement Additional Statements Main Idea
Step 7 - Writing body paragraphs • In a timed essay, you should have about three developed body paragraphs. [If you write two body paragraphs then they need to be long and detailed.] • Body paragraphs are the most important part of the paper. They provide the support and elaboration necessary to achieve a high score on the FCAT.
Step 7 - Body paragraphs cont’d. (try framing them like this): [Topic sentence]: _____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [Explanation]: I mean that_______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [Example]: For example, ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [Additional Example]: Another time that_____________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [Elaboration]: ________________________________________________ [Concluding sentence]: __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________
Step 7 – Give it a try… To begin with, acoustic sound soothes my soul. it makes me mellow, especially when [Topic sentence]: _____________________________________________ [Explanation]: I mean that_______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [Example]: For example, ________________________________________ [Additional Example]: Another time that_____________________________ [Further elaboration]: [Concluding sentence]: ___________________________________________________________ I’m stressed or angry. when I had all this pressure to meet my deadlines at work, I picked up my guitar and listened to the soothing sounds in order to calm my anxieties. acoustic alleviated my stress and anger was when I came home from a difficult day, so I listened to James Taylor on guitar. Like a cool breeze, the music cooled me down as I chilled out on the couch and listened to the plucking of the strings.. Indeed, listening to the strumming of the strings soothes my stressful soul.
Here are some suggestions for elaborating (providing more support/details) in your paragraphs: Ways to Support and Elaborate Explanation Example Description Description using Figurative language Personal Experience Cause / effect Comparison / Contrast Another’s experience Step 7 - Body paragraphs cont’d. (Elaborations) Explanation: What do you mean by… Example: For example, For instance, Description: Concrete nouns, strong verbs, vivid adjectives Description (using figurative language): Similes, metaphors, imagery Personal experience: “I remember when” Cause / effect: Because… Since… If…then… Compare / Contrast Like or unlike Similarly… Another’s Experience ‘My friend once had…”
Step 7 – Practice Elaborating. Based on the picture, write a topic sentence. Then make a tree map and write a description under each category based on the topic sentence.
Step 7 - Body paragraphs cont’d. • Be sure to include TRANSITIONS between paragraphs. • Transitions are words and ideas that connect one thought/paragraph to the other. • In the above paragraph frame, transition words like “for example” and “another” were used to connect one sentence to the next. It keeps the essay flowing smoothly. • I recommend using the following transitional devices between one paragraph and another: • In addition ▪ Moreover • Furthermore ▪ Besides • Equally important ▪ Additionally
Step 8 – Writing the Closing Paragraph • The closing paragraph completes the essay and reinforces the main idea. It has three parts: a reworded main idea statement, statements that revisit the main points of the essay, and a clinching statement. • Imagine the concluding paragraph as a right-side-up triangle: Main idea (reworded) Statements that revisit the main points of the essay. Clinching statement (leave an impression the reader with an interesting observation or concluding remark)
Step 8 - Give it a Try… Listening to the sound of acoustic guitar is what I enjoy most about music. I have discovered that it soothes my soul and creates nostalgic narratives in my mind. Whenever I find a need to escape the harsh realities of this world, I require only the satisfying strums that set my soul straight. If you need to plug into life then I recommend that you listen to guitar, unplugged. Reworded Main Idea Revisit the main points Clincher
Step 9 – Reread the essay to edit and proofread • If you have time at the end of the essay, then you should edit and proofread it. • Editing means to change words, phrases, or sentences to make your ideas clear. If you change a word or phrase, then cross it out once and write the new word or phrase directly above it. To move a word or phrase, circle it and draw an arrow to its new location. • Proofreading means to check for errors in grammar, capitalization, or punctuation.
Final Thoughts… • You need an introduction, about three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. • A good essay will have a minimum of 20 sentences. • Think in 3’s: • 3 sentences in the introduction, 3 body paragraphs, 3 examples or elaborations in each body paragraph, 3 sentences in the concluding paragraph. • Be sure to include transitions in order to connect your ideas, sentences, and paragraphs. • Do your best; don’t worry!!!
Persuasive Writing Steps to writing an essay
Step 1 • Read the prompt • Establish the P.A.C. • Purpose • Overall: To convince; to take a stance; to assert a point of view • Specific: To change a rule or policy; to change a person’s attitude or behavior; to change a situation; to ask for money; to ask for people’s votes; to ask for a privilege; to ask for a support of a cause. • Audience • A specific person (i.e. a legislator, parent, principal, etc.) • Context (Format) • Essays, speech writing, editorials, personal letters, letters to the editor, advice columns.
You give it a try… • What is the P.A.C. for the following prompt? • Writing Situation: • The principal of your school has suggested that watching TV causes students’ grades to drop. • Directions for Writing: • Think about the effect watching TV has on your grades and your friends’ grades. Now write to convince your principal whether watching TV causes students’ grades to drop. Topic Purpose Context Audience
Step 2: Consider the pros and cons of both positions. Topic: _____________ Pluses Minuses
Step 3 • Decide on a position and choose reasons. • Select your three most convincing reasons to support your position. • Do NOT take both positions!
Step 4 • Create a FLEE map OR a Tree map to organize your arguments and reasons. • A Tree map would look like this…
Step 4: Create a Tree Map:
Step 5 • Write the reasons on FLEE map (least to most important)
Step 6 • Write the support and elaboration for these reasons • Consult the list of 9 strategies for Expository writing. • Here are 6 more strategies…
Additional Strategies for support and elaboration in persuasive writing Authoritative Quotes Ex. According to the August 9th edition of Consumer Reports… Facts and Statistics Ex. The moon is round. Approximately two-thirds of the American population Definitions Ex. A bully, one who delights in seeing others uncomfort- able, should certainly be dismissed from the Classroom. Witness Statements Ex. The eye-witness declared in the courtroom that… Expert Testimony Ex. The Surgeon General Dr. Satcher proclaimed that smoking will… Questions or Rhetorical Q’s Ex. What would the world be like if everyone knew how to read and write?
Step 7 • Write the argumentative or persuasive transitions on the top of the reason boxes and closing paragraph
Step 8 – Counter-argument • Consider the opposing point of view. • Sometimes people with an opposing p.o.v. have a good point. If so, admit it. Then explain why you disagree. • Conceding, or admitting the truth of another viewpoint, strengthens your own point. • Keep your concession brief.
Step 9 • Write body paragraphs
Step 10 • Write closing paragraph
Step 11 • Orally rehearse
Step 12 • Write, proofread, and edit the final draft.
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