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Veterans Day Essays for All Grades and Ages (10 Samples)

October 18, 2023, 3:17 am 60 Views 0 Comments


Veterans Day holds a special place in the heart of our nation, a day to honor the selfless sacrifices of our military heroes. Recognizing the importance of imparting this sentiment to every generation, we’ve meticulously curated 10 essays , each resonating with a distinct age group.

From the curious minds of elementary students to the analytical thinkers in high school, these essays are tailored to provide a deeper understanding. Infused with personal anecdotes and historical insights, our collection aims to bridge the age gap, fostering a shared appreciation for Veterans Day. We invite you to journey through these narratives, each echoing the expertise and dedication behind its creation.

Starting with this quote :

Heroism is seen in the sacrifice that you gave.

Now, let’s delve into the essays and explore the many facets of Veterans Day.

Veterans Day Essays for Grade 11 to 12

Veterans Day Essays Grade 11-12

Table of Contents

1. Veterans Day: Honoring Through Reflection and Understanding

Veterans Day holds a profound significance in our nation’s heart. It’s a day dedicated to recognizing the unparalleled sacrifices and the enduring legacy of service by our veterans. These brave individuals, through their stories of valor, have not only protected our freedoms but have also shaped the very fabric of our society.

The weight of their sacrifice is immeasurable. From the battlefields to the home front, their stories resonate with courage, dedication, and an unwavering commitment to the values we hold dear. As we reflect on Veterans Day, it’s essential to delve deeper into understanding these sacrifices, ensuring that their contributions are never taken for granted.

However, understanding alone isn’t enough. Our role as a society extends beyond mere reflection. We must actively support and engage with our veterans, ensuring they receive the recognition they rightfully deserve. This means creating platforms for their stories, fostering environments where their experiences are shared, and continuously educating the younger generations about the importance of Veterans Day.

By doing so, we not only honor our veterans but also strengthen our nation’s bond, ensuring that the legacy of service continues to inspire future generations. As we move forward, let’s pledge to make every day a day of gratitude, reflection, and understanding, keeping the spirit of Veterans Day alive throughout the year.

From : Jessica Martinez

Grade : 12th

Interests : History, Civic Engagement, Literature

Have you seen this: 40+ Thank You Veterans Quotes

2. Veterans Day: The Evolution of a Nation’s Gratitude


Veterans Day, celebrated annually on November 11th, has evolved in its significance and observance. From its origins post-World War I to its contemporary observance, it reflects a nation’s evolving relationship with its military and veterans.

From Armistice Day to Veterans Day:

Initially commemorated as Armistice Day, November 11th marked the end of World War I. However, as the U.S. found itself embroiled in subsequent conflicts, the day’s significance expanded to honor all veterans, leading to its renaming in 1954.

A Nation’s Gratitude:

The way Veterans Day is observed has evolved over the decades. While parades, ceremonies, and moments of silence remain staples, there’s a growing emphasis on understanding the diverse experiences of veterans, from those who served in World War II to those returning from recent conflicts.

The Future of Veterans Day:

As society becomes more interconnected and globalized, Veterans Day offers an opportunity for reflection on global peace and the role of diplomacy. It’s essential to honor the past while also envisioning a future where conflicts are resolved without resorting to war.


Veterans Day, with its rich history and evolving significance, serves as a bridge between the past and the future. It’s a day to honor those who have served while also reflecting on the broader implications of war and peace in a globalized world.

3. Veterans Day: More Than Just a Day Off School

Every year, as November rolls around, I can’t help but notice the buzz in school about the upcoming Veterans Day holiday. For many, it’s just another day off, a break from the usual grind of assignments and tests. But this year, I decided to dig deeper, to understand what this day truly means.

I started by talking to my grandpa, a World War II veteran. Over a cup of his favorite black tea, he shared stories of his time in the army, the friends he made, and those he lost. It was an afternoon of laughter, tears, and a whole lot of reflection. It made me realize that Veterans Day isn’t just about honoring those who served; it’s about understanding their stories, their sacrifices, and the world they helped shape.

In our digital age, it’s easy to forget the past. We’re so caught up in the now, the latest trends, the viral videos. But there’s so much to learn from the past, from the people who’ve been there, done that. Veterans Day is our chance to reconnect, to listen, and to learn.

So, this Veterans Day, I challenge my peers to do the same. Let’s take a moment to talk to a veteran, be it a family member, a neighbor, or even a stranger. Let’s hear their stories, share them, and ensure they’re not forgotten. Because, in the end, it’s these stories, these memories, that shape our present and our future.

From : Alex Turner

Grade : 11th

Interests : History Club, Soccer Team, School Newspaper

Veterans Day Essays for Grade 7th and 8th

Veterans Day Sample Essays Grade 7 - 8

4. The True Meaning of Veterans Day

Every year on November 11th, we celebrate Veterans Day. But what makes this day so special? Why do schools close, parades march down the streets, and flags fly high? This day, known as Veterans Day, is more than just a holiday; it’s a day to honor and remember the brave individuals who served in our military.

A Day with Deep Roots:

Veterans Day started as Armistice Day, marking the end of World War I. The world rejoiced as the guns fell silent on the battlefields of Europe. Over time, as more men and women served in other wars and conflicts, the day’s significance expanded. In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower officially changed the name to Veterans Day to honor all veterans, not just those from World War I.

Heroes in Many Forms:

Veterans come from all walks of life. They’re our grandparents, neighbors, and sometimes, our teachers. Each of them has a unique story of bravery, sacrifice, and dedication to our country. They’ve served in different wars, faced various challenges, and have diverse experiences. Yet, they all share a common bond: a commitment to protect our nation and its values.

Why We Celebrate:

While many of us enjoy a day off from school or work, it’s essential to remember the real reason behind Veterans Day. It’s a day to show our gratitude to those who protected our freedoms. Schools often hold special assemblies, communities organize parades, and families visit memorials. These acts of remembrance ensure that the sacrifices of our veterans are never forgotten.

The Global Perspective:

Veterans Day is not just an American tradition. Many countries have similar days to honor their military veterans. Whether it’s Remembrance Day in Canada and the UK or Armistice Day in France, the sentiment is the same: to honor those who have served.

Veterans Day is a powerful reminder of the sacrifices made for our country. It’s a day to reflect, honor, and express our gratitude. As we observe Veterans Day, let’s take a moment to truly understand its significance and remember the heroes who have shaped our nation’s history.

5. The Historical Significance of Veterans Day

Every November 11th, the United States pauses to honor its military veterans. Veterans Day, a federal holiday, is a time of reflection, gratitude, and remembrance. But what historical events led to the establishment of this significant day?

World War I and Armistice Day:

The roots of Veterans Day can be traced back to the end of World War I. Known as “The Great War,” it was a conflict of unprecedented scale and devastation. When the guns finally fell silent on November 11, 1918, the world hoped it would be the “ war to end all wars. ” This day, known as Armistice Day, was initially dedicated to the brave souls who fought in World War I.

Evolving Recognition:

However, as the 20th century progressed, the U.S. found itself engaged in other major conflicts, including World War II and the Korean War. Recognizing the need to honor all veterans, not just those from World War I, Congress amended the commemoration in 1954. Hence, Armistice Day became Veterans Day.

A Day of Gratitude and Education:

Today, Veterans Day serves multiple purposes. It’s a day for citizens to express their gratitude to those who served. Schools often hold special programs, ensuring younger generations understand the sacrifices made by military personnel throughout history. These educational initiatives ensure that the stories of veterans are passed down, preserving their legacy.

Veterans Day is a testament to the nation’s deep respect for those who don the uniform. As we observe this day, it’s essential to delve into its historical roots, ensuring that its true significance is never forgotten.

You might also like: Veterans Day Poems for School Kids

6. Veterans Day: Stories of Valor and Sacrifice

Veterans Day is more than just a date on the calendar; it’s a tapestry of stories, each thread representing a veteran’s unique experience. These narratives provide a deeper understanding of the day’s essence and the sacrifices made by our military personnel.

Tales from Different Eras:

Each war or conflict has its unique backdrop, challenges, and moments of valor. A World War II veteran might recount the challenges of the D-Day landings, while a Vietnam War veteran could share tales of monsoon rains and dense jungles. These firsthand accounts provide invaluable insights into the realities of war, far beyond what textbooks convey.

The Emotional Battlefield:

Beyond the physical challenges of combat, veterans often grapple with emotional and psychological battles. Feelings of loss, memories of comrades, and the traumas of war can leave lasting scars. By sharing these experiences, veterans not only find catharsis but also educate others about the multifaceted challenges faced by military personnel.

Preserving Their Legacy:

In today’s digital age, there’s a golden opportunity to document and share veterans’ stories. Oral history projects, documentaries, and memoirs can immortalize their experiences, ensuring they resonate with future generations.

As we commemorate Veterans Day, it’s crucial to listen to and reflect upon the myriad stories of our veterans. Their narratives, rich with lessons of courage, resilience, and sacrifice, offer a profound understanding of the day’s significance.

7. The Evolving Observance of Veterans Day

Veterans Day, celebrated annually on November 11th, has witnessed an evolution in its observance and significance. From its origins post-World War I to its contemporary relevance, it mirrors America’s changing relationship with its military and veterans.

Historical Beginnings:

Following World War I, the U.S. sought to honor the brave souls who fought in the conflict. Originally termed Armistice Day, November 11th marked the cessation of hostilities in the “war to end all wars.” However, as the nation engaged in subsequent conflicts, there was a growing realization that all veterans deserved recognition.

Modern-Day Observances:

Today, Veterans Day is marked by a plethora of events. Parades, memorial services, and school programs are commonplace. The emphasis has shifted from merely honoring veterans to educating the public about their sacrifices and experiences. This educational aspect ensures that younger generations appreciate the freedoms they enjoy, thanks to the sacrifices of those who served.

A Day for Reflection and Gratitude:

Beyond the ceremonies and events, Veterans Day is a time for introspection. It’s an opportunity for individuals to reflect on the values of bravery, sacrifice, and patriotism. It’s also a day to express gratitude, whether by attending a parade, visiting a war memorial, or simply thanking a veteran.

The observance of Veterans Day has evolved, but its core essence remains unchanged. It’s a day to honor, remember, and express gratitude to the countless individuals who’ve donned the uniform, serving the nation with unwavering dedication.

Essays on Veterans Day for Grade 9-10

Veterans Day Essays Grade 9 - 10

8. The Echoes of Valor on Veterans Day

Every year, as autumn leaves paint the landscape in hues of gold and crimson, the nation comes together on November 11th to honor its veterans. Veterans Day, a solemn occasion, is a tribute to the brave men and women who’ve donned the uniform, dedicating a part of their lives to serve the country. Their stories, woven into the fabric of American history, are tales of valor, sacrifice, and an unwavering commitment to freedom.

The origins of Veterans Day trace back to the aftermath of World War I, a conflict that left deep scars on the global psyche. When the armistice was signed on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month in 1918, the world hoped for lasting peace. The day, initially commemorated as Armistice Day, was a tribute to the soldiers of “ The Great War .” However, as the years rolled on and America found itself embroiled in subsequent conflicts, the day evolved to honor all veterans.

Today, Veterans Day is more than just a mark on the calendar. It’s a day of reflection, gratitude, and education. Across the nation, ceremonies are held, flags are raised, and veterans share their stories with younger generations. These narratives, spanning different wars and eras, offer invaluable lessons about the cost of freedom and the indomitable human spirit.

As we observe Veterans Day, it’s essential to remember that every veteran, whether they served in the trenches of World War I, the jungles of Vietnam, or the deserts of the Middle East, has contributed to the tapestry of American history. Their sacrifices, both big and small, have shaped the nation and safeguarded its ideals.

Concluding this, Veterans Day is a poignant reminder of the price of freedom. It’s a day to express our gratitude, to listen to the echoes of history, and to ensure that the stories of our veterans are never forgotten.

9. The Legacy of Service on Veterans Day

America, a nation built on ideals of freedom and democracy, owes a profound debt to its veterans. Every Veterans Day, we are reminded of this debt and the legacy of service that countless individuals have left behind. From the Revolutionary War to modern conflicts, veterans have played a pivotal role in shaping the country’s destiny.

The significance of Veterans Day lies not just in honoring the past but also in understanding its relevance to the present and future. In a rapidly changing world, the values of bravery, sacrifice, and patriotism remain constant, guiding the nation through challenges and uncertainties.

Veterans, with their diverse experiences, also serve as bridges between different generations. Their stories, filled with lessons of courage, resilience, and hope, resonate with young and old alike. These narratives offer insights into the complexities of war, the challenges of peace, and the enduring human spirit.

Furthermore, Veterans Day serves as a call to action. It’s a reminder for citizens to be informed, to understand the sacrifices made for their freedoms, and to be active participants in the democratic process. The day underscores the idea that freedom, though hard-won, must be continually safeguarded.

In essence, Veterans Day is a celebration of the American spirit. It’s a day to honor the legacy of service, to reflect on the nation’s history, and to look forward with hope and determination.

10. Veterans Day: A Collage of Stories and Sacrifices

Behind the observance of Veterans Day lies a rich collage of stories, each piece representing a life dedicated to service. These stories, spanning centuries, are testaments to the sacrifices made by individuals in the pursuit of a greater good.

Every veteran has a unique story to tell. Some speak of battles fought in distant lands, while others recount the challenges of training and preparation. Yet, amidst this diversity, there’s a common thread of commitment, bravery, and a deep love for the country.

The significance of these narratives goes beyond mere historical accounts. They serve as reminders of the human cost of freedom. Each story, whether it’s of a World War II pilot, a nurse from the Korean War, or a foot soldier in Afghanistan, offers a glimpse into the realities of military life and the challenges faced by those in service.

As the nation commemorates Veterans Day, it’s essential to delve deeper into these narratives. By understanding the individual stories, we gain a broader perspective on the collective sacrifices made by generations of veterans. These tales, filled with moments of valor, camaraderie, and resilience, enrich our understanding of the day and its significance.

Further Reading:

  • Veterans Day Poems
  • Thank you Veterans Quotes

No related posts.


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Lesson Plan

Nov. 11, 2022, 11:07 a.m.

Lesson plan: Veterans Day and the meaning of sacrifice

veterans day essay conclusion

John Grillo, 94, World War II, U.S. Navy veteran, Levittown, New York, Nov. 8, 2021. Courtesy: Madeline Louis

This lesson was updated on November 11, 2022. It was originally published in 2014.

Use this PBS NewsHour lesson plan to help students understand the significance of Veterans Day and the meaning of sacrifice. Students will identify important veterans in their lives, examine an interactive timeline of military history and study issues facing veterans today. For a google doc version of this lesson, click here .

World history, government and civics, U.S. history, geography

Estimated time

One 50-minute class

Grade level

Middle and high school

Warning: Due to the large number of students who either have friends or family that serve in the armed forces please take care and be sensitive when discussing Veterans Day.

Warm-up activity

  • Start class by asking students what they know about Veterans Day and give them the AARP Quiz and then go over the answers with them.
  • Watch “Bet You Didn't Know — Veterans Day” from the History Channel (below) as a class.

  • Watch Student Reporting Labs' Veterans Day video featuring students from military families living here in the U.S. and around the world.

Background on U.S. Wars

Share this interactive timeline with students and watch videos associated with U.S. wars. You may choose the wars your class knows the least about or play what you have time for. Click on the timeline to scroll through to each event, and click on the images above the timeline to watch short videos on the war.

Main activity — special issues for today’s veterans

  • As a class, brainstorm the risks and benefits of being a soldier today and write answers on the board. Let the class know that they are going to take a closer look at some of the issues that veterans face today and how these challenges are being treated.
  • Read to students: With new medical and life-saving technology more troops are surviving traumatic injuries that would have sealed their fate just decades ago. The effects of the increase in soldiers dealing with severe injuries such as losing limbs, traumatic brain injuries and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder has taxed the Veterans Administration (V.A.) at unprecedented levels leaving response time to disability claims anywhere from months to years. Further, both an increase in an aging veteran population as well as female veterans brings new challenges to the V.A. Let’s look more in depth at the issues facing today’s veterans.

Part 1 - Waiting for benefits

  • Watch the above video clip, “Veterans' Disability Delayed.”
  • Read the Center for Investigative Reporting article “For Disabled Veterans Awaiting Benefits Decisions, Location Matters” by Aaron Glantz.

Part 2 — How phantom limbs are successfully being treated today

Watch the TED Talk "3 clues to understanding your brain" by VS Ramachandran (in particular, highlight the excerpt from 9:15-17:45).

Part 3 — Unique challenges that women veterans face

Watch the PBS NewsHour report “Women Veterans Face Unique Obstacles, Needs."

Part 4 - Veterans and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • What is PTSD? How does it manifest in veterans? Read the story of one veteran.
  • How is PTSD diagnosed? Look at the Diagnostic Statistical Manual V Criteria for PTSD or Self-Report Questionnaire for PTSD .
  • How is it treated? Hear about treatment options from the Veterans Association.

Writing prompts

veterans day essay conclusion

  • Write a Veterans Day thank you note. Use this lesson plan to help your students identify and understand important veterans in their life.
  • Write an argument to either support or reject claims that veterans today face challenges that veterans in the past did not using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
  • Choose one of the wars that was featured on the interactive timeline and write three short narrative-snap shots including one day in the life of that veteran before, during, and after the war using effective technique, well-chosen details and well-structured event sequences.

By Katie Gould, former NewsHour teacher resource producer. ( A special thanks to my grandfather, Joe Sidor, pictured in the writing prompts section, for his many years of service as a Marine during World War II, his work in China after World War II and the Korean War.)

An additional thank you to Susan Dickson for contributing photographs for the story.

Fill out this form to share your thoughts on Classroom’s resources. Sign up for NewsHour Classroom’s ready-to-go Daily News Lessons delivered to your inbox each morning.

Standards (CCSS)

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.1 Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1 Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.7 Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.7 Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2 Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.2 Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.

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  • World War II
  • us-military
  • government-civics
  • social-studies
  • servicemember
  • military service
  • Veteran's Day
  • American History


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Virginia War Memorial

Veterans Day Essay Contest

Congratulations to our winners of the 2023 veterans day student essay contest, the winners of the 2023 “student leadership in america” essay contest are:, middle school winner: david contreras, “mr. graham nelms”.

8th Grade, Contreras Home School in Henrico County (Teacher: Rachel Contreras)

Read DAVID’s winning essay here

High School Winner: Mia Ramos,  “An Unsung Hero”

11 th Grade, W. T. Woodson High School in Fairfax County (Teacher: Ashley Kipperman)

Read Mia’s winning essay here

Both winners received a gift package, presented by McDonald’s Owner-Operators of Richmond and Hampton Roads, Virginia.

veterans day essay conclusion

McDonald’s Marketing Representative Christina Dick alongside the 2023 Essay Contest Winners, Mia Ramos and David Contreras

2023 Runner up: 

High School: Alice Shin, Veterans Day Essay

10th Grade, Battlefield High School in Prince William County (Teacher: Daniel Vasenko)

Prompt: Write about a Virginian who served in the United States military during the Korean War era whose story inspires you.

July of 2023 marked the seventy-year anniversary of the conclusion of the Korean War (1950-1953). To honor those men and women who served in the military during the war in Asia, the Virginia War Memorial is calling on all students to write about a service member who inspires them.

The subject of your essay may be someone your family knows or knew personally, or it may be the story of a Virginia Korean War era veteran that you have researched. When selecting the subject of your essay, consider your family, members of your community, or others whose stories resonate with you personally. He or she may be from any branch of the military and have served at any time during the Korean War. Consider what lessons they have taught you, and what we could all learn from their example. Your essay should focus on their time in service, though you may also address their time as a civilian or veteran if relevant.

You may develop your response through speaking with an individual, speaking with people who knew them, and using primary sources. Personal interviews are encouraged, but feel free to utilize newspaper records, personal stories, military records, letters, books, internet research, or more to tell us about your subject and why they inspire you.

A great place for information about Virginians who served in the Korean War is the archives at the Virginia War Memorial. Archivist Sylvia Marshall has access to archival material and oral histories that can help you to create an essay. Feel free to reach out to her at [email protected] and let her know that you are researching for the Veteran’s Day Essay Contest.

The Virginia Military Dead Database created by the Library of Virginia is another great resource.

Successful essays will have a clear focus, address the theme directly, and use a combination of cited sources and personal experiences. Students must properly cite their sources in a bibliography (APA or MLA style) and include the bibliography with their submission. Entries will be judged on clarity of thought, grammar, spelling, and punctuation, and adherence to the contest theme and guidelines.


Essay Contest Rules & Guidelines:

1. This contest is open to all Virginia Middle and High School public, private, or homeschooled students. A winning entry will be chosen from each Grade Range (grades 6-8 and 9-12).

2. Submissions must be between 500-750 words and use at least one primary source. Students must properly cite their sources in a bibliography (APA or MLA style) and include the bibliography with their submission.

3. Entries will be judged on clarity of thought, adherence to the contest theme and guidelines, and proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

4. Entries are due Sunday, October 15 by 11:59 p.m. Entries received after this time will not be considered.

5. Entries should be submitted online HERE

6. First place winners (in the grades 6-8 and 9-12 categories) will receive a prize package through McDonalds of Richmond and Hampton Roads. Winners will also be invited to read their winning essays aloud at the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Veterans Day Ceremony on Friday, November 10, 2023.

7. By submitting an entry, the student agrees that the work is original and unassisted. The Virginia War Memorial Foundation holds the right to publish any submissions to this contest on its website and in other print materials (with credit to the author).

Printable Rules

veterans day essay conclusion

The Historical Lens into the Past

The epochs of World War I and II unfurl a vast spectrum of  veterans essay ideas . The narratives are endless, from exploring the trench warfare horrors to the heroism displayed on Normandy’s beaches. Additionally, investigating the evolution of veterans’ affairs during these wars reveals intriguing societal shifts. The accounts of soldiers from varying ranks and regions open up a broad palette of perspectives, shedding light on the monumental global events that shaped history and the lives therein.

The Cold War Chapters in Veterans Essay Ideas

Transitioning into the Cold War, the Korean and Vietnam Wars present a contrasting picture of veterans’ experiences. Comparing the veterans’ reception to their coping mechanisms amidst the harsh war realities unveils profound essays awaiting exploration. The political undercurrents and differing public opinion of these wars offer ample material for discussion and analysis, accentuating the often complex and nuanced nature of  veterans day essay ideas  surrounding these historical events.

Persian Gulf to Present in Modern Warfare

The modern-day warfare veterans from the Persian Gulf, Iraq, and Afghanistan conflicts bring forth a blend of technological advancements and evolving military strategies. Delving into how these aspects impacted the veterans’ roles, mental health, and societal reintegration paves the way for engaging  veterans day essay ideas . A closer look can examine the shift in warfare tactics, the role of international politics, and the human cost involved, providing a broader canvas for understanding the contemporary military landscape.

The Humanitarian Stories of Valor and Sacrifice Veterans Essay Ideas 

Immersing in personal narratives of veterans unveils the human aspect of wars. Capturing their bravery, the camaraderie among comrades, and the bittersweet homecomings in your essays will surely resonate with readers. Moreover, the resilience displayed by veterans as they transition back into civilian life brings forth compelling  veterans essay ideas . Through their stories, the universal themes of perseverance, brotherhood, and the essence of humanity amidst the scourges of war are beautifully highlighted.

Families of Veterans 

The war’s impact extends beyond the battlefield, reaching the veterans’ families. Exploring the challenges and triumphs of military families provides a fresh perspective on  veterans essay ideas . The strong support systems, the emotional toll, and the unsung sacrifices these families make are a testament to the ripple effects of military service. Through exploring these narratives, students can gain a more comprehensive understanding of the far-reaching impacts of war.

Veterans and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 

Investigating the haunting specter of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among veterans and how societies have evolved in recognizing and addressing this issue can form the crux of an insightful essay. The continual struggle for proper mental health resources and societal support underscores the need for proactive measures. By exploring the intertwining paths of healing and advocacy, students can formulate well-rounded  veterans essay ideas  that encompass personal and systemic dimensions.

Veterans Essay Ideas that delve into the valorous deeds, sacrifice, and the life beyond the battlefield of our heroic soldiers.

Veterans Essay Ideas and Sociopolitical Lens 

Tracing the historical and current policies impacting veterans reveals the intricacies of their post-war life. Advocating for policy enhancements forms a persuasive essay angle. Understanding the legislative frameworks, the gaps in the system, and the efforts made by various stakeholders for veterans’ welfare presents an enriching avenue for discussion and argumentation within  veterans day essay ideas , offering students a chance to evaluate the existing infrastructures.

Veterans in Politics 

The political arena often sees veterans stepping in to effect change. Evaluating how their military experiences shape their political ideologies and actions offers a compelling  veterans day essay ideas  springboard. Their unique insights, shaped by real-world battlefields, often translate into a distinct stance on various socio-political issues. These nuances, when explored, can lead to compelling essays that unravel the impact of military service on political engagement and leadership.

Veterans and Activities

Veterans transitioning into activists paint a narrative of change and hope. Delving into their advocacy on various societal issues presents a rich vein of essay ideas. Their unique perspective often propels them towards addressing broader societal challenges, reflecting a transition from military service to civic engagement. Analyzing the issues championed by veteran activists presents an engaging exploration into how military experiences can foster a deep-seated desire for societal betterment.

Imaginative Veterans Essay Ideas

Crafting fictional narratives rooted in historical accuracies allows a creative exploration of  veterans essay ideas . Embark on a journey that interweaves factual events with imaginative storytelling. These creative renditions can breathe life into historical events, making the stories of veterans more relatable and engaging for readers. Moreover, it encourages a deeper reflection on the human experiences embedded within the tapestry of war and peace.

Crafting poetic essays that pay homage to veterans creates a riveting narrative. Let the rhythm of your words echo the veterans’ courage and resilience. The essence of heroism, sacrifice, and the emotional spectrum of military service can be beautifully captured through poetic expression. This form of expression can evoke a deeper emotional connection, fostering a nuanced appreciation for the sacrifices made by veterans.

Artistic Interpretations

Employing art and imagery in essays provides a visually engaging narrative, portraying veterans’ experiences and sacrifices in a captivating manner. Visual storytelling through drawings, paintings, or digital media, coupled with well-crafted prose, can create a powerful impact. Through this creative blend,  veterans day essay ideas  can come alive, illuminating the multifaceted experiences of veterans in a visually evocative manner.

Researching Veterans Day Essay Ideas 

Delving into primary sources like interviews, letters, and diaries can breathe life into your essays, providing authentic glimpses into the veterans’ world. These first-hand accounts offer an unfiltered view into the lives of veterans, providing a solid foundation for your essays. Furthermore, they allow for a more personalized exploration of  veterans essay ideas , enriching the narratives with authenticity and emotional depth.

Harnessing books, documentaries, and scholarly articles as secondary sources enriches your essays, grounding them in well-researched facts. These resources provide a structured framework, broadening your understanding and interpretation of various events and individual experiences. With a range of secondary sources, the breadth and depth of  veterans essay ideas  can significantly be enhanced, leading to more insightful and well-rounded essays.

Online Archives

Navigating online archives unveils a treasure trove of information, aiding in crafting well-informed  veterans essay ideas . Online archives provide a wealth of resources, including photographs, letters, and official documents that add a rich layer of context to your essays. These digital repositories allow you to traverse history from your fingertips, offering a wide array of material to make your  veterans essay ideas  more compelling and well-rounded.


The veteran’s essay ideas  for your next academic project presents an enriching endeavor filled with explorations of history, humanity, and heroism. It beckons a deep dive into personal narratives, socio-political aspects, creative expressions, and meticulous research. The plethora of ideas discussed here will equip you with a robust framework, propelling you towards crafting essays that resonate with the readers and pay a heartfelt tribute to the brave veterans. Your venture into this topic is not just an academic exercise but a tribute to the real-life heroes whose narratives are matched in the annals of history. With another task at Writing Metier , we have a team of writers who will help you to achieve the best results in writing military essays.

Laura Orta is an avid author on Writing Metier's blog. Before embarking on her writing career, she practiced media law in one of the local media. Aside from writing, she works as a private tutor to help students with their academic needs. Laura and her husband share their home near the ocean in northern Portugal with two extraordinary boys and a lifetime collection of books.

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The changing face of america’s veteran population.

Military members march during the annual Veterans Day Parade on Nov. 11, 2022, in New York City. (Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

Today, there are more than 18 million living veterans in the United States, representing about 6% of the country’s adult population. Here are key facts about Americans who have served in the military and how this population is changing, based on data from the Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Census Bureau and Pew Research Center surveys.

Pew Research Center conducted this analysis to understand the makeup of the U.S. veteran population and how it will change in coming decades.

Information for this analysis comes from the Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Census Bureau and previously published Pew Research Center data, including a survey conducted March 13-19, 2023. More information on that survey’s methodology , can be found in the originally published analysis.

Racial and ethnic categories are taken from VA population projections. All racial groups include Hispanic adults unless specified. Hispanics are of any race.

Veterans who served in the last 30 years make up the largest number of living veterans,  according to population model estimates from the VA . Veterans from the Gulf War era, which spans from August 1990 through the present, surpassed Vietnam-era veterans in 2016. (Veterans who served in multiple eras are counted only in the earliest one.)

A horizontal stacked bar chart showing that the U.S. veteran population is expected to become more diverse in the next 25 years.

Population estimates for 2023 show:

  • 7.8 million living U.S. veterans, or 43%, served in the Gulf War era.
  • 5.6 million living veterans (30%) served during the Vietnam War era from 1950 to 1973.
  • Around 767,000 veterans who served during the Korean conflict in the 1940s and 1950s are alive today. They make up 4% of all living veterans.
  • Fewer than 120,000 World War II veterans are alive today, making up less than 1% of all living veterans.

As of 2023, roughly three-quarters (78%) of veterans served during wartime, and 22% served during peacetime. (Veterans with both types of service are only counted in wartime.)

The share of the U.S. population with military experience has declined, according to data from the U.S. Census Bureau . In 1980, about 18% of U.S. adults were veterans, but that share fell to 6% in 2022.

This happened alongside a decrease in active-duty personnel after the military draft ended in 1973. The number of active-duty service members dropped from 3.5 million in 1968, during the military draft era, to about 1.3 million in today’s all-volunteer force. Active-duty service members now comprise less than 1% of all U.S. adults.

The VA projects that the number of living veterans will continue to decline over the next 25 years.  The department estimates that the number of veterans will drop from today’s 18.3 million to 12.1 million in 2048 – a decrease of about 34%. By then, Gulf War-era veterans are projected to make up the majority of living veterans.

As the number of veterans declines over the next 25 years, their demographics will shift, VA population models show. Women, Hispanic and Black adults, and adults under 50 will all make up larger shares of the total veteran population.

  • Gender: The share of women veterans will increase from 11% this year to 18% in 2048. The overall number of women veterans is also expected to increase, from around 2 million to about 2.2 million. The number of male veterans, on the other hand, is projected to drop from about 16.2 million in 2023 to just under 10 million in 2048.
  • Race and ethnicity: The share of non-Hispanic White veterans is projected to drop from 74% to 63%. The share of Hispanic veterans is expected to roughly double from 9% to 15%, while the share who are Black is expected to increase from 13% to 15%. This trend is in line with projections for the U.S. population overall .  
  • Age: Today, 28% of veterans are younger than 50, compared with a projected 34% in 2048, even as the share of older Americans overall is expected to grow .

Fewer members of Congress have military experience than in the past, according to a Center analysis of the 118th Congress conducted after the 2022 congressional elections. In the current Congress, 18% of representatives and 17% of senators are veterans, down drastically from just a few decades ago.

A line chart showing that the share of members in Congress who are veterans has fallen in recent decades.

The share of senators who are veterans reached a post-Korean War peak of 81% in 1975, while the share among House members peaked in 1967 at 75%.

In recent elections, both Democrats and Republicans have made concerted efforts to recruit veterans for congressional races . In the current Congress, 18 freshman lawmakers are veterans.

Most Americans view the Department of Veterans Affairs favorably , according to a spring 2023 Center survey that asked Americans about 16 federal agencies. A slim majority of U.S. adults (56%) say they have a favorable opinion of the VA, 28% have an unfavorable view and 16% aren’t sure.

An opposing bar chart showing that most Americans have a favorable view of the Department of Veterans Affairs.

As with many of the agencies and departments asked about in the survey, there were partisan differences in opinions of the VA. While similar shares of partisans expressed approval of the VA, a larger share of Republicans and Republican-leaning independents expressed dissatisfaction than Democrats and Democratic leaners (31% vs. 25%).

This is an update of a post originally published on April 5, 2021.

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Veteran households in U.S. are economically better off than those of non-veterans

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About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts .

Bowling Green WBKO

Bowling Green WBKO

Bowling Green celebrates Veterans Day with parade and flag raising ceremony

Posted: November 12, 2023 | Last updated: November 12, 2023

BOWLING GREEN, Ky. (WBKO) - Bowling Green celebrated Veterans Day bright and early with a parade and flag raising ceremony.

The parade included local veteran groups, as well as various businesses and organizations wanting to show support and bring the community together to honor their heroes.

“We’re talking about a lot of partners that come together to do this,” said Director of BG Parks and Rec Brent Belcher. “When you see the parade, when you see the lines of people watching this parade, you can see the impact that this has on the community. It makes for a very special day.”

Veterans Day is cherished in the Bowling Green community. With nearly 3,000 veterans in the city, there are plenty of people to thank for their service.

Veterans Day is different for all. For some it means celebration. For some it means remembrance.

“It’s a special day. For some it’s a lot of smiling and interactions and saluting and celebrating our veterans,” said Belcher. “It’s an emotional day for some because they may be celebrating their loved ones that may not be with us. Those things come together to do something that is very unique.”

In honor of Veterans Day, local students were invited to participate in an essay contest explaining why they loved living in America. W.R. McNeill Elementary had two fifth graders win the contest, Maci Miller and Felix Blackerby.

Miller and Blackerby were asked to read their essays to a group of veterans during the flag raising ceremony.

“What does living in America mean? It means fighting for freedom. We are all here today, united as one in this country called the USA because of those who served, fought, and died for this country,” Balckerby said. “I love this country and if you think having freedom and rights are important you should too. I just want to say thank you to every retired or still fighting veteran. You fought for our country, for every child adult and elder.”

Bowling Green celebrated Veteran’s Day bright and early with a parade and flag raising ceremony.

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Ukraine’s Drone Strikes Against Russia Are a Message for Its Own People

U.S. officials say they expect Ukraine to continue its attacks because they send a strong message: Kyiv can still strike back.

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Two police officers wearing uniforms and hats stand facing a tall building with glass windows. Several windows are blown out and damaged.

By Julian E. Barnes

Reporting from Washington

Ukraine has increased its frequency of drone attacks on Russia in recent weeks, a tactic U.S. officials say is intended to demonstrate to the Ukrainian public that Kyiv can still strike back, especially as the counteroffensive against entrenched Russian troops moves slowly.

Over the past week, Ukrainian drones near Moscow forced the Kremlin to temporarily shut down airports serving the capital. And on Friday, the Russian Ministry of Defense said Ukraine had launched 42 drones at the occupied Crimean Peninsula and fired a missile that was intercepted not far from Moscow, in what could be one of the biggest known aerial assaults on Russian-held territory since the war began.

Throughout the summer, the intensifying strikes — many of which have been carried out with Ukrainian-made drones — have hit a building in central Moscow , an international airport and a supersonic bomber stationed south of St. Petersburg.

Although the attacks destroyed the bomber, they have done little significant damage to Russia’s overall military might, U.S. officials have said. No Russians have been killed in the strikes on Moscow, most of which occurred early in the day, reducing damage and disruption. The timing may be for operational security or to avoid Russia’s air defenses, but it has also helped ensure that the attacks did not prompt escalatory attacks by Russia.

Andriy Yusov, a spokesman for Ukraine’s military intelligence service, known as the G.U.R., did not directly claim responsibility for the attacks, but he said strikes on Moscow would continue.

“Russian elites and ordinary Russians now understand that war is not somewhere far away on the territory of Ukraine, which they hate,” Mr. Yusov said in an interview last month, as the drone campaign began to intensify. “War is also in Moscow, it’s already on their territory.”

But U.S. officials say there is a more important audience. If there is a strategic target, it is to bolster the morale of Ukraine’s population and troops, according to the officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive information.

Ukraine began a counteroffensive in June against Russian forces occupying its south and east. But unlike the push last summer, during which Ukrainian forces quickly retook land outside Kharkiv, they have found it harder to break through Russia’s fortified defenses and incurred heavy losses in equipment and troops .

Without appreciable progress to demonstrate on the battlefield, Ukraine has intensified its drone attacks in Crimea, in cross-border strikes and deep into Russia.

Ukrainian officials said they had some hope that stepped-up attacks could force Moscow to reconsider its far more extensive and damaging missile and drone strikes on Ukraine.

But so far, the campaign appears to have strengthened support for the war in some parts of Russia, though it may have also helped undermine faith in the government, at least in elite circles, said Tatiana Stanovaya, a scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

“The Ukrainians do what they can in their current circumstances,” said Ms. Stanovaya, who based her assessment on reporting and conversations with people in Russia. “I don’t think they are trying to have a strategic effect.”

In Russian border regions, the drone strikes appear to have bolstered anti-Ukraine sentiment and may help strengthen President Vladimir V. Putin’s standing, Ms. Stanovaya said. “It fuels fears among Russians that they are vulnerable, they can be attacked, so they have to support Putin,” she said.

But in a recent article in Foreign Affairs, Ms. Stanovaya argued there were signs — at least among wealthy elites — of doubts about Mr. Putin’s strength after the rebellion by the mercenary Wagner group. The intensifying Ukrainian drone strikes may be contributing to those doubts.

U.S. intelligence agencies are unsure which operatives in the Ukrainian military are carrying out the attacks. Though he has not mentioned the strikes specifically, President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine has said the war is returning to Russian territory .

Ukraine has used a mix of short- and long-range drones to conduct the strikes, according to U.S. officials. A New York Times investigation last month found that three types of long-range drones made in Ukraine had been used in the attacks on Russia, including the Moscow region. Those drones were launched from Ukraine, U.S. officials said. The short-range ones are likely to be operated by pro-Ukrainian sympathizers or operatives who slipped across the border. Some of the drones were built in Ukraine, the officials said, while others might have been assembled in the field. In either case, the United States believes the attacks were most likely ordered and loosely directed by elements in the Ukrainian government.

U.S. officials said the cross-border strikes were not carried out using American equipment.

The first major strike in Moscow — in early May, when drones exploded over the Kremlin — was possibly halted by Russian air defenses. In July and August, several more strikes have occurred in and around Moscow.

Despite the limited effect of the attacks, U.S. officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity said they expected Ukraine would continue to strike in Russia because it sent a strong message: Kyiv was not simply defending its territory but also had some ability to take the fight to Russia.

Earlier in the war, U.S. officials had warned of the possibility that Ukrainian drone strikes on Moscow could prove escalatory, giving Mr. Putin an excuse to intensify Russian attacks on civilian targets. But U.S. officials conceded that attempted Ukrainian strikes had so far been calibrated, and they had not provoked any drastic escalation by Moscow.

Ukrainian officials said the drone strikes posed little risk of escalation because Russia could not further intensify its fight given that it was already firing as many missiles and drones at Ukraine as it could.

Analysts said the drone attacks had propelled the Russian propaganda machine into action. State-run media in Russia has sought to blunt the impact of Ukraine’s drones by emphasizing the military’s ability to shoot them down, an attempt to send a message that its defenses were strong and the Ukrainian strikes ineffective.

“The narratives that are coming out of Russian media, reflective of how the Kremlin is trying to narrate it, are referring to drones shot down, not drone attacks,” said Jonathan D. Teubner, the chief executive of FilterLabs, a company that tracks public sentiment in Russia. “They have been communicating, ‘We have shot down another Ukrainian-Western-American drone, look what we’ve done.’”

Mr. Teubner said his company’s studies of Russian sentiment, which use computer models to analyze comments on Telegram, social media, local messaging groups and other sources, show the population is largely fed up and disgusted with the military leadership in Moscow, especially after Yevgeny V. Prigozhin’s attempted rebellion in June.

While the abortive mutiny has helped accentuate public skepticism of a draft in Russia, it has not yet turned ordinary Russians against the war, Mr. Teubner said. But the drone strikes, combined with the aftermath of the rebellion, may have increased the view among Moscow’s elites that the Russian government could be more frail than it seems.

U.S. intelligence officials had predicted for weeks that Mr. Putin would not allow Mr. Prigozhin’s mutiny to go unanswered, in part because to do so could undermine the public’s view of the Russian government. U.S. and Western officials said they believed Mr. Putin had ordered the destruction of Mr. Prigozhin’s plane. The crash appears to have killed the mercenary leader .

For now, U.S. officials say it is important not to overstate the effect the drone strikes are having on Russian public opinion.

Russia has executed a similar tactic, but with a far larger barrage of attacks that have far more lethal consequences. Since last fall, Russia has used Iranian drones and its own cruise missiles to strike apartment buildings, power stations and other civilian infrastructure in Ukraine.

Those attacks, which have killed scores, are part of a campaign by Russian forces who hope the strikes will sap the will of Ukrainians to resist the invasion, U.S. officials said.

Yet despite widespread damage, the Russian strikes have had a limited impact at best on Ukraine’s military might and its will to fight. Even the strikes on the electric grid have had only transitory effects. In the largest cities of Ukraine, power was restored after Russian attacks on the electric grid in six hours on average, an analysis by Microsoft showed. In other areas, power was restored in 3.3 days.

Military commands often justify strategic bombing campaigns on civilian populations as a way to break the enemy’s will to fight. But such attacks backfire more often than they succeed, U.S. military officials said. Germany’s attacks on London during World War II, for example, hardened Britain’s resolve.

“There is very mixed data over whether bombing a civilian population changes their attitude in the way you want it to be changed,” Mr. Teubner said. “In the London Blitz, the Brits didn’t turn to Churchill and say, ‘We don’t want bombs coming down.’ It had the opposite effect of what the Nazis wanted.”

U.S. officials said some Ukrainian officials understood that just as Russia’s attacks on Kyiv would only strengthen Ukraine’s resolve, Ukraine’s attacks on Moscow were unlikely to turn Russians against the war.

Instead, the symbolic strikes are meant to give heart to Ukrainians who may be anxious about the slow progress of the counteroffensive, buying time for Mr. Zelensky and his forces in the coming weeks.

Christiaan Triebert and Andrew E. Kramer contributed reporting from Kyiv, Ukraine, and Anton Troianovski from London.

Julian E. Barnes is a national security reporter based in Washington, covering the intelligence agencies. Before joining The Times in 2018, he wrote about security matters for The Wall Street Journal. More about Julian E. Barnes

Our Coverage of the War in Ukraine

The Future of Ukraine : The European Union and NATO  have promised a path to membership for the country . But real partnership will hold risks and benefits .

Photos : Photographers with The New York Times and other news organizations have been chronicling the war , capturing a slice of how soldiers and civilians have experienced it. Our photographers say some images will never leave them .

Defying Isolation:   After the invasion of Ukraine, the West tried to cut Russia off  from the rest of the world. But wealthy Russians continue to rely on a network of middlemen to circumvent the restrictions .

A Wartime Partnership: The alliance between President Biden and President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine has become critical to the world order .

Zelensky’s Rise: The Ukrainian president, once brushed off as a political lightweight, has become a household name , representing his country’s tenacity.

How We Verify Our Reporting

Our team of visual journalists analyzes satellite images, photographs , videos and radio transmissions  to independently confirm troop movements and other details.

We monitor and authenticate reports on social media, corroborating these with eyewitness accounts and interviews. Read more about our reporting efforts .


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    Views 7 Introduction Veterans Day, celebrated on November 11th each year in the United States, holds profound historical significance as it honors the nation's veterans and their service to the country. The origins of Veterans Day can be traced back to its predecessor, Armistice Day, which emerged from the end of World War I.

  18. Virginia War Memorial Announces Veterans Day Essay Contest Winners 2023

    Virginia War Memorial Announces Winners Of 2023 Veterans Day Student Essay Contest Students from Fairfax County and Henrico County Honored During 67th Annual Veterans Day Ceremony in Richmond (Richmond) An eighth-grade student from Henrico County and a high school junior from Fairfax County were the first-place winners in the Virginia War Memorial's 2023 […]

  19. Essay On Veterans Day

    Essay On Veterans Day. 463 Words2 Pages. Veterans Day is distinct from most holidays. It is something that should hold true to everyone's heart. No matter if you personally are a veteran or not, chances are you know someone that is. On November 11th, we celebrate all the wonderful things that military veterans have done for us in protecting ...

  20. Veterans Day Essay

    1306 Words6 Pages Veterans Day Veterans Day is an official holiday we celebrate on November 11th, we celebrate all those living and dead who served in the US armed forces. The formal name of Veterans day was Armistice day and was changed to Veteran's day by President Eisenhower in 1954.

  21. For Veterans Day, facts about the US veteran population

    Population estimates for 2023 show: 7.8 million living U.S. veterans, or 43%, served in the Gulf War era. 5.6 million living veterans (30%) served during the Vietnam War era from 1950 to 1973. Around 767,000 veterans who served during the Korean conflict in the 1940s and 1950s are alive today. They make up 4% of all living veterans.

  22. Is it OK to say 'Happy Veterans Day'? What to know about holiday

    Veterans Day, a federal holiday, will be celebrated across the country and globe on Friday. If "thank you for your service" doesn't feel appropriate, experts recommend using other phrases. About 7 ...

  23. In Veterans Day Speech, Trump Promises to 'Root Out' the Left

    Published Nov. 11, 2023 Updated Nov. 12, 2023, 12:13 a.m. ET. Former President Donald J. Trump, on a day set aside to celebrate those who have defended the United States in uniform, promised to ...

  24. Bowling Green celebrates Veterans Day with parade and flag ...

    In honor of Veterans Day, local students were invited to participate in an essay contest explaining why they loved living in America. W.R. McNeill Elementary had two fifth graders win the contest ...

  25. Lyubertsy

    Lyubertsy, city, Moscow oblast (region), Russia.It lies in the greenbelt, southeast of Moscow city. Before the October Revolution in 1917 it was an agricultural centre, but its position at an important railway junction made it an attractive site for industry. In the early Soviet period, the electrification of the Moscow railway made the city a dormitory settlement for the capital, and it ...

  26. Lyubertsy

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  27. Day Of Mourning For Moscow Metro Victims

    Moscow is observing a day of mourning after deadly attacks in Moscow's Metro claimed 39 lives.

  28. Ukraine's Drone Strikes Against Russia Are a Message for Its Own People

    Aug. 25, 2023. Ukraine has increased its frequency of drone attacks on Russia in recent weeks, a tactic U.S. officials say is intended to demonstrate to the Ukrainian public that Kyiv can still ...