Essay on Industrial Safety

industrial safety essay in kannada

After reading this essay you will learn about:- 1. Introduction to Industrial Safety 2. Losses Due to Accidents in Industries 3. Causes of Accidents in Industries 4. Factors Responsible for Accidents in Industries 5. Measures for Preventing Accidents in Industries

Essay # 1. Introduction to Industrial Safety :

Safety is very important aspect for any industry as an accident free work environment boosts the morale of the team members working in any hazardous situations. Recognising these facts industries involving various hazards and risks industries prepare their own safety policy, safety manual and have a separate department/section for safety so as to create proper aware­ness and provide the know-how-about the safety.

Adherence to the useful information, rules, and mandatory requirements governing the safety and guidelines will help prevent occupa­tional injuries and accidents which constitute an unavoidable and needless waste of human and material resources.

Safety means continuing and healthful living without injury. Safety is freedom from harm or the danger of harm. The word safety also refers to the precautions people take to prevent accidents, harm, danger, damage, loss and pollution. Safety also deals with improvement in working conditions for better health. Management is responsible to provide safe working condi­tion and individual’s safety.


All undesired events in a workplace which can give rise to death, ill health, injury, damage or other loss need to be thoroughly investigated, people are trained to safeguard against them, and need to be eliminated. Similarly, all hazards, i.e., source/situation capable of injury or ill health, damage too properly or workplace environment etc., should be identified and action plan drawn for safeguard against them.

It is not only sufficient to care of safety but other two inter-related aspects, viz., health (well-being of employees) and environment are also given equal importance and considerations. All these three elements i.e., safety, health and environment (also known as SHE) are inter-related and affect each other. For instance, if health of employee is not given due regards, it may lead to accidents.

If industry pollutes the environment around work place, it will affect health of employees which may ultimately affect production. It is only if health and environment are in control than safety can be ensured. Each industry, therefore, has certain obligations towards keeping good environment and also towards health of people.

Occupational health hazards means:

1. Conditions that cause legally compensable illness,

2. Any conditions in the workplace that impair the health of employees enough to make them lose time from work or to work at less than full efficiency.

Various health hazards that may cause sickness, impaired health or significant discomfort or inefficient in workplace are:

(a) Physical hazards like noise, vibration, thermal stress; radiations, ill lighting.

(b) Chemical hazards like dust, fumes, fibres, gases,

(c) Biological hazards,

(d) Ergonomics hazards,

(e) Mechanical hazards, and

(f) Psychological hazards.

For works which by their very nature expose workers to hazards, appropriate preventing measures should be taken to avoid any danger to the safety and health of workers, the preven­tive measures should place emphasis on the need to eliminate or reduce the hazard at the source.

Essay # 2. Losses Due to Accidents in Industries :

Now-a-days, serious attention is being paid in this matter, because now it has been clearly understood that these accidents cause heavy losses. In these losses, some are direct losses and are some indirect losses.

Direct Losses:

These are the losses to the employer, which he pays to the worker for compensation. Employer also pays for medical expenses incurred on the worker. This type of losses can be measured in terms of money.

Indirect Losses:

These indirect losses arise from the following sources:

1. Loss of time of the injured person.

2. Loss of time of his fellow workers, who stop work at the time of accident to help him or to show sympathy or for curiosity.

3. Loss of time of supervisors;

(a) In assisting injured worker;

(b) In investigation and preparing a report of accident;

(c) In making alternative arrangement;

(d) In selecting and training the new worker to fill the vacancy if accident causes death of the worker.

4. Loss due to damage caused to machines.

5. Loss due to reduction in the efficiency of the worker when he returns after recovery.

6. Loss due to the reduction in the efficiency of other workers due to fall in their morale.

7. Losses to the injured worker.

Injured worker suffers the following losses:

(a) Loss to his income.

(b) Loss due to medical expenditure,

(c) Pain felt by worker, which cannot be compensated.

Essay # 3. Causes of Accidents in Industries :

Majority of industrial accidents are due to transmission machinery (gears, belts, pulleys, couplings, shafting etc.); cutters, tools and clutch of cutting machines etc.

To minimise the accidents, it is necessary to know about the cause of accidents.

General causes for accidents are given below:

1. Accidents due to dangerous machines:

These accidents occur from boilers, pressure vessels, prime movers, transmission system etc.

2. Unsafe physical condition:

It includes improper guards, improper illumination, im­proper ventilation, unsafe clothing’s.

3. Moving objects:

Sometimes moving object or falling object causes accidents.

4. Personal factors:

Sometimes accidents occur due to some personal factors like lack of knowledge, physical weakness.

5. Unsafe acts:

It is violence of commonly accepted safe procedure.

These include:

(i) working at unsafe speed,

(ii) loading machines beyond capacity

(iii) not using safety devices, and

(iv) adopting unsafe procedure.

6. Electrical causes:

Some of the important causes are:

(a) Do not providing proper protecting devices.

(b) Not obeying proper instructions and not following safety precautions.

(c) Failure to use insulated pliers, screw-drivers and rubber gloves etc.

7. Exposure to harmful substances:

Injuries due to accidents are also caused due to expo­sure to harmful substances, like toxic gases, fumes, dust, vapour mist and aerosols.

Types of Industrial Accidents :

Industrial accidents may be divided in two general classes:

(a) Machinery Accidents:

These accidents are caused by inadequate safeguards of ma­chines.

(b) Non-Machinery Accidents:

These accidents are caused due to personal reasons such as age, physical weakness, inexperience and carelessness or from the plant conditions such as poor ventilation and illumination etc.

Machinery accidents can be reduced by providing safety guards on belts, gears etc.

Essay # 4. Factors Responsible for Accidents in Industries :

It has been seen that accidents are more frequent with younger persons.

(ii) Experience:

Rate of accidents for more experienced workers is less than those of less experienced workers.

(iii) Physical Condition:

Experiments have shown that minor illness like sore throat, headache etc. is responsible for accidents to a large extent. These small frequent illnesses are responsible for lowering general health.

(iv) Fatigue:

It has been seen that suitably arranged rest pauses reduce the number of accidents to a large extent. As these reduce the fatigue, therefore accidents which occur due to excess fatigue are reduced to a large extent.

Experiments have shown that when only one lunch-break is provided then accidents tend to increase with each successive hour of work in the morning and reaching a maximum approxi­mately at 11 A.M., then reduces in the noon.

Number of accidents again starts rising, reaching maximum value towards the later part of the afternoon but a slight drop in the last hour (prob­ably it occurs due to the fact that in this hour speed of work decreases and worker feels relaxed mentally that shortly after he will be free).

(v) Rate of Production:

This factor should also be considered while considering the cause of accidents. The study in this aspect shows that number of accidents increases with the in­crease in production but the proportion of accidents tends to decrease with the increasing pro­duction. That the rate of change in accidents per man-hour is less than the rate of change in production per man-hour.

(vi) Atmospheric Conditions:

Study has shown that accidents are found to be minimum at a temperature of 67.5°F (nearly 20°C). At higher temperatures, rate of accidents increases and after 24°C rate of accidents increases considerably.

(vii) Illumination:

Illumination also affects the accident liability. Dim illumination raises accident frequency. In day light, accidents frequency is less as compared to artificial illumina­tion.

Working Conditions affecting Health :

Working conditions also affect the work. When a worker is allowed to work in good working conditions then his efficiency increases a lot.

Bad environment or working condition may ulti­mately leads to:

(i) Physiological Fatigue;

(ii) Mental Fatigue i.e., feeling of boredom; and

(iii) Decreased efficiency resulting in reduced output. In earlier days, no attention was paid on the working conditions like illumination, humidity, air ventilation, tempera­ture etc. But its importance is now being realised.

(i) Mental Environment:

Good working conditions produce a good effect on the workers’ psychology in addition to greater efficiency. In such conditions, worker will always be ready to offer his services and co-operation. It is necessary for the success of an industry that workers should have good co-ordination.

A worker working in an atmosphere of badly ventilated and hot conditions will feel discom­fort and fatigue. His efficiency will decrease and he will not be able to take interest in the work.

Proper ventilation takes away the heat of human body, furnaces, boiler and other equip­ment thus reducing the effect of heat to some extent. Proper ventilation also removes damp­ness.

Arrangement of air fans in a systematic way also helps to achieve this object. Sometimes, air fans placed in wrong direction send air through furnace, hot parts of machines, etc. Thus transmitting the heat to the workers which they would have not received otherwise.

(ii) Illumination:

Poor illumination reduces the speed of work and results in strain on eyes and causes more accidents. Light should come from the right direction and of desired illumination.

In artificial light, glare is most common defect; it is harmful to the eyes. It also produces strain and headache. Spoilage of work also increases due to glare.

(iii) Hours of Work:

Working hours should be distributed uniformly over the week. A worker should get atleast one weekly holiday so that he can enjoy on that day, and feelings of fatigue and boredom from his mind are removed, and thus he may return on duty as fresh in next week.

Rest pauses also reduce mental fatigue of the worker and hence they should be properly distributed, i.e., at least 5 minutes break in one working hour and one lunch break should be allowed. Duration of rest may vary slightly depending upon the nature of work and working conditions.

(iv) Noise and Vibrations:

Too much noise and vibrations produce mental fatigue and reduce the efficiency of the worker. Although noise cannot be stopped totally for a running machinery but can be reduced by enclosing the source of noise, use of baffles and sound proof materials etc.

Its reduction is very necessary because it is very difficult to concentrate on the work in too much noise. Sometimes too much noise also adversely affects the hearing capacity of the workers. Noise and vibrations can also be controlled to some extent by proper maintenance, checking, lubrication, proper functions etc.

(v) Plant and Shop Layout:

Systematic layout is very helpful for reducing accidents, movement of the products etc. If the shop layout is such that it looks pleasant then worker will take more interest in his work. The layout should be such that material handling becomes economical and safe, and overcrowding is reduced.

Pas­sage for movement should be quite safe and space should be sufficient enough. It should be planned in such a way that every worker gets sufficient natural light in proper direction.

A well designed factory looks pleasing where worker feels proud in working and take more interest in his work. Therefore, factory should be kept clean, doors and windows should be properly coloured and walls should be white-washed so that atmosphere in the factory looks cheerful.

Essay # 5. Measures for Preventing Accidents in Industries:

To prevent the accidents, there is a need for consistent implementation of safety measures.

Some of the important safety measures helpful for preventing accidents are:

2. Safe Material Handling:

(a) Hoists, Cranes, Lifts etc. must be of sound construction. They must be tested periodi­cally and well maintained.

(b) Avoid fatigue of workers, use handling devices where possible.

(c) Ensure safety during handling.

4. Safe Activities in the Organisation:

Each organisation has some peculiarities. On the basis of working methods, its process, and other conditions accident prone activities, and places etc. identified: Past records also help in identification of such activities or areas. All out efforts must be made to reduce chances of accidents in these accident prone areas or activities.

6. General Measures:

i. Safety. By providing proper safeguards to the machines, accidents can be prevented. Some guards are built into a permanent casing, while some are attached afterwards.

ii. Fencing. Machines or their parts should be fenced, if it is not possible to provide safeguards.

iii. All boilers and other pressure vessels must be kept in proper condition. Safety valves, pressure gauges and water gauges etc. must be examined thoroughly at regular inter­vals.

iv. Hoists, cranes and lifts etc. must be of sound construction. They must be tested peri­odically.

v. Physical conditions. Sufficient illumination and ventilation should be provided. Floor should be free from oiliness and should be kept clean.

vi. Safety measures include special clothing for the protection of body, such as gloves, apron, goggles, etc. Loose clothing may be a source of danger.

vii. Repair work on marines should not be done when it is running.

viii. All the tools should be kept at their proper places.

ix. Chips should not be removed by hand.

x. Workers should be trained about correct procedures and they should be educated about safety precautions. Constant warning, publicity and play cards carrying slo­gans (as ‘safety-first’, Danger ‘440 volts’ etc.) are also helpful to reduce accidents.

xi. Fire hazard. To avoid the danger, inflammable materials should be kept away from general storage at a safe distance (minimum 50 ft. or 15.25 m). Fire extinguishers should be kept at suitable places.

xii. Prevention of electric accidents.

To prevent electric accidents following measures should be taken:

a. Electrical insulation should be periodically tested.

b. Use proper tools for testing and repairing.

c. Work should be done after switching the power off.

d. Use such safety equipment as insulated tools and rubber gloves etc. whenever necessary.

Essay # 6. General Precautions to Prevent Accidents in Industries :

Following are some of the common precautions which should be observed from industrial safety point of view, so as to prevent accidents:

1. Always remain alert, and in proper physical and mental condition.

2. Always wear right clothing for the jobs, wear safety glasses, gloves, footwear, hard hat etc. as per the job requirement. Do not wear ties, rings or watches etc. which can be caught by moving parts of the equipment.

3. Keep hands away from moving parts such as fan, V-belt, gears, drive shafts etc.

4. Before operation, make sure you are well conversant with the equipment and its operation.

5. Follow maintenance schedule.

6. Follow precautions suggested by the manufacturer.

7. Keep the machine and area clean.

8. Always keep a safe speed as per the working conditions and the job requirement.

9. Always use proper tools, and they should be free from grease and oil, and properly maintained.

10. Never check for leaks in a pressurised system with hand, as this may drive oil through pores under the skin.

11. Always keep guards and covers in position while operating a machine.

12. Do not perform maintenance work when machine is in operation.

13. Never put the machine on loads exceeding their capacities.

14. Machines should be carefully inspected at regular intervals.

15. Follow all the provisions laid down in various Acts.

16. Follow all the instructions as mentioned under heading ‘Preventive Measures’.

Hazard is a source or a situation with potential to cause harm in terms of human injury or ill-health, damage to property or environment or both. Hazards are identified in the performance of various activities, storage and handling of materials, and operation and maintenance of plants and equipment’s.

Hazard control is that function which is oriented towards recognizing, evaluating and working towards eliminating hazards and destructive effects found at the work-place.

Hazards may be classified as under:

1. Mechanical Hazards.

2. Electrical Hazards.

3. Chemical Hazards.

1. Mechanical Hazards:

These are responsible for the majority of the accidents in work situations, therefore every workplace and equipment should be properly examined for identify­ing mechanical hazards and for taking mitigating measures.

Common sources of mechanical hazards are:

(a) Unguarded or inadequately guarded moving parts or pits etc.

(b) Machine tools, hand tools, handling materials, lifting and other appliances.

(c) Improper ventilation, unsafe dress or apparel etc.

(d) Improper use of tools.

2. Electrical Hazards:

These may be due to contact of body with wire, cable or rail or from stroke of lightening. The immediate effect of this is shock which may be relatively mild or severe so as to cause death (electrocution) depending upon the strength of the current and/or the path it takes passing the earth through the body. Another result is burning and the burns may be severe and deep, especially with higher voltage.

Causes of the electric hazards may be of the following types:

(a) Electric shocks may be caused by an exposed live conductor or a faulty piece of equip­ment.

(b) A mobile crane boom, a man carrying or climbing an aluminium ladder, or vertical metal bars etc. can come in contact with overhead power lines, electric crane rails, open-faced substation switchboards etc.

(c) Other causes may be unskilled electricians, improper, instructions, defective wiring which may cause short circuit, poor installations, misuse or overloading.

(d) Ageing and attack by foreign materials causes insulation failures which causes elec­trical fires or cases of electrocution.

In such cases:

(a) Switch off the current.

(b) And/or remove casualty from the contact with current using insulated material and avoid receiving shock by the person rescuing the victim.

(c) Artificial respiration is given, if breathing has stopped.

3. Chemical Hazards:

The usage of chemicals with the resultant hazardous gases, vapours and fumes is one of the most dangerous industries.

The effects of noxious gases are:

(a) Simple asphyxiants, e.g., nitrogen gas, methane gas, carbon dioxide.

(b) Chemical osphysciants, e.g., carbon monoxide, hydrogen-sulphide, hydro-cyanic acid.

(c) Irritant gases, e.g., nitrogen dioxide or peroxide, flourine, hydrogen flouride, sulphur dioxide, ammonia.

(d) Organic metallic gases, e.g., assenic hydride.

(e) Inorganic metallic gases.

Several toxic chemicals and fluids are found in industries using sulphuric acid, nitric acid, soda, chloride of lime, chloride of phosphrous, sulphur chloride, phosphene chloride of zinc, nitrous chloride, iodine, artificial fertilizers, rubber, petroleum, tar etc.

Essay # 7. Safety Education and Training :

There should be proper facilities to impart training in safety measures to the worker. This can be accomplished by safety posters, safety films, safety contests and suggestions. These are useful to increase the interest of employees in accident prevention. The purpose of this training is to induce care in the use of dangerous tools or in carrying out risky operations.

Training manager identifies the training need of every person in the organisation with long range and short range planning. Training record is maintained for every employee and training requirements are reviewed regularly.

Safety training is an important factor in managing safety in any industry. Industrial con­cerns should provide as a minimum the following types of training:

2. Refresher Training:

Refresher Training should be conducted at regular intervals to ensure that all work­ers are kept up-to-date with safety requirements.

3. Specific Training:

Specific Training should be provided to the persons with safety related tasks such as crane operators, slingers, plant operators etc.

Essay # 8. Safety Efforts by Government :

In order to ensure industrial safety, government has made number of legislations like, the Factories Act 1948, Indian Electricity Act 1884, Mines Act 1952, Indian Boilers Act 1923; Workmen’s Compensation Act; Indian Electricity Act 1910; Petroleum Act 1934 which governs the safety of personnel and equipment in industrial units in the country.

But we know that legislation alone cannot ensure safety in industrial operations, unless effective approach to prevention of accidents and promotion of safety consciousness in industry is achieved.

This is possible by adopting proper control measures including safe designs of machines and processes, use of protection devices and personal protective equipment’s, effective safety procedures and practices as well as creation of self-regulating system on the shop-floor.

To assure safety to workers and eliminating chances of damage to machinery and equipment, Indian Standards Institute has done commendable job.

It lays down:

(i) Safety precautions to be taken during manufacturing operations.

(ii) Requirements for effective maintenance of tools and equipment’s.

(iii) Standards for proper layout, proper lighting and ventilation of factory building.

(iv) Guidance on safe welding and cutting, use of powered industrial trucks, belt convey­ors fire-fighting equipment’s.

(v) Standards and specifications of safe industrial operations and practices.

(vi) Classification of hazardous chemicals and use of accident prevention tags and picto­rial markings for handling and labeling of dangerous goods.

(vii) Safety codes for handling acids and other chemicals.

(viii) Safety requirements for personal protective equipment’s.

(ix) Standards for fire safety in industrial buildings and safety procedures to be followed in electrical work and use of electrical appliances in hazardous area and explosive atmosphere.

(x) Specifications for protective clothing, safety helmets, face shields and safety equipment are for eyes, ears, lungs, hands, feet and legs. These include eye and ear protec­tors, gas mask, gloves, safety boots and shoes for mines and heavy metal industries etc.

Essay # 9. Safety Programme :

Certain persons are made responsible for safety aspect in the organisation. Now-a-days, safety committee concept is becoming popular. A safety committee consists of executives, super­visors and shop floor workers. This also helps in creating safety consciousness. This is a body which deals all matters related to safety.

Safety programmes analyses causes of accidents, and takes remedial measures which aim at r educing accidents and losses which might occur due to them. Safety programme is a continu­ous process and minimises the factors related to personal and environmental which may cause accidents Safety equipment’s are provided to save employees from accidents. Special trainings are imparted to employees on safety aspects.

In order to create awareness, safety weeks are organised, safety instructions are displayed. It is also necessary to make necessary safety rules and enforce them.

For effectiveness of the safety programmes in an industry, it is necessary to identify the causes of accidents, study them, and take effective steps for their prevention.

For effectiveness of the plant safety programme, following areas should be covered:

i. Plant layout.

ii. House keeping.

iii. Maintenance of the equipment.

iv. Training programme for the employees.

v. Protective equipment requirement.

vi. Separate safety department, with proper communication system.

vii. Fire-fighting facilities.

Lack of training has been identified as one of the major causes of accidents. Safety aware­ness is the basic requirement for reducing accidents. Most of the accidents take place due to adoption of short cuts and/or ignoring the safety guidelines.

There is a need to prepare a safety manual which should include the mandatory use of personal protection equipment, safety aware­ness training programme, fire protection, first-aid, safety signages, accidenting reporting pro­cedure etc., each operation has its own hazards and a safety programme should be developed to mitigate the particular hazards.

Safety programme in an industry must receive the full support of an entire organisation beginning with top management and continuing down through the ranks to include the manag­ers, supervisors and workers.

In any safety programme, following are essential:

1. Secure full support of top management

2. Direct one executive of appropriate level to direct safety programmes.

3. Give publicity to safety programmes.

4. Develop a safety programme for each job.

5. Install safety programme, creating the competition with appropriate rewards for out­standing performance.

6. Train new employees.

7. Safety practice be made effective.

8. Promote good house-keeping.

9. Maintain adequate first-aid facilities.

10. Seek assistance from insurance companies.

Safety programme is carried out in following three phases:

1. Safety Awareness:

This includes educational, on-the-job instruction training, ergonom­ics, and job safety analysis techniques.

2. Safety Implementation:

Implementation of safety programme should be the responsi­bility of all concerned.

3. Safety Programme Maintenance:

This phase is necessary to maintain enthusiasm and energy levels which do not deteriorate with time.

Essay # 10. Factors Affecting Industrial Safety :

There are large numbers of factors affecting the safety, but they can be divided into following categories:

i. Equipment related factors.

ii. Work area related factors.

iii. Environmental factors.

Now-a-days equipment are manufactured keeping all safety aspects in mind, therefore, not much concentration is required for safety aspects related to equipment, except maintenance.

Factors related to other two categories are discussed here under:

1. Working Environment:

Working environment is the single biggest factor affecting safety aspects. It varies from concern to concern, and on the type of industry, and not always possible to establish ideal conditions. However serious efforts should be made to arrive at them.

Following are the range of ideal conditions for different environmental factors that are condu­cive to ideal working conditions:

i. Temperature:

(a) 20-22°C in winter

(b) 21-24°C in summer

ii. Humidity:

25—50 percent relative humidity

iii. Noise:

Conversation from a distance of one metro should be possible without extra effort.

iv. Ventilation:

0.6 cubic metre of fresh air per man or suf­ficient enough to remove odour

2. Lifting of Load:

Although most works are done mechanically in the process of manufac­turing, still many material handling works involving load lifting are done manually. It has been experienced that a man can easily lift about 22 kg and woman about 16 kg.

But while doing work continuously in a bent position even with a small load, there will be immense strains on spine and back muscles that may result in injury especially for aged workers. Therefore, efforts must be made to keep the material at a certain height so as to minimise the strain and fatigue.

3. Chemical Safety:

Many processing and manufacturing industries use chemicals in one or other form. The chemical are hazardous mainly for their toxicity, flash point below 100°F, their reactions when mixed with other chemicals, and their decomposition under heat.

Therefore, extra care should be made and recommended safe practices should be adopted for the receipts, storage, handling and disposal of chemicals and other hazardous materials. Where necessary respiratory devices, protective clothing, safety showers, and eye wash facili­ties should be used and located at suitable places, the use of exhaust hoods, air filtering and to provide protection from gases and air borne hazards.

4. Safety Equipment:

Personal, safety equipment’s are necessary to protect from any acci­dent, like hard hats for construction workers, safety goggles and shields for welders etc. Safety shoes, protective clothing, respirators are also used to protect from hostile environment.

Essay # 11. Personal Protection Equipment (P.P.E.) :

Personal protection equipment (PPE) is attached to the human body for protection against injury or harm. Human body is delicate and prone to injury by various industrial hazards. Use of PPE helps in minimising injury.

Safety management’s main objectives are to eliminate hazardous conditions, prevent acci­dents, and to minimise hazards. However, the PPE provides additional and essential back-up protection to the workers.

Sensitive parts of the body requiring protection include the following:

Sensitive to bright light, particles, dust, fumes.

Sensitive to noise, sound.

Sensitive to particles, chemical liquids/fumes/gases, flying objects

4. Nose, Lungs, respiratory system:

Sensitive to chemical fumes, dust, poisonous gases

5. Head and Neck:

Sensitive to flying objects, accidental hitting.

6. Arms hand and fingers:

Sensitive to accidental hitting, insertion in rotating part.

7. Leg and foot:

Sensitive to falling of objects, chemicals.

Sensitive to electric shock, heat and cold.

Sensitive to heat and cold.

Under various provisions of the Factories Act and rules thereunder suitable PPE is re­quired to be provided. Attempts are therefore made to design process of construction and generation of power efficiently and safely. Efforts should also be made to keep all hazards under control. It must be kept in mind that PPE do not eliminate the hazard, these are designed to interpose an effective barrier between a person and harmful objects, substances or radiations.

Suitable PPE meets the following requirements:

1. Adequate protection against the hazards.

2. Maximum comfort and minimum weight compatible with protective efficiency.

3. Durability and susceptibility of maintenance.

4. Construction in accordance with the accepted standards for performance.

List of Important Protection Equipment (PPE):

Protected Part and PPE

Essay # 12. First-Aid :

Although in factories, sufficient safety measures are taken to minimise accidents but acci­dents cannot be totally avoided and hence, proper first-aid facilities for common accidents such as fire, heat stroke, cuts etc. must be provided in every factory by the employers.

A first-aid box is provided in the charge of a responsible person, who must be always avail­able in working hours and he should be trained in first-aid.

Some firms have elaborate arrangements of stretcher service, ambulance arrangements, surgeries etc. in the works dispensary.

The workers as human being are entitled to every consideration at the hands of the man­agement and it lies in the administration to institute adequate precautionary and prompt first- aid towards its workers. And hence, it is essential that the management should be fully equipped to offer first-aid to the workers.

The specified contents of first-aid box in workshops employing more than 60 persons (as per Factory Act) are:

1. Twenty four small sterilized dressings.

2. Twelve medium size sterilized dressings.

3. Twelve large size sterilized dressings.

4. (10 gms) packets sterilized cotton wool.

5. One snake bite lancet.

6. One pair of scissors.

7. Twelve large size burn dressings.

8. Two (25 gms) bottles of potassium permanganate crystals.

9. One (100 gms) bottle containing two percent alcoholic solution.

10. One (100 gms) bottle of salvotative having the dose and mode of administration indi­cated on label.

11. One copy of first-aid leaflet.

12. Twelve rolled bandages 10 cm wide.

13. Twelve rolled bandages 5 cm wide.

14. Two rolls of adhesive plaster.

15. Six triangular bandages.

16. Two packets of safety pins.

17. A supply of suitable splits.

18. One townquet.

19. Eye drops.

Treatment for Electric Shock :

The following precautions must be observed while working on electrical works to protect against shocks:

1. Before working on “Live Mains” first switch off the supply of electricity to them.

2. If it is not possible to “Switch Off” the mains, see that your hands and feet are not wet

3. If a person gets an electric shock, rescue him with the help of an insulator. If the insulator is not available use your feet and not the hands to rescue him.

4. While working on high voltage, stand on bad conducting material.

If any person gets an electric shock, the following steps must be taken for his treatment:

Removal from the Contact:

If the person who is shocked by electricity is in contact with the electrical machine or an apparatus, then one person for saving him should stand on a dry wooden chair while removing the victim; otherwise pull him with the help of a dry coat, dry rope or coconut matting etc.

Preliminary Steps:

If the patient’s clothes are smouldering then those should be extin­guished If he is breathing he should be sent to the doctor. If not breathing artificial respiration methods should be adopted to recover him. Do not give him any liquid to drink.

Fire Protection :

1. Following precautions should be taken to avoid fire hazards on all oxy-acetylene cut­ting and welding:

(a) Keep hose and cylinder valves free from grease and oil.

(b) Keep cylinders away from stoves, furnaces and other sources of heat.

(c) Only ‘Gas Lighter’ should be used to light the torch.

(d) Avoid use of oxy acetylene flame in confined spaces.

(e) For testing of leakages, use only soap water and watch for bubbles.

(f) Valve protection caps should be in place when cylinders are not in use.

2. Gas cylinders should be kept upright in approved safe place where they cannot be knocked over, and well separated from furnaces and combustion materials. Loaded and empty cylinder should be kept in separate places.

3. Oxygen cylinders should not be stored in close proximity to acetylene cylinders. In no circumstances oxygen or acetylene cylinders should be stored under direct rays of Sun or in places where excessive rise of temperature is likely to occur.

4. Following precautions should be taken during electric arc welding and cutting:

(a) Welder and all persons working in the immediate vicinity should wear suitable coloured goggles unless the work is completely shielded.

(b) Persons should never look at an electric arc with the naked eye, as it may cause serious eye injury.

(c) Only heavy duty electric cable with unbroken insulation should be used, and all connections should be water-proof. Frequent inspections should be made.

(d) Before leaving the work, welder should switch off the power supply to the equip­ment.

5. Package containing paints, varnishes, lacquers or other volatile painting materials should be kept tightly closed when not in actual use, and should be placed where they will not be exposed to excessive heat, sparks, flame or direct rays of the Sun.

6. Dirty wiping rags, paint scrapings and paint saturated debris, should not be allowed to accumulate but should be collected and disposed of at frequent intervals.

7. Smoking, open flame, exposed heating elements, and other sources of ignition of any kind should not be permitted in paint stores or areas where spray painting is done.

8. Fire extinguishers of appropriate capacity should always be at hand where flammable paint and other materials are being mixed, used or stored.

9. The smoke and hot combustion products from a fire, being lighter than surrounding air tend to rise and on reaching the roof spread out on all sides and form a floating layer and the whole building is then filled up with hot smoky gases. The provision of properly designed and suitably located vents in adequate number helps the speedy removal of smoke and hot gas, thereby preventing spread of fire, besides reducing risks of explosion of unburnt gases which may cause extensive damages.

10. All combustible waste material, wood sealings, soiled rags etc. should be removed daily and burned in suitable burning areas. The saw mill and timber yard be kept free from accumulation to combustible debris.

11. It should be ensured that the clothes worn by the workmen be not of such nature as to increase the chances of their getting involved in accident to themselves or others. As a rule, wearing of loose garments should be prohibited.

12. Smoking should be prohibited in ail flammable storages viz. carpentry, paint shops, garrages, service station etc. “No Smoking” signs should be posted on all such areas.

13. Flammable liquids, lubricants etc. should be handled and transported in safety con­tainers and drums which can be tightly capped:

14. All electric installations should be properly earthed.

15. Following fire-fighting arrangements should be made:

(a) Fire extinguishers and fire buckets, painted red, be provided at all fire hazardous locations. The extinguishers should be inspected, serviced and maintained in ac­cordance with manufacturer’s instructions.

(b) In isolated locations (away from the cities), it will be necessary to provide for and install complete fire-fighting facilities including provision for fire tenders com­mensurate with the numbers, size and importance of equipment’s, buildings or supplies to be protected.

(c) Since portable hand extinguishers have limited capacity, full reliance should never be placed on them. Water in ample quantity and under adequate pressure should always be available for fire fighting

(d) Fire exit and fire alarm arrangements should be provided at all locations featur­ing hazards.

(e) All staff should be conversant with the use of all types of fire extinguishing appa­ratuses. Demonstrations and training in fire-fighting should be conducted at sufficient intervals.

Fire Fighting, Detection and Alarm System :

Fire-fighting systems include:

1. Water sprays system (sprinkler system):

Generally used for offices, stores, turbine- generators, transformer and boiler front areas.

2. CO 2 system:

These are used in enclosed areas, switchgear room, cable tunnels, and gas turbine/engine cells.

3. Dry chemical powder (DCP) system:

Dry chemical powder (DCP) system, used for control room, offices, electrical plant etc.

4. Foam system:

Foam system, used for fuel-oil storage tank protection.

5. Halon System:

This is used for computer room, cable tunnels, control-relay room and other light current auxiliary system rooms.

6. Hydrant system:

This is used for general use throughout the plant.

7. Water Hose-reels:

Used in offices, stores, and workshop corridors etc.

Total Fire Protection System includes:

1. Fire Detection systems.

2. Fire Alarm systems.

3. Fire Alarm and Control Panel.

4. Fire Hydrant System.

Smoke indicates presence of fire. Flame, light and heat confirm the presence of fire. Fire must be detected rapidly and it should be quenched before it grows. Fire is detected by the fire detection system comprising fire detectors.

The fire detectors are located in various zones of the plant, substations and are connected to the fire alarm and fire control panel located in the control room and to the automatic fire fighting system distributed in the plant.

The detection of smoke/fire, sounding of alarm and initiating the fire extinguishing action can be achieved by various methods. Fire detector system initiates fire alarm system. The operation of a fire detector is immediately indicated and buzzer is sounded on the respective zone window of the panel. This initiate operation of automatic fire fighting system in the af­fected zone.

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essay on factory safety in kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆಯ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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essay on safety in kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆಗೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Last Update: 2018-03-08 Usage Frequency: 4 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

essay on safety in kannada prabanda

ಕನ್ನಡ ಪ್ರಬಂಧದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆಯ ಕುರಿತು ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Last Update: 2022-02-27 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

factory safety slogans in kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆ ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ಘೋಷಣೆಗಳು

Last Update: 2019-12-17 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

essay on fair in kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ನ್ಯಾಯೋಚಿತ ವಿಷಯದ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

Last Update: 2018-10-21 Usage Frequency: 4 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

essay on anaksharate in kannada

kannada in anaksharate ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ

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essay on mother. in kannada

ತಾಯಿಯ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ. ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ

Last Update: 2021-03-09 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

road safety in kannada pdf

ಕನ್ನಡ ಪಿಡಿಎಫ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ರಸ್ತೆ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ

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industrial safety in kannada language

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company safety in kannada s.a

kannada sa ಯಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಪನಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ

Last Update: 2018-03-12 Usage Frequency: 2 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

essays on rain in kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಮಳೆ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧಗಳು

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essays on electricity in kannada

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ವಿದ್ಯುತ್ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧಗಳು

Last Update: 2018-10-26 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous

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World Day for Safety and Health at Work: ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ, ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಇರಲಿ

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ಕೆಲಸದ ವಾತಾವರಣವು ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕರವಾಗಿದೆ ಎಂದು ಖಚಿತಪಡಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದು ಉದ್ಯೋಗದಾತರ ಕರ್ತವ್ಯವಾಗಿದೆ. ಇನ್ನೊಂದೆಡೆ, ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತವಾಗಿ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಮತ್ತು ಅವರ ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ಆದ್ಯತೆ ನೀಡುವ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರಿ ನೌಕರರ ಮೇಲಿದೆ.

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ಸಂಬಂಧಿತ ಸುದ್ದಿ

ನಾವು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಹಾಗೂ ಇತರ ಕಡೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತವಾಗಿರಲು ಎಷ್ಟು ಶ್ರಮ ವಹಿಸುತ್ತೇವೆಯೋ, ಅದೇ ರೀತಿ ನಾವು ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲೂ ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತವಾಗಿರುವುದು ಮುಖ್ಯ.  ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಸ್ಥಳಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಲೈಂಗಿಕ ಕಿರುಕುಳ, ಹಿರಿಯರಿಂದ ಕಿರುಕುಳ, ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ತೊಂದರೆ, ಸಾಂಕ್ರಾಮಿಕ ರೋಗಗಳ ಹರಡುವಿಕೆ, ಫ್ಯಾಕ್ಟರಿಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಕಾರ್ಮಿಕರ ಪ್ರಾಣ ಹಾನಿ, ಅಪಘಾತಗಳು, ಕನಿಷ್ಠ ಸೌಲಭ್ಯಗಳ ಕೊರತೆ, ಬಾಲ ಕಾರ್ಮಿಕರ ಬಳಕೆ ನಾನಾ ತೊಂದರೆಗಳು ಸಂಭವಿಸಬಹುದು. ಪ್ರಮುಖವಾಗಿ ಮಹಿಳೆಯರಿಗೆ ಈ ತೊಂದರೆಗಳು (Woman’s Problem)  ಹೆಚ್ಚು. ಇಂತಹ ತೊಂದರೆಗಳನ್ನು ತಪ್ಪಿಸಲೆಂದೇ ವಿಶೇಷ ದಿನವನ್ನು ಆಚರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತಿದೆ. ಏಪ್ರಿಲ್ 28 ರಂದು ಅಂದರೆ ಇಂದು, ಕೆಲಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಾರ್ಷಿಕ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನವಾಗಿ (World Day For Safety And Health at Work 2022) ಆಚರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.   

ಈ ಆಚರಣೆಯು ಜಾಗತಿಕ ಮಟ್ಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಆಯೋಜಿಸಲಾದ ಮೃತಪಟ್ಟ ಮತ್ತು ಗಾಯಗೊಂಡ ಕಾರ್ಮಿಕರ ಅಂತಾರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಮರಣಾರ್ಥ ದಿನದೊಂದಿಗೆ ಹೊಂದಿಕೆಯಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.

ಮೊದಲಿಗಿಂತ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಪ್ರಾಮುಖ್ಯತೆ ಪಡೆದಿದೆ ಕೆಲಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನವು ವಿಶ್ವಾದ್ಯಂತ ಔದ್ಯೋಗಿಕ ರೋಗಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಅಪಘಾತಗಳನ್ನು ತಡೆಗಟ್ಟಲು ಸಹಾಯ ಮಾಡುವ ವಿಧಾನಗಳ ಜಾಗೃತಿ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರಚಾರವನ್ನು ಪ್ರತಿನಿಧಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಇದು ದೃಢವಾದ ಆಕ್ಯುಪೇಷನಲ್ ಸೇಫ್ಟಿ ಮತ್ತು ಹೆಲ್ತ್ (OSH) ನಿರ್ವಹಣಾ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆಯ ಅಭಿವೃದ್ಧಿ ಮತ್ತು ನಿರ್ವಹಣೆಯನ್ನು ಪ್ರತಿನಿಧಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಮತ್ತು ಸಾಂಕ್ರಾಮಿಕ ರೋಗದ ನಂತರ, OSH ನಿರ್ವಹಣಾ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆಯು ಮೊದಲಿಗಿಂತ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಪ್ರಾಮುಖ್ಯತೆಯನ್ನು ಪಡೆದುಕೊಂಡಿದೆ ಎಂದು ಹೇಳಬಹುದು.

ವರ್ಲ್ಡ್ ಡೇ ಫಾರ್ ಸೇಫ್ಟಿ ಅಂಡ್ ಹೆಲ್ತ್ ಅಟ್ ವರ್ಕ್: ಇತಿಹಾಸ ಕೆಲಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಥವಾ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಾರ್ಷಿಕ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನವನ್ನು ಮೊದಲು 2003 ರಲ್ಲಿ ಇಂಟರ್‌ನ್ಯಾಷನಲ್‌ ಲೇಬರ್ ಆರ್ಗನೈಸೇಶನ್ (ILO) ಆಚರಿಸಿತು. ಇದು ಕೆಲಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಪಘಾತಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ರೋಗಗಳ ತಡೆಗಟ್ಟುವಿಕೆಯ ಪ್ರಾಮುಖ್ಯತೆಯನ್ನು ಒತ್ತಿಹೇಳುತ್ತದೆ. ಔದ್ಯೋಗಿಕ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಪ್ರಮುಖವಾಗಿದ್ದು, ಈ ಹಿನ್ನೆಲೆ ಈ ದಿನವನ್ನು ಅಚರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತಿದೆ.

ಕಾರ್ಯ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನ: ಮಹತ್ವ ಕೆಲಸದ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆಯು ಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ಅನೇಕ ಭಾಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಇನ್ನೂ ಕೇವಲ ಪರಿಕಲ್ಪನೆಯಾಗಿದೆಯೇ ಹೊರತು ಜಾರಿಯಲ್ಲಿಲ್ಲ. ಏಕೆಂದರೆ, ಕೆಲವು ಸ್ಥಳಗಳಲ್ಲಿ, ಪ್ರಮುಖವಾಗಿ ಕೈಗಾರಿಕಾ, ಬೃಹತ್ ಉತ್ಪಾದನೆಯ ಜಗತ್ತಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾನವ ಜೀವನದ ಮೌಲ್ಯಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಆಯಾಯ ಕಂಪನಿಯ ಉತ್ಪನ್ನಗಳ ಬೇಡಿಕೆಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಪ್ರಾಮುಖ್ಯತೆ ನೀಡಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.

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ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ, ಕೆಲಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಾರ್ಷಿಕ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನವು ಔದ್ಯೋಗಿಕ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯದ ಪ್ರಾಮುಖ್ಯತೆಯನ್ನು ಎತ್ತಿ ತೋರಿಸುತ್ತದೆ.

ನೀತಿ ನಿರೂಪಕರ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರಿ ಇನ್ನು ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯದ ಉತ್ತಮ ಗುಣಮಟ್ಟವನ್ನು ಕಾಯ್ದುಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ಪ್ರಚೋದನೆಯು ಸಮಾಜದ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ವಲಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸಮಾನವಾಗಿ ಹರಡಿದೆ ಎಂಬುದು ಗಮನಿಸಬೇಕಾದ ಅಂಶವಾಗಿದೆ. ಅಂದರೆ ಉದ್ಯೋಗವನ್ನು ಖಾತ್ರಿಪಡಿಸುವ ಕಾನೂನುಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ನಿಬಂಧನೆಗಳನ್ನು ರೂಪಿಸುವುದು ನೀತಿ ನಿರೂಪಕರ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರಿಯಾಗಿದೆ.

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ಹಾಗೂ ಕೆಲಸದ ವಾತಾವರಣವು ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕರವಾಗಿದೆ ಎಂದು ಖಚಿತಪಡಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದು ಉದ್ಯೋಗದಾತರ ಕರ್ತವ್ಯವಾಗಿದೆ. ಇನ್ನೊಂದೆಡೆ, ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತವಾಗಿ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಮತ್ತು ಅವರ ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ಆದ್ಯತೆ ನೀಡುವ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರಿ ನೌಕರರ ಮೇಲಿದೆ.

ಕೆಲಸದ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನ: ಥೀಮ್ ಸಾಮಾಜಿಕ ಸಂವಾದ ಮತ್ತು ಸಕಾರಾತ್ಮಕ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಹಾಗೂ ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಯನ್ನು ರಚಿಸುವಲ್ಲಿ ಭಾಗವಹಿಸುವಿಕೆಯ ವಿಷಯವನ್ನು ಅನ್ವೇಷಿಸಲು ಕೆಲಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನವನ್ನು ಸ್ಮರಿಸುವುದು ಈ ವರ್ಷದ ಅಂದರೆ, ಕಾರ್ಯಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ವಿಶ್ವ ದಿನ 2022 ರ ಥೀಮ್‌ ಆಗಿದೆ.

  • First Published : April 28, 2022, 11:45 am IST

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Fire Safety Tips in Kannada

Savitha Sampath

ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ಸಲಹೆಗಳು – Fire Safety Tips In Kannada

೧) ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಅನಾಹುತ ಉಂಟಾದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೂಡಲೆ ೧೦೧ ಕ್ಕೆ ಕರೆ ಮಾಡಿ. ಈಗಾಗಲೆ ಬೇರೆ ಯಾರಾದರೂ

ಕರೆ ಮಾಡಿರಬಹುದು ಎಂದು ಭಾವಿಸಬೇಡಿ.

೨) ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಅನಾಹುತ ಉಂಟಾದಲ್ಲಿ ತತಷ ಣ ನಿಮ್ಮ ಕಟ್ಟ ಡದ ಎಚ್ಚರಿಕ್ಕಯ ಘಂಟೆಯನ್ನಿ/

ಸೂಚ್ಕಗಳನ್ನಿ ಸಕ್ರಿ ಯಗೊಳಿಸಿ, “ಬಂಕ್ರ, ಬಂಕ್ರ…” ಎಂದು ಗಟ್ಟಟ ಯಾಗ್ನ ಕೂಗ್ನ ಎಲಿ ರನ್ನಿ ಎಚ್ಚ ರಿಸಿ.

ಬೇರೇನನ್ನಿ ಹೇಳಬೇಡಿ. ಏಕ್ಕಂದರೆ ಬೇರೆಯವರಿಗೆ ಪರಿಸಿಿ ತಿ ಅರ್ಥವಾಗಲು ತಡವಾದೀತು.

೩) ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಅನಾಹುತವಾದಲ್ಲಿ ಲ್ಲಫ಼್ತ ನ್ನಿ ಬಳಸಬೇಡಿ; ಮೆಟ್ಟಟ ಲುಗಳನ್ನಿ ಬಳಸಿ.

೪) ಹೊಗೆಯ ಮ್ಧ್ಯೆ ಸಿಕ್ರೆ ಬಿದದ ಲ್ಲಿ ನಿಮ್ಮ ಬಾಯಿ ಮ್ತುತ ಮೂಗನ್ನಿ ಒಂದು ಒದ್ದದ ಯ ಬಟೆಟ ಯಿಂದ

ಮುಚ್ಚಚ ಕೊಳಿಿ .

೫) ನಿಮ್ಮ ಕೊೀಣೆಗೆ ಹೊಗೆ ಪಿ ವೇಶಿಸುತಿತ ದುದ , ಹೊರಗೂ ಹೊಗಲಾಗದಷ್ಟಟ ಹೊಗೆ ತುಂಬಿದದ ರೆ,

ಕೊೀಣೆಯ ಒಳಗ್ನನಿಂದ ಎಲಿ ಕ್ರಟ್ಕ್ರ-ಬಾಗ್ನಲುಗಳನ್ನಿ ಹಾಕ್ರ, ಎಲಿ ರಂದಿ ಗಳನ್ನಿ ಬಟೆಟ ಅರ್ವಾ

ಹೊದಕ್ಕಗಳಿಂದ ಹೊಗೆ ಪಿ ವೇಶಿಸದಂತೆ ಮುಚ್ಚ ತಕೆ ದುದ.

೬) ನಿಮ್ಮ ಕಟ್ಟಡ ಅಗ್ನಿಯ ಮಡುವಲ್ಲಿದ್ದು, ನೀವು ಸಿಕ್ಕಿಹಾಕಿಕೊಳ್ಳದ ಪಕ್ಷದಲ್ಲಿ, ಹೊರಬನ್ದು, ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಶಾಮಕ ಪಡೆ – ೧೦೧ಕ್ಕೆ ತಟ್ಟನೆ ಕರೆ ಮಾಡಿ

೭) ನಿಮ್ಮ ಮ್ನ್ನ ಅರ್ವಾ ಕಛೇರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ “ಧೂಮ್-ಸೂಚ್ಕ” ಘಂಟೆಯನ್ನಿ ಅಳವಡಿಸಿ

೮) ನಿಮ್ಮ ಕಟ್ಟಡದ ಎಲಿ ಎಚ್ಚ ರಿಕ್ಕಯ/ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ಘಂಟೆಗಳು ಹಾಗು ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಶಾಮ್ಕ ಸಾಧನಗಳು

ಸರಿಯಾಗ್ನವೆಯೆ ಎಂದು ಕಾಲ-ಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ಪರಿಶಿೀಲ್ಲಸಿ.

೯) ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಶಾಮ್ಕ ಸಾಧನಗಳ ಪುನರ್ಥತಿಥಯ ತೇದಯನ್ನಿ ಆಗಾಗೆೆ ಪರಿಶಿೀಲ್ಲಸಿ, ಸಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ

ಮ್ರುರ್ತಿಥ ಮಾಡಿಸಿ.

೧೦) ಬಿಡುವಿನ ಸಮ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಶಾಮ್ಕ ಸಾಧನಗಳನ್ನಿ ಎಂದು-ಹೇಗೆ ಬಳಸುವುದು ಎಂದು

ಕಲ್ಲತುಕೊಳಿಿ .

೧೧) ನಿಮ್ಮ ಸಂಸ್ಥಿ /ಸಮಿತಿಯ ವತಿಯಿಂದ ಆರು ತಿಂಗಳಿಗೊಮೆಮ “ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ”

ತರಬೇತಿಯನ್ನಿ ಆಯೀಜಿಸಿ. ಮ್ತುತ , ಅಪಘಾತವಾದಾಗ ಎಲಿ ರೂ ಒಂದ್ದಡೆ ಸೇರಲು “ಸುರ್ದಿ-

ತಾಣ”ವಂದನ್ನಿ ಗುರುತಿಸಿಕೊಳಿಿ .

೧೨) ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಅಪಘಾತವಾದ ಸಿ ಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಜನಸಮೂಹದಂದ ತುತುಥ-ಕಾಯಾಥಚ್ರಣೆಗೆ, ಅಗ್ನಿ-

ಶಾಮ್ಕ/ರಕ್ಷಣಾ-ಪಡೆಗೆ ಅಡಿಿ ಯಾಗಬಹುದು. ಅಂರ್ಲ್ಲಿ , ೧೦೧ ಕ್ಕೆ ಕರೆ ಮಾಡಿ, ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಂದ ನಿಗಥಮಿಸಿ.

೧೩) ನಿಮ್ಮ ಬಟೆಟ ಗೆ ಬಂಕ್ರ ಬಿದದ ಲ್ಲಿ ಓಡಬೇಡಿ. ಇದರಿಂದ ಬಂಕ್ರಗೆ ಮ್ತತ ಷ್ಟಟ ಗಾಳಿ ದೊರಕ್ರೀತು!

ಕೂಡಲೆ ನಲದ ಮೇಲೆ ಮ್ಲಗ್ನ, ಉರುಳುವುದರಿಂದ ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಶಮ್ನವಾಗುತತ ದ್ದ. ಅದೇ ಇನ್ನಿ ಬಬರ

ಬಟೆಟ ಗೆ ಬಂಕ್ರ ತಾಗ್ನದದ ರೆ, ಒಂದು ಕಂಬಳಿ ಅರ್ವಾ ಯಾವುದೇ ದಪಪ ಬಟೆಟ ಯನ್ನಿ ಕೂಡಲೆ ಸುತಿತ

ಅವರನ್ನಿ ನ್ನಲದ ಮೇಲೆ ಉರುಳಿಸತಕೆ ದುದ .

೧೪) ತುತುಥ-ಕಾಯಾಥಚ್ರಣೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅರ್ವಾ ಅಗ್ನಿ-ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ಕಿ ಮ್ಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ನಿಮ್ಗೆ ತರಬೇತಿ/

ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಇಲಿ ದದದ ರೆ ಕ್ರರುಚುವುದಾಗಲ್ಲ, ಸಲಹೆಗಳನ್ನಿ ಕೊಡುವುದಾಗಲ್ಲ ಮಾಡಬೇಡಿ. ಇದರಿಂದ

ಅಪಘಾತಕೊೆ ಳಗಾದವರಿಗೆ ಗೊಂದಲವಾಗಬಹುದು.

೧೫) ಬಿಸಿಯಾದ ಹೊಗೆ ಹಾಗು ವಿಷಪೂರಿತ ಅನಿಲಗಳು ಮೆಲಕ್ಕೆ ೀರುವುದರಿಂದ ಅವು ಮೊದಲು

ಮೇಲಾಚ ವಣಿಯತತ ಸಂಗಿ ಹವಾಗುತತ ವೆ. ಆದದ ರಿಂದ ನ್ನಲಮ್ಟ್ಟದಲ್ಲಿ ರುವ ಗಾಳಿ ಅದಕ್ರೆ ಂತ ಶುದಧ. ಸಾಧೆ ವಾದಷ್ಟಟ ತಗ್ನೆ ನಲ್ಲಿ ರಿ; ಬಗ್ನೆ ನಡೆಯಿರಿ.

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ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆ ಅಂಗವಾಗಿ ನಗರದಲ್ಲಿ ಗುರುವಾರ ಬೃಹತ್ ಜಾಥಾ ನಡೆಯಿತು..

 safety day factory workers

ಮೈಸೂರು: ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆ ಅಂಗವಾಗಿ ನಗರದಲ್ಲಿ ಗುರುವಾರ ಬೃಹತ್ ಜಾಥಾ ನಡೆಯಿತು. ಜಾಥಾದಲ್ಲಿ ಎಚ್‌ಪಿಸಿಎಲ್, ಲ್ಯುಬ್ರಿ ಕೇಷನ್ಸ್ ಇಂಡಿಯ ಪ್ರೈ.ಲಿಮಿಟೆಡ್, ಕೆಇಸಿ, ಜೆಕೆ ಟೈರ್ಸ್‌ ಇಂಡಸ್ಟ್ರೀಸ್, ನಂದಿನಿ, ಆಟೋಮೇಟಿವ್ ಆಕ್ಸಲ್, ಜ್ಯುಬಿಲಿಯೆಂಟ್ ಲೈಫ್ ಸೈನ್ಸಸ್ ನಿಯಮಿತ, ಎಟಿ ಅಂಡ್ ಎಸ್, ರಾಣೆ ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಸೇರಿದಂತೆ ನಾನಾ ಕಂಪನಿಗಳ 500ಕ್ಕೂ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಮಂದಿ ಅಧಿಕಾರಿ, ನೌಕರರ ವರ್ಗದವರು ಪಾಲ್ಗೊಂಡು ದಾರಿಯುದ್ದಕ್ಕೂ ಜಾಗೃತಿ ಫಲಕ ಹಿಡಿದು ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕರ ಗಮನ ಸೆಳೆದರು. ಅರಮನೆ ಕೋಟೆ ಆಂಜನೇಯ ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನದಿಂದ ಹೊರಟ ಜಾಥಾ ಹಾರ್ಡೀಂಜ್ ವೃತ್ತ, ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರ ವೃತ್ತ, ಚಾಮರಾಜ ಜೋಡಿ ರಸ್ತೆ, ರಾಮಸ್ವಾಮಿ ವೃತ್ತ, ಜೆಎಲ್‌ಬಿ ರಸ್ತೆ, ರಮಾವಿಲಾಸ ರಸ್ತೆ ಮೂಲಕ ಜಗನ್ಮೋಹನ ಅರಮನೆ ತಲುಪಿತು. ನಂತರ ನಗರದ ಜಗನ್ಮೋಹನ ಅರಮನೆ ಯಲ್ಲಿ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ರಾಜ್ಯ ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ಸಂಸ್ಥೆಯು ನ್ಯಾಷನಲ್ ಇನ್ಸ್‌ಟಿಟ್ಯೂಟ್ ಆಫ್ ಪರ್ಸೊನೆಲ್ ಮ್ಯಾನೇಜ್‌ಮೆಂಟ್ ಮೈಸೂರು ಘಟಕ, ನಂಜನಗೂಡು ಇಂಡಸ್ಟ್ರೀಸ್ ಅಸೋಸಿಯೇಷನ್ ಸಹಯೋಗದಲ್ಲಿ ನಡೆದ 43ನೇ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆ ಕಾರ್ಯಕ್ರಮದಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾತನಾಡಿದ ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆ, ಬಾಯ್ಲರ್, ಕೆಗಾರಿಕೆ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಸ್ವಾಸ್ಥ್ಯ ಇಲಾಖೆಯ ನಿರ್ದೇಶಕ ಬಿ.ಎಸ್. ರಾಮ ಚಂದ್ರ, ‘‘ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವ ಜಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ, ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪರಿಸರ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಣೆ ಕುರಿತು ಕಾರ್ಮಿಕರು ಹಾಗೂ ಮಾಲೀಕರ ವರ್ಗ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಗಮನಹರಿಸಿ ಮುಂಜಾಗ್ರತಾ ಕ್ರಮ ಕೈಗೊಂಡರೆ ಅಪಾಯ ತಪ್ಪಿಸಬಹುದು’’ ಎಂದು ಹೇಳಿದರು. ‘‘ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ, ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪರಿಸರದ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಣೆಯನ್ನು ಖಾತರಿ ಪಡಿಸಬೇಕಾಗಿದೆ. ಈ ಕಾರ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಎಲ್ಲ ಪಾಲುದಾರರು ಭಾಗವಹಿಸಬೇಕು. ಈ ಮೂಲಕ ಅಪಘಾತಗಳ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆ ಶೂನ್ಯದಡೆಗೆ ತಲುಪಿಸುವಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ವಯಂ ಪ್ರೇರಣೆಯಿಂದ ತೊಡಗಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು’’ ಎಂದರು. ‘‘ಕೇಂದ್ರ ಸರಕಾರ 1966 ಮಾರ್ಚ್ 4ರಂದು ‘ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಸುರಕ್ಷತ್ ಪರಿಷತ್’ ಸ್ವಾಯತ್ತ ಸಂಸ್ಥೆಯಾಗಿ ಸ್ಥಾಪಿಸಿತ್ತು. ಈ ದಿನದ ನೆನಪಿಗಾಗಿ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರವ್ಯಾಪ್ತಿ ‘ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಸುರಕ್ಷತಾ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆ’ ಆಚರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತಿದ್ದು, ಈ ಮೂಲಕ ಕೆಲಸದ ಜಾಗ ಮತ್ತು ಉತ್ಪಾದನಾ ಸ್ಥಳಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ, ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪರಿಸರದ ಸಮರ್ಪಕ ನಿರ್ವಹಣೆಯ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಜನರಲ್ಲಿ ಮತ್ತು ಪಾಲುದಾರುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಜಾಗತಿ ಮೂಡಿಸಲಾಗುವುದು’’ ಎಂದರು. ಮೈಸೂರು ವಿಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ 8 ಅತೀ ಅಪಾಯಕಾರಿ: ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆ, ಬಾಯ್ಲರ್, ಕೆಗಾರಿಕೆ ಸುರಕ್ಷತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಸ್ವಾಸ್ಥ್ಯ ಇಲಾಖೆಯ ಉಪ ನಿರ್ದೇಶಕ ಬಿ.ಎಸ್.ಶ್ರೀಧರ್ ಮಾತನಾಡಿ, ‘‘ರಾಜ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ 13,107 ನೋಂದಾಯಿತ ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳಿವೆ. ಇವುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ 3600 ಬಾಯ್ಲರ್‌ಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಸುಮಾರು 14,84,188 ಕಾರ್ಮಿಕರು ಕೆಲಸ ನಿರ್ವಹಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಜತೆಗೆ, ಅಪಾಯಕಾರಿ ಕಾರ್ಯಾಚರಣೆ ಹೊಂದಿರುವ 1,113 ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳಿವೆ. ಇವುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ 78 ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳು ಅತೀ ಅಪಾಯಕಾರಿ ಕಾರ್ಯಾಚರಣೆಯನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿವೆ’’ ಎಂದರು. ‘‘ಮೆಸೂರು, ಕೊಡಗು, ಮಂಡ್ಯ, ಹಾಸನ ಮತ್ತು ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆಗಳನ್ನು ಒಳಗೊಂಡಿರುವ ಮೆಸೂರು ವಿಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಟ್ಟು 881 ನೋಂದಾಯಿತ ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳಿವೆ. 146 ಬಾಯ್ಲರ್‌ಗಳು ಮತ್ತು 84,956 ಕಾರ್ಮಿಕರು ಕೆಲಸ ನಿರ್ವಹಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ. 96 ಅಪಾಯಕಾರಿ ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳ ಪೆಕಿ 8 ಕಾರ್ಖಾನೆಗಳು ಅತೀ ಅಪಾಯಕಾರಿ ಕಾರ್ಯಾಚರಣೆ ಹೊಂದಿವೆ’’ ಎಂದು ಅಂಕಿ ಅಂಶಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ವಿವರಿಸಿದರು. ಕ್ಷಣಕ್ಷಣದ ಸುದ್ದಿ, ವಿಶ್ಲೇಷಣೆಗಳಿಗಾಗಿ ನಿಮ್ಮ ನೆಚ್ಚಿನ ‘ವಿಜಯ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ’ ವಾಟ್ಸ್‌ಆಪ್‌ ಚಾನಲ್‌ ಅನ್ನು ಫಾಲೋ ಮಾಡಿ

ಸೀಟು ಹಂಚಿಕೆ ಹಗರಣ: ಪ್ರತಿಭಟನೆ

ಓದಲೇ ಬೇಕಾದ ಸುದ್ದಿ

ಕಲಿಕೆಗೆ ತೊಡಕಾದ ಬಸ್‌ ಕೊರತೆ ; ತೂಗುಯ್ಯಾಲೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಹಾಡಿ ವಿದ್ಯಾರ್ಥಿಗಳ ಶಿಕ್ಷಣ


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