How to Write an Informative Essay in 7 Steps
An essay that educates its readers is known as an informative essay. In an informative essay, your goal is to answer a question. This question can be specific, like “Why doesn’t AP style use the Oxford comma ?” Or it can be fairly broad, like “What is punctuation ?”
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What is an informative essay?
An informative essay is an essay that explains a topic. Informative essays come in many forms; one might explain how a system works, analyze data, summarize an event, compare two or more subjects, or walk the reader through a process step-by-step.
Unlike reaction essays, reflective essays , and narrative essays , informative essays are purely objective pieces of writing. When reading an informative essay, the reader should not encounter the author’s opinion or perspective. Instead, they should learn something factual.
How is an informative essay structured?
Your informative essay starts with an introduction paragraph. This paragraph includes your thesis statement, which is a concise summary of your essay’s focus. In a persuasive or argumentative essay, the thesis statement is typically the author’s position, which the author then supports and defends in the body paragraphs. In an informative essay, it’s a sentence that clearly states what the essay will cover.
In addition to your thesis statement, your introduction paragraph should include the points you’ll discuss in your body paragraphs, as well as an interesting statement to hook your reader’s interest. This can be an important statistic, a surprising fact, or an engaging anecdote that makes the reader want to learn more.
Your essay’s body paragraphs make up the bulk of its content. This section is where you present facts, statistics, and all relevant details to support your thesis statement. In an informative essay that walks the reader through a process, the body paragraphs explain the process.
Each body paragraph should focus on one topic. For an essay comparing two events, write a paragraph for each event, thoroughly summarizing it and including all relevant facts. If you’re writing an essay that explains how to complete a task, dedicate a body paragraph to explaining each step in the process.
In the conclusion section, summarize your essay in a few sentences. Think of this as a recap of the points you made in your body paragraphs. Somewhere within this recap, reiterate your thesis statement. You don’t need to restate it in the exact same words you used in your introduction, but you should remind the reader of your essay’s primary focus.
7 steps for writing an informative essay
1 select topic.
If you aren’t assigned a topic, you’ll need to choose your own. Choose a topic you can sufficiently explain in approximately five paragraphs .
Once you’ve chosen a general topic, narrow it down to the specific subject you’ll cover in your essay. This process, known as brainstorming, often involves some preliminary research.
The next step is to thoroughly research your topic. During this phase, choose credible sources you can cite in your work.
3 Create an outline
After you’ve conducted your research and determined which sources you’ll use in your essay, write an essay outline . An essay outline is a bare-bones “skeleton” version of your essay that briefly mentions what you’ll discuss in each paragraph.
Following your outline’s structure , write your essay. At this stage, don’t stress about getting the tone just right or maintaining perfect flow between paragraphs; these are things you’ll refine during the revision stage. Focus on getting words on the page that craft an easy-to-follow look at your topic. Your tone should be objective, informative, and without literary devices.
Once you’re finished writing your first draft, take a break. Revisit it again, ideally a day later, and read it carefully. Take note of how effectively your sources support the points you make, how your writing flows from one paragraph to the next, and how well you explain your topic overall. Then rewrite any parts that can be made stronger. By the time you’re finished rewriting these, you’ll have your second draft.
You’re not done yet! After you’ve finished revising your work, read it again to check for any spelling or grammatical mistakes. It’s also helpful to double-check the facts you cite at this stage to ensure they’re all accurate.
7 Document citations
The last part of writing an informative essay is writing a citations page. Because an informative essay includes statistics, facts, and other pieces of objective data, you need to credit the sources you consulted to find this data. How you format your citations page depends on whether your essay is written in MLA , APA , or Chicago style .
Informative essay example
Topic: Troubleshooting Common Wi-Fi Problems
Intro: In the introduction, mention specific Wi-Fi problems the reader might encounter. These could include a slow network, connectivity difficulty, and the reasons why one device might be unable to connect despite other devices connecting to the network easily. The thesis statement would state that these Wi-Fi problems are easy to troubleshoot and can usually be fixed without tech support.
Body paragraph: This paragraph is about troubleshooting a slow network. Discuss symptoms of a slow network, common causes of a slow network, and strategies the reader can use to speed up their Wi-Fi.
Body paragraph: This paragraph is about connectivity difficulty. Discuss scenarios in which none of the reader’s devices are able to connect to Wi-Fi and mention solutions they can try.
Body paragraph: This final body paragraph discusses scenarios when all devices but one can connect. Discuss reasons why one device might be unable to connect to the Wi-Fi despite all other devices connecting perfectly fine.
Conclusion: In the final paragraph, summarize the main reasons why the reader might be facing Wi-Fi difficulties and common troubleshooting strategies. Then restate your thesis statement and conclude the essay by briefly mentioning that if none of these strategies work, the reader should call their IT department or internet provider.
Informative essay FAQs
What is an informative essay.
An informative essay is an essay that explains a specific topic. The purpose is to provide a clear, objective explanation of a subject.
What are the steps to writing an informative essay?
- Select topic
- Create an outline
- Write essay
- Document citations
Writing Prompts for 7th Grade
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By seventh grade, students should be refining the core writing skills of brainstorming , researching, outlining, drafting, and revising. In order to hone these skills, seventh-grade students need regular practice writing a variety of essay styles, including narrative, persuasive, expository , and creative essays. The following essay prompts offer age-appropriate starting points to help seventh graders flex their writing muscles.
Narrative Essay Writing Prompts
Narrative essays share a personal experience to tell a story, usually to make a point rather than merely to entertain. These narrative essay prompts encourage students to describe and reflect on a story that's meaningful to them.
- Embarrassing Pasts - As people get older, they are sometimes embarrassed by things they used to like, such as toys, television shows, or nicknames. Describe something that you used to enjoy that you now find embarrassing. Why is it embarrassing now?
- Bonds of Hardship - Sometimes difficulties draw families closer. Describe something that your family endured together that strengthened your relationships.
- There’s No Place Like Home - What makes your hometown special? Explain this special quality.
- New Kid in Town - Being new to a town or school can be challenging because you don’t know anyone, or exciting because no one knows you and your past. Describe a time when you were the new kid.
- Finders Keepers - Write about a time when you lost (or found) something of value. How did that experience affect your opinion of the saying, “Finders keepers; losers weepers?"
- Follow the Leader - Describe a time when you were in a leadership role. How did it make you feel? What did you learn from the experience?
- April Fools - Write about the best prank you’ve ever played on someone (or had played on you). What made it so clever or funny?
- Bon Appetit - Special meals can be powerful memory-makers. Write about a specific meal that stands out in your memory. What made it so unforgettable?
- Bon Voyage - Family trips and vacations also create lasting memories. Write an essay detailing your favorite family vacation memory.
- Batter Up - Write about a valuable lesson that you learned while playing your favorite sport.
- Best Friends Forever - Describe your friendship with your BFF and what makes it so important to you.
- The Real Me - What is one thing you wish your parents, teachers, or coaches really understood or knew about you?
- TV - Explain what makes your favorite television show so enjoyable or relatable to you.
Persuasive Essay Writing Prompts
Persuasive essays use facts and reasoning to convince the reader to embrace the writer’s opinion or take a course of action. These essay prompts empower seventh graders to write persuasively about an issue they genuinely care about.
- Outdated Laws - What is one law or family or school rule that you think needs to be changed? Convince lawmakers, your parents, or school leaders to make the change.
- Bad Ads - Advertising can have a powerful impact on consumers. What is a product that you’ve seen advertised that you don’t think should be? Explain why the media should quit showing these ads.
- Puppy Love - You want a pet, but your parents don’t think you need one. What would you say to change their minds?
- Lights, Camera - What is your favorite book of all time? Write an essay convincing a producer to make a movie about it.
- Snooze Button - Studies have shown that tweens and teens need more sleep. Write a proposal for a later school start time.
- Body Shop - Magazines can negatively impact their readers’ body image by using edited images of models. Convince a teen magazine publisher that they should not use heavily-edited model images in their publication.
- It Can’t Be Over - The network is canceling your favorite television show. Write a paper convincing the station that they’re making a mistake.
- Curfews - Some malls have policies forbidding kids under 18 to be at the mall without adult supervision during certain times. Do you think this is fair or unfair? Defend your position.
- Team Spirit - Should homeschooled students be allowed to play sports on public or private school teams? Why or why not?
- Smartphones - All of your friends have the latest smartphone, but you only have a “dumb phone.” Should your parents upgrade your phone, or are smartphones for middle school kids a bad idea?
- Bullies - Some dogs, such as pit bulls or Dobermans, are labeled “bully breeds.” Is this label deserved or undeserved?
- Money Can’t Buy You Love - People say that money can’t buy happiness, but some studies have shown that people with higher incomes may be happier . Do you think this is true? Why or why not?
- Ratings - There are age restrictions on movies and video games, ratings on television shows, and warning labels on music. Computers and smartphones offer parental controls. Do adults have too much control over what kids watch and listen to or do these restrictions serve a valuable purpose?
Expository Essay Writing Prompts
Expository essays describe a process or provide factual information. These prompts can serve as jumping-off points for the explanatory process.
- School’s in Session - Would you rather attend public school, private school, or be homeschooled. Explain the benefits of your choice.
- Admiration - Who do you admire from your life or history? Write an essay describing how their character or contributions to their community have earned your respect.
- Global Community - If you could live anywhere in the world, where would you live? Write about your dream hometown and why you want to live there.
- Peer Problems - Peer pressure and bullying can make life as a middle school student difficult. Describe a time you were pressured or bullied and how it affected you.
- Order Up - A friend wants to learn how to make your favorite food. Detail the process, step-by-step, so your friend can recreate the dish.
- Addictions - Many people are impacted by drug or alcohol addictions. Share facts about how the use of these substances negatively affects families or communities.
- Serve Others - Community service is a valuable experience. Describe a time you volunteered. What did you do and how did it make you feel?
- City or Country Mouse - Do you live in a big city or a small town? Explain why you do or don’t like living there.
- Aspirations - What do you want to be when you’re an adult? Explain why you’d choose that career or what you’ll do to prepare for it.
- Point in Time - Sometimes people bury time capsules so future generations can learn about the past. What would you include to give an accurate snapshot of life in the current time?
- Hobbyist - You’re friend wants to take up your favorite hobby. Explain it to him.
- SOS - A natural disaster has destroyed homes and businesses in a nearby city. Describe what you can do to help.
- Wonder Twin Power - Some superheroes can fly or become invisible. If you could have any superpower, what would it be and why?
Creative Essay Writing Prompts
Creative essays are fictional stories. They use plot, character, and dialog to engage and entertain the reader. These prompts will get the creative juices flowing.
- Fan Fic - Write a story about your favorite characters from a book, film, or television show.
- Cats vs. Dogs - You have two pets of different species. Write a story from their point of view about a day at home alone.
- Time Travel - You find a time machine in your backyard. What happens when you step inside?
- Dream State - Think about a time when you woke in the middle of a vivid dream. What would have happened if the dream hadn’t been interrupted?
- New Door - You’ve just discovered a door that you’ve never seen before. What happens when you walk through it?
- Secret Keeper - You find out your best friend has kept a secret from you. What is the secret and why didn’t your friend tell you?
- Fridge Fun - Write a story from the perspective of an item in your refrigerator.
- Desert Island - You’ve just discovered an uncharted island. What happens next?
- Fly on the Wall - You see two people talking excitedly, but you can’t hear what they’re saying. Write a story about what they might be saying.
- Special Delivery - You receive a battered package in the mail. Write a story about its journey from the sender to you.
- A Mile in My Shoes - You find a pair of shoes in the thrift store and put them on. Suddenly you find yourself transported into someone else’s life. Describe what happens.
- Mission to Mars - Imagine that you’re a pioneer to start a colony on Mars. Write about a typical day on your new planet.
- Snow Days - You find yourself snowed in for a week with your family. There is no electricity or phone service. What do you do for fun?
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7th grade writing
by: Hank Pellissier | Updated: August 4, 2022
Seventh graders need to avoid dangling modifiers, hasty drafts, and plagiarism! They rewrite to tighten their writing. They critique each other’s essays to learn what’s vague or missing. Finally, they study phrases, clauses, and sentence structure.
Seeing both sides
Your young adult’s critical thinking skills will be put to use this year. In argument papers , students express their fact-based opinions. In a strong paper, they also acknowledge — and use facts to argue against — opposing viewpoints. Your seventh grader’s writing should demonstrate an in-depth understanding of the topic, use clear logic, and incorporate solid evidence from reputable sources .
Your child’s papers should be written in formal language, with clear introductions and concise conclusions that summarize their position. Sounds pretty adult, right? Never fear, assignments are often on tween-friendly social issues, such as Do middle schoolers spend too much time on Instagram ?
We formally inform you
Your seventh grader will also write informative and explanatory papers on science and social studies topics. They’ll be expected to employ a range of “strategy tools” such as:
- Adding definitions for complex words or ideas.
- Using academic vocabulary .
- Adding concrete details.
- Choosing quotations.
- Comparing and contrasting concepts.
- Citing cause-and-effect relationships.
- Classifying information.
- Formatting (e.g., headings, bullet points).
- Including graphics (e.g., charts, images) and multimedia.
The language your child uses in these papers should be formal and precise. They should use transition words (e.g. so, if, for, as, and but ) and phrases (e.g. in view of these facts, under these particular circumstances ) to connect ideas and help their writing flow. Finally, your child write have a succinct synopsis as a conclusion.
Believe it.. or not?
Some of the most fun — and challenging — writing of the year will be narrative story assignments that portray actual events (e.g. memoirs, personal history ) or imagined experiences (e.g. fiction, fantasy ). Your child should experiment with effective storytelling techniques. These may include character development, plot twists and pacing, precise descriptions, tone of the narrator’s voice, crisp dialogue, and adventurous action. In class, kids will learn and practice transition vocabulary to help guide readers from one scene or timeframe to another (e.g. Meanwhile, back at the space station; Centuries earlier, when Brontosaurus first roamed the swamps… ).
Tear it apart and start again
Don’t be dismayed if your seventh grader is asked to replan, re-outline, revise, re-edit, and/or rewrite many of their papers. This isn’t perfectionism or punishment — it helps students sharpen the precision, complexity, pacing, and variation of their literary technique. “By the time I am nearing the end of a story,” says Roald Dahl, author of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory , “the first part will have been reread and altered and corrected at least 150 times. …Good writing is essentially rewriting.”
Seventh graders interact and collaborate online to create and publish writing that links to online sources. Regular online communication with teachers — often in Google docs and other sharing tools — is increasingly prevalent, along with emailing or uploading completed assignments. The challenge for kids? Believable replacements for the classic excuse: “My dog ate my homework.”
Understanding and avoiding cheating
Seventh grade is the year of short research projects using sources like reference books, magazines, and data found online. Your young researcher will learn how to judge the accuracy and credibility of their sources . (For example, Does MAD Magazine have the same integrity as the Boston Globe ? No!) Kids learn to paraphrase information and use quotes to avoid plagiarizing. To plagiarize is defined as “ to copy another person’s ideas, words or work and pretend that they are your own,” and it is a form of cheating that has reached epidemic proportions. Citing their work correctly is the antidote for this error. Papers should follow formats for citations and end with a bibliography.
Grammar with a capital G
Kids learn about phrases , defined as two or more words that express an idea but are not a complete thought or sentence because phrases don’t have a subject and a verb. Kids also learn two types of clauses . Dependent clauses have a subject and a verb and form part of a sentence. Independent clauses have a subject and a verb and create short, complete sentences inside larger sentences.
Seventh graders learn to recognize and use four kinds of sentences . Simple sentences have a single independent clause, with one subject and one verb, e.g., Harold eats pie . Compound sentences have two or more independent clauses, connected with a conjunction, e.g., Harold eats pie because it’s delicious . Complex sentences contain one independent clause and one dependent clause. e.g., Harold eats pie whether it’s hot or cold . Compound complex sentences have at least two independent clauses and one dependent clause. e.g., Jerry eats pie because it’s delicious whether it’s hot or cold .
The common mistake of dangling modifiers happens when modifying words are disconnected from the word they’re meant to modify or the attachment is vague. For example: Alice painted the turtle on the table. Did Alice paint a picture of a turtle on the table surface? Or did she paint the shell of the turtle itself? We’re just not sure.
Seventh graders also start to learn how to use commas correctly. Commas separate adjectives that are equal in value in terms of how they modify the word they describe. If you can reverse the order of the adjectives, then they are equal and you need a comma. For example, Jordana found a red, vintage bag at the thrift store . Since you could also describe it as a vintage, red bag, you need a comma. But you don’t need a comma in this sentence: Mateo wore a yellow rain jacket . Why? Because the reverse order — a rain yellow jacket — makes no sense (unless we’re talking about new species of wasp).
Speak up for the back row
A new focus for writing instruction is that writing should involve a lot of… talking. That’s right. Oral presentations will take center stage for many of your seventh grader’s assignments. The idea is to present their research-backed opinions, arguments, or ideas to their classmates aloud, using formal language, clear pronunciation, and at a volume loud enough for everyone in the class to hear. Kids’ presentations should be well-organized, share main points, and include relevant details and examples. Many presentations will include visual and multimedia displays. Again, it sounds like a lot, but it’s meant as practice to set your child up for real-world, on-the-job success in the future.
Here’s a preview of the presentation skills required in high school.
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EL Education Curriculum
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- ELA 2019 G7:M2:U2:L10
Write an Informative Essay: Draft Proof Paragraph 1
In this lesson, daily learning targets, ongoing assessment.
- Technology and Multimedia
Supporting English Language Learners
Materials from previous lessons, new materials, closing & assessments, you are here:.
- ELA 2019 Grade 7
- ELA 2019 G7:M2
- ELA 2019 G7:M2:U2
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Focus Standards: These are the standards the instruction addresses.
- RI.7.1, W.7.2b
Supporting Standards: These are the standards that are incidental—no direct instruction in this lesson, but practice of these standards occurs as a result of addressing the focus standards.
- RI.7.2, W.7.4, W.7.5, W.7.10, L.7.6
- I can write Proof Paragraph 1 of my pair informative essay using evidence from the text to support my ideas. ( W.7.2b )
- Opening A: Entrance Ticket, Unit 2, Lesson 10 ( RI.7.1 )
- Work Time A: Annotated, color-coded model informative essay Proof Paragraphs ( W.7.2a )
- Work Time B: Proof Paragraph 1 of Pair Informative Essay ( W.7.2b )
- Ensure there is a copy of Entrance Ticket: Unit 2, Lesson 10 at each student's workspace.
- Provide differentiated mentors by strategically pairing students for work in Work Time A with at least one strong reader per pair.
- Cut apart the Proof Paragraph strips, and organize them using envelopes or paperclips so that each pair will have one set.
- Post the learning targets and applicable anchor charts (see Materials list).
Tech and Multimedia
- Continue to use the technology tools recommended throughout previous modules to create anchor charts to share with families; to record students as they participate in discussions and protocols to review with students later and to share with families; and for students to listen to and annotate text, record ideas on note-catchers, and word-process writing.
Supports guided in part by CA ELD Standards 7.I.A.1, 7.I.C.10, and 7.II.C.6.
Important Points in the Lesson Itself
- To support ELLs, this lesson includes use of manipulatives to understand the key structures of Proof Paragraphs. Also, the collaboration of writing a peer essay supports students.
- ELLs may find it challenging to generate language for writing their Proof Paragraph. Encourage students to use oral processing and their home language to assist them in articulating their ideas.
- evidence, Proof Paragraphs (A)
(A): Academic Vocabulary
(DS): Domain-Specific Vocabulary
- Close Readers Do These Things anchor chart (one for display; from Module 1, Unit 1, Lesson 4, Opening A)
- Academic word wall (one for display; from Module 1, Unit 1, Lesson 1, Opening A)
- Criteria of an Effective Informative Essay anchor chart (example for teacher reference) (one for display; from Module 1, Unit 2, Lesson 7, Work Time B)
- Domain-specific word wall (one for display; from Module 1, Unit 1, Lesson 1, Work Time B)
- Paint an Essay lesson plan (for teacher reference) (from Module 1, Unit 2, Lesson 7, Closing and Assessment A)
- Vocabulary log (one per student; from Module 1, Unit 1, Lesson 2, Opening A)
- Painted Essay® template (one per student and one to display; from Module 1, Unit 2, Lesson 7, Closing and Assessment A)
- Model Informative Essay: “Computer Programs and Animal Behavior” (one per student and one for display; from Module 2, Unit 2, Lesson 8, Work Time A)
- Informative Writing checklist (one per student; from Module 1, Unit 2, Lesson 9, Closing and Assessment A)
- Informative Writing Plan graphic organizer (one per student; from Module 2, Unit 2, Lesson 8, Closing and Assessment A)
- Informative Writing Plan graphic organizer ▲
- Model Pair Informative Essay (one per pair of students; begun in Module 2, Unit 2, Lesson 8, Closing and Assessment A)
- Patient Zero by Marilee Peters (text; one per student; from Module 2, Unit 1, Lesson 1, Work Time C)
- Independent reading journal (one per student; begun in Module 1, Unit 1, Lesson 6, Work Time B)
- Entrance Ticket: Unit 2, Lesson 10 (answers for teacher reference)
- Organize the Model: Proof Paragraph strips (example for teacher reference)
- Entrance Ticket: Unit 2, Lesson 10 (one per student)
- Entrance Ticket: Unit 2, Lesson 10 ▲
- Organize the Model: Proof Paragraphs evidence strips (one set per pair)
- Construction paper (blue, yellow; one of each color per pair)
- Scissors (one per pair of students)
- Lined paper (one piece per student)
Each unit in the 6-8 Language Arts Curriculum has two standards-based assessments built in, one mid-unit assessment and one end of unit assessment. The module concludes with a performance task at the end of Unit 3 to synthesize students' understanding of what they accomplished through supported, standards-based writing.
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Informative Essay — Purpose, Structure, and Examples
What is informative writing?
Informative writing educates the reader about a certain topic. An informative essay may explain new information, describe a process, or clarify a concept. The provided information is objective, meaning the writing focuses on presentation of fact and should not contain personal opinion or bias.
Informative writing includes description, process, cause and effect, comparison, and problems and possible solutions:
Describes a person, place, thing, or event using descriptive language that appeals to readers’ senses
Explains the process to do something or how something was created
Discusses the relationship between two things, determining how one ( cause ) leads to the other ( effect ); the effect needs to be based on fact and not an assumption
Identifies the similarities and differences between two things; does not indicate that one is better than the other
Details a problem and presents various possible solutions ; the writer does not suggest one solution is more effective than the others
Purpose of informative writing
The purpose of an informative essay depends upon the writer’s motivation, but may be to share new information, describe a process, clarify a concept, explain why or how, or detail a topic’s intricacies.
Informative essays may introduce readers to new information .
Summarizing a scientific/technological study
Outlining the various aspects of a religion
Providing information on a historical period
Describe a process or give step-by-step details of a procedure.
How to write an informational essay
How to construct an argument
How to apply for a job
Clarify a concept and offer details about complex ideas.
Explain why or how something works the way that it does.
Describe how the stock market impacts the economy
Illustrate why there are high and low tides
Detail how the heart functions
Offer information on the smaller aspects or intricacies of a larger topic.
Identify the importance of the individual bones in the body
Outlining the Dust Bowl in the context of the Great Depression
Explaining how bees impact the environment
How to write an informative essay
Regardless of the type of information, the informative essay structure typically consists of an introduction, body, and conclusion.
Explanation of evidence
Review of main ideas
Informative essay introduction
When composing the introductory paragraph(s) of an informative paper, include a hook, introduce the topic, provide background information, and develop a good thesis statement.
If the hook or introduction creates interest in the first paragraph, it will draw the readers’ attention and make them more receptive to the essay writer's ideas. Some of the most common techniques to accomplish this include the following:
Emphasize the topic’s importance by explaining the current interest in the topic or by indicating that the subject is influential.
Use pertinent statistics to give the paper an air of authority.
A surprising statement can be shocking; sometimes it is disgusting; sometimes it is joyful; sometimes it is surprising because of who said it.
An interesting incident or anecdote can act as a teaser to lure the reader into the remainder of the essay. Be sure that the device is appropriate for the informative essay topic and focus on what is to follow.
Directly introduce the topic of the essay.
Provide the reader with the background information necessary to understand the topic. Don’t repeat this information in the body of the essay; it should help the reader understand what follows.
Identify the overall purpose of the essay with the thesis (purpose statement). Writers can also include their support directly in the thesis, which outlines the structure of the essay for the reader.
Informative essay body paragraphs
Each body paragraph should contain a topic sentence, evidence, explanation of evidence, and a transition sentence.
A good topic sentence should identify what information the reader should expect in the paragraph and how it connects to the main purpose identified in the thesis.
Provide evidence that details the main point of the paragraph. This includes paraphrasing, summarizing, and directly quoting facts, statistics, and statements.
Explain how the evidence connects to the main purpose of the essay.
Place transitions at the end of each body paragraph, except the last. There is no need to transition from the last support to the conclusion. A transition should accomplish three goals:
Tell the reader where you were (current support)
Tell the reader where you are going (next support)
Relate the paper’s purpose
Informative essay conclusion
Incorporate a rephrased thesis, summary, and closing statement into the conclusion of an informative essay.
Rephrase the purpose of the essay. Do not just repeat the purpose statement from the thesis.
Summarize the main idea found in each body paragraph by rephrasing each topic sentence.
End with a clincher or closing statement that helps readers answer the question “so what?” What should the reader take away from the information provided in the essay? Why should they care about the topic?
Informative essay example
The following example illustrates a good informative essay format:
Grade 7 English Module: Informative Essay
This Self-Learning Module (SLM) is prepared so that you, our dear learners, can continue your studies and learn while at home. Activities, questions, directions, exercises, and discussions are carefully stated for you to understand each lesson.
Each SLM is composed of different parts. Each part shall guide you step-by-step as you discover and understand the lesson prepared for you.
Pre-tests are provided to measure your prior knowledge on lessons in each SLM. This will tell you if you need to proceed on completing this module or if you need to ask your facilitator or your teacher’s assistance for better understanding of the lesson. At the end of each module, you need to answer the post-test to self-check your learning. Answer keys are provided for each activity and test. We trust that you will be honest in using these.
Please use this module with care. Do not put unnecessary marks on any part of this SLM. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering the exercises and tests. And read the instructions carefully before performing each task.
This module was designed and written with you in mind. It is here to help you master the writing of an informative essay. The scope of this module permits it to be used in many different learning situations. The language used recognizes the diverse vocabulary level of students. The arrangement of the lessons follows the standard sequence of the course. But the order in which you read them can be changed to correspond with the textbook you are now using.
The module is mainly about: Informative Essay
Essay writing brings more benefits than browsing the social networking sites. It sharpens your mind and make you more creative than hitting likes and sharing your friends’ posts. The ability to share something from your mind is a plausible act.
One of the basic types of essays that students need to learn is the informative essay. An informative essay is based on facts to educate or inform an audience on a particular topic. An informative essay is the basic type of essays and its primary goal is to educate the reader by communicating facts or proving explanation on a particular topic.
After going through this module, you are expected to:
1. define informative essay;
2. give the characteristics of informative essay; and
3. compose an informative essay.
Grade 7 English Quarter 4 Self-Learning Module: Informative Essay
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70+ Fascinating Informative Essay Topics for Kids and Teens
Tell them what you know.
Informative essays are a chance to show what you know. They’re all about informing the reader, without trying to persuade or offer an opinion. Informative writing can include how-to process essays, biographical writing, an in-depth analysis of a topic, research papers, or compare-and-contrast essays . Just remember to stick to the facts, and be clear and descriptive. These informative essay topics offer something for all interests and ages.
How-To Informative Essay Topics
Social studies informative essay topics, science informative essay topics, pop culture informative essay topics.
Teach your reader the steps or process to:
- Cook a recipe
- Set a table
- Make a quilt
- Change a tire
- Start a recycling program
- Play a game
- Build a birdhouse
- Plant a garden
- Make and care for a compost pile
- Care for an animal
- Start a business
- Catch a fish
- Tie a necktie
- Train for a marathon
- Prepare a campsite
- Make a campfire
- Clean a room
- Wrap a gift
- Plan a party
- Kick a bad habit
- Use social media responsibly
- Manage time effectively
- Make a budget
- Describe the life of a world leader.
- How has the role of women in the workplace changed in the last hundred years?
- Explore the current path to becoming an American citizen.
- What are some of the possible ways the pyramids were built?
- Describe a time period in history.
- How does one country’s economy affect another country?
- What is the difference between socialism and communism?
- Explore the benefits and drawbacks of legalizing drugs.
- Describe the political system in a foreign country.
- Explore the causes of a specific war or armed conflict in history.
- How is a new law passed in the United States?
- Give an overview of the history of any country, state, or city.
- Describe the three branches of American government.
- Explain how the American judicial system works.
- Describe the evolution of fashion throughout history.
- Describe a science experiment, including the hypothesis, process, and conclusion.
- Explain what it means to lead a healthy lifestyle.
- What is the relationship between calories and fat?
- What is the physics behind a bicycle?
- How do plants convert sunlight into energy?
- Describe any element from the periodic table, including its makeup and uses.
- What is the difference between a crocodile and an alligator?
- Describe the life cycle of any animal.
- What are the benefits of recycling?
- Describe the life of a prominent scientist.
- Explain what E = mc 2 means.
- Describe any disease, including its symptoms and treatments.
- Why do leaves change color in the fall?
- Explain the difference between climate and weather.
- Describe a specific ecosystem, including the plants and animals that live there.
- Describe the history of video games.
- What are recent trends in the video game industry?
- Describe your favorite superhero.
- Explain the motivations of any fictional villain.
- Describe the life of your favorite celebrity.
- Explore the development and growth of a main character in any book series.
- Describe the process of making a movie or TV show.
- Tell the story of any band, including its founding, successes and challenges, and breakup (if applicable).
- Describe the life of a famous artist.
- Explore the history of Disney World (or any theme park).
- Plan the perfect fantasy football league team.
- Describe popular trends and fads from any decade.
- Explore the history of the Olympics.
- Describe the music of a generation and how it reflected that time.
- Explain the history of the internet.
What are some of your favorite informative essay topics? Come share your ideas in the WeAreTeachers HELPLINE group on Facebook .
Plus, check out the big list of essay topics for high school (100+ ideas).
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The Big List of Essay Topics for High School (120+ Ideas!)
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Free Printable Informative Essay Structure Worksheets for 7th Grade
Informative Essay Structure: Discover a collection of free printable worksheets for Grade 7 Reading & Writing teachers, designed to enhance students' understanding and skills in crafting well-structured informative essays.
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Explore printable Informative Essay Structure worksheets for 7th Grade
Informative Essay Structure worksheets for Grade 7 are essential tools for teachers who want to help their students excel in Reading & Writing. These worksheets provide a clear and concise framework for students to follow when organizing their thoughts and ideas in a coherent manner. By using these worksheets, teachers can guide their students through the process of writing an informative essay, ensuring that they understand the importance of proper Writing Organization and Structure. With these resources, Grade 7 students will be well-equipped to create well-structured and engaging essays that demonstrate their understanding of the topic at hand.
Quizizz is an excellent platform for teachers to incorporate Informative Essay Structure worksheets for Grade 7 students, along with other valuable resources for Reading & Writing. This interactive platform allows teachers to create engaging quizzes and activities that help students practice their writing skills and reinforce their understanding of Writing Organization and Structure. In addition to the worksheets, Quizizz offers a variety of other tools and resources that can be tailored to the specific needs of Grade 7 students. By utilizing Quizizz in conjunction with Informative Essay Structure worksheets, teachers can create a comprehensive and dynamic learning experience that will empower their students to excel in Reading & Writing.
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How to Write A 7th Grade Level Essay
In seventh grade, your child is now in the middle of their academic career. They have spent a long time developing a great number of skills, and their writing skills are no different. They are going to start writing more sophisticated and challenging pieces this year, and the writing prompts are going to be more challenging moving forward. Their prompts are also going to be less separated into categories; there may be a number of ways to answer a prompt, depending on the specific assignment.
Here are some examples for the kinds of writing prompts your child may see in seventh grade:
- Write about a time when you could tell you had let someone down. How did you feel? This is a good opportunity to write a narrative essay. Explaining the events with dialogue can be especially impactful here, detailing what happened, with whom, and what was said in dialogue.
- Write a review about the most recent movie or TV show you loved and try to convince other people to see it. This would be a persuasive response, along with a good deal of informative writing. Your child will have to describe the show, why they like it, and why it would be a good idea for others to see it. They may talk about the show’s messages, the artistry of the film, or even the importance of it in popular culture.
- Write a poem about the way you feel when you sit down to take a test. This is a prompt that asks your child to exercise their creative skills, while tapping into their narrative writing. This particular prompt can even be a helpful window for you to see how your child feels about tests and whether they are starting to experience any testing anxieties. Their poems should make use of literary devices they’ve learned about like similes and metaphors, but can also be quite abstract at this level.
If your child is struggling with writing prompts or with writing in general, it may be a good idea to enroll them in Reading Genie. The teachers at Reading Genie give your child kind and helpful feedback, building their skills along with their confidence. The prompts at Reading Genie are fun and engaging, and your child will have the opportunity to share their work with their classmates for peer reviews.
You can also work on writing prompts with your child at home. Even just discussing the ideas and questions in the prompts can be helpful for your child to better understand what they need to do and what they need to think about in the future. You can even have fun with the prompts, too!
Genie Academy offers a range of after-school educational activities for students, encompassing areas such as mathematics, reading, writing, and coding. Spread across New Jersey, including a location in Plainsboro , these programs are specifically crafted for students from Pre-Kindergarten to 8th grade.
Topics: Essays , Writing Skills , Writing Stlyes , Seventh Grade , Writing Prompt
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How To Write A 7th Grade Informative Essay: Effective Techniques
An informative essay is easy to craft when one has the right format and has done a lot of practice. Similarly, it can turn out to be difficult when one is devoid of information on how to craft it. A 7th-grade student can utilize the following writing techniques to come up with an unparalleled comparative essay. Alternatively, any student can use some help from professional writing services.
Conduct an exhaustive research
It is significant to gather as more information as possible about the topic. These can be sourced out from various related textbooks, journals and websites. After this, right it on a piece of paper as it will serve to provide you with ideas.
Draw a working plan
Essentially, a writer who prepares a sketch prior to the writing tends to be more effectual than one that does not. Therefore, it is recommended to draw an outline that will serve as a guideline in the course of writing.
Write an appropriate title
This is an essential part of writing. This shows the audience of what type of information to expect in the rest of the essay. It should be audience specific, brief and precise. The title should also be bold or underlined.
The reader should be able to tell what you are going to talk about right from the first paragraph. Your thesis sentence should be clear and focused to the topic and the audience. This should be covered in a single paragraph and should employ a captivating tone.
The load of your entire paper is concentrated in this part. It should contain at least three paragraphs each with a distinct idea. These should be backed up by giving firm evidence and germane examples. When informing about the subject matter, you should provide exhaustive information on both sides of the subject matter.
Most students have basic ideas on how to end an essay. Nevertheless, this is not enough. An unparalleled essay should specifically conclude by writing a short summary of the main arguments presented in the body. Furthermore, this is the ideal section where students can give their own recommendations with regards to the subject matter. Based on the weight of your points as presented on each side, you can state your stand.
A high quality writer will refer his or her readers to relevant resources where they can access more information about the topic. This is very necessary and it shows the originality of your work. Your work will be beside the point if you do not give the citations and references.
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How to Write a Thesis Statement for an Informative Essay
- Decide on your essay’s main topic
- Write down the subtopics you want to cover
- Combine in one sentence to get a thesis
You know that essays don’t exist without thesis statements, right? It’s the first thing a teacher checks when grading your paper, and it’s among the top factors determining the grade you’ll get.
With tons of practical guides on thesis statement writing, most students still run into trouble when it comes to specific essay types : They wonder if a thesis structure of argumentative, persuasive, critical, and other essays look the same; they doubt if their essay statement is compelling enough to get an A for their work.
In this short guide, we’ll reveal the secrets of writing thesis statements for informative essays . The structure, actionable tips, and extra details are all covered.
What is a Thesis in Informative Essays?
A thesis is the heart of every essay, and you can’t write a worth-reading paper without stating a thesis at the beginning of your work. (Well, okay: It’s possible to write something with no thesis in it, but the quality of such work will suffer.)
It’s super critical to understand the difference between a thesis statement and an essay introduction:
A thesis is an element of your introduction, not an intro itself.
First, you need to grab a reader’s attention (hook), then introduce your topic with some background on it, and finally, state a thesis for the audience to know what you’ll explain in the essay’s body.
Psst! For more info on how to write hooks and introductions for an informative essay, we’ve created corresponding guides on the blog. Don’t hesitate to check via the above link (see this article’s intro.)
Further reading: How to Write a Strong Thesis Statement (It’s our detailed guide unrelated to informative essays but college papers in general.)
The Purpose of Thesis Statements in Essays
“Why complicate things?” you ask. “Informative essays are like blog posts, no? Why all these rules, structure, theses, and so on?”
We feel your pain, we really do. And that’s why all our professional writers are here to help you with essay writing. However, a thesis statement is a must for academic papers to have; there are at least three reasons for it:
- Essay theses determine the final grade a student gets for writing assignments.
- A thesis makes an essay logical, which means a less challenging writing process for you : Once you come up with the main idea for your informative paper, all the following paragraphs become easier to craft.
- It’s your instrument to tell the reader what your essay will be about , helping them understand if they want to keep reading to learn more.
And now, to business:
Thesis Statement for an Informative Essay
A thesis statement of an informative essay tells the reader the main ideas of your next paragraphs, which follow your introduction. It can be a little tricky to write, so we’ve turned it into a kinda math problem to make it easier if you’ve never written thesis statements before:
A thesis statement is basically your main topic + your subtopic 1 + your subtopic 2 + your subtopic 3 .
If you checked our guides on how to start an informative essay, how to write a hook, or how to outline informative essays, you could notice that we used the panda example everywhere. 😉 (Thanks again to Mr. S from YouTube!) So, let’s continue with pandas if you don’t mind!
For more examples, feel free to check the video from our friends Study.com .
Here goes a worksheet to use when trying to come up with subtopics for your informative essay:
First, you choose the main topic — giant pandas — and start with that.
Then, you decide on subtopics you’d like to cover about giant pandas, write them down, and then just polish all three into a thesis statement:
Giant pandas + have special characteristics + live in certain areas of China + eat food besides just bamboo
Finally, fix some grammar things, if any, for your thesis statement to turn into a well-sound sentence. And now you have it!
Giant pandas have special characteristics , live in certain areas of China , and eat food besides just bamboo !
That flows much better, and it tells your readers what they are about to read in the next paragraphs of your informative essay. And that’s exactly what a thesis statement should do.
Practical Tips on Making Your Essay Thesis Stronger
First and foremost, let’s reveal what makes a strong thesis statement.
A strong thesis limits what you’ll need to describe in your essay. Informative topics are usually too broad to cover in one college paper, so you’ll need to decide on a few subtopics and limit your work to them.
So, your thesis statement should give direction to your paper and inform readers of what you’ll discuss in the body. Your essay’s every paragraph needs to explain your thesis.
A strong thesis requires proof . It’s not merely a fact but also supporting evidence that will be interesting for readers to check and motivate them to keep investigating your paper.
Sometimes it’s okay to mention supporting points in a thesis and then write 1-2 essay body paragraphs about each supporting idea. Such a structure can help keep control of your ideas while writing.
In academic writing, it’s not a deadly sin to place a thesis at the beginning of introductory paragraphs. Yet, such structure can confuse a reader and make them get lost in the main idea by the end of an intro.
That is why a good practice would be to put a thesis statement at the end of informative essay introductions . Thus, it logically leads to the paper body and makes the whole intro sound conceptual.
With that in mind, here go a few practical tips on how to write a thesis statement for an informative essay:
- Choose a topic you know or consider interesting to learn. If a teacher doesn’t assign any particular topic for your informative essay, focus on something you are excited to learn: Personal experience or reflection will help with research and thesis statement greatly! Just make a list of topics that excite you (see our above worksheet) and focus on the one of your most interest.
- Brainstorm. Take a sheet of paper and write down everything that comes to your mind about the chosen topic. All those generated ideas will later help you shape a thesis statement: You’ll choose 3-4 subtopics to cover in your informative essay.
- Focus on three subtopics. It will help if they relate to a specific area of your main topic, so you could later craft a logical flow in your essay body.
- Tailor your statement. Limit it to 1-2 sentences in length, proofread it , and be ready to tweak it if necessary: After you’ll finish the first draft of your informative essay, you may see that a thesis requires some slight changes.
Or, you can change the perspective and do the following:
Write your informative essay body first, and craft your introduction (with a thesis) afterward. Once you cover three chosen subtopics in your essay, it will be easier to combine 1-2 sentences to introduce what you want to tell in your paper to the reader.
Or, we have an alternative option: A free online thesis statement generator ! Write down your main topics and subtopics there — and you’ll get a strong thesis statement for your informative essay.
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How to Write an Expository Essay | Structure, Tips & Examples
Published on July 14, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.
“Expository” means “intended to explain or describe something.” An expository essay provides a clear, focused explanation of a particular topic, process, or set of ideas. It doesn’t set out to prove a point, just to give a balanced view of its subject matter.
Expository essays are usually short assignments intended to test your composition skills or your understanding of a subject. They tend to involve less research and original arguments than argumentative essays .
Table of contents
When should you write an expository essay, how to approach an expository essay, introducing your essay, writing the body paragraphs, concluding your essay, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about expository essays.
In school and university, you might have to write expository essays as in-class exercises, exam questions, or coursework assignments.
Sometimes it won’t be directly stated that the assignment is an expository essay, but there are certain keywords that imply expository writing is required. Consider the prompts below.
The word “explain” here is the clue: An essay responding to this prompt should provide an explanation of this historical process—not necessarily an original argument about it.
Sometimes you’ll be asked to define a particular term or concept. This means more than just copying down the dictionary definition; you’ll be expected to explore different ideas surrounding the term, as this prompt emphasizes.
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An expository essay should take an objective approach: It isn’t about your personal opinions or experiences. Instead, your goal is to provide an informative and balanced explanation of your topic. Avoid using the first or second person (“I” or “you”).
The structure of your expository essay will vary according to the scope of your assignment and the demands of your topic. It’s worthwhile to plan out your structure before you start, using an essay outline .
A common structure for a short expository essay consists of five paragraphs: An introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
Like all essays, an expository essay begins with an introduction . This serves to hook the reader’s interest, briefly introduce your topic, and provide a thesis statement summarizing what you’re going to say about it.
Hover over different parts of the example below to see how a typical introduction works.
In many ways, the invention of the printing press marked the end of the Middle Ages. The medieval period in Europe is often remembered as a time of intellectual and political stagnation. Prior to the Renaissance, the average person had very limited access to books and was unlikely to be literate. The invention of the printing press in the 15th century allowed for much less restricted circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation.
The body of your essay is where you cover your topic in depth. It often consists of three paragraphs, but may be more for a longer essay. This is where you present the details of the process, idea or topic you’re explaining.
It’s important to make sure each paragraph covers its own clearly defined topic, introduced with a topic sentence . Different topics (all related to the overall subject matter of the essay) should be presented in a logical order, with clear transitions between paragraphs.
Hover over different parts of the example paragraph below to see how a body paragraph is constructed.
The invention of the printing press in 1440 changed this situation dramatically. Johannes Gutenberg, who had worked as a goldsmith, used his knowledge of metals in the design of the press. He made his type from an alloy of lead, tin, and antimony, whose durability allowed for the reliable production of high-quality books. This new technology allowed texts to be reproduced and disseminated on a much larger scale than was previously possible. The Gutenberg Bible appeared in the 1450s, and a large number of printing presses sprang up across the continent in the following decades. Gutenberg’s invention rapidly transformed cultural production in Europe; among other things, it would lead to the Protestant Reformation.
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The conclusion of an expository essay serves to summarize the topic under discussion. It should not present any new information or evidence, but should instead focus on reinforcing the points made so far. Essentially, your conclusion is there to round off the essay in an engaging way.
Hover over different parts of the example below to see how a conclusion works.
The invention of the printing press was important not only in terms of its immediate cultural and economic effects, but also in terms of its major impact on politics and religion across Europe. In the century following the invention of the printing press, the relatively stationary intellectual atmosphere of the Middle Ages gave way to the social upheavals of the Reformation and the Renaissance. A single technological innovation had contributed to the total reshaping of the continent.
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An expository essay is a broad form that varies in length according to the scope of the assignment.
Expository essays are often assigned as a writing exercise or as part of an exam, in which case a five-paragraph essay of around 800 words may be appropriate.
You’ll usually be given guidelines regarding length; if you’re not sure, ask.
An expository essay is a common assignment in high-school and university composition classes. It might be assigned as coursework, in class, or as part of an exam.
Sometimes you might not be told explicitly to write an expository essay. Look out for prompts containing keywords like “explain” and “define.” An expository essay is usually the right response to these prompts.
An argumentative essay tends to be a longer essay involving independent research, and aims to make an original argument about a topic. Its thesis statement makes a contentious claim that must be supported in an objective, evidence-based way.
An expository essay also aims to be objective, but it doesn’t have to make an original argument. Rather, it aims to explain something (e.g., a process or idea) in a clear, concise way. Expository essays are often shorter assignments and rely less on research.
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