Political Philosophy Research Paper Topics

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This page provides a comprehensive list of political philosophy research paper topics that aim to guide students through the vast expanse of ideas, theories, and debates that have influenced political thought over the ages. Political philosophy, with its emphasis on societal structures, rights, justice, and governance, offers a rich tapestry of subjects for academic exploration. Navigating these topics is crucial for understanding the foundational principles that have dictated and continue to shape political systems worldwide.

100 Political Philosophy Research Paper Topics

Political philosophy holds an esteemed position in the vast realm of philosophical inquiry, examining the fundamental nature of governance, rights, freedom, and societal structures. As societies evolve, so too does the need for a deepened understanding of the principles that guide them. Diving into political philosophy research paper topics is more than an academic exercise; it’s an exploration into the fabric of our collective societal heritage and a forecast of future trajectories.

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  • Origin and evolution of political thought.
  • Natural rights and their influence on politics.
  • The role of reason in political decision-making.
  • The concept of the common good.
  • Pluralism and its implications.
  • Classical vs. modern political philosophies.
  • The notion of political obligation.
  • Autonomy and its role in politics.
  • Political philosophy and the question of human nature.
  • Liberty, equality, and their tensions.
  • Rousseau’s Social Contract and the general will.
  • Locke’s Two Treatises of Government and property rights.
  • Hobbes’ Leviathan and the necessity of a strong sovereign.
  • Rawls’ theory of justice and the veil of ignorance.
  • Scanlon’s contractualism.
  • Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement.
  • Contemporary criticisms of social contract theories.
  • The role of trust in social contracts.
  • Feminist perspectives on the social contract.
  • The social contract and non-Western philosophies.
  • Classical principles of Athenian democracy.
  • Modern representative democracies.
  • Merits and criticisms of autocratic governance.
  • The rise and implications of technocratic governance.
  • Participatory vs. deliberative democracy.
  • The challenges of direct democracy.
  • Monarchies and their evolving roles.
  • Theocracy and its place in modern politics.
  • Tribal and indigenous governance structures.
  • Supranational entities and global governance.
  • The philosophical foundations of human rights.
  • Balancing individual freedom and collective responsibility.
  • Limitations and responsibilities of free speech.
  • Rights to privacy in the digital age.
  • Economic rights and their implications.
  • Rights of marginalized and indigenous groups.
  • Environmental rights and intergenerational justice.
  • Philosophical debates on freedom vs. security.
  • The right to revolt and civil disobedience.
  • Duties and the scope of global responsibilities.
  • Socratic views on governance and society.
  • Medieval political thought and the divine right.
  • Enlightenment thinkers and the rise of republicanism.
  • Fascist and Nazi political philosophies.
  • Post-colonial political thought.
  • Marxism and its global implications.
  • Feminist political philosophies through history.
  • Confucianism and East Asian political thought.
  • African Ubuntu philosophy and politics.
  • The political thought of the American Founding Fathers.
  • Rawls’ Theory of Justice.
  • Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia.
  • Distributive vs. commutative justice.
  • The gendered perspective on justice.
  • Restorative and retributive justice.
  • The philosophy of social and economic equality.
  • Capability approach to justice.
  • The philosophical foundations of affirmative action.
  • Intersecting oppressions and justice.
  • The role of luck in justice and fairness debates.
  • Classical conceptions of political power.
  • Weber’s tripartite classification of authority.
  • The problem of political obligation.
  • Foucault’s power/knowledge thesis.
  • Challenges to political legitimacy.
  • The philosophical underpinnings of civil resistance.
  • Power dynamics in international relations.
  • The concept of soft power.
  • Critical theory and power structures.
  • The philosophy behind sovereign immunity.
  • Just War theory and its critiques.
  • Philosophical perspectives on nuclear deterrence.
  • Humanitarian interventions and their ethical implications.
  • Realism vs. liberalism in international politics.
  • Kant’s Perpetual Peace and modern peace theories.
  • The politics and philosophy of global institutions.
  • Philosophical underpinnings of international law.
  • Terrorism, radicalism, and their challenges to political philosophy.
  • The ethics of drone warfare.
  • Philosophical discussions on global migration and borders.
  • Philosophical defenses and critiques of capitalism.
  • Marxist theory and its contemporary relevance.
  • The evolution and varieties of socialism.
  • Anarchist philosophies and critiques of the state.
  • Fascism and its ideological roots.
  • Libertarianism: principles and criticisms.
  • Environmental political philosophies.
  • Feminist political ideologies.
  • Postmodern political thought.
  • The future of neoliberalism.
  • Contemporary Issues and Challenges in Political Philosophy.
  • The philosophical implications of populism.
  • Identity politics and its critiques.
  • Political philosophy in the age of information.
  • Climate change and political responsibilities.
  • Bioethics, technology, and governance.
  • Challenges and opportunities of globalism.
  • Philosophical perspectives on nationalism.
  • The future of democracy in a digital age.
  • The rights and roles of AI in politics.
  • The political implications of post-truth.

As we delve into the labyrinth of political philosophy research paper topics, we find ourselves confronted with a vast array of ideas, theories, and questions that have shaped societies for millennia. The dynamic interplay of power, rights, governance, and ethics remains as relevant today as it did in the days of Plato and Aristotle. Engaging with these topics is more than an academic endeavor—it’s a journey into the heart of what it means to be human, to be a citizen, and to be a part of the ever-evolving story of civilization. The timeless value of political philosophy serves as a testament to its enduring influence and the essential role it plays in our collective narrative.

The Range of Political Philosophy Research Paper Topics


The annals of Western thought have been significantly shaped by the enduring influence of political philosophy. From the early musings of Socratic dialogues to the nuanced debates in contemporary think tanks, political philosophy provides a compass by which societies navigate the turbulent waters of governance, rights, and justice.

Overview of the Historical Evolution of Political Philosophy

Political philosophy, as a distinct discipline, has its roots in ancient civilizations. Early Greek thinkers, notably Plato and Aristotle, laid the groundwork for many debates that persist today. Their considerations of the ideal state, justice, and the nature of leadership set the stage for millennia of discourse. This classical foundation was built upon during the Roman era by philosophers like Cicero and later during the Enlightenment by figures such as Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu. Their discussions on social contracts, individual rights, and the separation of powers have left an indelible mark on Western political systems.

The 19th and 20th centuries ushered in a plethora of new ideologies, spurred by industrialization, wars, and revolutions. Thinkers like Marx and Engels critiqued capitalism and introduced revolutionary socialist ideals. Concurrently, the horrors of war led to reflections on nationalism, imperialism, and the ethics of conflict, with philosophers like Hannah Arendt dissecting the roots of totalitarianism and the banality of evil.

Relevance of Political Philosophy Research Paper Topics

A venture into political philosophy research paper topics offers a unique prism through which one can comprehend the evolution and diversity of human governance. Every political system, from monarchies to democracies, springs from a foundational philosophical rationale. For instance, understanding the American Revolution and its aftermath is enriched by a grasp of Lockean principles of life, liberty, and property. Similarly, dissecting the rise and fall of Soviet communism is more insightful when one considers Marxist-Leninist tenets.

Moreover, as globalization melds East and West, there’s an increasing importance in understanding non-Western political philosophies. Confucianism’s influence on East Asian governance models, or the Ubuntu philosophy’s impact on African communal values, are testament to the vast expanse of political philosophical thought.

Contemporary Significance and Challenges Addressed by Political Philosophy

Today, the world is no less complex than it was for our philosophical forebears. We grapple with issues of globalism vs. nationalism, the role of AI in governance, and the sociopolitical ramifications of climate change. These challenges necessitate a philosophical lens. For instance, debates on global migration are enriched by applying Rawlsian principles of justice. Similarly, the ethical implications of surveillance in our digital age can be assessed through Foucauldian concepts of power dynamics.

Political philosophy research paper topics also offer avenues to dissect newer ideologies and movements. The rise of populism in various parts of the world, debates surrounding identity politics, and the philosophical underpinnings of the alt-right or antifa movements provide rich grounds for exploration.

The Role of Political Philosophy in Shaping Public Opinion, Policy-making, and Societal Norms

While often regarded as a high-brow academic pursuit, political philosophy is intrinsically tied to the pulse of the street. The philosophical convictions of thinkers often trickle down to shape public opinion and, by extension, influence policy-making. For instance, the principles articulated in John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty inform contemporary discussions on free speech and societal limits.

Additionally, societal norms, like our collective views on privacy, freedom, or equality, are continually shaped by ongoing philosophical discourses. The feminist philosophical movement, for example, has had tangible impacts, reshaping societal norms and pushing for policy changes in areas like workplace rights, reproductive health, and representation.

As the global landscape undergoes rapid and unpredictable shifts, the significance of political philosophy research paper topics becomes ever more pronounced. These topics, rooted in age-old debates yet adaptable to contemporary quandaries, provide invaluable tools for dissecting, understanding, and ultimately shaping the world around us. In a globalized, digitized age, political philosophy remains a beacon, illuminating the path for governance, societal values, and human rights. Its timeless relevance stands as a testament to the depth and breadth of issues it addresses, guiding societies past, present, and future.

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political philosophy essay topics

460 Excellent Political Topics to Write about in 2024

If you have an assignment in politics, look no further—this article will help you ace your paper. Here, you will find a list of unique political topics to write about compiled by our custom writing team .

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But that’s not all of it! Keep reading if you want to:

  • See how to tackle political essay topics in your paper;
  • Choose a topic that will be interesting for you to research;
  • Refresh your knowledge of essential political concepts.

Now, without further ado, let’s get started! Below, you’ll find political topics and questions for your task.

  • 🔝 Top 10 Topics
  • ✅ Main Political Concepts
  • 🇺🇸 American Politics Topics
  • 🌐 Global Politics
  • 📚 Political Science
  • 🏛️ Political Philosophy
  • ⚖️ Comparative Politics
  • 💵 Political Economy
  • 🍴 Food Politics
  • 🌱 Environmental Politics
  • 📖 Political Case Study Topics
  • ✍️ How to Write a Political Essay

🔍 References

🔝 top 10 political topics to write about.

  • The political causes of terrorism
  • Why do we need political parties?
  • Is politics connected to religion?
  • Does an ideal political system exist?
  • How to prevent ideological conflicts
  • Electoral systems around the world
  • The role of the UN in the world politics
  • Should nuclear weapons be banned?
  • The importance of international relations
  • Should the government control the internet?

✅ Main Political Concepts to Focus On

Politics is an exciting and versatile subject. Contrary to popular belief, it’s not confined to senates and debate chambers. It also takes place on the streets and in your home. You can even say that everything is political.

Politics has so many areas to study—it may be hard to decide what to choose. Let’s see what interesting concepts you can focus on:

  • Government and all that concerns the state. It includes actions that involve state institutions and people serving them. You might want to concentrate on voting, transnational interactions, or acts of politicians.
  • We’ve all heard that conflict is a healthy part of every relationship. Do you believe that politics should embrace the differences? Then you may want to study the mechanisms of protests and revolutions.
  • Or, you can focus on methods of nonviolent conflict resolution .
  • Execution of power . Here the question is: what is power? Study various definitions and choose the ones you like best.
  • Maybe you consider politics a social activity . You can also think of it as more of a public activity . Look into these concepts and see where politics takes place.

Does any of these ideas seem particularly interesting to you? Write an essay about it! Or, if you want inspiration, check our extensive list of ideas covering every major branch of politics. Below you will find current political topics as well as historical ones.

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🇺🇸 American Politics Essay Topics

Inner social and economic tensions have led to drastic changes in America’s political climate. The divide between Democrats and Republicans grows more resonant by the minute. What is your opinion on these developments? Have a closer look at it with one of our engaging topics:

  • Discuss gun control measures and crime rates reduction in the US.
  • Analyze Kanye West’s presidential campaign.
  • What are the crucial current issues to voters in America?
  • Do national politics in the USA neglect older adults?
  • Why isn’t the right to privacy listed in the US constitution?
  • The American government has extensive plans concerning the closure of Purdue Pharma. But are they acting in the public’s best interest?
  • Pros and cons of raising the number of justices at the Supreme Court .
  • Write about American neutrality and contribution in the Great War.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of building a fortified border wall between the USA and Mexico .
  • What would happen to California if it became an independent country?
  • Who should pay for essential healthcare services in America?
  • Does the two-party-system do more harm than good?

Bill Gindlesperger quote.

  • What did President Trump achieve by pulling out of the Paris Climate Accord?
  • Describe how the American states collaborate in the federal system .
  • Is a cap on immigration to the US necessary?
  • How does wealth inadequacy affect American democracy?
  • The role of freedom in American politics .
  • How does the Electoral College work?
  • What are the implications of Donald Trump’s revealed tax statements?
  • Political impact of the body positivity movement in America.
  • The BLM movement as covered by Fox News vs. CNN .
  • The US-Australian cooperation and its implications.
  • Should the US seek tighter bonds with China ?
  • What’s the easiest way to become politically involved in the US?
  • Why should you join a political party?
  • Effects of the war on drugs.
  • Debate implementing more restrictive gun laws nationwide.
  • America’s role in restoring Europe after World War II .
  • How does social media influence political decisions in America?
  • Is capitalism the best system for the US?
  • Why don’t LGBT people in America have the same rights as straight people?
  • How did the legalization of dispensaries in California impact consumer behavior ?
  • What branches does the American government consist of?
  • How is poverty affecting rural communities in the US?
  • Explore law enforcement in the US on local, state, and federal levels.
  • Discuss the limits of executive power in New Jersey.
  • Should Oregon implement a cap on the price of medicines?
  • What caused healthcare in America to become so expensive?
  • Religious extremism in the US after 9/11.
  • Your position on the American intervention in Syria .
  • What caused many people to lose trust in President Trump’s government?
  • Describe the state of affairs that allowed Donald Trump to win the 2016 election.
  • What laws restrict campaign financing in Florida?
  • Discuss the budgeting of the US Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Evaluate President Trump’s crisis response.
  • Outline the ideas of American politicians from parties on the margin.
  • The importance of the Hispanic vote.
  • The Patriot Act : facts and controversies.
  • How do stereotypes towards Asian Americans influence their opportunities?
  • The power of line-item vetoes in Wisconsin.

🌐 Global Political Topics to Talk About

Global politics studies basic political ideas on an international scale. This subject combines multiple social sciences to analyze political activity worldwide. Choose between the topics concerning human rights, development, conflict, and international relations.

  • Why did Reporters without Borders build a library in Minecraft?
  • How influential are NGOs?
  • What are the main functions of the UN ?
  • Discuss how the 2015 migrant crisis affected European politics.
  • What are the drawbacks of being stateless ?
  • African socialism in the 1950s and 1960s.
  • Has the US become estranged from its European allies?
  • What is the Human Development Index?
  • Explain the three waves of democratization .
  • Why do some countries suffer from terrorism more than others?
  • Discuss methods of conflict resolution used by the African Union.
  • At what point does a crisis justify international intervention?
  • Trace the events of the 2020 election in Belarus .
  • What caused the Eastern Mediterranean to be war-torn?
  • Discuss the role of gender in modern Africa .
  • How did the California Gold Rush in 1848 impact global politics?
  • The development of Latin American cities in the past 30 years.
  • Why was Germany hesitant to participate in colonization ? What led to the change of heart?
  • Israeli-Palestine conflict and the global community.
  • How do countries reconcile after being at war with each other?
  • What is the Spratly Islands dispute?
  • Why does China claim ownership of the South China Sea? What makes it a globally important issue?
  • The threats of transnational organized crime .
  • What are the effects of Brexit on the UK and international relations?
  • How does a country’s geography shape its politics?
  • US foreign policy : criticism and problems.
  • The purpose and importance of global health .
  • Discuss how Sub-Saharan Africa can become independent of foreign aid.
  • Global citizenship : characteristics and responsibilities.
  • How does feminism influence global relations?
  • What does deterrence theory entail?
  • Explain how the International Court of Justice works.
  • Global war in terrorism: what are its main challenges?
  • What causes interdependence between nations?
  • Why do states need to be internationally acknowledged? What happens if they aren’t?
  • Structural effects of uneven resource distribution.
  • Gender bias in global politics .
  • Explore the history of Cambodian politics.
  • Kazakhstan : the proposal to switch the alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin.
  • What factors determine if a country is safe to travel to?
  • Discuss Daniel Drezner’s theories of global politics.
  • The development of the UK’s global political influence.
  • Compare how various countries protect their indigenous cultures .
  • Should the EU be dissolved?
  • What is Wilsonianism?
  • Characterize America’s foreign affairs in the Middle East.
  • What rights does a stateless person have?
  • Amnesty international: criticism and controversies.
  • What has the Pan-African movement achieved?
  • How did American government respond to the Arab Spring?

📚 Political Science Topics to Research

Political science studies collective decisions and their consequences. Part of this process is analyzing the structure and mechanisms of government. Researchers in this field consider psychological, social, and cultural aspects of political activity.

  • The rise of Austria’s Freedom Party in 2000. 
  • What can game theory tell us about society? 
  • Discuss the concept of nationhood, its benefits, and pitfalls.  
  • Trace the development of the Nigerian government from the ’60s up to now. 
  • The impact of celebrities on political campaigning . 
  • Describe the goals of the anti-globalization movement. 
  • Why did all Germany’s attempts to form a republic fail until after World War II? 
  • The effects of poverty on Australian indigenous peoples . 
  • What type of events affect voting behavior the most? 
  • Examine historical examples of anarchist societies. 
  • Does a president need to represent all of their country’s citizens ? 
  • What are the advantages of polling?  
  • Can monarchies be democratic? 
  • What influences people’s political beliefs? 
  • The regulation of water supply in Latin American countries. 
  • Describe how the media affects cultural globalization . 
  • Compare right and left-wing terrorist groups.  
  • What constitutes tyranny? 
  • How does the Saudi Arabian government work? 

Globalization is.

  • The relationship between the automobile industry and politics in Japan .
  • Crisis theory, its strengths, and its weaknesses.
  • What are the goals of the alt-right?
  • The historical significance of the treaty of Westphalia.
  • Was the Equal Rights Amendment doomed to fail? What is its current status?
  • How does tourism affect Caribbean politics?
  • What makes someone a leader?
  • Discuss how powerful states influence poorer ones.
  • How does the EU make decisions?
  • Examine the success rate of petitions.
  • The psychology behind supporting extremist groups .
  • The mechanics of propaganda : when language becomes a political tool.
  • Class 12 political education: preparing students to vote in their first election.
  • Analyze the structure of the Chinese Communist Party.
  • What does the Lemon test determine?
  • Is fear a good instrument of control?
  • The political danger of fake news .
  • How do civil wars happen?
  • Political culture: why did democracy in Iraq fail?
  • Investigate the conflict between China and Tibet.
  • Should institutions benefit society’s poorest members?
  • The role of poverty in driving the popularity of Boko Haram in Nigeria.
  • Why do some people miss the Soviet Union ?
  • What are the differences between the IS and al-Qaeda?
  • Organization of the Taliban government in Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.
  • Political radicalization on the internet.
  • The importance of women in governments .
  • Balance of power theory and modern world order.
  • The dangers of neopatrimonialism in African politics.
  • Why was the French Revolution an important event in history?
  • What influences outside the government can impact policymaking ?

🏛️ Best Political Philosophy Essay Topics

What type of systems can ensure a happy life for everyone? Political philosophy, or political theory, seeks to answer this question. Its goal is to create a social standard by applying ethics to politics. Get contemplative with our interesting political theory paper topics:

  • How ethical is capitalism ?
  • Explore the ideological connection between liberalism and feminism.
  • How close is your community to Plato’s ideal society?
  • What would happen if we leave capitalism behind?
  • Discuss the concept of democracy in political theory.
  • Ethical issues concerning globalization .
  • What would Aristotle say about the world’s current state of affairs?
  • Marx’s and Lenin’s imperialism theories.
  • Was Jean-Jacques Rousseau right in saying that a civil society began with a fence?
  • Is restricting immigration an ethical way to increase wages?
  • How relevant is John Locke’s social contract theory today?
  • Explore the problems of democratic transition and consolidation.
  • Analyze the shortcomings of positivism.
  • Discuss John Rawls’ position on justice.
  • What is philosophical anarchism ?
  • How does Michel Foucault explain the development of Western penal systems in Discipline and Punish ?
  • Discuss grounds on which war is morally permissible or even necessary.
  • The influence of existentialism on Western politics.
  • What events sparked the foundation of the Paris Commune?
  • How can governments and communities cooperate?
  • Can religion have a positive influence on lawmaking?
  • What does it mean to have authority ?
  • Should governments provide stability or freedom of choice?
  • The influence of revisionism on the German Social Democratic Party policies.
  • Is gerrymandering always unjust?
  • How did the idea of democracy change from ancient Greece to modern times?
  • Is the law always morally right?
  • The role of violence in the ideologies of Pyotr Kropotkin and Mikhail Bakunin.
  • Police corruption: understanding and prevention.
  • Is democracy indeed a rule by the people?
  • What’s the difference between nationalism and patriotism?
  • The role of power from the post-structuralist perspective.
  • Is there a big divide between Asian and Western political ideology?
  • What motivates someone to be politically active?
  • Why are students typically engaged in politics?
  • Is populism ethical?
  • Provide an advanced perspective of public policy.
  • Should the state be allowed to decide whether an individual can end their life?
  • The meaning of the term “ liberalism ” from its origins to this day.
  • What do feminists mean by saying “the personal is political”?
  • How do you define the word “ political ”?
  • Discuss dehumanization and its evolution in warfare.
  • If you could start a whole culture anew, what would its principles be?
  • Analyze how pornography can be political.
  • Policymaking: systemic thinking on various levels.
  • Are liberal government models the end of political development?
  • How did the US government morally justify the Vietnam war ?
  • According to Thomas Hobbes, why do citizens need a Leviathan ?
  • Describe Machiavelli’s position concerning the role of religion in politics.
  • The influence of Ayn Rand’s objectivism on libertarian movements.

⚖️ Comparative Politics Essay Topics

Have you ever wondered how the state influences a nation’s economy? Scholars of comparative politics know the answer. They analyze governments by comparing and contrasting them. Choose a topic in this category to discover the differences between various political systems.

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  • What causes nations to transform their governments?
  • Define the differences between a nation and a nation-state .
  • Causes of war: comparative politics and peace studies.
  • The politics of baby boomers vs. millennials .
  • Is the “ tyranny of the majority ” an unavoidable weakness of democracy?
  • Characteristics of authoritarian vs. totalitarian regimes.

Contemporary forms of government.

  • What are the differences between laws and executive orders ? 
  • How does bureaucracy work in Norway vs. Russia? 
  • Living conditions in South African squatter settlements and Brazilian favelas. 
  • Compare conservative ideology in the US vs. the Netherlands. 
  • What is the ideological difference between liberalism and conservatism?  
  • Discuss the advantages of a participatory vs. a representative democracy . 
  • What are the current trends in democratization ? 
  • Compare the contents of the French vs. the British constitution . 
  • Describe the differences between federal and unitary governments. 
  • The executive’s role in Japan vs. China. 
  • Political parties in Canada: ideological analysis.  
  • What does it take to pass a law in Finland as compared to Sweden? 
  • How does the naturalization process work in Canada vs. the US? 
  • What factors impact political participation in different countries? 
  • How does a country’s education influence its citizens’ political activity? 
  • Analyze the role of interest groups in the USA and Poland. 
  • How do presidential systems work in comparison to parliamentary systems?  
  • Idealism versus realism in international politics   
  • Ownership laws in Nigeria vs. Eritrea. 
  • Compare Saddam Hussein’s regime with societies from Orwell’s 1984 .  
  • Identify current trends in voter turnout . 
  • What constitutes the civil society in India and Pakistan? 
  • Contrast the structures and influence of the top five grassroots movements. 
  • The role of independent media in political education. 
  • What factors determine whether a societal change is successful? 
  • Compare American and Icelandic healthcare systems.  
  • Protest votes: in which system do they work best? 
  • Which fundamental ideologies do most of the world’s democracies share? 
  • The social consequences of corruption in Mexico vs. Venezuela. 
  • The perception of conservatism in the US vs. other countries. 
  • Analyze Indian and Brazilian democracies.  
  • Revolving door politics in Japan vs. Australia. 
  • How is gender equality institutionalized in different countries? 
  • Why are green parties more successful in Europe than in the US? 
  • Contrast political education across the states of the former Soviet Union . 
  • The influence of the military on the government in the US vs. New Zealand. 
  • Achievements of the LGBT movement in Poland and the Czech Republic. 
  • What are sustainability measures in South Africa vs. Senegal? 
  • The evolution of women’s rights in Russia vs. Switzerland. 
  • How does federalism in Brazil differ from the one in America? 
  • Compare Peru’s and Lesotho’s unitary systems. 
  • Comparison between Florida and Maryland’s legislative frameworks.  
  • Contrast various military governments. Can they be beneficial for the public? 
  • Political socialization in France vs. India. 

💵 Political Economy Topics to Write About

Are you interested in how trade relates to a nation’s law and government? Then this section is for you. Scholars in this field study how economic theories influence societies. On top of that, they advise governments on economic policies and proposals. Find a great topic in the list below:

  • Economic interdependence theory and future of trade.
  • How do oligopolies influence the market?
  • What are the economic effects of taxation ?
  • Do democratic countries have better economies than autocratic states?
  • Did NAFTA overall benefit Mexico’s economy?
  • The oil industry in Saudi Arabia: analysis and strategies.
  • Globalization and the economy: interrelations and consequences.
  • What are the goals of the WTO?
  • How did the foundation of OPEC shape oil trade?
  • What factors influence the global GMO market?
  • Explain the concept of the invisible hand.
  • What are the characteristics of public goods?
  • Does private ownership necessarily lead to inequality?
  • How did mercantilism affect colonized countries?
  • Define critical political economy theory.
  • What role does mass media play in a nation’s economic decisions?
  • The current revival of neoliberalism .
  • Why does the exchange rate matter?
  • The role of competition in politics.
  • How did the development of financial systems impact governments?
  • Why did President Trump’s tax reports cause a scandal?
  • How did economic troubles lead to political tensions in the EU?
  • What policies did countries in South-East Asia implement to drive economic growth?
  • Can guaranteed income prevent socio-economic crises?
  • How are pension age policies connected to a country’s economic situation?
  • The impact of terrorism on oil prices and production.
  • What were the political pros and cons of the gold standard ?
  • Does the trade war between the US and China have the potential to affect global trade?
  • What types of governments are more likely to engage in protectionism ?
  • How is America “weaponizing” the dollar?
  • Discuss risk management strategies during the financial crisis in the US.
  • Utilitarian ethics in political economy.
  • What is the minimum wage , and how do you calculate it?
  • Do big companies have too much political influence?
  • The effects of gender-biased laws on economic systems .
  • What are the economic concerns behind sustainable policies?
  • Why are European countries struggling to convert to green energies ?
  • Does turning away from fossil fuels automatically mean a decrease in economic growth?
  • How do policies create wealth gaps?
  • What do wealthy countries do to stay rich?
  • Describe the political consequences of outsourcing .
  • The connection between political instability and widespread poverty .
  • The political economy of financing conflicts in the Middle East.
  • Why do countries export weapons to war-torn areas?
  • How do political power balances create inequality?
  • The politics of free markets vs. planned economies.
  • What are the key elements of the political economy, according to Marxism ?
  • Explain the 19th-century socialist ideology.
  • What effects do a country’s political institutions have on the development of organized crime ?
  • Feminism in the political economy .

🍴 Food Politics Essay Topics

Decisions concerning packaging labels and food safety regulations belong in the realm of food politics. This branch also encompasses aspects related to food production, distribution, and consumption. Dive into the world of food politics with one of our popular writing ideas:

  • How much should the government influence our food choices ? 
  • What’s political about our diet? 
  • How do food politics influence our eating habits ? 
  • Why do most American food production companies add sugar and syrup to bread? 
  • The politics of kid-targeted food advertising.  
  • What are the differences between the major labels of organic food ? 
  • Should conventional agriculture still be subsidized? 
  • What are the most dominant conflicts of interest in the agricultural industry today?
  • What can governments do to make fresh and healthy foods more accessible? 
  • Compare various government-sponsored programs to promote a healthy diet . 
  • How does the demand regulate the market in terms of food products ? 
  • Will we ever be able to eradicate hunger globally?  
  • How can policies and restrictions make the food industry more sustainable? 
  • Why are food politics crucial to achieving development goals? 
  • Should governments ban plastic bags and packaging? 
  • Following the annexation of Crimea , Russia received heavy sanctions . It prompted President Putin to ban the import of food products from Europe and the US. How does this affect the country? 
  • Monsanto : the political influence of America’s former biggest GMO seed distributor. 
  • What issues are associated with eco-friendly food packaging?  
  • What would be the consequences of outlawing alcohol ? 

Charlotte Biltekoff quote.

  • Should there be a ban on advertisements for unhealthy foods? 
  • Lobbying tactics in the alcohol industry. 
  • Discuss the benefits of implementing higher taxes on soft drinks. 
  • When can a company label their product as “natural”? 
  • Discuss the problems related to US school cafeterias.  
  • The danger of alcopops: policies that prevent early alcohol consumption . 
  • Challenges of regulating deceptive health claims. 
  • How does sponsored research influence nutritional guidelines? 
  • The biopolitics of nutrition and food distribution. 
  • What should all food labels contain to ensure safe consumption? 
  • The vegan movement’s impact on the organic food market. 
  • How did industrialization change the way we eat? 
  • Is ethnic food underrepresented in nutritional guidelines? If so, why? 
  • Discuss the role of price in alcohol consumption.  
  • Why is cannabis banned in many countries, but cigarettes aren’t? 
  • Sin tax: what are its unintended social repercussions? 
  • How do gruesome pictures on cigarette packages influence smoking behavior? 
  • Consumption of harmful products in states with and without a sin tax. 
  • Treatment of migrant fruit pickers in Texas . 
  • California removed sugary drinks and sweets from its public schools. Did this lead to a decrease in youth obesity? 
  • Food safety: a policy issue in agriculture today.  
  • What would sustainable policies on regulating food waste be? 
  • Should governments allocate more resources into cloning research to satisfy the meat demand? 
  • The political influence of the American meat industry. 
  • Should animal rights be secured in the constitution? 
  • The development of whale hunting laws in Japan. 
  • What type of regulations could ensure sustainable fishing ? 
  • What’s the problem with “Big food”? 
  • Examine the food vs. fuel dilemma. 
  • Discuss the court case in which a Colorado bakery refused to bake a wedding cake for a gay couple. 
  • Denial of food access as a war weapon. 

🌱 Environmental Political Research Topics

Issues like sustainability and climate change need coordinated political decisions. That’s where environmental politics comes into play. This branch analyzes policymaking as well as political theories and ideas concerning the environment. Besides, it investigates what position political parties and social movements have on the matter. If you want to address environmental concerns in your essay, this section is for you.

  • How can the global power of the church be used to drive sustainability agendas? 
  • Why do some arid countries want to tow icebergs? What are the environmental consequences of this practice? 
  • What are the goals of the carbon tax?  
  • Why should cities endorse greenways in their urban planning ? 
  • How did Nigerian activists react to the environmental consequences of the country’s excessive oil production? 
  • Political strategies to preserve biodiversity . 
  • What did the Kyoto protocol achieve? 
  • Why didn’t Iran and Turkey sign the Paris Agreement ? 
  • Explore the environmental positions of various parties across the political spectrum. 
  • Is sustainability a viable aspiration for a community?  
  • Why are liberal governments more likely to address environmental concerns than conservative ones? 
  • Does it take an authoritarian state to combat global warming effectively? 
  • The benefits of environmental education in class 11. 
  • How do interest groups manipulate political action against environmental problems ? 
  • Is lobbyism responsible for the hesitation in terms of setting strict sustainability goals? 
  • The Clean Water Act: achievements and shortcomings.  
  • Are governments doing enough to tackle environmental issues ? 
  • The success of market mechanisms in environmental policymaking. 
  • Discuss the progress made to control air pollution in China. 
  • What roles do NGOs play in driving policies to protect nature? 
  • Are environmental politics mostly moving forward in times of a crisis? 
  • Geoengineering : should governments rely on changing the weather instead of adjusting regulations? 
  • Discuss the correlation between energy crisis and climate change.  
  • How will Indonesia’s new Omnibus Law impact environmental politics? 
  • The influence of social movements in making the fishery industry more sustainable. 
  • How can governments ensure green conservation without reducing their country’s living standards? 
  • Is ecoterrorism a good way to bring attention to under-discussed problems? 
  • Investigate how environmental politics can reconcile its proponents with its adversaries. 
  • How did Hannah Arendt influence modern political thought about nature? 
  • What is ecofeminism , and what are its goals? 
  • Implications of the Gaia hypothesis for environmental politics. 
  • Provide an outline of an environmental conservation project.  
  • Al Gore’s influence on environmental decisions during his time as vice president. 
  • Sustainability initiatives in the US vs. Europe. 
  • The significance of environmental politics in international relations. 
  • Discuss the link between social justice movements and the rise of green parties. 
  • Should the California government promote native fire tending techniques to save the state’s forests ? 
  • An Inconvenient Truth : legacy and criticism. 
  • Do not let Belgrade d(r)own: environmental activism in the Balkans. 
  • The role of the military in protecting nature. 
  • What plans does the New Zealand government have to reduce carbon emissions ? 
  • Responsible mining practices in the Philippines. 


  • Political cooperation efforts for protecting the Caspian Sea.
  • Discuss the benefits and costs of the US acid rain program.
  • How did the COVID-19 pandemic impact environmental policymaking?
  • The role of populism in addressing climate change .
  • Radioactive waste management policies in the EU.
  • Contrast the methods of various climate justice organizations.
  • How can we use AI to protect the environment ?
  • Combating food waste in Norway: consequences of introducing the phrase “best before, often good after” on food labels.

📖 Political Case Study Topics to Look Into

Case studies are valued among all social sciences. They are an excellent method to learn from real-life examples. What’s even better, you can apply the information you’ve gathered from them to a broader framework. If you prefer a practical approach to politics, check out these compelling ideas:

  • The 2011 drought caused the Yangtze River to carry significantly less water. How did this affect Chinese politics? 
  • The Arctic ice is melting at an unprecedented pace. How do politicians cooperate in combating it? 
  • Pollution has caused an ecological disaster in Kamchatka. What was the Russian government’s response to the crisis? 
  • The economic growth of Asian countries has put them on the radar of potential Western allies. What stands in the way of a successful partnership? 
  • Apartheid in South Africa didn’t end until the 1990s. What events led up to the system’s abolishment? 
  • Botswana used to be one of the world’s poorest countries. Now, it’s considered a role model for African development. How did it achieve its wealth? 
  • Environmental NGOs have positioned themselves against fracking from the very beginning. How do their actions impact congressional decision making? 
  • Guinea-Bissau is a haven for the illegal drug trade. Politicians are not able to contain it. How did the situation develop? 
  • In Nigeria, ethnic minorities and the state claim ownership over the country’s oil reserves. How did this conflict emerge? What has been done to solve it? 
  • In 2016, military troops attempted to overthrow the Turkish government. Why did they fail? 
  • In 2020, the military took over the Mali government. How did it happen? What was the international response? 
  • Kenya remained under British rule until 1963. Describe the consequences colonization had on the country. 
  • Nornickel is a Russian Nickel and Palladium production company. In 2020, it has caused two major environmental disasters: an oil leakage and a wastewater spill. What were the consequences? What did officials do to cover it up? 
  • In the 20th century, Latin America was home to many dictatorships. To this day, some countries in the area are struggling with their governments. How did this happen? 
  • The Universal Child Allowance is a conditional cash transfer designed to help underage Argentinian children from low-income families. Investigate their impact. 
  • Microfinancing has created a debt trap for women in Sri Lanka . As a result, they formed a cooperative movement with better credit conditions. Could such cooperatives be an alternative to microfinancing worldwide? 
  • Greece’s refugee camps are notorious for their harsh living conditions. Investigate their access to healthcare. 
  • Few countries are as affected by HIV as India . Identify how this phenomenon connects to the nation’s high poverty rate. 
  • Civil conflict in Columbia between the far-right, far-left, and the government has been ravaging the country for decades. What strategies could restore peace ? 
  • Bhutan has recently transitioned from an absolutist monarchy to a democracy. How did religion influence this development? 
  • Class identity has been a central topic in post-apartheid South Africa . How are changes in identity perception impacting politics? 
  • Incarceration rates among black citizens in America are significantly higher than among white people. Discuss how this is linked to racial profiling . 
  • The Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orbán funds populist propaganda campaigns. How does he instrumentalize the national identity to drive his agenda? 
  • During the 2020 elections in the United States , there was no clear result on the election night. Yet, Donald Trump has falsely declared himself the winner before the official announcement. What political intentions did he have? 
  • In 2014, Scotland tried to gain independence from Great Britain through a referendum. Why did it fail? Would it be more likely to succeed now? 
  • Women’s rights in countries under Islamic rule are often underdeveloped. How did the Musawah movement influence lawmaking in these nations? 
  • Tel Aviv’s Ben Gurion is the world’s most secure airport. Explore its history. What makes it unique? 
  • Ever since its foundation, the US has been a dream destination for many immigrants. How did this situation change since President Trump promised to build the wall  
  • The Antarctic has plenty of lands to offer. Currently, governments are engaging in territorial disputes. Who does this land belong to? Why is this debate relevant? 
  • Since 2019, Hong Kong people have been protesting laws that potentially impose closer legal bonds with mainland China. How did these protests influence the legislature so far? How did the governments in Hong Kong and China react? 
  • The Gaza strip has been a center of an ongoing conflict between Palestine and Israel. How did its latest developments influence Israeli security politics? 
  • Child labor is a significant problem in the Philippines. What does the country do to tackle it? 
  • South Ossetia is a Caucasus region fighting for autonomy. It is officially recognized as part of Georgia by most countries. Plans to integrate the de facto state with Russian North Ossetia have failed. What caused the fights? What can be done to solve the conflict? 
  • Asian countries are developing rapidly. It causes economic competition for the neighboring nations. What factors led China and Japan to emerge as global players? 
  • In Vietnam , agriculture has undergone significant changes in the past decades. How have these transformations impacted farmers? 
  • The Ottoman Empire used to be an enormous state. It encompassed most of Southeastern Europe and much of Arabia. How did its dissolution lead to modern-day conflicts on the Arabian Peninsula? 
  • Tokyo is one of the most densely populated cities in the world. How does the government ensure enough housing opportunities? 
  • The Saudi Arabian crown prince Mohammad bin Salman was celebrated for his liberal economic and social reforms. Why was he suspected of ordering the assassination of journalist and government critic Jamal Khashoggi ? 
  • Colton is a valuable mineral found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The excessive mining of the resource has led to increased criminal activity and conflict. How is this impacting the local civilians? What solutions have been proposed? 
  • Sierra Leone was engaged in a war with the Revolutionary United Front for 11 years. How did foreign intervention resolve the conflict? How did this experience impact the current political situation? 
  • Until its criminalization in 1997, cannabis has been a medicinal staple in Pakistan . Recently, the government approved the industrial production of the drug. What were the reasons for it? How is this going to affect the country’s economy? 
  • In Japan, decreasing birth rates have led to a steep decline in the population. What plans does the government have to tackle this problem? 
  • 4chan is an anonymous forum that caters to all kinds of interests. It is infamous for spreading hate and online radicalization. Some of America’s recent mass shooters were connected with the site, as is QAnon. What led to this development? Should the website be taken down? 
  • In 2019, American colleges were at the center of a bribery scandal. Celebrities tried to enroll their children with substandard grades into prestigious schools such as USC and Yale. How can colleges maintain their funding while ensuring equal opportunities for the less wealthy candidates? 
  • In the Ice Bucket Challenge , people poured a bucket of ice water over their heads. It was supposed to raise awareness for ALS. How did this activity impact disease research funding? 
  • In 2017 and 2018, Finland studied the consequences of universal basic income . What did the findings suggest? Should other countries adopt this strategy? 
  • Tesla electric car company has reinvented the automobile industry with its vehicles. What role did the company play in raising awareness of sustainability issues? 
  • Facebook is financed by targeted ads and data trade. How is this influencing voter behavior? 
  • The Interview is a 2014 political satire film in which American journalists plot to kill Kim-Jong Un. The film sparked outrage in North Korea . How did this impact US-North Korean political relations? 
  • In the US, advertisements for prescription drugs aren’t illegal. How does this influence consumer behavior in comparison with the countries where such advertisements are banned? 

✍️ How to Write an Essay on Politics

Are you eager to start your paper right away? Check these helpful essay writing tips! Keep them in mind when talking about political issue topics:

Get an originally-written paper according to your instructions!

  • Research. Read your notes first, then search the internet. Academic journals and government sites are an excellent place to start. Stay on point; don’t waste your time with sources that are not relevant to your topic.
  • The introduction presents all the essential terms and relevant literature. Your thesis statement belongs there.
  • Your paper’s body includes your arguments and supporting evidence. Use topic sentences to introduce your point.
  • The conclusion contains a summary of the essay’s key points.
  • Style and format. Write concisely in a formal manner. Ask your tutor for formatting requirements such as font, size, space, or margin. Don’t forget to include a reference list at the end.
  • Editing and proofreading. Check for spelling and grammar mistakes. Make sure all your arguments are directly connected to your topic. Lastly, make sure to cite all your sources properly.

That’s all we’ve got for you. We hope this article was useful and wish you good luck with your assignment!

Further reading:

  • 512 Research Topics on HumSS (Humanities & Social Sciences)
  • 430 Philosophy Topics & Questions for Your Essay
  • 560 Unique Controversial Topics & Tips for a Great Essay
  • 240 Controversial Debate Topics and Questions for Discussion
  • 625 Excellent Presentation Topics & Tips
  • A List of 212 Brilliant Research Proposal Topics to Investigate
  • 497 Interesting History Topics to Research
  • 435 Literary Analysis Essay Topics and Prompts [Upd]
  • 417 Business Research Topics for ABM Students
  • What Is Politics?: The Open University
  • Political Topics: Pew Research Center
  • Politics & Political Systems: Encyclopedia Britannica
  • Studying Global Politics: International Baccalaureate
  • Global Politics from the View of the Political Economy Trilemma: VOX EU
  • Managing 21st Century Political Risk: Harvard Business Review
  • US President Donald Trump and His Administration: Statistics & Facts: Statista.com
  • The Purposes of Government: US History
  • Undergraduate Sample Research Topics: Political Science: Western Michigan University
  • US Government and Politics: History.com
  • What is Political Science?: University of Washington
  • Political Philosophy: Methodology: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Social Science and Comparative Politics: Saylor Academy
  • Research Guides: Writing a Case Study: University of Southern California
  • Political Economy: Corporate Finance Institute
  • Topics in Political Economy: Trinity College Dublin
  • Food Politics and Development: Science Direct
  • Food Politics: United States: Encyclopedia.com
  • Importance of Environmental Ethics: Maryville University
  • American Politics Courses: University of California San Diego
  • Political Philosophy: Routledge.com
  • Overview of Comparative Politics: Oxford Handbooks
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Loyola University Chicago

Department of philosophy.

PHIL 327: Topics in Political Philosophy

The Generic Catalog Description

This course will concentrate on a specific issue in political philosophy. Typical topics include civil disobedience, war and peace, theories of political revolution, theories of utopia, and punishment and criminal justice.

PHIL 327: Topics in Political Philosophy: Liberalism and Feminism (class is linked with Dr. Ingram's PHIL 480)

This course will examine the liberal and feminist traditions in contemporary social and political philosophy.  We will begin by considering the foundational liberal social contract theory of John Rawls.  We will then address the ways that feminists have incorporated and rejected liberal thought within their theories of justice and care.  The course will also address radical feminist approaches that question the dominant liberal rights-based framework.  We will consider issues such as distributive justice and the family, the gendered basis for care and caregiving, multiculturalism and feminism, and liberal versus radical feminist positions on pornography.  Readings for the course will draw from the Anglo-American tradition in philosophy, possibly including works by authors such as John Rawls, Susan Moller Okin, Martha Nussbaum, Eva Kittay, Catharine MacKinnon, and Shulamith Firestone.

PHIL 327: Topics in Political Philosophy: Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy

How should we, as social beings, live together?  This is the fundamental question of political philosophy.  This course will address this question directly.  Following the example of Plato, we will think about an Ideal Society.  Specifically, we will ask, given the knowledge and resources that we possess, what is the best form of society that we, in the United States today, might construct? 

Virtually everyone would agree as to the basic political structure of our ideal society.  It should be a democracy.  Democracy has proven itself to be a durable and contagious ideal.  The history of the past several centuries has witnessed a steady deepening of democracy to include all citizens of a society and a steady spread of democracy--at least as an ideal--throughout the world.

There may be agreement about political structure, at least in broad outline, but there is no agreement about that other fundamental feature of a society--its economic structure.  It is this disagreement that will be the focus of this course.  Should our economic structure remain capitalist?  If so, to what sort of capitalism should we aspire, a conservative free-market economy that gives keeps governmental intervention to a minimum, or a more liberal version that would, among other things, allow the government to regulate the economy more and significantly redistribute income and wealth.  Or should we aim for something more drastic.  Should we aim for a "green" economy that incorporates both capitalist and socialist structures.  Or should we try to move beyond capitalism altogether?  Does there exist an economically viable socialist alternative to capitalism, or has the socialist project been wholly discredited?  If an economically viable alternative to capitalism does exist, is it worth fighting for?

To clarify the issues, we will read three books and a set of articles, each representing a contending view: conservative, liberal, green and socialist.  The conservative position is represented by the most influential economist of the post-World-War-Two period, Milton Friedman. We will read his classic statement, which is still, as you will see, highly relevant. The liberal position is represented by several figures, the philosopher John Rawls, the British philosopher/political scientist, Brian Barry and the economist James Galbraith.  The green position will be represented by another classic text, E. F. Schumacher's Small is Beautiful.  The socialist position will be set out in David Schweickart’s After Capitalism. 

These readings will comprise the first two-thirds of the course.  During the last third the class will divide into four groups, each of which will draw up a blueprint for its own Ideal Society, based (at least loosely) on one of the above perspectives.  The course will culminate in a Great Debate, in which each group attempts to defend its vision against the alternatives.

PHIL 327: Topics in Political Philosophy: Globalization Ethics

Thomas Wren

In this course we will explore economic and cultural issues of globalization, with particular attention to their normative dimensions of economic and cultural issues such as nationalism, colonialism, immigration,  cultural identity, group rights, and related topics such as global ecology.

We will draw on a variety of sources, including videos as well as books and articles. We will begin the course with excerpts from classic works such as Aristotle's Politics , Rousseau's Social Contract , Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Pea ce, and perhaps Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels's Communist Manifesto .    We will then look at texts from contemporary authors such as John Rawls. Jurgen Habermas, Thomas Pogge, Iris young, and  Seyla Benhabib.  The readings will be supplemented with several videos about some of the disturbing by-products of globalization.

This class will meet with Dr. Ingram's graduate seminar (PHIL 480) for lectures and video presentations, though not for the scheduled discussion sessions. 

Philosophy 327: Critical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings

David Ingrim

The course will survey some of the major themes and thinkers associated with the Frankfurt School of critical social theory. Besides examining issues  - most notably the dialectic of enlightenment, the authoritarian personality, and the problem of technology - that preoccupied first-generation critical theorists  Herbert Marcuse, Theodor Adorno, and Max Horkheimer, we will also discuss problems of communicative intersubjectivity, moral development, and self-identity that have dominated the thought of second-generation critical theorist Jürgen Habermas. We will then examine a major contemporary work on globalization and global solidarity by one of Habermas’s former students, Hauke Brunkhorst.

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Loyola University Chicago

Grad Coach

Research Topics & Ideas: Politics

100+ Politics-Related Research Ideas To Fast-Track Your Project

Political science research topics and ideas

Finding and choosing a strong research topic is the critical first step when it comes to crafting a high-quality dissertation or thesis. If you’ve landed on this post, chances are you’re looking for a politics-related research topic , but aren’t sure where to start. Here, we’ll explore a variety of politically-related research ideas across a range of disciplines, including political theory and philosophy, comparative politics, international relations, public administration and policy.

NB – This is just the start…

The topic ideation and evaluation process has multiple steps . In this post, we’ll kickstart the process by sharing some research topic ideas. This is the starting point, but to develop a well-defined research topic, you’ll need to identify a clear and convincing research gap , along with a well-justified plan of action to fill that gap.

If you’re new to the oftentimes perplexing world of research, or if this is your first time undertaking a formal academic research project, be sure to check out our free dissertation mini-course. Also, be sure to sign up for our free webinar that explores how to find a high-quality research topic from scratch.

Overview: Politics-Related Topics

  • Political theory and philosophy
  • Comparative politics
  • International relations
  • Public administration
  • Public policy
  • Examples of politics-related dissertations

Topics & Ideas: Political Theory

  • An analysis of the impact of feminism on political theory and the concept of citizenship in Saudi Arabia in the context of Vision 2030
  • A comparative study of the political philosophies of Marxism and liberalism and their influence on modern politics
  • An examination of how the Covid-19 pandemic affected the relationship between individual freedom and collective responsibility in political philosophy
  • A study of the impact of race and ethnicity on French political philosophy and the concept of justice
  • An exploration of the role of religion in political theory and its impact on secular democracy in the Middle East
  • A Review of Social contract theory, comparative analysis of the political philosophies of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau
  • A study of the concept of the common good in political philosophy and its relevance to the ongoing refugee crisis in Europe
  • An examination of the relationship between political power and the rule of law in developing African countries
  • A study of the impact of postmodernism on political theory and the concept of truth, a case study of the US
  • An exploration of the role of virtue in political philosophy and its impact on the assessment of moral character in political leaders

Topics & Ideas: Comparative Politics

  • A comparative study of different models of federalism and their impact on democratic governance: A case Study of South American federalist states
  • The impact of ethnic and religious diversity on political stability and democracy in developing countries, a review of literature from Africa
  • An analysis of the role of civil society in promoting democratic change in autocratic regimes: A case study in Sweden
  • A comparative examination of the impact of globalization on political institutions and processes in South America and Africa.
  • A study of the factors that contribute to successful democratization in authoritarian regimes, a review of the role of Elite-driven democratization
  • A comparison of the political and economic systems of China and India and their impact on social development
  • The impact of corruption on political institutions and democracy in South East Asia, a critical review
  • A comparative examination of the impact of majoritarian representation (winner-take-all) vs proportional representation on political representation and governance
  • An exploration of Multi-party systems in democratic countries and their impact on minority representation and policy-making.
  • A study of the factors that contribute to successful decentralization and regional autonomy, a case study of Spain

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Topics & Ideas: International Relations

  • A comparative analysis of the effectiveness of diplomacy and military force in resolving international conflicts in Central Africa.
  • The impact of globalization on the sovereignty of nation-states and the changing nature of international politics, a review of the role of Multinational Corporations
  • An examination of the role of international aid organizations in promoting peace, security, and development in the Middle East.
  • A study of the impact of economic interdependence on the likelihood of conflict in international relations: A critical review of weaponized interdependence
  • A comparative analysis of the foreign policies of the EU and the US and their impact on international stability in Africa
  • An exploration of the relationship between international human rights and national sovereignty during the Covid 19 pandemic
  • A study of the role of decentralized autonomous organizations (DAO)s in international politics and their impact on state behaviour
  • A comparative analysis of the effectiveness of international regimes in addressing global challenges such as climate change, arms control, and terrorism in Brazil
  • An examination of the impact of the rise of BRICS on the international system and global governance
  • A study of the role of ideology in shaping the foreign policies of states and the dynamics of international relations in the US

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Tops & Ideas: Public Administration

  • An analysis of the impact of digital technology on public administration and the delivery of public services in Estonia
  • A review of models of public-private partnerships and their impact on the delivery of public services in Ghana
  • An examination of the role of civil society organizations in monitoring and accountability of public administration in Papua New Guinea
  • A study of the impact of environmentalism as a political ideology on public administration and policy implementation in Germany
  • An exploration of the relationship between public administration and citizen engagement in the policy-making process, an exploration of gender identity concerns in schools
  • A comparative analysis of the efficiency and effectiveness of public administration, decentralisation and pay and employment reform in developing countries
  • A study of the role of collaborative leadership in public administration and its impact on organizational performance
  • A systematic review of the challenges and opportunities related to diversity and inclusion in police services
  • A study of the impact of corrupt public administration on economic development and regional growth in Eastern Europe
  • An exploration of the relationship between public administration and civil rights and liberties, including issues related to privacy and surveillance, a case study in South Korea

Research topic evaluator

Topics & Ideas: Public Policy

  • An analysis of the impacts of public policy on income inequality and poverty reduction in South Sudan
  • A comparative study of the effectiveness of legal and regulatory, economic and financial, and social and cultural instruments for addressing climate change in South Korea
  • An examination of the role of interest groups in shaping public policy and the policy-making process regarding land-use claims
  • A study of the impact of globalization on the development of public policies and programs for mitigating climate change in Singapore
  • An exploration of the relationship between public policy and social justice in tertiary education in the UAE
  • A comparative analysis of the impact of health policies for the management of diabetes on access to healthcare and health outcomes in developing countries
  • Exploring the role of evidence-based policymaking in the design and implementation of public policies for the management of invasive invertebrates in Australia
  • An examination of the challenges and opportunities of implementing educational dietary public policies in developing multicultural countries
  • A study of the impact of public policies on urbanization and urban development in rural Indonesia
  • An exploration of the role of media and public opinion in shaping public policy and the policy-making process in the transport industry of Malaysia

Examples: Politics Dissertations & Theses

While the ideas we’ve presented above are a decent starting point for finding a politics-related research topic, they are fairly generic and non-specific. So, it helps to look at actual dissertations and theses to see how this all comes together.

Below, we’ve included a selection of research projects from various politics-related degree programs to help refine your thinking. These are actual dissertations and theses, written as part of Master’s and PhD-level programs, so they can provide some useful insight as to what a research topic looks like in practice.

  • We, the Righteous Few: Immoral Actions of Fellow Partisans are Judged as Less Possible (Varnam, 2020)
  • Civilizing the State: Civil Society and the Politics of Primary Public Health Care Provision in Urban Brazil (Gibson, 2012)
  • Political regimes and minority language policies: evidence from Taiwan and southeast Asia (Wu, 2021)
  • The Feminist Third Wave: Social Reproduction, Feminism as Class Struggle, and Contemporary Women’s Movements (Angulo, 2019)
  • The Politics of Immigration under Authoritarianism (Joo, 2019)
  • The politics of digital platforms: Sour Dictionary, activist subjectivities, and contemporary cultures of resistance (Okten, 2019)
  • Vote choice and support for diverse candidates on the Boston City Council At-Large (Dolcimascolo, 2022)
  • The city agenda: local governance and national influence in the policy agenda, 1900-2020 (Shannon, 2022)
  • Turf wars: who supported measures to criminalize homelessness in Austin, Texas? (Bompiedi, 2021)
  • Do BITs Cause Opposition Between Investor Rights and Environmental Protection? (Xiong, 2022)
  • Revealed corruption and electoral accountability in Brazil: How politicians anticipate voting behavior (Diaz, 2021)
  • Intersectional Solidarity: The Political Consequences of a Consciousness of Race, Gender and Sexuality (Crowder, 2020)
  • The Congressional Hispanic Caucus and the Coalitional Representation of Latinxs in the U.S. House of Representatives (Munoz, 2019)

Looking at these titles, you can probably pick up that the research topics here are quite specific and narrowly-focused , compared to the generic ones presented earlier. In other words, to create a top-notch research topic, you must be precise and target a specific context with specific variables of interest . In other words, you need to identify a clear, well-justified research gap.

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If you’re still feeling a bit unsure about how to find a research topic for your dissertation or research project, check out our Topic Kickstarter service below.

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Interesting thesis.

Manu Adamu

I really appreciate your work which will greatly help me rethink on my topic

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Please how can I get the full thesis?

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7 key conversations that are dominating the field of political philosophy today

Even if you’ve never taken a course in political philosophy, odds are that you’ve spent time thinking about questions of political philosophy. What does it mean to be free? What is a fair way of distributing wealth and income? What do we owe citizens of other countries?

Getting started on the systematic study of these questions can be a daunting prospect, however. Even if you’ve studied political philosophy on your own or in a class, it can be hard to know what’s cutting edge in the discipline. In this post, I’ll give you of a sense of some of the topics that have captured the attention of political philosophers in recent years. By no means is this an exhaustive list; it’s just one political philosopher’s rough and incomplete impression of the state of the field.

Climate Change

As you might expect, what’s cutting edge in political philosophy partly tracks what’s cutting edge in real-world politics. Climate change is a case-in-point. What to do about climate change is not simply a question for scientists, politicians, and economists—it’s a question for philosophers, too. Should we sacrifice some of our material well-being today to leave a better world for our grandchildren? How can we have moral obligations to future generations when those generations don’t yet exist? Do you have an obligation to cut back on your pollution even though in the grand scheme of things your actions as a single individual won’t make any difference?

For those interested in climate ethics and politics, John Broome’s book Climate Matters is an excellent place to start. Broome tackles questions of what citizens and policymakers ought to do in the face of the problems posed by climate change. In “ It’s Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations,”

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong argues for a counterintuitive conclusion: you do not have an individual moral obligation to reduce your carbon emissions. Because the scale of climate change is so enormous and your individual contribution is so small, driving your SUV for fun won’t make anyone worse off than they otherwise would be. On Sinnott-Armstrong’s view, it’s the job of the government rather than individual citizens to mitigate climate change.

Mark Budolfson, a philosopher at the University of Vermont, has a number of interesting papers on topics in environmental ethics. Much of Budolfson’s work tackles the aforementioned problem of “causal impotence”—what are our individual moral obligations in a world in which many of our individual actions make no difference? For a provocative book on the ethics of procreation, check out Sarah Conly’s One Child which argues that we ought to limit ourselves to producing one child.

Global Justice

Philosophers have been at the forefront of the increasingly popular “effective altruism” movement, which advises us to send our charitable donations to the places where they will do the most good. Peter Singer is the founding father of the movement and his book The Most Good You Can Do serves as a nice introduction to his thoughts on giving. William MacAskill’s Doing Good Better is also an accessible and informative overview of effective altruism. Of course, effective altruism is not without its critics–see, for instance, this discussion in the Boston Review .

Immigration also remains a topic of great interest in political philosophy. Important recent books on immigration include Joseph Carens’s The Ethics of Immigration and David Miller’s Strangers in Our Midst . Miller is skeptical about the case for open borders, whereas Carens argues for relaxing immigration restrictions. Other important pieces on immigration have been written by Javier Hidalgo , Michael Huemer , Chandran Kukathas , Loren Lomasky and Fernando Teson , Kieran Oberman , and Christopher Wellman and Phillip Cole .

One issue at the core of this debate is the nature of the special obligations (if any) that we have to our fellow compatriots. May states restrict immigration in order to prop up the wages of native-born citizens or preserve a particular sort of national culture? For excellent work on cosmopolitanism, see, e.g., Kwame Anthony Appiah’s Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers and Richard Arneson’s “Extreme Cosmopolitanisms Defended” .

Race and Justice

Political philosophers often make use of social contract theory to understand the nature of justice and the state. Although specific theories differ in their details, the rough idea is that the state is justified as a means of enforcing mutually agreeable terms of social cooperation. However, the adequacy of social contract theory is the matter of much debate in recent work on race and justice. Tommie Shelby argues that a Rawlsian-contractarian approach, with an emphasis on impartiality and fair equality of opportunity, contains theoretical resources to help illuminate racial justice.

Other work on race and justice has a less sanguine perspective on the social contract framework. Charles Mills’s book The Racial Contract argues that the traditional understanding of the social contract served not to secure the rights and liberties of all people but rather to perpetuate racial injustices. Mills offers a direct challenge to Shelby’s arguments in his paper, “ Retrieving Rawls for Racial Justice? ” Elizabeth Anderson, in her book The Imperative of Integration argues that Rawls’s original position, in which parties choose principles of justice without any knowledge of themselves or their particular social and historical circumstances, wrongly withholds crucial information about society’s past and present record of racial injustice. Christopher Lebron’s The Color of Our Shame objects that Rawls’s focus on formal principles of distributive justice unduly ignores questions of character, attitudes, and actions that are crucial to understanding racial justice.

Democratic Theory

Philosophers have been talking about democracy for thousands of years, but the recent election has reignited interest in the justification of democratic institutions. Jason Brennan’s Against Democracy might be the most discussed work in political philosophy right now. Making use of empirical social science on the biases and ignorance of voters, Brennan argues against equal suffrage in favor of “epistocracy”—roughly, rule by an intellectual elite. For a skeptical take on deliberative democracy in particular, I’d recommend Guido Pincione and Fernando Teson’s Rational Choice and Democratic Deliberation . Influential defenses of democracy include Thomas Christiano’s The Constitution of Equality and David Estlund’s Democratic Authority . Christiano argues that the justification of democracy lies is, in part, its equal treatment of all citizens. Estlund rejects epistocracy partly on the grounds that political justifications must be acceptable from all qualified points of view.


What can the state force you to do for your own good? The topic of paternalism is of perennial theoretical and practical interest. The United States bans many drugs, imposes heavy taxes on cigarettes, and restricts activities like gambling and prostitution.

But should it?

A recent book from Sarah Conly, Against Autonomy , argues for an uncompromising pro-paternalism position. Conly reviews findings from psychology and behavioral economics that suggest we do a poor job of pursuing our own long-term interests. So, Conly argues, the state should forcibly prevent us from doing things that are bad for us. For instance, rather than tax the sale of cigarettes to discourage the smoking, the state should simply ban smoking outright for the good of would-be smokers themselves. (William Glod notes some of the problems with Conly’s and others’ arguments in his forthcoming book, Against Paternalism: A Liberal Case for Self Direction as a Basic Right . He offers a preview of some of his arguments here .)

Another interesting read on paternalism is Peter de Marneffe’s Liberalism and Prostitution , which makes the case for regulations and restrictions on prostitution. De Marneffe also co-wrote The Legalization of Drugs: For and Against with Douglas Husak, which is of interest to those working on the topic of drug criminalization.

For a detailed exposition of an anti-paternalist position, I’d recommend Jessica Flanigan’s forthcoming book Pharmaceutical Freedom . Flanigan defends a robust right of choice in the context of pharmaceutical use in particular.

Ideal and Nonideal Theory

Much has been written in the last decade about John Rawls’s ideal theory . Rawls theorizes about justice and institutions on the assumption that society is fully (or at least nearly fully) just. We study the perfectly just society to, among other things, give us an ideal to guide our real-world actions.

Charles Mills’s groundbreaking paper “ ‘Ideal Theory’ as Ideology” argues that ideal theory is unable to provide useful real-world guidance and ignores decidedly nonideal problems, such as gender and racial inequalities. Amartya Sen’s influential The Idea of Justice criticizes ideal theory partly on the grounds that we don’t need to a conception of the perfect to have a workable conception of what counts as better . To use Sen’s example, I don’t need to know that Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain to know that one mountain is taller than another. Gerald Gaus’s The Tyranny of the Ideal builds a sustained critique of ideal theory as well. Gaus argues that utopian political theorizing is by nature a speculative enterprise and that the pursuit of perfect justice might mean that we fail to correct immediate injustices. My own book, Unequivocal Justice , argues against using the assumptions of ideal theory to analyze different types of political systems.

On the other side of the debate, G.A. Cohen’s Rescuing Justice and Equality criticizes Rawls for not being ideal enough . Cohen thinks that Rawls was wrong not to insist that people internalize an “egalitarian ethos” to motivate equality-minded decisions in their private lives. David Estlund’s “Utopophobia” argues that our theoretical account of justice need not be constrained by the likelihood of achieving that account of justice in practice. Other valuable insights into ideal theory can be found in the work of A. John Simmons , Zofia Stemplowska and Adam Swift , and a recent Social Philosophy and Policy volume .

Classical Liberalism and Social Justice

John Tomasi’s Free Market Fairness argues that classical liberal economists and philosophers have long endorsed a conception of social justice according to which institutions should be arranged to preferentially benefit society’s poorest members. Adam Smith and John Rawls might not be so different after all. More generally, Tomasi argues that a classical liberal political regime (in Tomasi’s terms, market democracy ) can satisfy Rawlsian standards of justice and legitimacy. Another exposition of this kind of “neoclassical” liberal position can be found in Jason Brennan’s Libertarianism: W hat Everyone Needs to Know .

As you might expect, these arguments have generated a flurry of responses. An online symposium on Tomasi’s book was hosted by Bleeding Heart Libertarians . For interesting criticisms of Tomasi, see articles from Samuel Arnold , Jeppe von Platz , and a recent symposium in Critical Review .

As I mentioned at the outset, this was not a complete account of the state of the field. Rather, it was an introduction to some—and only some—of the debates that are currently gripping political philosophy. There are many others that are worth exploring further.

Christopher Freiman

Christopher Freiman

Previous post the 7 rules for completing and publishing your first academic paper, next post how to prioritize (and complete) the coursework for your phd program.

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political philosophy essay topics

Guide on How to Choose Philosophy Paper Topics

political philosophy essay topics

f you get lucky, you'll be able to choose philosophy paper topics instead of having to handle the complex prompts suggested by your tutors. At the same time, you need to pick topics very carefully to write a quality philosophy paper.

As an excellent philosophy essay is argumentative or persuasive in most cases, we recommend following these principles of topic choice from our custom term paper writing service .

How to Choose the Right Idea for a Philosophy Essay

The basic rule to follow when choosing philosophy essay topics is evaluating your knowledge about a discussed problem and the number of available sources to work with. We also recommend that you read definition essay topics .

How to Choose the Right Idea for a Philosophy Essay

Here is several more hint to make the right choice:

  • Study classroom discussions and notes

Take notes during your classes. It helps to pick philosophy essay topics related to what you study.

  • Come up with a list of options

Put down the best philosophy essay topics that you have to analyze on a separate sheet of paper. Look through them and decide which of the issues you can cover in-depth.

  • Create content to persuade

The philosophy papers should explain why the prospected dispute is critical. Include some philosophical judgments to support your idea.

  • Select something you have an opinion about

Your argument will sound bad in case you select the question you have no interest in.

  • Choose a problem you can see both sides of

Do not be narrow-minded: it is up to you to pick a topic that has two sides, just like a coin. An opposite problem could be a good idea to discuss in a philosophical work. View the subject from multiple perspectives to have a stronger case while refuting the opposition.

Do You Need a Helping Hand With Your PHILOSOPHY PAPER? To order an essay paper just send us your request.

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Get assistance from our philosophy essay writing service anytime!

Good Philosophy Paper Topics

The tips above alone could be insufficient to understand how a great title for a philosophy essay should sound. Our write my dissertation service has listed philosophy paper topics to help students with their choices.

5 Easy Philosophy Research Paper Topics

If you are a freshman having no idea which theme to choose, we suggest that you take a look at these easy to write philosophy research paper topics.

  • Reasons why animals inhabit this planet
  • Missions that every man should accomplish during his life
  • Are males and females that different as media present them?
  • Causes and effects of living in a dream
  • Why do I prefer blond hair?

Interesting Philosophy Paper Topics for Essay Writing

If you have a deep interest in studying philosophy, you may offer more unique issues to observe. Think about covering one of the following philosophy essay topics:

  • Select a preferred account of specific particulars (e.g., alternative version or the Aristotelian theory) and interpret the concept of particular details that it endorses.
  • Explain what the slingshot argument is and discuss its key assumptions
  • What is the relation of exemplification?
  • Offer and evaluate one of the claims adduced by Loux in support of Metaphysical realism
  • Discuss Austere Nominalism with the help of a single argument of your choice

5 Political Philosophy Paper Topics

Most often, students will have to cover political philosophy paper topics in a thoughtful piece of writing. These topics might work:

  • The pros & cons of violent and non-violent resistance/revolution
  • Socialism VS Capitalism on unplanned and planned economics
  • Locke VS Thoreau on the question of property
  • Cultural unity VS multicultural plurality
  • Bentham VS Mill on Utilitarianism

Easy Philosophy Paper Topics

There are some philosophy topics that are widespread and thus easy to write on:

  • The Game Theory by J. von Neumann
  • How does language influence people?
  • Knowledge and imagination: what is prevalent?
  • A prior and a posteriori
  • The gens and how they influence people's behavior

Fun Philosophy Paper Topics

Sure thing, philosophy is a serious subject, but some topics may be funny to write essays on. Here are some examples.

  • How do AI helpers like Siri or Alice affect our lives?
  • Is there a human being without society? According to L.Tolstoi.
  • The influence of comedies and dramas on human life perception.
  • Does existentialism make sense in the 21 century?
  • Extraterrestrial life: pieces of evidence and whether governments should reveal them to everyone.

Excellent Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Is there a life after death? Discuss and prove with arguments.
  • Family file traditions and principles.
  • To Lie or not to lie? Discuss the cases when lying may be helpful.
  • What is a perfect life?
  • Is it possible to always be happy?

Interesting Philosophy Topics

  • Ageism in 18 and 21 centuries.
  • Feminism and religion.
  • The use of genetic engineering research and how it affects our life
  • How useful can preserving cultural heritage be?
  • How important is achieving self-development?

After you choose the topic, do not forget to consult your tutor. Ask whether the issue is acceptable to discuss in your upcoming excellent philosophy essay. Now that we have an idea about how to select the right, we can move on to the next stage of crafting a good philosophy paper, which is writing a strong thesis statement.

If you want to pay someone to write your essay , contact us. Our professionals provide psychology, law, history essay help , or any other.

Discover How to Write a Thesis for a Philosophy Paper

If you wonder how to start a philosophy paper, think about a compelling thesis first. So, what is a thesis statement? A thesis is a central argument to defend. Compared to other types of essays, in a philosophy paper, a student often has to analyse the thesis offered by the distinguished author. Let's jump right to how to write a thesis statement for a philosophy paper.

When writing a thesis statement, you may decide which strategy to choose to support the claim of some philosopher:

  • Interpret the thesis statement
  • Propose an argument to support the thesis
  • Come up with an objection
  • Defend against a complaint to the thesis
  • Assess points for and against the principal claim
  • Think about the possible outcomes
  • Define if some other argument commits one to the thesis
  • Decide whether some different positions can be held consistently with the main argument


The last few options are more challenging than the first several, but such strategies make the paper much more interesting to read. It is more difficult to object one's opinion than defend it. A writer should find a defence versus the criticism of other sides, search for exact reasons to reject the theory of another person, include numerous counter-examples, and operate with credible data to object.

Anyway, here are some things to keep in mind that will help to support the thesis no matter which strategy you choose for your writing process:

  • Add examples from both sources and real life;
  • Compare & contrast the weak and strong points of the central argument;
  • Make the thesis more plausible by offering alternative theories — show your objectivity;
  • Imagine what would happen if the thesis - key arguments - were correct;
  • Find out if some philosophers are committed to the argument by personal views;
  • Proofread & edit the thesis several times to make sure it is specific, narrow, concise, compelling, reasonable, and has a hint concerning the rest of the paper.

Do you still wonder how to write a good thesis? How about the examples of thesis statements that could help you? Look at them to have an idea:

“I have to argue that Singer's thesis should be revised in light of Steve's criticism, but not entirely. I want to offer an improved version of Singer's central argument… And I should admit that this updated version avoids Steve's rejections. My final mission is to protect the updated thesis statement against other possible objections.”
“I should argue that if the fetus is an individual who possesses a right to live, abortion is moral even though it might not be viewed as an ethical activity. The fetus has no right to use the female's organism without her tacit consent. If the woman gets pregnant after a violent sexual act, she has all the moral rights to get rid of the fetus with the help of abortion.”
“I disagree with most of the positions that do not support the death penalty in this state. The one who took away the life of another one does not deserve to live. Murderers and papers should not be set free even after ages spent in jail as nothing can change a human being. By letting the serious criminals out, we put the lives of our children under threat!”

A Few Words About Evidence

Having proper evidence to support your claim is the critical success factor when it comes to writing a philosophy paper . Philosophers always find something to debate even when they leave empirical questions aside. On the one hand, what type of empirical evidence would be required to solve the problem might itself appear as a non-empirical issue that philosophers study. On the other hand, philosophers spend plenty of time discussing how various arguments are logically interconnected. An essential tool to use when rationalizing your statement is a reductio ad absurdum .

What Is Reductio ad Absurdum?

A reductio ad absurdum is an argument that aims to show how several views cannot be held consistently with each other. It may also point that even though a few ideas are consistent with each other, together, they entail an implausible final claim. Reductio allows having exact reasons to disagree with at least one of the offered premises.


Example of a Question-Begging

Another type of argument for your philosophical writing is a question-begging one . Here is how it looks like:


Keep in mind that ambitious terms like “religious experiences,” in our case, are a common issue, and can mask other pitfalls.

Another Way to Classify Arguments

It is possible to categorize arguments for the philosophy paper in a different way. The more popular division is deductive and non-deductive arguments.

A deductive argument is one that insists on the truth of the conclusion in case the premises are all true. An example could be, “They released 10,000 tickets for the Sweden Rock Festival. There will be no extra tickets, and the time is limited for all users to purchase them online. Thus, my chance of getting one ticket is 1 in 10,000.”

A non-deductive argument is one that states that there is just a high degree of probability for the conclusion. For instance, “All cats that I have ever met in my life will love playing with humans. Buffy is a cat. Therefore, Buffy will probably like playing with me.”

Checklist to Start a Philosophy Paper

  • Study discussions and notes that you have made in a classroom
  • Create a list of philosophy essay topics
  • Explain why disputes are critical
  • Select a topic you have an opinion about, and you can see both sides of its problem
  • Choose a central argument to defend and write a thesis statement
  • Find proper evidence to support your claim

Our readers find the Great Gatsby summary very interesting, we recommend you read this article from our authors.

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If you would like qualified assistance with your philosophy paper, then contact to our team.

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Sample essay on political philosophy.


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Political philosophy is a subfield of philosophy that focuses heavily on the political, legal, and moral implications of different schools of thought within society. It is a field that goes back thousands of years to the time of Socrates, and more recently Machiavelli and Hobbes. These topics are covered below, or consider  Ultius' other topics within the humanties and philosophy for additional information.

Socrates, Machiavelli, Hobbes, and political philosophy

Over time, a number of philosphers have tried to delineate the inter-related areas of morailty, justice, and the place of indiviudals within society. This essay will focus on Machiavelli's concepts of power, Socrates' emphasis on justice, and Thomas Hobbes' exploration of central political authority through his publication Leviathan , as well as Hobbes' understanding of selfish morality. When choosing between identifying with either the Socratic school of thought or a Machiavellian Prince, it is important to answer the question of how important power is to the individual.

The two schools of philosophical thought have two very different approaches in terms of what power is and the means of going about attaining it, and these factors must be seriously considered before someone identifies with either Socrates or Machiavellian’s ideology. From a personal standpoint, I must admit that I identify with the Machiavellian point of view and therefore would rather be a Machiavellian Prince instead of a Socratic gadfly, which is a person that acts as a stimulating and provocative, though negative, agent of change.  

Machiavelli responds to Socrates' political philosophy

Instead of acting under the premise that humans are inherently good and moral, and therefore achieves gains through good, Machiavellian has a more pessimistic attitude to human nature. He realizes that there will be those that are “other than good” and, therefore, power is built and maintained as a necessity to keep those at bay. In the present day, there is greater acceptance of the idea of changing moral judgements , instead of one set of rules, for a number of philosophers and writers.

Machiavelli though, focuses not on morality, but on power. He pushes for the notion of the preservation of power by those that obtain it. Machiavellian points out,

“ he (the leader of the state) must stick to the good so long as he can, but, being compelled by necessity, he must be ready to take the way of the evil” (Machiavelli, 63). 

In the most basic sense of political power, Machiavellian is pushing for the denial of morality in any and all political affairs and “that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing and maintaining political power” (Machiavelli, 63). Machiavelli's themes on the use of power by individuals and institutions are even used to study the complexities of Shakespeare.  Ultimately, Machiavelli argues that in terms of power, the end justifies the means.

Socratic ideals within political philosophy

Socrates operates under a much different premise when compared to that of Machiavellian. Instead of assuming the inherent cruelty of some men, this doctrine preaches the importance of questioning why those that have power are able to morally have authority over others.  

Socrates was famous for his questioning of many of his time’s assumed truths about power, authority, and ethics. The major doctrine comes from questioning the reasoning and rationale for any and all of the actions of those in power. Socrates was famed for doing just that as he is usually portrayed as a man of “great insight, integrity, self-mastery, and argumentative skill” (“Socrates”). That being said, Socratic methods are usually a means of carefully justifying (through inquiry) actions that are morally permissible for all parties involved.

Political philosophy and political actions

The major rationale for discussing Machiavellen principles grows from this ideology, which allows for swift, efficient action in any given situation. Socratic gadfly is an excellent means for making sure that every possible action is justified in that it can reduce all actions to a series of questions and, subsequently, ask if those carrying out said actions are justified and morally permissible in doing so. But, the downside to such a thorough course of action is that it can slow down any real action to a crawl and a major debate that can ultimately end in a stalemate.

With Machiavellian’s ideology, one needs only see if the outcome of an event is favorable or results in a situation that is best for a particular group or society. A political issue or event can be quickly resolved because by the Machiavellian principle, one needs to simply arrive by whatever means possible to the optimal solution. The major issue that derives from this principle is in that of the people that have power under such a system.

The major drawback and argument against adopting a Machiavellian system of political ideology, more fully discussed in the essay on Machiavelli's The Prince,  is that those in power will misuse it for their own personal benefits while oppressing and harming those with no power in the process. Those that do not favor Machiavellian’s ideology argue that saying the end justifies the means is a slippery slope to a system that allows an ambitious, power hungry individual to seize control similar to that of something like Nazi Germany.

However, if one makes this argument than they must also be opened to the possibility that the system can allow for a truly benevolent individual to take control of a political system and, with the ability to act decisively, can make swift, just, and fair actions to lead a group or state.

When examining how it seems that most entities operate in the world today, it seems evident that the vast majority of political groups operate under a very Machiavellian system. These states are able to act relatively swiftly and resolve issues quickly as compared to the institutions that follow Socratic gadfly’s principles.

A real world example of these doctrines in practice use in shown by the political power between the United States President’s use of executive orders compared to that of The United Nations process of passing political sanctions. The UN practices a carefully executed, debated approach before taking any action, and as a result, many feel this organization is relatively weak and powerless in terms of being able to take action and get the political process moving. On the other hand, when the President of the United States makes an executive order, immediate action is taken.

This is usually in response to an impending issue or concern that needs immediate action. Though the action can sometimes lead to the harm of a few, the country tends to follow a idea of justifying their actions by the results. Being that I am a person that wants to be able to make swift, decisive actions, I identify with the Machiavellian school of thought. 

Political philosophy by Thomas Hobbes 

Thomas Hobbes is an early American political thought  leader and as one of the most influential minds in terms of political philosophy and will, most likely, remain so for centuries to come. His work Leviathan has been called one of the most significant pieces of writing in modern political ideology, rivaling the works of many famous minds including Plato, Aristotle, Locke, and many others. Hobbes believes that humanity is in need of a strong, central authority in order to be kept in control and not descend into a state of chaos and political upheaval.

This idea stems deeply from Hobbes’ political doctrine that has come to be known as the ‘social contract theory’, which is summarized in key points below.

  • Hobbes applies this ideology as a means of justifying actions carried out by those that have authority and power over those that are ruled and strongly feels that it is through the use of this doctrine that society will be able to be run peacefully in a controlled, normative fashion.
  • First, it is of the upmost importance to understand what Hobbes’ ‘social contract theory’ is and why he uses it for the means of much of ideology and writings in terms of the political processes of society. The social contract theory is defined as “the method of justifying political principles or arrangements by appeal to the agreement that would be made among suitably situated ration, free, and equal persons” (“Hobbes’ Moral”). Hobbes presents ideas and conclusions regarding government and use of power in Leviathan. 
  • By the application of the social contract theory, Hobbes feels that there is only one way in which society should be governed.
  • His conclusion is that the only true way for society to function is through that of an absolute sovereign power. In this way, the people governed by that power will be more inclined to follow the laws laid down as they are absolute and the government (in this case a single person with all the power) has the ability to severely punish any and all those that would oppose its rule.  

Leviathan and social contract theory

Leviathan is a way in which Hobbes furthers his ideas as laid down by his social contract theory. The Leviathan is a metaphor for the figurehead that would rule the commonwealth that Hobbes suggests and also can be seen in relation to the monster of the seas of both folklore and biblical references. In the text, Hobbes makes the general statement that when reduced to the most principle features of nature mankind is inherently both violent and full of fear driven actions. He describes this state as, “war of every man against every man,” (Hobbes).  

In this state, mankind is constantly trying to destroy one another in the hopes of gaining others resources and other material possessions while maintaining their own safety. To combat this state of pure fear and fighting, Hobbes speculates that man will want to find peace and in doing so move to this state by following the principles that he has laid out in his social contract. 

Hobbes' views on selfish morality means that he believes humans are inherently not good. This is not to say that mankind is purely evil, but Hobbes seems to operate under the notion that mankind will not be unwilling to hinder others for his own personal gain.  

Based on this logic, Hobbes calls for a form of government where an unbiased opinion is the one in charge of a particular society. In this sense, Hobbes' shares a scholarly interest in aspects of morality that have also been studied and explained by Descartes and Descartesian morality . Yet, Hobbes hoped to establish an authority of absolute power that will act in such a way as to better the society as a whole. Those that are governed by this system will want to follow it. However, Hobbes’ logic seems very flawed in the way in which the person is placed in charge of this form of government.

By Hobbes’ own logic, the figurehead, or leviathan, of his government is a flawed leader. Hobbes is quoted as saying that man will define morality in such a way that it will only preserve those persons own self-interests. By putting a person that is supposedly removed from that society, Hobbes feels they will be able to not pass judgments that are biased to their own self-interests. 

Unfortunately, if Hobbes truly believes that this is the way in which humankind will act when left to his own vices, the Leviathan of this society will eventually act in such a way that will benefit his (or her) self interests to some extent. Perhaps this sort of government would, theoretically, be possible in the time that Hobbes originally wrote Leviathan, however such a system could not be possible today. In modern society, the world is so interconnected that someone with such absolute power would clearly make decisions for a group that would have repercussions felt by that individual. In a world that is so connected in all aspects of life from economic to social issues, there is no possible way to have this leviathan like figure head that is removed from society and able to, as Hobbes says, “hold us all in ‘awe’, to reinforce the obedience to ‘common names, commonly understood' (Hobbes).

Political philosophy and an individual's self-interests

Hobbes operates under the simple premise that mankind will do only what is in their own interests when left alone. This pessimistic view on society lead Hobbes to create the social contract theory that subsequently lead to the underlying ideology of Leviathan. The creation of a central authority that is removed from society but still able to “hold us all in awe” is theoretically a perfect solution to Hobbes raised concern, however it would not be realistically possible in our society at this point.

The advancement of technology has made the repercussions of all nations actions interwoven so that we are now entering a time of global dependency and awareness. With this being the case, it is nearly impossible, and highly improbable, that a single entity could exist in such a way as the leviathan in Hobbes’ writings without that individual becoming themselves corrupted and acting in such a way to promote their own self interests. Though Hobbes’ basic idea of humankind acting in their own self interests holds true through the modern age, it would seem that the solution to the apparent destruction of “all moral law” is no longer viable.  

Works Cited

"Hobbes's Moral and Political Philosophy." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., 23 Aug. 2008. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2011/entries/hobbes-moral>. 

Hobbes, Thomas, and J. C. A. Gaskin. Leviathan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print. 

Machiavelli, Niccolò, Thomas More, Martin Luther, William Roper, Ninian Hill Thomson, Ralph Robinson, Robert Scarlett Grignon, and C. A. Buchheim. The Prince. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1910. Print. 

"Socrates." Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/551948/Socrates>. 


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  • Censorship and Human Rights: A Deep Dive Into Freedom of Speech
  • Understanding the Politics of Genocide Recognition
  • Human Trafficking: Policies and Political Challenges
  • Ethnic Cleansing: Causes, Consequences, and International Response
  • Humanitarian Interventions: Justifications and Repercussions
  • Rohingya Crisis: An Analysis of International Human Rights Violations
  • Transnational Corporations and Human Rights Abuses
  • Climate Refugees: A New Challenge to Human Rights
  • Political Asylum Policies: Comparative Study Across Countries
  • Analyzing Human Rights Violations in North Korea
  • Refugee Rights and State Policies: Case Studies From the Middle East
  • Indigenous People’s Rights: Political Barriers and Progress
  • The Politics of Human Rights in Post-Apartheid South Africa
  • Disability Rights: Global Political Progress and Challenges
  • Politics of Gender-Based Violence: A Global Perspective

Immigration and Citizenship Research Topics in Political Science

  • Immigration Policies: Comparative Analysis Between the US and the EU
  • Examining the Political Rhetoric Around Immigration
  • Assimilation vs. Multiculturalism: A Study in Immigration Strategies
  • Citizenship by Investment: Ethical and Political Implications
  • Climate Change Refugees: Legal and Citizenship Challenges
  • Investigating the Politics of Border Controls
  • Pathway to Citizenship: Evaluating Policies for Undocumented Immigrants
  • Refugee Crisis: International Policies and Responsibility Sharing
  • Economic Outcomes of High-Skilled Immigration
  • Political Backlash Against Immigration: A Study on Populist Movements
  • Immigrant Detention Centers: Human Rights and Political Perspectives
  • Exploring the Concept of Global Citizenship
  • Asylum Seekers: Navigating Legal and Citizenship Processes
  • Dual Citizenship: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Political Implications
  • Immigration and National Security: An In-Depth Analysis
  • Sanctuary Cities and their Role in Immigration Policy
  • The Effect of Immigration Policies on International Relations
  • Immigration Reforms: Lessons Learned From Comprehensive Immigration Reform Attempts
  • Migration Patterns and Climate Change: Implications for Citizenship
  • Birthright Citizenship: A Comparative Study of Jus Soli and Jus Sanguinis Policies

International Organizations Research Topics in Political Science

  • International Organizations: Power Dynamics and Decision-Making Processes
  • UN Security Council Reform: Perspectives and Challenges
  • The Legitimacy of International Organizations: An In-Depth Analysis
  • World Trade Organization and Global Trade Politics
  • Human Rights Monitoring by International Organizations
  • International Monetary Fund and Global Financial Stability
  • Comparative Study of Regional International Organizations: EU, ASEAN, and AU
  • Peacekeeping Operations: Examining the Effectiveness of UN Intervention
  • Examining the Politics of Climate Change in International Organizations
  • Public Health and International Organizations: WHO and Global Health Governance
  • International Organizations and Cyber Security: Challenges and Solutions
  • Conflict Resolution: Mediation Strategies of International Organizations
  • International Criminal Court: Achievements, Challenges, and Future Directions
  • World Bank’s Approach to Global Poverty Reduction
  • Humanitarian Aid Distribution: The Role of International Organizations
  • Accountability and Transparency in International Organizations
  • International Labor Organization and Global Labor Standards
  • Examining the Interplay Between National Sovereignty and International Organizations
  • Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Influencing International Policy

Political Communication Research Topics

  • Political Communication in the Digital Age: An Analytical Overview
  • Media Framing and Public Opinion: A Critical Investigation
  • Crisis Communication Strategies in Political Scandals
  • Digital Diplomacy: New Avenues for International Political Communication
  • Citizen Journalism and its Influence on Political Discourse
  • Interpreting Political Rhetoric: A Discursive Analysis
  • Impact of Political Advertising on Voter Behavior
  • Social Media Algorithms and their Influence on Political Polarization
  • Analysis of Political Propaganda Techniques in the 21st Century
  • Strategies of Political Persuasion in Election Campaigns
  • Political Debates: Analyzing Communication Styles and Their Effectiveness
  • Understanding Political Spin: The Art of Shaping Public Perception
  • Satirical News Shows and Their Contribution to Political Communication
  • Visual Semiotics in Political Advertising: A Comprehensive Study
  • Role of Radio in Political Communication in Developing Countries
  • Political Memes and Their Influence on Contemporary Political Discourse
  • Decoding the Language of Political Apology: A Critical Study
  • Political Communication and Public Relations: Strategic Intersection
  • Populist Communication Strategies in Contemporary Politics
  • Exploring the Politics of Silence: When Politicians Choose Not to Communicate

Political Conflicts Research Topics

  • Ethnicity and Political Conflicts: A Detailed Inquiry
  • Cyber Warfare: The New Frontier of Political Conflicts
  • Resource Scarcity as a Catalyst for Political Conflicts
  • Mediterranean Migrations: Unraveling Conflicts and Political Unrest
  • Proxy Warfare: Understanding the Dynamics of Contemporary Political Conflicts
  • Frozen Conflicts: Analyses of Post-Soviet Political Disputes
  • Examining Political Conflicts in Post-Brexit Europe
  • Climate Change and Emerging Political Conflicts: An In-Depth Study
  • Political Conflicts in the Age of Information: Social Media’s Role
  • Tensions on the Korean Peninsula: Unveiling the Layers of Political Conflict
  • Ethnoreligious Conflicts: Analyzing Political Complexity in Nigeria
  • Post-Colonial Political Conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Unraveling the Roots of the Israel-Palestine Political Conflict
  • Sectarian Politics: Understanding the Shia-Sunni Conflict in the Middle East
  • Geopolitical Conflicts in the South China Sea: Power, Sovereignty, and Resources
  • Politics of Partition: Analyses of India-Pakistan Conflicts
  • Territorial Disputes in the Arctic: Analyzing Emerging Political Conflicts
  • Economic Sanctions as a Tool in Political Conflicts: Case Studies
  • Analyzing Political Conflicts through the Lens of Game Theory

Political Parties and Elections Research Topics

  • Electoral Integrity in Developing Democracies: An In-Depth Study
  • Polarization of Political Parties in the United States: Causes and Consequences
  • Campaign Financing: Unpacking Influence on Party Politics
  • Populist Parties in Europe: A Comparative Study
  • Digital Media Strategies in Election Campaigns: Exploring Their Effectiveness
  • Political Parties and Civil Society: An Analysis of Interplay
  • Electoral Systems and Minority Representation: Lessons From Around the World
  • Gender and Political Representation: A Case Study of Scandinavian Parties
  • Power Dynamics Within Political Parties: An Organizational Study
  • Brexit and the Realignment of British Politics: A Detailed Investigation
  • Minority Parties in Coalition Governments: A Comparative Analysis
  • Gerrymandering and its Consequences on Electoral Outcomes: Case Studies
  • Electoral Behavior and Political Socialization: An Empirical Study
  • Emerging Political Parties in Post-Soviet Nations: Case Studies
  • Campaign Promises and Policy Implementation: An Evaluation of Credibility
  • Machine Politics in the American Political Landscape: A Historical Review
  • Local Elections and Party Politics: The Dynamics of Devolution
  • Political Parties and Ethnic Diversity: Lessons From South Africa
  • Redistricting and Its Influence on Electoral Outcomes: A Detailed Study
  • Voting Systems and Political Party Success: A Comparative Study

Political Psychology Research Topics in Science

  • Political Decision Making and Cognitive Biases: An Analytical Study
  • Emotional Intelligence and Leadership in Politics: Unpacking the Connection
  • Terror Management Theory and Nationalism: A Critical Examination
  • Group Dynamics in Political Protests: A Social Psychology Perspective
  • Political Socialization and Parental Influence: An Empirical Analysis
  • Identity Politics and Psychological Motivations: An In-Depth Inquiry
  • Cognitive Dissonance and Political Attitudes: Exploring the Link
  • Fear and Politics: How Politicians Manipulate Public Emotions
  • Personality Traits and Political Ideologies: A Comparative Study
  • Racial Resentment and Political Attitudes: A Psychological Perspective
  • Narcissism in Political Leaders: A Comprehensive Analysis
  • Moral Foundations Theory and Political Judgement: Case Studies
  • Religion and Political Behavior: A Psychological Examination
  • Emotions and Voting Behavior: Unpacking the Influences
  • Social Identity Theory and Nationalism: A Detailed Study
  • Partisanship and Cognitive Dissonance: A Psychological Study
  • Political Conspiracy Theories: A Psychological Analysis
  • Media Consumption and Political Attitudes: A Psychological Investigation
  • Dichotomous Thinking and Political Polarization: An Analytical Study
  • Public Opinion and Mass Persuasion: A Study in Political Psychology

Political Science Philosophy Research Topics

  • Deconstructing the Concept of Political Power in Foucault’s Discourse
  • Hobbes and the Philosophy of Political Realism: A Critical Analysis
  • John Rawls’s Theory of Justice: An Exhaustive Evaluation
  • Examining Democracy through the Lens of Plato’s Republic
  • Hannah Arendt on Power, Authority, and Freedom: A Comprehensive Inquiry
  • Relevance of Rousseau’s Social Contract Theory in Contemporary Politics
  • Interpreting Marx’s Theory of Historical Materialism and Its Political Implications
  • Libertarianism and Its Critique: An Exploration Into Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia
  • Machiavelli’s The Prince and the Notion of Political Pragmatism: A Critical Study
  • In-Depth Analysis of Hannah Arendt’s The Human Condition and its Political Insight
  • Nietzsche’s Will to Power: A Study in Political Philosophy
  • Interpretation of Locke’s Two Treatises of Government and its Contemporary Relevance
  • Judith Butler and Politics of Gender: A Philosophical Exploration
  • Kant’s Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Inquiry Into International Politics
  • Analyzing Gramsci’s Hegemony Theory and its Influence on Political Philosophy
  • Utilitarianism in Bentham and Mill: Comparative Analysis of Political Philosophy
  • Habermas’s Theory of Communicative Action: Implications for Political Dialogue
  • Engels and the Dialectics of Nature: An Inquiry Into Political Ecology
  • Post-Structuralist Perspectives in Political Philosophy: Reading Derrida and Deleuze
  • Populism in the 21st Century: Analyzing Global Patterns
  • Cybersecurity and State Sovereignty: An Emerging Dynamic
  • Decoding Authoritarianism: An In-Depth Study of Autocratic Regimes
  • Neoliberalism and its Contestations: A Comparative Study
  • Analyzing the Dynamics of Global Power Shift From West to East
  • Influence of Digital Media on Political Participation
  • An Examination of Modern Conflict Resolution Strategies
  • Intricacies of Identity Politics in Multicultural Societies
  • Critique of Post-Colonial States: An Analytical Perspective
  • Delving Into the Politics of Climate Change and Sustainability
  • Assessing the Success and Failures of Decentralization Reforms
  • A Comprehensive Study of Women’s Representation in Politics
  • Emergence of Cryptocurrency and its Implications for Sovereign Power
  • Negotiating National Security in the Era of Terrorism
  • Understanding Ethnic Conflict: A Case Study Approach
  • Migration and Its Political Implications: A Global Analysis
  • Assessing the Politics of Healthcare in Developing Countries
  • Economic Sanctions as a Political Tool: Effectiveness and Consequences
  • An Investigation Into the Efficacy of International Law in Conflict Zones
  • Religion and Politics: An Examination of Interplay and Tensions

Political Science Research Topics on Comparative Politics

  • Parliamentary vs. Presidential Systems: A Comparative Analysis
  • Decentralization Strategies in Federations: Success and Challenges
  • Political Development in Post-Communist States: Shared Traits and Variations
  • National Identity and State-Building: Comparing Case Studies
  • Ethnic Conflict Resolution Strategies: Lessons From Diverse Regions
  • Assessing Democratic Transitions in Latin America
  • Economic Policies and their Political Consequences: A Cross-Country Study
  • Exploring Political Corruption in Emerging Democracies
  • Minority Representation in National Politics: A Comparative Perspective
  • Policy Responses to Global Warming: International Comparisons
  • Political Culture and Democratic Consolidation: An Analytical Study
  • Patterns of Autocratic Rule: Comparing Different Regimes
  • Public Health and Politics: Comparative Perspectives on Policy Making
  • Comparative Study of Refugee Policies: Global North vs. South
  • Colonial Legacies and State Formation: An Intercontinental Analysis
  • Gender Equality Legislation: A Comparative Study of Nordic Countries
  • Right-Wing Populism in Europe and America: A Cross-Regional Analysis
  • Transparency and Trust in Government: An International Comparison
  • Political Systems and Income Inequality: A Comparative Analysis
  • Indigenous People’s Rights and Representation: Global Perspectives

Political Science Research Topics on Conflict Resolution

  • Peacebuilding Efforts in Post-Conflict Societies: A Critical Evaluation
  • Inter-Ethnic Conflict Resolution: New Theoretical Frameworks
  • Diplomatic Intervention and Conflict Resolution: Case Studies Analysis
  • Beyond Ceasefires: Long-Term Solutions to Armed Conflicts
  • Third-Party Mediation in International Conflicts: Effectiveness and Challenges
  • Understanding the Dynamics of Peace Negotiations: An Analytical Approach
  • Religion as a Tool in Conflict Resolution: Opportunities and Limits
  • Democratization as a Strategy for Conflict Resolution: Successes and Failures
  • Role of Civil Society in Promoting Peace: Case Studies Review
  • Strategic Use of Economic Sanctions for Conflict Resolution
  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction and National Reconciliation: A Comparative Study
  • Conflict Resolution in Divided Societies: A Multi-Case Analysis
  • Addressing the Root Causes of Conflict: An In-Depth Study
  • Utilizing Sport as a Medium for Conflict Resolution
  • The Use of Technology in Mediating Conflicts: An Emerging Trend
  • Children and Youth in Conflict Resolution: An Under-Explored Resource
  • Applying Restorative Justice Principles in Conflict Resolution
  • Natural Resource Management as a Strategy for Conflict Resolution

Political Science Research Topics on Mediation & Negotiation

  • Integrating Mediation and Negotiation in International Diplomacy
  • Third-Party Mediation in Intractable Conflicts: Success Factors and Challenges
  • Power Asymmetries in International Negotiations: A Critical Examination
  • Art of Negotiation in Peace Treaties: An Analytical Study
  • Mediation Strategies in Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Case Studies Review
  • Influence of Culture and Tradition in Mediation and Negotiation
  • Mediation in Intrastate Conflicts: Evaluating Success and Failure
  • Science of Persuasion in Political Negotiations: Theoretical and Practical Approaches
  • Conflict Resolution: Comparative Study of Mediation and Negotiation
  • Cognitive Biases in Mediation and Negotiation: Understanding the Impact
  • Multi-Track Diplomacy: A New Paradigm for Mediation
  • Analyzing Negotiation Tactics in International Trade Agreements
  • Non-State Actors in Mediation: Scope and Limitations
  • Transformative Mediation: Conceptual Analysis and Application
  • Role of International Law in Mediation and Negotiation
  • Cyber Mediation: Future of Dispute Resolution in the Digital Age
  • Gender Dynamics in Mediation and Negotiation: An In-Depth Study
  • Mediation in the Context of Terrorism and Insurgency: Practical Possibilities and Limitations
  • Comparative Study of Bilateral and Multilateral Negotiations in International Politics
  • Bargaining and Negotiation in Coalition Governments: An Empirical Analysis

Political Science Research Topics on Public Administration

  • Decentralization in Public Administration: A Critical Review
  • Citizen Engagement in Public Service Delivery: An Analytical Approach
  • E-Government Services: Adoption and Challenges
  • Administrative Ethics in Public Sector: A Case Study
  • Accountability Mechanisms in Public Administration: Effectiveness and Limitations
  • Performance Measurement in Public Sector: Methodologies and Challenges
  • Bureaucratic Discretion in Policy Implementation: Case Studies
  • Public-Private Partnerships in Urban Development: Benefits and Drawbacks
  • Strategic Management in Public Administration: Theory and Practice
  • Digital Transformation in Public Administration: Progress and Barriers
  • Leadership Styles in Public Administration: Comparative Analysis
  • Crisis Management in Public Administration: Role and Effectiveness
  • Transparency and Open Government: Evaluating Impact on Public Trust
  • Sustainability Practices in Public Administration: A Global Perspective
  • Innovation in Public Service Delivery: Case Studies and Analysis
  • Public Administration in the Age of AI: Opportunities and Threats
  • Equity and Fairness in Public Service Provision: An Empirical Study
  • Diversity and Inclusion in Public Administration: Assessing Progress and Barriers
  • Administrative Law and Public Administration: Interactions and Influences
  • Gender Mainstreaming in Public Administration: Successes and Challenges

Political Science Research Topics on Public Law

  • Public Law and Private Interests: A Complex Interplay
  • Judicial Review and its Constitutional Limits: A Comparative Study
  • Public Law Enforcement: Issues and Innovations
  • Administrative Regulations and Their Legal Implications: A Deep Dive
  • Exploring Freedom of Expression Within the Context of Public Law
  • Public Law in a Multicultural Society: Balancing Rights and Responsibilities
  • Addressing Discrimination Through Public Law: The Legal Perspective
  • Cybersecurity and Public Law: Emerging Trends and Challenges
  • Public Health Law in Times of Global Pandemics: Lessons and Improvements
  • Human Rights and Public Law: Contemporary Challenges
  • Immigration Laws and Public Policy: Examining the Intersections
  • Public Law and Environmental Protection: Legal Tools and Limitations
  • Constitutional Interpretations in Public Law: An In-Depth Analysis
  • Public Law in the Context of National Security: Trade-Offs and Necessities
  • Institutional Corruption and Public Law: A Legal Analysis
  • Public Law in Post-Conflict Societies: Rebuilding Justice Systems
  • Public Law and Economic Regulation: An Interdisciplinary Study
  • Defining Privacy in the Digital Age: A Public Law Perspective
  • Transnational Law: Exploring the Public Law Dimension

Political Theorists Research Topics

  • Reinterpretation of Thucydides’ “History of the Peloponnesian War”: Ancient Insights Into Modern Conflicts
  • Applying the Teachings of Sun Tzu’s “The Art of War” to Modern Political Strategy
  • Neo-Marxism and Its Roots in Karl Marx’s “Capital”
  • Unveiling Realism in Niccolò Machiavelli’s “The Prince”
  • “A Theory of Justice”: Rawls’s Vision of Fairness in a Liberal Society
  • Thomas Hobbes’s “Leviathan”: An Analysis of Social Contract Theory
  • Analyzing Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” and Its Relevance in Contemporary Politics
  • Understanding the Subaltern in Antonio Gramsci’s “Prison Notebooks”
  • “Orientalism” by Edward Said: Unraveling the Western Gaze
  • Foucault’s “Discipline and Punish”: Power Relations and Surveillance Society
  • Critiquing Neoliberalism Through David Harvey’s “A Brief History of Neoliberalism”
  • Hegemony and International Relations: Insights From Antonio Gramsci’s “Selections From the Prison Notebooks”
  • Reading Alexis de Tocqueville’s “Democracy in America” through a Postmodern Lens
  • The Dialectics of Secularization in Charles Taylor’s “A Secular Age”
  • Noam Chomsky’s “Manufacturing Consent”: A Study of Media and Propaganda
  • Interpreting “The Wretched of the Earth” by Frantz Fanon: Post-Colonial Politics and Identity
  • Assessing Neorealism through Kenneth Waltz’s “Theory of International Politics”
  • Reading Gandhi’s “Hind Swaraj” as a Radical Political Text

Public Opinion Research Topics in Political Science

  • Online Social Media Platforms and Their Influence on Public Opinion
  • Populism and Its Effect on Public Sentiment
  • Survey Design and Its Importance in Gauging Public Opinion
  • Media Framing and Shaping of Public Perceptions
  • Psychological Factors That Steer Public Opinion
  • Campaigns and Their Ability to Mold Public Views
  • Analyzing Political Polarization in Public Opinion
  • Understanding Voter Behavior through Public Opinion
  • Representation of Marginalized Groups in Public Opinion Polls
  • Cultural Shifts and Their Reflection on Public Opinion
  • Critical Discourse Analysis of Public Opinion in News Media
  • Efficacy of Public Service Announcements in Changing Public Opinion
  • Effect of Economic Crises on Public Attitudes Toward Government
  • Emerging Patterns of Public Opinion on Climate Change
  • How Misinformation Influences Public Perception
  • Assessing Public Attitudes Towards Science and Technology
  • Public Opinion on LGBTQ+ Rights: A Comparative Analysis
  • Shifts in Public Opinion on Immigration Policies Over Time
  • Influence of Celebrity Endorsements on Public Opinion in Political Campaigns

Terrorism and Counterterrorism Research Topics

  • Understanding Radicalization Processes and Terrorism
  • Cyber Terrorism: Threats and Countermeasures
  • Nexus Between Poverty and Terrorism: A Comprehensive Analysis
  • Application of Artificial Intelligence in Counterterrorism Strategies
  • Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering: Prevention Tactics
  • Biological Terrorism: Evaluating International Legal Frameworks
  • Effective Policies for Dealing With Homegrown Terrorism
  • Intelligence Gathering and Its Significance in Counterterrorism
  • Assessing Terrorism’s Influence on International Relations
  • Influence of Geopolitical Factors on Terrorism Proliferation
  • Nuclear Terrorism: Addressing the Unthinkable
  • Ethical Dilemmas in Counterterrorism Measures
  • Post-Terrorism Trauma and Community Resilience Strategies
  • Media’s Portrayal of Terrorism and Its Societal Implications
  • Terrorist Recruitment Strategies in the Digital Age
  • Infiltrating Terrorist Networks: Approaches and Challenges
  • Dissecting the Psychology of Terrorism: Motivations and Beliefs
  • Terrorism and Civil Liberties: Striking a Balance
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of International Counterterrorism Alliances
  • Decoding Ideologies and Beliefs Behind Religious Terrorism

Voting Behavior Research Topics in Political Science

  • Influence of Social Media on Voting Behavior
  • Analyzing the Voting Patterns of First-Time Voters
  • In-Depth Study of Partisan Polarization and Voting
  • Exploring the Generational Shifts in Voting Preferences
  • Interplay Between Socioeconomic Status and Voting Trends
  • Determinants of Electoral Turnout: A Cross-Country Analysis
  • Impact of Voter Education Campaigns on Election Outcomes
  • Understanding the Phenomenon of Swing Voters in Modern Politics
  • Analyzing the Gender Gap in Voting Behavior
  • Dynamics of Ethnic Identity and Voting Behavior
  • Assessing the Effects of Campaign Advertisements on Voter Choices
  • Political Trust and Its Influence on Voting Decisions
  • Influence of Local Issues on National Election Voting
  • Exploring the Correlation Between Income Inequality and Voting
  • Impact of Immigration Policies on Voting Behavior
  • Study of Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems
  • Influence of Climate Change Concerns on Voting Behavior
  • Cognitive Biases in Political Decision-Making and Voting
  • Assessing the Influence of Populism on Voting Behavior
  • Correlation Between Voter Turnout and Political Stability

Political Essay Topics

Political argumentative essay topics.

  • In Defense of Electoral College Reforms
  • Affirmative Action Policies: Necessary for Equality or a Threat to Meritocracy?
  • Assessing the Justification for Internet Censorship in Democracies
  • Climate Change Policies and Their Controversial Aspects
  • Immigration Policies: Security Measures or Infringements on Human Rights?
  • Libertarianism vs. Socialism: Which System Ensures Greater Freedom?
  • Proportional Representation vs. Winner-Takes-All Systems
  • Evaluating the Ethical Considerations of Drone Warfare
  • Privacy or Security: Balancing Surveillance and Civil Liberties
  • Is Mandatory Voting the Solution to Political Apathy?
  • Interrogating the Concept of Universal Basic Income
  • Should Religious Leaders Influence Politics?
  • Analyzing the Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment
  • Weighing the Benefits and Drawbacks of Globalization
  • Debating the Effectiveness of Economic Sanctions in International Politics
  • Justifying the Need for Diplomatic Immunity
  • Single-Payer Healthcare System: A Utopian Dream or Realistic Goal?
  • Universal Suffrage: Are Age Restrictions on Voting Fair?
  • Arguments For and Against Term Limits for Political Leaders
  • Exploring the Debate on Public vs. Private Prisons

Political Persuasive Essay Topics

  • Formulating Arguments for Cybersecurity as a Public Good
  • Democracy’s Triumph: Persuading Skeptics of Its Superiority
  • Fostering a Case for a Global Minimum Wage
  • Why Technological Literacy Should Be a Political Priority
  • Building the Case for Stronger Whistleblower Protections
  • Lobbying in Politics: A Necessary Evil or a Corrupting Influence?
  • Transparency and Accountability in the Digital Age
  • Persuading for the Inclusion of Climate Education in Political Discourse
  • The Argument for the Removal of Political Donations Caps
  • Proposing a Case for Mandatory Public Service
  • Citizenship Education as a Tool for Fostering Civic Participation
  • Debating the Need for Decentralization of Political Power
  • Defending the Implementation of Universal Healthcare
  • Arguing for a Foreign Policy Focused on Humanitarian Aid
  • Nuclear Disarmament: Crafting a Persuasive Narrative
  • Need for Strict Regulations on Campaign Financing
  • Advocating for More Women in Political Leadership Roles
  • Ethics in Politics: A Plea for Greater Integrity
  • Building a Case for Online Voting Systems

Political Science Essay Topics

  • Challenges and Prospects of E-Democracy
  • Deciphering the Politics of Food Security
  • Indigenous Governance and Its Influence on National Politics
  • Efficacy of Social Movements in Modern Political Landscape
  • Cryptocurrency and Its Potential Effect on Political Economy
  • Ideological Shifts in the Contemporary Political Landscape
  • Revolution and Its Aftermath: A Case Study of [Country]
  • Assessing the Politicization of Climate Change
  • Political Factors Influencing International Trade Agreements
  • How Political Satire Shapes Public Opinion
  • Understanding Populism in the 21st Century
  • Influence of Artificial Intelligence on Political Decisions
  • Religion’s Place in Politics: A Cross-Cultural Analysis
  • Deliberative Democracy: Concept, Theory, and Application
  • Civic Education’s Contribution to Political Engagement
  • Accountability Mechanisms in Public Administration
  • Assessing Political Stability in Post-Conflict Societies
  • The Intersection of Politics and Sports: An Unexplored Dimension
  • Political Alienation in the Age of Digital Democracy
  • Disinformation Campaigns and Their Threat to Democracy

Political Socialization Essay

  • Peer Influence on Political Beliefs: An Analysis
  • Mapping the Influence of Education on Political Attitudes
  • Understanding Political Socialization Through Social Media
  • Family Dynamics and Its Effect on Political Affiliation
  • How School Curricula Influence Political Awareness
  • Intersectionality in Political Socialization: An Analysis
  • Classroom Climate and Its Effect on Students’ Political Views
  • Religion and Its Significance in Political Socialization
  • Media’s Influence on Shaping Political Ideologies
  • Generational Differences in Political Socialization Patterns
  • Effect of Neighborhood Context on Political Attitudes
  • Political Socialization of Immigrants in Host Societies
  • Exploring the Role of Youth Organizations in Political Socialization
  • Civic Education’s Effect on Adolescents’ Political Attitudes
  • Influence of Socioeconomic Status on Political Socialization
  • Examining the Impact of Sports on Political Identity Formation
  • Political Socialization Processes in Authoritarian Regimes
  • Contribution of Non-Governmental Organizations to Political Socialization
  • How Political Events Shape Public Opinion: A Case Study
  • The Role of Pop Culture in Political Socialization

Political Case Study Ideas to Investigate

  • Understanding Brexit: A Multi-Faceted Approach
  • Chile’s Path to Democracy: An In-Depth Analysis
  • Political Polarization in the United States: Causes and Consequences
  • Deciphering the Arab Spring: Political Repercussions
  • India’s Coalition Politics: A Detailed Study
  • Analyzing China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Political Implications
  • The Rise of Populism in Europe: A Country-Specific Study
  • Green Politics in Germany: A Comprehensive Review
  • Political and Economic Transformation in Post-Apartheid South Africa
  • Japan’s Pacifism and Its Changing Security Landscape
  • Investigating the Scottish Independence Movement: Causes and Implications
  • Analysis of Turkey’s Shift Towards Authoritarianism
  • From FARC to Peace: Colombia’s Journey Towards Reconciliation
  • Venezuela’s Economic Crisis: A Political Perspective
  • The Partition of India and Pakistan: Causes and Effects
  • North Korea’s Political Dynamics: An Insider’s View
  • Russia’s Foreign Policy Towards its Near Abroad
  • Greece’s Debt Crisis: A Political Economy Perspective
  • Investigating the Rise of Right-Wing Politics in Brazil

Political Economy Topics to Write About

  • Understanding the Political Economy of Globalization
  • Trade Wars: Political Economy Considerations
  • Climate Change and Political Economy: Bridging the Gap
  • Capitalism and Democracy: Exploring Their Relationship
  • Political Economy of Poverty Reduction Strategies
  • Emerging Economies: A Political Economy Perspective
  • Global Financial Crises and Their Political Repercussions
  • Digital Revolution: Implications for Political Economy
  • Multinational Corporations in Developing Economies: A Study
  • Sustainable Development: An Investigation Into Its Political Economy
  • Neoliberalism’s Effect on the Welfare States
  • Political Economy of Oil-Producing Nations
  • Income Inequality: A Matter of Political Economy
  • Examining the Politics of Central Banking
  • State Intervention in Market Economies: Pros and Cons
  • Political Economy of Post-Soviet States
  • Political Economy of Global Health: Pandemics and Power
  • Investigating Gender Disparities through a Political Economy Lens
  • Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies: The Political Economy of Disruption
  • Deciphering the Political Economy of Climate Change Mitigation

Comparative Politics Essay Topics

  • Democracy and Autocracy: Divergent Paths of Political Systems
  • Political Economy in Developed vs. Developing Nations
  • Authoritarian Regimes: A Comparative Analysis
  • Legislative Systems: Examining Parliamentary and Presidential Models
  • Institutional Theory and Practice: A Comparative Study
  • Social Welfare Policies: East vs. West Examination
  • Understanding Federalism: A Comparison Between USA and Canada
  • Political Leadership Styles: Comparative Analysis of World Leaders
  • Political Culture in Scandinavia: A Comparative Approach
  • Comparative Study of Minority Rights Across Nations
  • Decentralization and Centralization: Exploring Various Governance Models
  • Migration Policies: Comparative Study Between Europe and North America
  • Examining the Rise of Populism in the 21st Century
  • Nationalism and Identity Politics: Comparative Analysis
  • Comparative Study on Corruption and Transparency in Governments
  • Civil Society Organizations and Democracy: Cross-National Examination
  • Study of Post-Conflict Reconciliation Processes
  • Globalization and State Sovereignty: Comparative Perspectives
  • Election Systems: A Comparative Analysis Between Proportional and Majority Voting

American Politics Essay Topics in Political Science to Research

  • Divisive Politics: Rise and Ramifications in Modern America
  • American Democracy: Assessing the Influence of Interest Groups
  • Presidential Power and Executive Orders: An In-Depth Analysis
  • Exploring the Intersection of Race and Politics in America
  • Healthcare Politics: Debate Around Universal Healthcare in the United States
  • Deciphering the Electoral College: Strengths and Controversies
  • US Supreme Court: Examination of Partisanship in Judicial Appointments
  • Foreign Policy Under Different American Presidents
  • Immigration Policies and Politics in the United States
  • American Federalism: Dynamics and Challenges
  • Analysis of Campaign Finance Laws in US Elections
  • US Legislative Process: Obstruction and Filibuster in Senate
  • Exploring the American Two-Party System: Advantages and Shortcomings
  • Policing Policies and Race Relations in Contemporary American Politics
  • American Media Politics: Influence of Cable News Networks
  • Populism in American Politics: An Examination of Its Rise and Effect
  • Gerrymandering and Redistricting: Influences on American Electoral Politics
  • Gun Control Politics in the United States
  • Sociopolitical Implications of Climate Change in American Politics

Food Politics Essay Topics

  • Food Sovereignty: Challenges and Prospects in Global South
  • Exploring the Politics of Obesity and Fast-Food Industries
  • Globalization and the Politics of Food Distribution
  • Agribusiness Lobbying: Influences on Dietary Guidelines
  • Influence of Food Marketing on Consumer Choices and Health Outcomes
  • Genetically Modified Foods: Political and Ethical Considerations
  • Trade Wars: Effects on International Food Trade
  • Interplay of Food, Politics, and Religion: The Case of Halal and Kosher
  • Food Wastage: Understanding International Policies and Solutions
  • Geopolitics of Food Aid and Its Implications on International Relations
  • Hunger Strikes: The Use of Food as a Political Protest Tool
  • Famine and Political Instability: A Comparative Study
  • Analyzing Food Policy in the Context of Indigenous Rights
  • Fast Food Legislation: Case Studies of Regulation and Public Health
  • Farm Subsidies: Political Implications and Influence on Agriculture
  • Analysis of Food Insecurity in War Zones
  • Political Dimensions of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management
  • Exploring the Intersection of Food Politics and Gender Inequality
  • Politics of School Lunch Programs: A Comparative Analysis

Global Political Topics to Talk About

  • Global Migration Patterns and Asylum Policies
  • Foreign Aid Effectiveness in Developing Economies
  • Transnational Corporations in Global Governance
  • Political Implications of Climate Change on Small Island States
  • Polarization in Global Politics: Causes and Consequences
  • Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control Agreements
  • Populist Movements in the 21 st -Century: A Comparative Analysis
  • Crypto Diplomacy: Decentralized Finance in International Relations
  • Artificial Intelligence and International Security Challenges
  • Internet Governance and Cybersecurity in International Relations
  • Global Health Diplomacy: Lessons From the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Rise of China: Shifts in Global Power Balance
  • Maritime Disputes in the South China Sea
  • Global Human Trafficking Networks and Response Mechanisms
  • Effects of Sanctions on Targeted Countries
  • India’s Role in the Changing Global Order
  • Understanding the Middle East: Sectarian Conflicts and Geopolitics
  • Diplomatic Relations Between North Korea and the World
  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Case Studies From the Balkans and Africa

Political Ideology Essay Topics for Science Research

  • Libertarianism vs. Socialism: Exploring the Extremes
  • Nihilism in Contemporary Political Thought
  • Anarchism: Critiques and Contributions to Political Theory
  • Conservatism and Progressive Thought in the 21st Century
  • Feminist Theory and Its Intersection With Political Ideologies
  • Eco-Fascism: Emergence and Examination
  • Populism: Ideology or Political Strategy?
  • Decoding Democratic Socialism: Perspectives and Paradigms
  • Neoliberalism and Its Critics in Global Politics
  • Taoism and Its Political Implications for Eastern Societies
  • Religious Fundamentalism as a Political Ideology
  • Radical Centrism: Balancing the Political Scale
  • Marxism-Leninism: Validity in Contemporary Politics
  • Intersectionality: Power Dynamics and Political Recognition
  • Post-Colonial Theory and Decolonial Thought in Political Ideology
  • Islamic Political Ideology: The Spectrum of Interpretations
  • Monarchism in the Modern Age: A Contradiction?
  • Technocracy and Its Place in Modern Political Ideology
  • Nationalism and Populism in the Era of Globalization
  • Exploring Pluralism: Political Ideology and Multicultural Societies

Political Corruption Essay Topics

  • Unmasking Corruption in Public-Private Partnerships
  • Dissecting Political Patronage: Origins and Outcomes
  • Clientelism in Contemporary Democracies
  • Political Corruption and the Erosion of Social Trust
  • Neopatrimonialism: An Examination of Power Abuse
  • Unveiling the Veil of Secrecy in Offshore Financial Centers
  • Corruption, Transparency, and Freedom of Information Acts
  • Dynamics of State Capture in Emerging Economies
  • Electoral Fraud: A Global Perspective
  • Money Laundering and the Financing of Political Parties
  • Whistleblowing Mechanisms in the Fight against Corruption
  • Judicial Independence, Accountability, and Corruption
  • Corruption Perceptions Index: Methodological Critiques
  • Nexus Between Political Corruption and Organized Crime
  • Transnational Anti-Corruption Initiatives: Successes and Failures
  • Political Corruption in Post-Conflict Societies
  • Fighting Corruption: The Effectiveness of Ombudsman Institutions
  • Informal Institutions and the Persistence of Corruption
  • Integrity Systems and Their Influence on Political Behavior
  • Pedagogy of Corruption: Education as a Tool for Change 

Political Leadership Essay Topics

  • Charismatic Leadership in Modern Democracies
  • Women in Politics: Pathways to Leadership
  • Examining Leadership Styles in Political Movements
  • Power Distribution and Decision-Making in Political Leadership
  • Personality Traits of Effective Political Leaders
  • Political Leadership and the Challenge of National Cohesion
  • Authoritarianism: Styles and Effects in Leadership
  • Evolving Paradigms in Political Leadership Analysis
  • Servant Leadership in Politics: Principles and Applications
  • Political Leadership in Times of Crisis: Case Studies
  • Leadership in Supranational Entities: A European Union Study
  • Youth Leadership and the Future of Politics
  • Moral Leadership in Politics: Reality or Utopia?
  • Navigating Political Leadership in Multiethnic Societies
  • The Transition of Leadership in Totalitarian Regimes
  • Political Leadership and the Dynamics of Urban Development
  • Influence of Media on Political Leadership Perception
  • Leadership Decapitation in Terrorist Organizations: Effects and Consequences
  • Gender and Cultural Dimensions in Political Leadership
  • Educational Background and Its Influence on Political Leadership

Political Participation Essay Topics for Science Research

  • Digital Activism and Its Influence on Political Participation
  • Youth Engagement in the Political Sphere: Factors and Trends
  • Political Participation in Marginalized Communities
  • Socioeconomic Status and Its Effect on Political Participation
  • Influence of Education Level on Political Participation
  • Civic Education and Its Relationship With Political Participation
  • Social Media as a Platform for Political Participation
  • Barriers to Political Participation in Developing Countries
  • Gender Differences in Political Participation: A Global Perspective
  • Populism and Its Effects on Political Participation
  • Immigrant Communities and Political Participation: A Comparative Study
  • The Interplay Between Religion and Political Participation
  • Assessing Political Participation in Non-Democratic Regimes
  • Political Participation and Trust in Government: An Analysis
  • Direct Democracy Mechanisms and Citizen Participation
  • Influence of Political Parties on Voter Participation
  • Political Participation in Post-Conflict Societies
  • The Relationship Between Political Satire and Political Participation
  • Exploring the Impact of Political Efficacy on Voter Turnout

Political Communication Essay Topics

  • Political Rhetoric in Election Campaigns: A Critical Analysis
  • Decoding the Language of Political Advertising
  • Influence of Social Media on Political Discourse
  • Media Framing and Public Perception of Political Issues
  • Politics and Public Relations: The Art of Messaging
  • Evaluating the Function of Press Releases in Political Communication
  • Analyzing Speech Writing as a Political Communication Tool
  • Political Debates and Their Effect on Voter Perceptions
  • News Media Bias and Its Effect on Political Communication
  • Examining the Power of Political Cartoons in Shaping Public Opinion
  • Investigating the Role of Polls in Political Communication
  • Influence of Digital Technologies on Political Discourse
  • Assessing Political Communication Strategies in Crisis Situations
  • The Function of Satire in Political Communication
  • Understanding Propaganda as a Political Communication Strategy
  • Emotional Appeal and Persuasion in Political Communication
  • Investigating the Role of Fact-Checking in Political Communication
  • The Effect of Celebrity Endorsements on Political Campaigns
  • Political Communication Tactics in Grassroots Movements
  • Exploring the Dynamics of Political Communication in Non-Democratic Regimes   

Political Campaigns and Elections Essay Topics

  • Candidate Image and Voter Perception in Presidential Elections
  • Strategies for Success: An Analysis of Competitive Congressional Campaigns
  • Negative Campaigning: Voter Turnout and Attitude Change
  • Campaign Finance Laws: Understanding the Effect on Election Outcomes
  • Media, Politics, and Elections: A Complex Relationship
  • Grassroots Movements: Transformative Power in Political Campaigns
  • Political Advertising: The Subtle Art of Influencing Voters
  • Election Predictive Models: A Study of Accuracy and Reliability
  • Incumbency in Political Campaigns: An Unfair Advantage?
  • Endorsements and Their Effect on Election Outcomes: An Analysis
  • Voter Psychology: Unraveling Motivations and Influences
  • Political Scandals: Their Echo in Election Outcomes
  • Determinants of Winning Political Campaigns: A Comprehensive Study
  • Opinion Polls in Political Campaigns: A Necessary Evil?
  • Swing States: The Tipping Point in US Presidential Elections
  • Social Media Platforms: A New Frontier in Political Campaigns
  • Digital Revolution: The Transforming Landscape of Political Campaigning
  • Direct Mail in Political Campaigns: An Old but Gold Strategy
  • Gerrymandering: Its Silent Control over Election Outcomes
  • Campaign Volunteers: The Unsung Heroes in Election Victories

Political Activism Essay Topics for Science Research

  • Cyber Activism: The Changing Face of Political Dissent
  • Nonviolent Resistance: Exploring Its Power and Limitations
  • Activism and Democracy: Is There a Symbiotic Relationship?
  • Understanding the Motivations Behind Political Activism
  • Social Media: A Potent Tool for Political Activists
  • Political Activism: A Closer Look at Its Psychological Underpinnings
  • Environmental Activism: A Deep Dive Into Its Political Implications
  • Grassroots Movements: Driving Forces for Political Change
  • Civil Disobedience: An Examination of Its Legitimacy in Political Activism
  • Feminist Activism: Tracing Its Influence on Political Landscape
  • Political Activism in Dictatorial Regimes: A Risky Path to Democracy
  • Anonymity in Activism: An Investigation Into Its Strategic Significance
  • Challenges of Organizing Political Activism in Rural Areas
  • Art and Political Activism: The Power of Symbolic Protest
  • Identity Politics: Its Role in Shaping Political Activism
  • Youth Activism: Unleashing Political Change From Below
  • Political Activism Among Celebrities: An Examination of Its Effects
  • The Influence of Political Activism on Policy Change
  • Historical Analysis of Successful Political Activism Movements

Political Institutions Essay Topics

  • A Comparative Analysis of Democratic Institutions Across Nations
  • Efficacy of International Institutions in Addressing Global Crises
  • Parliaments Around the World: A Study of Their Structures and Functions
  • Executive Powers: Differences and Similarities Across Political Systems
  • Supranational Institutions: Their Role in Global Governance
  • Dissecting the Judicial Branch: Influence on Politics and Society
  • Political Parties as Crucial Institutions: An In-Depth Study
  • Influence of Media Institutions on Public Opinion and Policy Making
  • Civil Society: An Examination of Its Institutional Dimensions
  • The Military as a Political Institution in Authoritarian Regimes
  • Effectiveness of Electoral Institutions in Promoting Democratic Values
  • Education Institutions and Their Influence on Political Socialization
  • Assessing the Functionality of Bureaucratic Institutions in Policy Implementation
  • International Financial Institutions: Politics and Power Play
  • A Critical Study of Regional Political Institutions and Their Effectiveness
  • The UN as a Political Institution: Achievements and Shortcomings
  • Political Institutions in Federal and Unitary Systems: Comparative Analysis
  • Autonomous Institutions: Implications for Democracy and Governance
  • The Role of Traditional Institutions in Politics: Case Studies From Africa

Political Systems Essay Topics

  • Comparative Analysis of Democratic and Authoritarian Political Systems
  • Monarchies in the Modern World: An Examination of Existing Political Structures
  • Confederalism, Federalism, and Unitary Systems: A Study in Contrasts
  • Political System Transition: Case Studies From Post-Soviet States
  • Presidential and Parliamentary Systems: Assessing Advantages and Shortcomings
  • Dictatorship vs. Democracy: A Comparative Study of Stability
  • Influence of Political Systems on Civil Liberties and Human Rights
  • Political Systems and Their Correspondence With Economic Development
  • Political Systems and Environmental Policy: Comparative Analysis
  • Assessing the Efficacy of Mixed Political Systems
  • Analyzing the Peculiarities of Theocratic Political Systems
  • Indigenous Political Systems and Their Relevance Today
  • Political Systems in Small Island States: Unique Challenges and Solutions
  • Fragmentation in Multi-Party Systems: Causes and Consequences
  • Role of Constitutions in Shaping Political Systems
  • Single-Party Rule: Understanding Its Dynamics and Implications
  • Political Systems in Post-Colonial African Nations: A Critical Study
  • Understanding Anarchy: Could It Function as a Political System?
  • Effect of Internet Technologies on the Functioning of Political Systems
  • Transitioning to Democracy: A Study on Post-Military Rule Political Systems

Political Psychology Essay Topics for Science Research

  • Psychological Drivers Behind Political Participation
  • Personality Traits and Leadership Styles in Politics
  • Understanding Voters’ Decision-Making Processes
  • Fear and Politics: Exploring the Connection
  • Influence of Media on Political Perception: A Cognitive Approach
  • Political Conspiracy Theories: Unraveling the Psychology
  • Emotional Intelligence and its Influence on Political Leadership
  • The Interplay of Cognitive Biases in Political Judgment
  • Analyzing the Psychology of Radicalization in Politics
  • Political Psychology of Climate Change Denial
  • Gender Stereotypes in Political Leadership: A Psychological Perspective
  • How Do Personality Disorders Influence Political Behavior?
  • Group Identity and Its Effects on Political Affiliation
  • Assessing the Relationship Between Nationalism and Psychological Well-Being
  • Psychological Factors that Influence Trust in Government
  • The Interplay Between Religion and Politics: A Psychological Perspective
  • Emotion vs. Logic: What Rules in Political Decision Making?
  • Psychological Factors Influencing Political Polarization
  • Cognitive Dissonance in Politics: Causes and Consequences
  • The Psychology of Political Persuasion and Propaganda

Political Ethics Essay Topics

  • Ethical Implications of Political Corruption
  • Moral Obligations of Political Leaders
  • Unveiling Ethics in Election Campaigns
  • Influence of Ethics on Public Policy Making
  • Evaluating Ethical Standards in International Politics
  • Privacy Rights and Government Surveillance: An Ethical Dilemma
  • Transparency and Accountability in Political Institutions
  • Understanding Ethical Challenges in Political Activism
  • Justifying War: An Exploration of Political Ethics
  • Fostering Ethical Conduct in Political Leadership
  • Debating Ethical Aspects of Political Propaganda
  • Moral Quandaries in the Politics of Climate Change
  • Assessing Ethical Dimensions of Political Lobbying
  • Scrutinizing Ethics in the Political Handling of Migration
  • Political Ethics and the Dilemma of Whistleblowing
  • Probing the Ethics of Political Campaign Financing
  • Ethical Analysis of Discrimination in Politics
  • Deconstructing Ethics in Policy Implementation
  • An Ethical Examination of Political Censorship
  • Political Nepotism: Analyzing the Ethical Implications

Political History Essay Topics

  • Decoding Political Developments of the French Revolution
  • Understanding Political Shifts in Post-Colonial Africa
  • Exploring the Political Consequences of the Cuban Revolution
  • Assessing the Political Transformation of Japan Post-World War II
  • History of Women’s Political Empowerment in the United States
  • Analyzing the Birth of the European Union: Political Implications
  • Political Dynamics of the Middle East Post-Arab Spring
  • Unpacking the Historical Influence of the American Civil Rights Movement
  • Deciphering the Political Realities of the Cold War
  • Political Changes in Latin America: A Case of Socialist Movements
  • Post-Apartheid South Africa: A Historical and Political Analysis
  • Investigating Political Repercussions of the Iranian Revolution
  • Maoism and its Political Aftermath in China
  • Understanding the Political Unification of Italy: A Historical Perspective
  • Historical Trajectories of Political Islam in the Middle East
  • Analyzing the Political Changes in Post-Soviet Russia
  • Impact of Thatcherism on the United Kingdom’s Political Landscape
  • Exploring the Politics of Independence Movements in India
  • Historical Analysis of Indigenous Political Movements in Australia

Political Violence and Terrorism Essay Topics

  • Contemporary Analysis of Terrorism and the State: A Case of Afghanistan
  • Political Violence in Africa: Focus on Boko Haram
  • Origins and Progression of Terrorism in the Middle East
  • Political Violence and Regime Change: Lessons From Libya
  • Modern Insurgencies and the Cycle of Political Violence
  • Terrorism Financing and Its Global Repercussions
  • How International Law Addresses State-Sponsored Terrorism
  • Cyber Terrorism: A New Face of Political Violence
  • Understanding Terrorist Narratives and Recruitment Strategies
  • Political Violence and Its Relation to Failed States
  • Securitization of Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis
  • Political Violence in Latin America: Case of the Drug Cartels
  • Religious Extremism and Terrorism: A Global Perspective
  • Analyzing Terrorism’s Influence on Public Opinion and Policy
  • Transnational Terrorism: Issues and Challenges
  • Terrorism and Media Coverage: An Analytical View
  • Exploring Political Responses to Domestic Terrorism
  • Structural Violence and Terrorism: Linking Theory and Practice
  • Global Anti-Terrorism Strategies and Their Effectiveness
  • Analyzing the Psychology Behind Political Violence and Terrorism

Political Human Rights Essay Topics in Political Science to Research

  • Human Rights Violations in North Korea: An In-Depth Examination
  • Enforcement of Human Rights in International Law
  • State Sovereignty and Human Rights: A Delicate Balance
  • Analysis of Human Rights Legislation: Focus on the European Union
  • Modern Slavery and Human Rights: A Global View
  • Children’s Rights in the Political Realm: National and International Perspectives
  • LGBTQ+ Rights as Human Rights: A Comparative Study
  • Analyzing Political Will and Its Effects on Human Rights Implementation
  • Indigenous People’s Rights in Political Agendas: A Case Study
  • Exploring Human Rights in Post-Apartheid South Africa
  • Migrant and Refugee Rights: International Policies and Realities
  • Climate Change and Human Rights: Addressing Displacement and Environmental Injustice
  • Analyzing the Politics Behind Human Rights Commissions
  • Human Rights and Gender Equality: Assessing Progress and Challenges
  • Disability Rights as Human Rights: A Global Perspective
  • Human Rights in Conflict Zones: A Case of Syria
  • The Politics of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Human Rights in Authoritarian Regimes: A Case of China
  • Prisoners’ Rights and Political Responses: An International Overview

International Political Economy Essay Topics

  • Power Dynamics in International Trade Agreements
  • Deciphering the Politics of International Financial Institutions
  • Analysis of the Belt and Road Initiative: A New Economic World Order
  • Exploring Brexit: Economic Implications and Political Tensions
  • State-Led Capitalism in China: International Implications
  • Cryptocurrencies and International Political Economy: An Emerging Frontier
  • Globalization Backlash: Rise of Economic Nationalism
  • Food Security and International Political Economy: A Multi-Faceted Study
  • International Debt Crisis: Lessons From Argentina
  • International Trade, Labor, and Human Rights: Unraveling the Connections
  • Climate Change: Challenges for International Political Economy
  • Resource Scarcity, Conflict, and International Political Economy
  • Examining the Washington Consensus: Criticisms and Relevance
  • Global Inequality: Causes and Consequences in International Political Economy
  • Global Value Chains and Power Politics: An Examination
  • Digital Economy and its Influence on Global Politics
  • Global Health and International Political Economy: The Pandemic Perspective
  • Multinational Corporations: Players in the International Political Economy
  • Analyzing Economic Sanctions as Political Tools
  • Foreign Aid, Political Leverage, and International Relations

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Home / Essay Samples / Philosophy

Political Philosophy Essay Examples and Topics

Tyranny: depiction of dictatorship dynamics in 20th century.

On Tyranny Twenty Lessons From The Twentieth Century, by Timothy Snyder, depicts how dictators have disassembled twentieth-century republics and supplanted them with authoritarian systems, and it also displays the dangers to majority rules systems that still technically exist today, which are incorporating in America. Snyder…

The Esablishment of the Concept of Tyranny in Ancient Greece

Within the archaic Greek world, from roughly 700-480BC, before the rise, and perhaps resulting in the rise, of democracy, tyranny was seemingly common place, according to the evidence we have today such as the writings of historian Herodotus and philosophers like Aristotle. There are clear…

Truth as One of the Ways to Prevent Tyranny

The idea of tyranny may bring up thoughts of a strong and indestructible system, however, it can crumble from an individual acting out within the truth. In Timothy Snyder’s book On Tyranny, he explains through lessons how both standing out and believing in truth can…

Political Philosopher Thomas Hobbes

Political philosopher Thomas Hobbes starts Chapter XIII by saying human beings are all basically equal. Today we are all familiar with the idea of equality, it’s a very powerful moral idea today. People believe in equality, it is obviously in the declaration of independence, all…

Emergence of a Significant Phenomenon in the Nineteenth Century

According to Michel Foucault, there has been an emergence of a significant phenomenon in the nineteenth century, which he called ‘power’s hold over life’ (1976:239). This contributes to a major shift in governmental power and how power is exercised over its population. This phenomenon has…

The Difficult Situation in the Land of the Eastern Fairy Tale

On March 20th, 2003 president George W. Bush and his administration, with fears of nuclear and biological weapons of mass destruction had declared war on Suddam Hussein and his regime. The majority believe that the removal of Hussein was for the best, but the question…

My Drive to Pursue a Degree in Politics, Philosophy, and Economics

A few weeks ago, I heard that the Supreme Court passing the ‘Aadhaar’ Bill – a ruling on the Indian state’s biometric-based demographic database of every individual resident – like a punch in the gut. In India, where I live, this was the first form…

Analysis of Herbert Marcuse’s Philosophies Represented in His Book Eros and Civilisation

Herbert Marcuse, a renowned German-American philosopher, sociologist and political theorist, had produced a multitude of essays and theses that reflect on his perception of the world he’s experienced. Marcuse was an avid supporter of the left in politics and he often criticised capitalism in his…

Are African Traditional Political Institutions and System of Governance Relevant Today?

The nature of underlying traditional political values is a factor that contributes to Africa’s journey to democracy. It is probable that the more habitual political qualities joining with governmental standards concerning administration, the more potential there would be to transform the democratic position of Africa….

Analysis of Cesare Borgia by Niccolo Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli (1532) uses the portrayal of Cesare Borgia’s career to teach readers about establishing new principalities through others’ arms and fortune, which are gained with little to no trouble but are maintained with great difficulty. Borgia gained land through his father, Pope Alexander VI,…

Peace Must Be Given a Chance

Peace is a global phenomenon which may not be established into parts. It is a chain which passes from every department of a state. It travels from one state to another state and when chain completes its length and breath peace takes birth. Distoration in…

Reflection on My Political Philosophy

On the political spectrum I am moderate liberal. I believe the United States of America should be government involved for the people. This means healthcare for everyone, set wages, Women’s rights, save the environment, school and church separate, presidential elections by the people and for…

The Origins of Political Theory and Its Relevance in the Modern Society

Society today is inevitably influenced by the advancements in technology emerging minute after minute. This growth managed to make people hasten their paces to keep up with the change. However, this version of society did not happen to spring from a pit out of nowhere….

Principles of Conservatism in Politics

Conservatism as a political ideology expresses the views of people who place tradition, order, social stability and the preservation of key institutions, such as religion, property rights, hierarchy and authority as their top priorities. Conservatives tend to oppose radical reforms in society and they strictly…

The Politica Need for Installing the Roman Republic

The Issues of the Roman Republic The Roman Republic was formed when they overthrew the Etruscans. After that, they started to gain power as they conquered more land and people. As they grew, more problems arose since there were more people to govern and more…

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Blog article cover Philosophy Essay Topics and Questions for Students

Philosophy Essay Topics and Questions for Students

Table of Contents:

1.Ethical Dilemmas: Examining Moral Philosophy Essay Topics 2.Epistemology and Knowledge: Thought-Provoking Essay Questions 3.Metaphysical Inquiries: Engaging with Existential Philosophy Topics 4.The Nature of Reality: Philosophical Questions for Essay Writing 5.Philosophy of Mind: Delving into Consciousness and Identity Topics 6.Aesthetics and Art: Thoughtful Essay Prompts in Philosophy 7.Political and Social Philosophy: Topics for Critical Analysis 8.The Philosophy of Ethics: Ethical Theories and Contemporary Issues 9.Eastern Philosophical Traditions: Essay Topics on Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism 10.Applying Philosophy to Everyday Life: Practical Essay Questions 11.Philosophical Debates: Contemporary Topics for Essay Discussions 12.The Intersection of Science and Philosophy: Essay Topics on Philosophy of Science 13.Reflecting on Personal Beliefs: Philosophy Essay Questions for Self-Exploration

Cover to the article: Philosophy Essay Topics and Questions for Students

Ethical Dilemmas: Examining Moral Philosophy Essay Topics

Understanding philosophy research papers can be complicated, especially for untrained students. There are a lot of nuances and topics in philosophy that can be highly controversial or deserve a lot of discussion from the audience. That is why students often need the help provided by Bid4Papers writers.

Most interesting topics can be found in the morality section because such research papers always arouse genuine interest among readers, professors, and students. Writing such a research paper may not be accessible at all, but taking the time to choose the right topic is extremely important. That is why in the tables throughout our material, expert have presented the best topics for active study and writing papers .

Epistemology and Knowledge: Thought-Provoking Essay Questions

Such philosophy topic are of most interest to researchers and students who have a strong desire to learn. The very section of the discipline studies research, criticism, theory of cognition, and the structure of such research. That’s why students must study the topic well and draw their conclusions correctly. This will help you deal with everything and create a suitable research paper.

Metaphysical Inquiries: Engaging with Existential Philosophy Topics

Writing philosophy essay is most often bound to befall you sooner or later because the themes of being human have always been relevant. Just think of Professor Nietzsche or Sartre, who significantly contributed to the philosophy section. There are also different varieties of the section because some add religion and study man in the context of god, while others focus on atheism.

The Nature of Reality: Philosophical Questions for Essay Writing

Good philosophical essays examples often contain such issues because they are fundamental to the scientific discipline. There are numerous scientific studies and recorded dialogs. In each of them, you can find questions about the nature of reality because some of them study it in the context of the main center in the form of human beings. There is the opposite concept, which explores the world independent of the human mind. The research question to be answered here is whether man is an essential element of the universe.

Philosophy of Mind: Delving into Consciousness and Identity Topics

Practical, every philosophy paper topic will contain information about consciousness and how it should be perceived. That is, what is the very nature of human consciousness, the role of the physical and spiritual body. All this is a significant and debatable topic that deserves deep study and discussion. The typical problem is that if you put a human brain into another object, does that object remain human, retaining the mind.

Aesthetics and Art: Thoughtful Essay Prompts in Philosophy

Such philosophy topics essays are popular with students because they are easier to understand and allow you to learn more about the world around you through art. Creativity and the ability to create something beautiful is given a lot of time in philosophy. Is art the meaning of a person’s life and the only way to express one’s feelings. The section answers many questions and lets you practically understand aesthetics and how it works in the modern world.

Political and Social Philosophy: Topics for Critical Analysis

Studying philosophical topics to write about is extremely useful because they provide a better understanding of the nature of the tools of politicians and how they affect society. The section explores the knowledge about the nature of politics and the importance of the mechanisms for the Czech people. How perfectly the system of managing people, the public, and opinions has advanced so far, and what evaluation criteria can be applied to the political structure of a country or the world.

The Philosophy of Ethics: Ethical Theories and Contemporary Issues

Such research paper topics philosophy study closely issues that are close to moral. The discipline discusses how people’s behavior changes depending on their moral compass. What exactly can educate people morally, and what consequences of each decision can come. Through this, it is possible to understand each individual and the nature of their actions based on the moral restraints and principles they have adopted.

Eastern Philosophical Traditions: Essay Topics on Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism

The topics are exciting, if only because of the large number of currents organized into categories. Thanks to this, you can delve into history and find interesting philosophy arguments topics that will make you spend hours in discussions. This philosophy originated in China and India and is an exciting topic. You can see the world differently and form your opinion thanks to the significant differences.

Applying Philosophy to Everyday Life: Practical Essay Questions

The best philosophy paper ideas will always contain practical aspects of using the discipline in real life. This is your opportunity not to be afraid of complexity and to be able to look at any problem from the outside. It also helps you understand relationship with other people and the nature of their actions, decisions, and deeds. Such a philosophy also teaches you to trust yourself and not to give in to emotions. It all depends on which particular current discipline you will apply.

Philosophical Debates: Contemporary Topics for Essay Discussions

An essential part of the whole discipline is that each person can express their opinion and have it discussed by the rest of the audience. Due to this, the expression in the debate is that truth is born. This plan’s efficient essay is excellent in helping students learn more about debate and how to use their opinion correctly, tell the right arguments, and argue their position. In many ways, the philosophical currents of modern times were formed based on this.

The Intersection of Science and Philosophy: Essay Topics on Philosophy of Science

It is widespread for science, philosophy, and religion to intersect simultaneously and create extensive discussions. In this respect, the discipline helps to study science from a very different angle and to learn much more about the social sections of a particular scientific work. There are also more specialized sections that study only specific scientific disciplines. Such essays usually receive positive marks if the argument and facts are presented correctly and the author’s reason is given.

Reflecting on Personal Beliefs: Philosophy Essay Questions for Self-Exploration

Extremely often, the best philosophical essays have much to do with the person, their everyday life, and personal beliefs. For this purpose, a section of essays examines the person himself, his decisions, principles, and beliefs from a scientific discipline. Through this, it is possible to understand the person much better and learn a lot even about oneself. It is an opportunity to understand the nature of the decisions made and one’s moral compass.

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Political philosophy is the branch of philosophy devoted to reflecting on the contents, values, and conditions of political life. Specific methods of political philosophy are distinguishable from other disciplines, such as political science and history, with various forms and varieties emerging in contemporary political philosophy.

The Objects Of Political Philosophy

It is a common practice to define a discipline either on the basis of its specific objects or on the basis of its methods. By looking at its objects, political philosophy can be defined as the specific branch of philosophy devoted to the study of politics. The main questions that political philosophers then raise concer n (1) legitimacy, (2) modes, and (3) limits of political power.

With regard to the first, the legitimacy of political power, the most fundamental questions that political philosophers raise surround the very existence of politics: Why should there be a political power in the first place? Why do people live under governments? Would it be preferable to live in a condition of anarchy? These are questions that touch on crucial philosophical problems and that have been raised at least since individual human beings realized that the political arrangements they live in are not eternal and unchangeable; rather, they are temporary and subject to the possibility of change. In antiquity, the typical answer showed that political power derived from the place of human beings in the chain of beings, whereas modern philosophers typically looked for a justification of power in the will of human beings. The typical example of the first approach is Aristotle (384–322 BCE), who in Politics famously defined the human being as a political animal, while Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679 CE) exemplifies the second approach. By grounding the existence of political power in a social contract that individuals stipulate in order to exist apart from the natural condition of war and anarchy, in Leviathan Hobbes justifies the existence of power in the will of individuals.

The second question concerns the modes of exercising political power. What fundamental values should uphold one’s political life? What political arrangements best promote them? These are also crucial questions that political philosophy has been raising since its inception. An example of the typical answer in antiquity to the question is Plato’s depiction of the perfect republic. Plato (427–347 BCE) argues in The Republic that justice is the most important value in human life and that it should be the ordering principle of political arrangements. Drawing on an analogy between the equilibrate soul ruled by reason and the just republic ruled by philosophers, Plato depicts an ideal political community by assigning a specific position to every social group and describing in detail each one’s task. An example of the typically modern answer to this question is Niccolò Machiavelli’s theory of the separation of politics from morals in The Prince. If the antiquity sees them in continuity, Machiavelli (1469–1527) argues that politics should be autonomous from morals and should promote its own values. In Machiavelli’s view, the best political arrangement to promote the liberty of individual human beings is the republican one.

Finally, there is the question of the limits to political power. Are there limits to what political power can legitimately do? If these limits exist, what are the criteria for defining them? The question has also been raised since the inception of political philosophy, but it gained prominence in the modern epoch. If political power is not derived from the position of human beings in the chain of beings, but is instead the consequence of their will, it follows that this very will is also entitled to set the legitimate limits to politics. Liberal philosophers have paid particular attention to this question. Among them, John Locke (1632–1704) argued in Two Treatises of Government that together with the limits posed by nature itself, every legitimate government is also meant to respect the fundamental rights of individuals, such as their life and their private properties.

The Methods Of Political Philosophy

At this point, questions may still arise regarding the difference between political philosophy and other disciplines also devoted to the study of politics. As the question itself suggests, it is not sufficient just to look at the objects of political philosophy. It is only by considering its specific methods that a full-fledged definition of political philosophy emerges, setting it apart from other disciplines.

If political philosophy is a form of philosophical reflection on politics, then it follows that its methods can be as many as those that philosophy can actually provide. In the first place, the difference emerges between those political philosophies that are derived from entire philosophical systems and those that focus on a specific issue. An example of the first kind of political philosophy is Plato’s already mentioned conception of the ideal polity, which derives from his more general philosophical views, while Machiavelli is an example of the second. Indeed, while Plato contributes to many fields of philosophical investigation (from ethics to metaphysics and theory of knowledge), Machiavelli’s contributions to philosophy, aside from his political writings, are negligible. Furthermore, if in the first case, the difference between political philosophy and political science clearly emerges, the former the result of an entire system of thought and the second a discipline mainly focused on specific issues. In the second, there is a significant convergence. In exploring whether Machiavelli’s The Prince is a work in political philosophy or in political science, in the context of works written before the emergence of a separate discipline of political science, a significant overlap between the two emerges.

The next task then involves identifying the difference between political philosophy and political science, methodologically speaking. If by Machiavelli’s time, the two disciplines were still to a large extent intertwined, the difference emerges more clearly with contemporary examples. In the last century, political science has acquired a methodological status well distinguished from that of political philosophy. To a certain extent, its specific method is defined in opposition to that of political philosophy.

In the first place, as it is usually put, political philosophy is a normative enterprise, which reflects on how best to arrange one’s political life. In contrast, political science aims to be value free, to simply describe and explain facts. The distinction goes back to the positivist distinction between three kinds of propositions: synthetic, analytic, and evaluative. The first are the propositions that describe facts (e.g., “there are 156 towns in this country”), the second are those that analyze the content of other propositions and therefore contain no advancement of knowledge (e.g., «the GDP is the gross domestic product of a country”), and the third are propositions that contain judgments of value (e.g., “justice is the most important political value”). The idea is that since philosophical propositions cannot be subsumed under the first two kinds of propositions, they must be evaluative. Many, such as Hilary Putnam, have questioned the distinction, in particular with observations that factual descriptions also contain more or less hidden judgments of values. For instance, going back to the earlier example, it could be sustained that the very definition of towns instead of mere villages contains a judgment of value.

Yet, the distinction still obtains between a discipline that primarily aims at describing the facts of one’s political life (political science) and another, political philosophy, which directly aims at defining how to best arrange it. This does not mean that political philosophy is only normative; this is only one kind of political philosophy, and even in this case there are rarely only pure judgments of values. This means that the two disciplines have a different methodological attitude toward political life. Political science aims to tell how the world is, political philosophy aims to assess how it should be.

This also leads to another difference between political philosophy and political science. Whereas political philosophy could also do without a reference to experience, works in the field of political science are based on a systematic reference to the world how it actually is. Indeed, it is a striking characteristic of purely normative political philosophers that they often neglect actual politics in their works. Whereas political philosophers are offered this option—with another question about whether this is a good or bad political philosophy—this is unthinkable in the case of a political scientist. Both qualitative and quantitative methods in political science are based on a systematic and nonoccasional reference to the empirical world.

The normative character of political philosophy and its nonsystematic reference to the actual world also sets it apart from history. Although it is disputable whether a completely value-free historical research has ever taken place, it is a fact that the aim of a historian is primarily to tell how things have been, and not how they should be. Thus, although it is possible to have works in political philosophy that project in the metaphysical or utopian no places—first coined by Thomas More 1516 in his classical Utopia—this is unthinkable in the case of history. The historian looks at the past, although this research can be more or less subtly guided by a certain view of the present and of the future.

Modern Varieties Of Political Philosophy

One of the most common distinctions proposed for grouping available political philosophies is that between analytical and continental political philosophy. Not only is the distinction geographical (the philosophy done in the Old Continent opposed to the approach prevailing in the United States), but it also aims to distinguish the sort of enlightened, science oriented political philosophy done in the aftermath of authors such as David Hume, Gottlob Frege, and Jeremy Bentham from those who follow the philosophical style of authors such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Georg W. F. Hegel, and Friedrich Nietzsche. Many sides have questioned the distinction. In the first place, the term continental is misleading in as far as emblematic analytical philosophers such as Frege lived in the Old Continent. The term analytical is equally misleading because the works of alleged continental philosophers such as Rousseau and Hegel are also analytical if analytical simply means an enterprise devoted to the analysis of concepts. Thus, the distinction seems to be more a means to criticize philosophical adversaries than a conceptual distinction. The label of “continental” philosophy has often been used to accuse adversaries of lack of method and rigor, whereas the label “analytical” refers to accusation of offering sophisticated argument, but lacking any grip on reality. According to some, David West, for example, beyond such a distinction there is the ideological opposition between a “West” perceived as free, prosperous, celebrating human rights and the American way, and an “East” that has been totalitarian, stagnant, and oppressive.

A more fruitful distinction is that between the different methods of contemporary political philosophy, among which one can distinguish at least four: (1) the normative prescription of standards of conduct, (2) the construction of theoretical frameworks for the use of political concepts, (3) the deconstructive unpacking of concepts and paradigms, and (4) the history of political concepts. All are philosophical methods in that they aim to clarify concepts, be it through disclosing their normative potential, reconstructing the more general framework for their use, deconstructing overall, or reconstructing their history.

Normative political philosophy, after a long period of stagnation, was revived by the publication of John Rawls’s Theory of Justice in 1971. Rawls’s attempt to set the normative standards of a just society through the conceptual tool of a hypothetical social contract gave rise to a huge debate that did not cease to attract the attention of political philosophers. The only work comparable in influence is Jürgen Habermas’s 1992 Between Facts and Norms. Habermas’s attempt to ground democracy in the ideal conditions of speech and deliberation has attracted increasing attention on both sides of the Atlantic so that some authors speak of a deliberative turn in political philosophy.

However, the so-called normative political philosophy does not exhaust the entire contemporary scenario. If it is true that political philosophy always contains a normative part, there are still political philosophers who do not see their primary task in setting the standards for conduct. Chiara Bottici’s Philosophy of Political Myth (2007) offers an example of political philosophy understood as construction of philosophical framework for the use of political concepts (i.e., the second type). Whereas both Rawls and Habermas see human beings as primarily rational actors, Bottici argues that human beings do not only act on the basis of rational considerations, and therefore a philosophical framework needs to be constructed to adequately account for this fact. Hence Bottici’s proposal of a philosophy of political myth explains both what political myths are, and why human beings should or should not make recourse to them. Together with the analysis of the conditions for public reason, political philosophy has therefore also been analyzing those for public imagination.

Yet, according to some authors, the primary task of political philosophy is not the construction of theoretical frameworks but rather their deconstruction (i.e., the fourth kind of political philosophy). The concept of deconstruction is primarily linked to the work of Jacques Derrida, and the main example of a political philosophy based on deconstruction is his Politics of Friendship (1997). In this work, Derrida deconstructs the concept of friendship by showing that brotherhood and fraternity have consistently served as the paradigm of friendship and political relations throughout the history of Western philosophy; the result is a systematic exclusion of women from all of them.

Finally, whereas Bottici distinguishes between the methods of history and those of political philosophy, according to some authors, political philosophy should be an enterprise essentially based on history of concepts. The main idea here is that political philosophy cannot be a free-floating intellectual enterprise, but must always reflect the contingency of the specific historical context in which it takes place. There are two main versions of this approach. The stronger one says that because it is impossible to transcend one’s own historical context, political philosophy should be nothing more than conceptual history. The weaker form says instead that because there is no real progress in the discipline, but instead the perpetual recurrence of the same problems, rethinking the classical authors is a fruitful starting point for rethinking about more contemporary issues.

The four types of political philosophy are ideal types. Although it is possible to point to exemplary works for each of them, most of the time, works in political philosophy contain more than one single method. For example, Habermas’s Between Facts and Norms contains both a political philosophy of the first and of the fourth kind, and Plato’s Republic contains elements of the first and the second.

An epoch of rapid change often call the boundaries of the disciplines into question. Among the works that are on the forefront of questioning boundaries, at least three kinds of political philosophy stand out: (1) the poststatist, (2) the feminists, and (3) the green political philosophy. Although these kinds of political philosophy also make recourse to one or more of the methods described earlier, they stand out in the contemporary panorama of political philosophy for their innovative and boundary-questioning potential. The poststatist political philosophy questions the centrality of the sovereign state in modern political philosophy, envisaging forms of justice and democracy beyond traditional state boundaries, as explained by David Held. Feminist political philosophy questions instead the traditional boundary between the public and the private sphere, arguing that such a distinction is a means to perpetrate the domination of men and segregation of women, especially as presented by Carol Pateman. Finally, green political philosophy challenges traditional ways of conceiving the boundaries between human beings and their natural environment, arguing that the latter can no longer be conceived as the mere passive theatre of human beings’ political action. In the face of events such as climate changes, particularly as put forth by Val Plumwood, new political philosophies are necessary to assure not only justice among human beings but also their very survival.


  • Bottici, Chiara. Philosophy of Political Myth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Derrida, Jacques. Politics of Friendship. London:Verso, 1997.
  • Goodin, Robert E., Philio Pettit, and Thomas Pogge. A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2007.
  • Habermas, Jürgen. Between Facts and Norms. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992.
  • Held, David. Global Covenant:The Social Democratic Alternative to the Washington Consensus. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2004.
  • Lipset, Seymour Martin. Political Philosophy:Theories, Thinkers, Concepts. Washington, D.C: CQ Press, 2001.
  • Miller, David. Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Pateman, Carol. The Sexual Contract. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988.
  • Plumwood,Val. Environmental Culture: The Ecological Crisis of Reason. New York: Routledge, 2002.
  • Putnam, Hilary. The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy and Other Essays. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.
  • Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.
  • West, David. “Continental Philosophy.” In A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, Vol. 1, edited by Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, and Thomas Pogge. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2007.

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Political Philosophy Essay Examples

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Plato’s Political Philosophy


Plato’s political philosophy provided the first significant theoretical analysis of political life, regarded as his work’s philosophical foundation. Plato examines several political topics in the Republic and Regulations, including the best and most workable kinds of government, the limits of political knowledge or political “craft” in The Statesperson, and how to assess different types of governance, including democratization, properly. Furthermore, Plato’s understanding of politics extends beyond what he has discussed.

According to Plato, good governments are necessary for a decent life, and good governments cannot exist without intellectually and morally outstanding leaders. Plato outlines an educational strategy in his dialogue, The Democracy, to help, as much as necessary, ensure that politicians—like doctors, lawyers, nurses, physicists, and philosophers professors—are trained in fields essential to making crucial societal decisions. In The Republic, Plato made up the ruling class. Plato also believed that the verdict elite ought to be of the highest moral calibre. Below is a discussion of the political profession as envisioned by Plato

“Antigone” problems

To assist their brothers Polyneices and Eteocles, Antigone and Ismene travel back to Thebes. Upon arrival, they realized that both of their brothers had passed away while struggling to become Thebes’ King. Creon, Antigone’s uncle, and future father-in-law, later ascends to the throne of Thebes and declares that Thebes must always come first (Goheen, 2017). Eteocles, who protected Thebes and battled for their land, will be given a hero’s burial, according to Creon, whereas Polyneices, who took up arms against the city, will not be allowed a burial to put his soul to rest. Despite being set in the city-state of Thebes a generation, perhaps once well before Trojan War, several millennia before Sophocles’ time, the tragedy was composed in Athens around the reign of Pericles (Goheen, 2017).

Sophocles was selected as a member of the ten commanding officers to organize a military operation towards Samos Island immediately after the play’s debut during this period of intense patriotic enthusiasm (Goheen, 2017). The play features zero misinformation, topical metaphors, or references to Athens and generally exhibits zero signs of patriotism. Theban civil war has left Thebes in a state of unsettling stillness. As the argument between the two prominent players progresses, the atmosphere becomes increasingly one of dread and imminent disaster. However, the play’s climactic fatalities give off the sensation of catharsis and emptying of every feeling, with all desires exhausted.

By providing Polyneices with a befitting burial, Antigone defies Ismene’s advice and the rough rule established by Creon (Goheen, 2017). She would rather perish for a good cause. Creon’s punishment of Antigone and her death sentence initiates radical action. The main confrontations in the play are between people and supernatural beings, between people and society, and between men. Antigone and the community in Thebes are in dispute since she is viewed as an alien and a traitor since she defied the King. Between Antigone and Creon, Antigone and Ismene, and Haemon and Creon, a man versus man fight. Struggle between extraordinary people is fueled by the notion that several of Antigone’s family—have been condemned by the gods and are doomed to destruction.

The scenario is the production’s main topics and ideas: civil disobedience Antigone’s prideful disobedience of the King, and the law of Theba Creon enacts a law that he regards as divine and thinks everyone should abide by, and he is eventually persecuted for it. Mortal law versus immortality Antigone prefers the rule of God to the rule of man (Goheen, 2017). The status of women in the patriarchal society is very restrained and submissive to males, and Antigone questions this assumption when Ismene, as well as other women, think they should not risk the fury of men.

How do Socrates and Plato believe they are reacting?

The philosophy of Socrates discusses several values attributed to people. For example, Socrates was accused of being wiser than others since he consistently challenged their assertions. Additionally, according to Socrates, those who understand the truth are worthless. Plato’s Repentance contains information about human mortality, as per Socrates. Socrates claimed that, regardless of their efforts, nobody knew if death may be the best of all beautiful things to ever happen to humans (Basili, 2020). He claims that individuals fear dying because they believe it to be the worst thing that could happen to them.

Socrates believed that those with little gain should only evaluate if their behaviours are right or wrong rather than considering the implications of those deeds, such as ALMARRI’s life or death. Socrates says that the death sentence should not prevent people from committing actions they believe are justified. For instance, he claims that if a monarch or man is given a position of authority, a man must not attempt to survive on something dishonourable but should instead consider death or perhaps an option. People continue to fear death because it claims lives (Basili, 2020). The idea that death is the worst thing that can happen to a person causes people to cry and lament when someone passes away.

Death, despite this anxiety, is still a mystery because it has not been thoroughly investigated. Fear of dying and unquestioned beliefs will end if people pay attention to Socrates’ writings (Basili, 2020).

Why philosophy was good in the city

The qualities of wisdom are strongly correlated with the qualities of “being a nice person,” according to Plato’s philosophical conversations. Euthyphro by Plato is based on a discussion of what constitutes piety or impiety between Socrates and Euthyphro outside the Athenian court. Euthyphro was taken aback to see Socrates there and became even more inquisitive as to his purpose for being there.

Meletus was spreading accusations about him corrupting the Athenian youth, Soc0rates claimed, which is why the court was prosecuting him for impiety. Euthyphro informs Socrates that he was there to bring charges against his father for the murder of Dionysus, a farm labourer. Socrates makes a scathing remark that boosts Euthyphro’s ego. Euthyphro implies that he is an authority on holiness (Strauss, 2017). Euthyphro’s claim of expertise amuses Socrates, who pretends to be ignorant of the subject and asks Euthyphro to teach him what is religious.

The Republic’s most well-known passage is about philosopher rulers. In particular, Plato’s famous proclamation that political authority and philosophy would entirely be merged until philosophers rule as kings in their cities or until those currently referred to as kings and leading men become trustworthy and competent philosophers. Cities will be able to escape atrocities; neither belief will destroy humanity. Plato suggests a drastic shift in how philosophy and public life are related, saying that philosophical practice should be required to improve society. Such a claim, however, begs the question, given the negative stigma of scholars and philosophy in general, that Socrates’ legacy has left over Athens. However, Plato was aware of these realities. Furthermore, most Athenians view philosophy as having little practical usefulness for society (Strauss, 2017).

Plato’s analysis of philosophy through the eyes of Adeimantus, a Socrates follower, acknowledges the tragic position of philosophy and one of the Republic’s most intriguing passages, which acknowledges the futility of philosophy in the social sphere and the dubious reputation of philosophers (Strauss, 2017). Even previously in the Gorgias, the phrase “philosophy is inadequate for social sphere” is echoed, but it also occurs in later dialogues, most notably in the Theaetetus. Socrates represents a person willing to participate in public affairs, knowing that doing so would probably result in his death.

This philosophical endeavour sets itself apart from contemporary politics, run by sophists who entertain the populace in acting out a mockery of politics. Plato’s political project will be fundamental, unlike the historical Socrates. Its goal is to rebuild the city in a way that will combine politics and philosophy; this combination will result in the idea of philosopher-king (Strauss, 2017).

Strauss, “What is Political Philosophy?”

He asserts that politics attempts to achieve good by dividing both negative and positive. Strauss, like most other greek philosopher, seeks facts and the truth. This reality is intended to help one comprehend and succeed in their studies (Özkan, 2019). According to Strauss’s philosophy, philosophers should be drawn to philosophy and link it to the truth. According to Strauss, the most critical aspect of technology that leads to political ideology is positive. He first evaluates the historical development of positivism. He characterizes it as a paradigm that differs considerably from Descartes and Compte in that it regards the appraisal of facts as a fundamental requirement of science. Social science that is positivist is unbiased and devoid of values. For him, moral ignorance is necessary (Strauss, 2017).

Strauss gets the purpose of positivism crystal plain. He asserts that social science significantly impacts all types of inclinations for positivism. He always perceives himself as becoming independent from morals and neutrality, which he interprets as aimlessness and nihilism (Özkan, 2019). He still applies the Positivism approach and adopts the following strategy to critique it: Social science cannot decide whether or not it is valuable and worthwhile. Good and bad, however, are value judgments, and materialist social science is useless. A social scientist also emphasizes that social science may be helpful and detrimental. All social scientists, however, are ready to support and promote social science. Where they are currently staying is where social science hopes to arrive at reality (Strauss, 2017). However, positivism is fundamentally flawed, making it impossible to grasp the truth.

Plato, “Euthyphro .”

He is sick of his prophecy outbursts, having been made fun of by his relatives and the Athenians. When he speaks in front of the group on spiritual matters, they laugh at him and act as though he is crazy. His father did not think to consult Euthyphro, the family cleric, when his servant killed a family enslaved person on Naxos. While everything was going on, Euthyphro’s guy passed away from maltreatment and exposure. Euthyphro had to endure the embarrassment of missing his client and being ignored by his father in his self-declared area of expertise. He shows his kin the full power a person knowledgeable about celestial affairs possesses. Euthyphro wants to force his sire and the Athenians to treat him with respect they had previously refused by making his dramatic accusations of murder and impiety. Considering Socrates makes the ironic comment that Euthyphro’s wisdom is almost as great as his youth, Euthyphro is presumably not much older than Meletus.

The fact that Euthyphro is suing his father for incidents that must have happened at least five years ago makes the case even weirder; Athens lost control of Naxos at the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404. In 399, Socrates went on trial. Given the lack of chronological and spatial proximity to the contaminating incident, it is difficult to conclude that Euthyphro was motivated by a different motive when she unlocked a can of worms.

Consider that Euthyphro’s opening line would have been, What is holy is that which the gods accept, to complete the circular pattern. In such a situation, Socrates would just have needed to make the same argument he did by claiming that the gods frequently disagree with one another while making decisions. If something were made holy since the gods approved, we would constantly debate which God’s opinion was to be taken more seriously. One God would view Euthyphro’s trial as holy, while another might view it as evil to bring charges against one’s father. Therefore, it would seem that understanding the nature of the sacred is still of utmost importance. The form can neither be added to nor subtracted from. Socrates would easily have identified the flaw in Euthyphro’s argument if he had started off this way.

Strauss, in “Irony”

The majority of Strauss’ analysis of Plato’s Republic discusses his logical perspective on Platonic conversations. First, Strauss assumes that Socrates is the ideal representative of Plato. Therefore, Strauss thinks it is essential to think about what it may imply to communicate through the lips of a leading character for his irony. Socratic irony must be understood for one to understand platonic doctrines entirely. The irony is “a form of dissimulation or untruthfulness,” according to Strauss (Strauss, 2017). The principle highlights the bad aspects of irony: saying anything with the intention that the content is to be regarded as having a distinct perspective from what is spoken is a lie known as irony designed as dissimulation.

Given that Strauss views irony as a form of dishonesty, it becomes crucial to understand who is being ironically addressed. In reality, irony can be a humorous means of communicating if directed at a person who is supposed to comprehend the ironic gesture (Strauss, 2017). When irony is used to distinguish between individuals who can comprehend the true meaning and those who are blind to it, it might be used to address a person who is assumed to be stupid and unaware of it. Thus, Strauss must address the criticism that irony might be seen as essentially a vice when applied to unavoidable circumstances.

The idea behind Strauss’ description of Plato’s writing style is that by carefully analyzing the text’s various levels and voices, one can piece together the Platonic doctrine. However, this dissimulation shows what is hidden behind it: the dialogue’s genuine significance, which is only available to individuals with decent natures, as opposed to the numerous types of people who do not.

The inadequacy of philosophy’s reaction to Athens’ artists and conventions

Expectations are disappointed by Plato’s in-depth treatment of poetry. He did not write a treatise on the topic. He did not write any treatizes and instead focused his thoughts on “significant” conversations that were creative and poetically influenced (Yang, 2022). The observations he provides us also meander haphazardly within a normal conversation and branch off in what seem to be odd suggestions, like consultations about the supposed self-corrupting effects that poetry is said to reveal to its listeners (Özkan, 2019). However, Plato was unmistakably aware that something far more fundamental than simply nailing down the specifics of the topic in a decent philosophical manner depends on his appraisal of poetry.

Plato had thoughts transcriptions or presentations, frequently had in the setting of theatre, rather than poetry as a written work read in quiet (Yang, 2022). Further, when Socrates and Plato were conducting their research, poetry had a much greater impact than what Plato refers to as “philosophy.” It is quite easy to forget that at the time, Plato was promoting a historically novel project in a society boiling with disagreement about the relative worth of such projects and what “philosophy” meant, given the tremendous success of his advocacy of “philosophy.”

While Plato was unaware of media like broadcast tv, recordings, and the movie theatre, forms of literature like the narrative, and information systems like the World Wide Web (Özkan, 2019).

In conclusion, the municipality must be led by a person with philosophical training who can understand the actual nature of reality, justice, and wisdom. According to Plato’s simplified view of political and social life, which also maintains that one’s natural abilities decide one’s position in the community. Social justice in Plato’s worldview is anti-democratic and non-egalitarian. Even if his perspective might not be widely accepted today, it is important to consider his critique of capitalism and popular sovereignty.

Basili, C. (2020). After Socrates. Leo Strauss and the Esoteric Irony. In  Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía  (Vol. 37, No. 3, p. 473). Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Denyer, N. (Ed.). (2019).  Plato: The Apology of Socrates and Xenophon: The Apology of Socrates . Cambridge University Press.

Goheen, R. F. (2017). Imagery of Sophocles Antigone. In  Imagery of Sophocles Antigone . Princeton University Press.

Özkan, D. (2019). Crito: Upon the Duty, Citizenship and, Justice.  Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy ,  9 (1), 89-101.

Strauss, L. (2017). What is political philosophy? In  Plato and Modern Law  (pp. 71-96). Routledge.

Yang, K. (2022, July). Socrates’ Piety. In  2022 3rd International Conference on Language, Art and Cultural Exchange (ICLACE 2022)  (pp. 430-435). Atlantis Press

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Example Of My Political Philosophy Essay

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Law , Philosophy , Sociology , Politics , Justice , Human , Supreme Court , Democracy

Words: 1800

Published: 03/18/2020


A person’s political philosophy pertains to their ideologies regarding politics as a science; meaning of justice; execution of liberties; ownership of property in the society, articulation of human rights; application of the law along with measures of enforcement. In some cultures political philosophy even has a strong impact on a person’s political science interpretations. As such, the exploration of my political philosophy will be addressed accordingly as it relates to the aforementioned subject areas or branch of disciplines. At first a world view of these interwoven political dichotomies will be presented followed by my personal interpretations of how just/fair a political system ought to function. Essentially, politics means influencing people. My precise philosophical position on influencing people pertains to manipulation into support of a specific idea. Often these ideas are not entirely beneficial to the people being manipulated. Arguments have been that exercising influence is solely for obtaining power to execute dominion over minorities in the society. Consequently, for me the real role of politics in modern as well as ancient societies is creating structured inequality. This design allows for under privileged people to always exist and gaps between rich and poor continue or even broaden. Theoretically, Plato's Republic, the politics of Aristotle and Confucius contributions have shaped political thought. With references to these assumptions and framework of thinking, my discussion pertaining to justice; execution of liberties; ownership of property in the society, articulation of human rights; application of the law along with measures of enforcement, will be embraced. Justice according to Plato’s Republic originates from designing valid social contracts. Further, with reference to Glaucon justice was perceived as not just being a great desire, but an expression of a value for which everyone ought to grave. The philosopher explained that justice does not only benefit the person to whom it is being extended, but also the one who extends it. In essence, justice is then a value which is retributable. The way in which one exercises justice in similar manner it will be returned. Therefore, the ‘do unto others as you would have them do to you’ concept of living fairly, becomes the hallmark of demonstrated justice (Nails, 324) In articulating the use of justice in societies highlighted by Plato and his counterparts, it was communicated that this value is often executed out of fear and not integrity. The philosophers specifically advanced that there are basically two reasons for executing justice by politicians. First, it is protecting themselves and their families from injustices. The population may turn towards them violently. if injustices are obvious. Secondly, the life of the unjust man lacks divine guidance and is open to affliction, Plato and his counterparts argue. However, it was concluded that while justice is relative its practice is not only right, but necessary for a stabled society (Nails, 324). Now, when applying these perspectives of justice to modern political practice we would find politicians during their campaigns try to demonstrate justice through free and fair elections initially. The freedom or liberty relates to persons being given the choice to exercise their franchise regarding who must lead the country. Through a democratic process when a leader is elected justice for contesting parties should have been served. This is not the case in every country around the world. For example, justice during an election campaign is initiated though democracy. Counties such a Cuba and Soviet Union, which for decades did not practice democracy during the electoral process, are they considered just to citizens? In these countries one party obtains power and rules forever. Citizens have no choice of selecting any other leader. They simply have to abide with the conditions offered them or be tortured. It must be understood that while this attitude of executing power may be condemned because of human rights violations other forms of injustices occur among nations practicing democracy. For example, in South Africa and the early United States of America Apartheid and segregation created immense injustices for black skinned human beings. According to Plato the social contracts designed projected inequality and subjugation of man by man for obscene reasons. Through this paradigm my philosophical assumption is that people cannot find justice in democracy nor dictatorship. Both patterns of political governance have produced different degrees of injustices to humanity. Consequently, for justice to be just a new system whereby equality is demonstrated at every social level, must be the focus. Karl Marx (1818 -1863) reiterated that no philosopher must confuse equality with equity. Marx‘s interpretations of these concepts in relation to justice explains that many injustices are demonstrated among humans. Often one group wants to dominate the other economically (Marx. & Engels, 477) This being the motive then, equality is making resources available to everyone alike in the society, whereas equity is insinuating that everyone must have the same amount of resources. This does not have to be the prequalification for social justice to exist in a society. Instead the political system must be so designed that no one is ahead of the game, but everyone has equal opportunities of acquiring the resources that are available. In apartheid and segregation there is no equality. Structured inequality is the name of the game. These are the avenues of injustices articulated by modern political systems in the fallacy of creating social order. Based on these observations of ancient and contemporary models, my political philosophy regarding social justice is not based on democracy or dictatorship rule, but a models that upholds human dignity. The foundation for my assumption is that there is no need to kill, create wars, and segregate one group of people from the other due to prejudices. The underlying motive is economic gain and ultimate acquiring power wield economic power, influence and subjugate minorities. The good news is that there are enough resources in the world for every intelligent human being to become a millionaire. Why prevent the majority from accessing them due to fear that there will not be enough? The fear of not enough has destroyed families and create wars internationally during colorization of the new world. Imperialist systems must go whereby mother counties dominate children colonies and politicians create and demoralize minorities. Minorities are considered uncivilized as the American Indians and native peoples all over the world. This has been the greatest injustice second to slavery executed towards human beings. Man countries that were plundered had their unique patterns of civilizations. These people were forced towards being Christianized against their will and work to support the wealthy. Marx continued to pronounce that religion serves as an option for the masses. Therefore, the fear of a fierce judgmental God keeps poor people anticipating a better day in heaven when they die due to inadequate healthcare or being killed by the police. Ultimately, my philosophy of social justice is destroying all structures, polices, types of governance that prevent people from functioning as free human beings. Why humans have to live in chains on earth while others have more than enough of their share of resources? Essentially social justice summarized the extent to which liberties can be executed; property owned or resources acquired. Social justice also determine the level of human rights privilege one can demonstrate within the social structure. Ultimately, social justice allocations are the true remedies for inconsistencies in law applications within the legal system. It is also the solution to law enforcement uses unnecessary force against minorities, when compared to supporter of white supremacy. The aforementioned deliberations regarding the face of social justice within modern and ancient political systems, explain my specific opinions on current political issues. These issues articulated reflect my position on fundamental problems of political thought regarding social justice. For me social justice encompasses human liberties, human rights, the rule of law and law enforcement practices. Certainly, the ideas shared pertaining to democracy and dictatorship are grounded in world view concepts of the situations presented as examples. Machiavelli’s interpretation of human nature fascinates me as a political philosopher. He advanced that humans will engage in any activity to achieve power. These activities often require that fellow humans suffer and even die. However, the end justifies the means. Therefore, social justice is determined by achievement of personal goals regardless of who gets hurt in the process(Adams, 20). While for me such disregard for human dignity appalling it must be admitted that this is the way world politics functions currently. Since my concept of human nature is inconsistent with those of a Machiavellian perspective the politics for me should be presented with cleanliness. Democratic political processes are relatively transparent when compared to various levels of dictatorship. As such, this has influenced my thinking of politics as an institution in society while expected to design compatible social structures still fail to create them. For example, when measures of law enforcement are explored at a deeper level, it was discovered that the police in America seems to be interpreting laws from a personal political agenda. There are series of police shootings across the nation. The socio-political function of this institution is public safety. If twelve years olds are being gunned down to death by police for carrying a toy gun. Where is the public safety offered by this political structure? Is this section of the law enforcement mechanisms serving the rights of people in these communities? How are politicians responding to this crisis? The law specifies that if some kills that person ought to pay the penalty for the life lost by being executed. However, the scenario has been the police who kills an innocent child goes free. Therefore, in my judgment politics is a dirty game with total disrespect for human life. There is no justice for the masses. My political values embody classical liberalism. In some political cultures it is called laissez-faire liberalism being advanced by philosophers in the caliber of Adam Smith and others. Human rationality is a sub value of this doctrine. Also, protection of civil liberties, constitutional government limitation, free markets, individual freedom, and individual property rights among many more positions encompass classical liberalism. Its main assumption is that government must play limited role in structuring society (Adams, 20). The people to whom the society belong must participate in this activity. This is how I think government and society ought to be organized with human rationality prevailing. Individual property right is the next value of priority in my value paradigm with free market and individual freedoms following

Works cited

Adams, Ian, Political Ideology Today. Manchester University Press. 2001. Print. Marx. Karl; Engels Frederick. The Communist Manifesto. Collected Works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. 1848. Print Nails, Debra. The People of Plato: A Prosopography of Plato and Other Socratics. Hackett Publishing. 2002. Print


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