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History Essay Rise to Power of Hitler
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Account for the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi Party in Germany
Losing the First World War, unemployment, the generation gap and the cult of youth led to the party of Adolf Hitler gaining popularity in the Weimar Republic. Using slogans of the restoration of a strong Germany the national socialists organized structures, which formed and educated German Youth. Hitler Youth – brought up according to the rule: “youth leads youth” – was a very fertile environment for the spread of the idea of national-socialism. The specific values – racial supremacy, honour, obedience – handed down by parents were the beginning of the Nazi indoctrination. In the later period such organizations as Bund Deutscher Madel or Hitlerjugend took power over German youth. Education, upbringing, ideological content used by the institutions in Nazi Germany are described in the extensive literature on the subject. However, very important are the experiences of individual members of the Hitler Youth that show the Nazi youth activities from a time perspective. Experiences such as...
Critically analyse the various theories accounting for the rise of Nazism in Germany. Briefly discuss the social, cultural and foreign policies of Nazi Germany under Hitler.
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I was agreeably surprised to find that my modest expectations for a book dealing with a single year of Hitler's life were more than exceeded by Peter Ross Range's 1924: The Year That Made Hitler (Little, Brown; 2016). I regard Range's book as one of the most important works on Hitler's political development. Range's lucid and well-paced narrative details the critical events during the thirteen months between November 1923 and December 1924. By the end of 1924, at the age of thirty-five, Hitler rose from the ashes of his failed Munich beer hall putsch, emerging from prison unbowed and confident, poised to pick up the reins of his Nazi Party and drive it to its next level. Range's focus on Hitler's consequential year also opens the way to examining some of the elements that will figure for the remainder of Hitler's career: his key anti-Semitism and lebensraum watchwords; his homosexuality and his fateful plans for Germany, Europe, and the whole world. Range's account covers the critical details of Hitler's failed power grab, some of the main personalities involved, and the reasons it failed. The debacle landed him in Landsberg prison near Munich, on charges of high treason and sent Hitler into the deepest depression of his life. So despairing was he at first that he determined on suicide-his lifelong and life-ending obsession. He refused food for a week before allowing himself to be talked into resuming his life. In due course his spirits were lifted in prison by the surge in support he experienced from his many well-wishers. His spiritual renewal enabled him to take on the preparations for his trial with the vigor and purpose that led to his triumph. Famously, he turned his trial into a political victory and became a national and international phenomenon. Due to politically sympathetic judges and the nationalist feelings which he tapped into, Hitler was paroled after only eight months of a strikingly lenient five-year prison sentence, to be added to the four months he had served on remand. Hitler made very good use of his prison time, especially by writing his political memoir, Mein Kampf. Range provides evidence that Hitler typed all of Mein Kampf himself, thus puncturing the widely believed story that Hitler dictated his book to Rudolf Hess, his fellow prison inmate. Range quotes a 1952 letter from Hess's wife, Ilse Pröhl Hess, published in Der Spiegel in 1966,
We know so much about Adolf Hitler. We probably have more information— facts, details, and minutiae—about this man’s life than any other major figure of modern times. Nonetheless, we still feel that we do not know the man. His life is one of the greatest mysteries in human history. Why is it that Hitler, about whom more facts and details are known than perhaps any other figure in modern history (perhaps in all history), remains such a mystery? Hitler frustrated his opponents, amazed neutral observers, and delighted his supporters by pulling off the seemingly “impossible”. He never would have made it into power except by accomplishing these five “impossibilities”; and it was this, more than anything else, that bound his supporters to him, gave him an aura of exceptionality, and catapulted this otherwise ugly little man into power. This article will illustrate that five “impossibilities” and their influence on Hitler’s personality: The Early Years: 1919-1923; The Putsch Trial; The Refounding of the Party; The Political Earthquake of 1930 and his ascent to power.
My research question is whether the relationships between Hitler and his team had an impact of the success of the Nazi Party. There are several related questions which stem from this, but first I will establish my argument. Hitler was pragmatic, because he used the individuals in his team strategically to further his power and that of the Party. This is not to say that the men were simply following orders, which is a common conception. The team did have autonomy, and the freedom to make decisions concerning policies. Some of the men were so devout to Hitler they refused to go against his word, whereas others were more concerned with their own personal gain than that of the Party. Therefore, the relationships between Hitler and his team did affect the success of the Nazi Party. Some other questions which stemmed from my initial research will be addressed in the main body of this essay.
How did Hitler become the German Chancellor on 30th January 1933? This essay presents a synthesis of various popular explanations.
Included is a chapters from Vol. 1 of The Eugenics Anthology book series: “From a ‘Race of Masters’ to a ‘Master Race’: 1948 to 1848.” This chapter is separated out because it covers a specific issue about Adolf Hitler’s evolution from common bigot to genocidal maniac. It is a transformation that is apparent in the timeline of Hitler’s speeches. To the knowledge of this author, no one else has taken note of the discernable change in rhetoric in Hitler’s speeches. Adolf Hitler went from common bigot equipped with the musings of a pedestrian crank, to surfacing from his stint in jail as a genocidal maniac equipped with the scientific racism of Ivy League biologists. This is a discernible and all-important change in Hitler’s type of racialism. A survey of Hitler’s pre-Landsberg speeches and his post-Landsberg speeches demonstrate this shift in Hitler’s rhetoric. This divergence and evolution can only be explained with Hitler’s introduction to medical and scientific knowledge. J.F. Lehmann, Hitler’s publisher, brought him books on the International eugenics movement as he was writing “Mein Kampf” while imprisoned in Landsberg. The result of this “education” was the transformation of the man that was nothing more than a pedestrian crank spewing worn-out and commonplace grievances against the Jewish population. The Hitler that emerged from Landsberg was equipped with the much more dangerous “racialist” repertoire of Ivy League biologists and Oxford economists. FOR MORE INFORMATION: https://RaceOfMasters.com
2018, Journal of Contemporary History
This conceptual historical investigation of Adolf Hitler's use of the term ‘worldview’ ( Weltanschauung) opens new perspectives on the debate over the relationship of religion and National Socialism. Most studies of Hitler's worldview have focused on the genealogy of his beliefs, an approach that has led to an anachronistic understanding of worldview. By contrast, this article reveals that Hitler's own usage of the term ‘worldview’ was decisively shaped by the German culture wars that preceded his entrance into politics in 1919. The article shows how the varying Nazi religious policies, from supporting ‘positive Christianity’ during the Weimar Republic to suppressing elements within the churches once taking power, continued to be framed by the dynamics of the culture wars.
2010, Central European History
The German army made it possible for Hitler to gain power. Initially, he was dependent on it. By the onset of the Second World War in Europe, however, the situation had switched, the army being the dependent party. This paper argues that the army's dependency was largely self-imposed by the generals for a host of self-serving reasons.
1993, The American Historical Review
2021, Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Chaim E Narang-Diamond
This paper looks at how the Nazi's utilised propaganda and the media channels in order to further their extremist message and rhetoric.
Was the German public education system or the Hitler Youth more influential in the indoctrination of children in Nazi Germany? The German school system promoted a rhetoric built upon a Nazi ideological framework, with the end goal of having children passively think within that framework. In contrast, the Hitler Youth emphasized physical training and militarization as a critical component of the indoctrination process. Ultimately, both proved vital in the success of Nazi Germany’s re-education program and allowed for the full integration of youth into the Nazi State.
this is the life of this dictator Adolf
This essay examines several issues in the historiography of Hitler, such as the role of biography. the debate of historicization, and the problem of evil. In addition to surveying the major biographical works I also look at film and art as new mediums where historiographical issues can be visualized and engage non-historians.
One of the greatest mysteries of the century must be the failure of professional historians and biographers, for more than half a century after the event, to show much interest in actually explaining it. The fact that Hitler continues to be a mystery, however, is not a fact like other facts, to be recorded as a datum of history and passed over. A mystery, by definition, is the appearance of something surprising or unexpected that fairly calls out for an explanation. But, is it not one of the purposes of history (indeed, the major function of historians) to explain historical events and to make them understandable? Professional historians have consistently refused to get their hands dirty investigating the many mysteries of Hitler’s life and career by going into the field to interview witnesses. Historians have not only failed, but have been charged by fellow historians with “evading,” their duty to weave the facts of Hitler’s life and career into a coherent and comprehensible narrative.
Nathan Stoltzfus , Mordecai Paldiel
2021, Women Defying Hitler
Throughout history, marginalized groups have acted collectively from outside the system (where they have been banned) as the best or only path to some success also within #autocracy -not in every case of course, although it remains true that if you do not try you will never know the potentials of taking action..Women shut out not only from suffrage but also from even being heard took to the streets, and the women protesters on Berlin's Rosenstrasse in 1943 also appear as the avant garde of women protesting around the globe in recent years. Hitler comparisons are often considered inappropriate for understanding current politics and politicians although there are specific ways in which they are highly relevant. Popular autocracies forming in the 21st century are a form of government that fascists pioneered a century ago. Aldous Huxley commented that in George Orwell's book 1984 "people are controlled by inflicting pain" although in his book "Brave New World, they are controlled by inflicting pleasure," and popular dictators as fascists showed do not rely on one of the other but use pain and enticements in tandem. #Putin has been a capable popular dictator although his attack on Ukraine shows the strain that war can place on his backing. Wanting to avoid the alienation of the German military government supporters he blamed on the privations of World War I, Hitler became especially wary during wartime of alienating his support, with his breathtaking goals actually causing him to be more willing to make compromises that accommodated popular traditions in the hopes that this would help sustain support. #Putin has been able to shut down almost all protests, although his attack on Ukraine has sapped support and alienated Russians. The impact of uprisings can take a while to become visible, as Chistopher Clark's majestic chronicle Revolutionary Spring: Europe Aflame and the Fight for a New World, 1848-1849 (2023) demonstrates, and historians like others generally prefer to look for decisive successes. You probably have not heard of the following quote from Hitler because it is so far from common conceptions that he simply turned up Gestapo terror to whatever level necessary to crush any dissent--also within the Reich among his own "race" where he jealously guarded his image as the key to popular consensus: "Ruling the people in conquered territories is a psychological problem. One cannot rule them by force alone. True, force is decisive, but it is equally important to have that psychological something which the animal trainer needs to master his beasts. They must be convinced that we are the victors." —Adolf Hitler, Address to Higher Leaders of the Eastern Army, evening of July 1, 1943 See attached article for citation
2019, Edited by Azizan Che Man
Hitler Rise and Fall
Dr. Juan R. Céspedes, Ph.D.
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) was the founder and leader of Germany's Nazi Party, its iconic symbol, and implementor of the methodical extermination of six million European Jews. His central role in fomenting World War II further defines the tragedy of this pivotal period of the mid-20th Century.
2004, Tel Aviv Yearbook for German History
2021, Central European History
Since the late 20th century,, biographies have had a focus on antisemitism and the Holocaust. They have omitted, however, the history of intermarried Jews, who comprised the overwhelming majority of German Jews who survived openly, and which can be understood through the requirements of Hitler's mass movement politics emphasized in early biographies including that of Alan Bullock. Even Hitler's "fundamental decision on the 'Jewish Question', an order issued in December 1938 dividing the some-30,000 intermarried Jews of the Reich into two categories – the privileged and the nonprivileged--has been omitted from Hitler biographies. Although nonprivileged intermarried Jews subsequently wore the yellow star marking them for deportation while the privileged did not, neither category was included in the mass deportations. Hitler’s order was supposed to make the difference between life and death, initially, but it made no difference. One Gestapo practice did remain in place: if a non-Jewish partner agreed to separate under increasingly unbearable pressures, the Jewish partner was deported—but this applied whether the marriage was privileged or nonprivileged. Closely related to this story of “mixed race marriages” is an overlooked history of the differences that gender made: a German “Aryan” woman married to a nonprivileged Jew lived in a Nazi “Jewish Household,” marked by the yellow star by the front door and subject to arbitrary Gestapo searches. These couples also embodied the most serious form of Rassenschande, or racial defilement: Jewish man and non-Jewish woman. A Jewish woman married to an “Aryan” German on the other hand, lived in a privileged household and was not required to wear the star in public, except in the highly improbable case that the couple had children enrolled in a Jewish Community. The fascist model for interpreting Hitler's power helps us understand the history of “mixed race marriages” including Hitler’s division of them into two categories and the survival of Jews from both categories equally. Deporting intermarried Jews was seen as possibly damaging to Hitler’s popular image and it could also draw unwanted attention to the fate of the Jews. Looking for the moment to deport intermarried Jews when adoration for Hitler was at a high point, the regime ran out of time in the concluding phases of the war.
You are about to read about one of the most fragmented pieces of history. You will read about one man who was a criminal mastermind, a ruthless politician, a military genius, an artist, and mass-murderer. This man instituted an almost successful military takeover of Europe in the early years of the 20th century. Who is this man? And what was he thinking exactly?
Throughout history, we find examples where children have been unwitting accomplices to the atrocities of cruel regimes. The Nazi Party, the German fascist political party led by authoritarian leader Adolf Hitler from 1920-1945, was especially notorious for its indoctrination of German youth in order to serve the ultimate goals of their regime. The Nazis had extremely ambitious objectives, including the firm belief that it was crucial to preserve the Aryan race by protecting it from what they deemed “undesirables.” Hitler knew that his success rested in large part on inculcating his German Nationalist principles and anti-Semitism into the minds of the youngest of German citizens. He said in his speech at the Reichsparteitag in 1935, “He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future.” The fact that the Hitler Youth played such a crucial role in Hitler’s grand scheme for Nazi Germany indicates a disturbing manipulation of children’s brains, brains that were not yet fully developed, were incredibly susceptible to brainwashing, and were easily co-opted by a powerful authority figure. By examining the specific stories and personal accounts of members of the Hiltler-Jugend (HJ)—the Hitler Youth, and in the girl’s case, the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM)—League of German Girls, and their range of experiences as adults, this paper will seek to answer the question, “What were the effects on these children, especially after history proved the Nazi regime to be one of the most cruel and heinous regimes in the history of the modern world?” My paper argues that in many ways the children of the Hitler Youth were as much victims as all the other victims of the Nazi regime.
How did the mind of Adolf Hitler come to be so evil? This is a question which has been asked for decades – a question which millions of people have thought had no clear answer. This has been the case equally with persons who dedicated their lives to scholarship in the field. For example, Alan Bullock, author of Hitler: A Study in Tyranny, and perhaps the most famous of the biographers of the Nazi leader, is cited in Ron Rosenbaum’s 1998 book, Explaining Hitler, as saying: “The more I learn about Hitler, the harder I find it to explain” (in Rosenbaum 1998, vii). In the same text, philosopher Emil Fackenheim agrees: “The closer one gets to explicability the more one realizes nothing can make Hitler explicable” (in Rosenbaum 1998, vii). 1 Even an author as keenly perceptive and ethically bold as the Swiss philosopher Max Picard confesses in his 1947 book, Hitler in Ourselves, that ultimately he is faced with a mystery. 2 The very premise of his book is that somehow the mind of Hitler m...
The impact on the 1924 Munich Trial on Hitler's eventual rise to power.
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Writing help, paraphrasing tool, hitler’s rise to power in history.
This essay will examine Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in Germany. It will discuss the historical, political, and social factors that contributed to his ascent, including the impact of World War I, the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic, and the economic conditions of the time. The piece will analyze how Hitler and the Nazi Party were able to gain support and consolidate power, leading to the establishment of a totalitarian regime. PapersOwl showcases more free essays that are examples of Adolf Hitler.
- Adolf Hitler , Nazi Germany , The Great Depression
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After Germany’s defeat in World War 1, the powerful countries of, the United States, Great Britain, France and other allies created the Treaty of Versailles, which forced hard terms on Germany. Being under the risk of invasion, Germany had no choice but to sign the treaty, taking full responsibility for the war and accepting the terms which included, large reparations, limited military, and giving up territory to neighboring countries. Restrictions would lead Germany into an economic crisis that would only get worse with the Great Depression.
The German economy was helpless because it was established by foreign capital, trade, and the majority of the country’s loans came from the U.S.. At this moment, when it came time to pay off loans and the world market for German fares fell, and the German industrial machine rapidly came to a stop. levels of production fell and German laborers lost their jobs. Alongside this, banks failed throughout the country and all saving accounts were wiped out. Soon after, inflation pursued making it difficult for families to buy things they needed with money that would keep losing its value. Outside occurrences that were far out of Germany’s control destroyed the middle class way of life. The Great Depression lead to poverty and distress throughout the country and the German people desperately began to look for a solution that would take them out of the terrible conditions they were in.
Soon after, comes the rise of the Nazi party. Before the Great Depression the Nazi party had slow growth and a small following. In 1923 a man by the name of Adolf Hitler had attempted to overthrow German democracy, but failed to do so. Seeing the bad conditions in which Germany was put in, he sought another opportunity by getting elected into a government position. Hitler was a great speaker who captivated a large following of people that sought out change, this skill is well described in Adolf Hitler essay . The German people believed he would take them out of the depression they were in. He promised the German people a better life and a prosperous Germany. He attracted the unemployed and members of the lower middle class. In 1933, Hitler was given the position of chancellor, and rose to power rather quickly, finally dismantling German democracy. Using racist and oppressive ideas he got rid of basic freedoms and took control over everything. In only a few months Hitler had gained all power, forcing organizations, political parties and state governments into line with Nazi ideas and placing them under Nazi rule. Eventually, education, culture, the economy, and laws were all under Nazi control. By July 1933, the Nazi party had become the only political party allowed in Germany. The nomination of Nazi party members to government positions gave Hitler an advantage, gaining more power than other state officials.
To continue, because of depression in Germany and people desperate for change, it made it easy for Hitler to take advantage of the German people by manipulating them and placing the blame for Germany’s problems on a group of people, which would be the Jews. Using propaganda that produced fear, he was able to convince the people of Germany that Jews were in fact the problem and the only way to get rid of the problem was to get rid of them. Media, posters, and speech was used to promote anti-semitism helping the Nazi regime successfully implement laws that would restrict and eliminate Jewish people from society. Some of these laws were, the “ Law of Restoration Of the Professional Civil Service”, which excluded Jews from state service. The “Nuremberg Laws”, defined a “Jew” as anyone with three or four grandparents who were Jewish or observed the religion. The “ Law for Protection Of German blood and German Honour”, banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans, and the“ Reich Citizenship Law”, that denied “ Non-Aryans” Of benefits of German citizenship.
Moreover, these concentration camps housed millions of people, and were designed to dispose of them. Overcrowding in the camps lead to the use of death camps, where prisoners were sent and killed at arrival. These people were put in gas chambers where they would be burned alive. Those in other camps would die as a result of over-working, starvation, and disease/epidemics that would arise and spread quickly throughout the camps. This catastrophic event known as the Holocaust claimed the lives of millions of people, that included Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah Witnesses, and many other groups.
In conclusion, taking advantage of Germany’s economic weakness after World War 1 and The Great Depression, Adolf Hitler was able to achieve a high level of success and power by using violence and propaganda that would generate fear and hatred towards the Jewish people and would lead to one of the most known cases of genocide.
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