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An Argument Against Same-Sex Marriage: An Interview with Rick Santorum

The debate over same-sex marriage in the United States is a contentious one, and advocates on both sides continue to work hard to make their voices heard. To explore the case against gay marriage, the Pew Forum has turned to Rick Santorum, a former U.S. senator from Pennsylvania and now a senior fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center. Sen. Santorum is also the author of the 2005 book It Takes a Family: Conservatism and the Common Good , in which he makes the case for promoting families anchored by a married mother and father.

A counterargument explaining the case for same-sex marriage is made by Jonathan Rauch, a senior writer at The National Journal .

Featuring: Rick Santorum , Senior Fellow, Ethics and Public Policy Center; Former U.S. Senator

Interviewer: David Masci , Senior Research Fellow, Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life

In this Q&A: Why oppose gay marriage? The “go-slow” approach Child welfare Christian values

Question & Answer

Gay rights advocates and others say that gay and lesbian people want to get married for the same reasons that straight people do – they want to be in caring, stable relationships, they want to build a life and even start a family with someone else. Why shouldn’t they be able to do this?

See, I think that’s the foundational flaw with this whole debate. The law is as it has been for 200-plus years, and so the burden is on them to make the persuasive case as to why they should be married, not just for their benefit but for what the impact is on society and marriage as a whole, and on children.

I would argue that the gay community has not made the argument. They may have made the argument as to why they want it, but they have not made any arguments as to why this is beneficial for society. They have not made any argument – convincing or otherwise, that I’m aware of – as to what the impact would be on heterosexual marriages and what the impact would be on children.

They have no studies. They have no information whatsoever about what it would do to the moral ecology of the country, what it would do to religious liberty, what it would do to the mental and physical health of children – nothing. They’ve made no case. Basically the case they’ve made is, “We want what you want, and therefore you should give it to us.”

So you’re saying that advocates of same-sex marriage are not seeing the big picture?

Yes. I have a book that was written a few years ago called It Takes a Family . In that book I have a chapter on moral ecology, and I explain that if you go to the National Archives, you will come to a section that has, as far as the eye can see, rows and rows and rows of environmental impact statements, because we have laws in this country that say before you go out and you put in a bridge across a creek, you have to go out and see whether what you’re doing is disturbing the landscape there.

Yet when it comes to something that I happen to believe is actually more important than a particular plot of land – the entire moral ecology of our country, who we are as a people, what we stand for, what we teach our children, what our values and ethics are – people argue that we can build the equivalent of a strip mall without even thinking about what those consequences are.

Some people in favor of gay marriage have argued for a “go-slow” approach, acknowledging that we’re in largely unknown territory and that a majority of Americans are not yet comfortable with same-sex marriage. Does that attitude allay any of your fears?

No. They want the convenient accelerator of the courts to put this in play, and then they want the judicious temperament of the American democratic system to govern it. I don’t think you can have your cake and eat it too. Same-sex marriage advocates are not going to state legislatures, except in some cases for civil unions. They are using the courts.

If the courts are going to be your accelerator, then get ready for a ride. And if the courts ultimately say, “Marriage must be allowed between anybody and anybody,” the gay rights advocates are not going to say, “Well, you’ve gone too far.” No, I think the go-slow argument is there to make us feel better, but it doesn’t hold water.

Another argument made by gay rights advocates is that with or without marriage, gay families are already a widespread reality. They point out that we already have gay couples living together, some with children. And they ask: Isn’t it better that they be legally married to each other, if for no other reason than for the benefit and the welfare of the children?

The answer is no – because of the consequences to society as a whole. And again, those are consequences that they choose to ignore. What society should be about is encouraging what’s best for children. What’s best for children, we know, is a mother and a father who are the parents of that child, raising that child in a stable, married relationship, and we should have laws that encourage that, that support that.

What you’re talking about with same-sex marriage is completely deconstructing marriage and taking away a privilege that is given to two people, a man and a woman who are married, who have a child or adopt a child. We know it’s best for children and for society that men and women get married. We know it’s healthier. We know it’s better for men. We know it’s better for women. We know it’s better for communities.

What we don’t know is what happens with other options. And once you get away from the model of “what we know is best” and you get into the other options, from my perspective, there’s no stopping it. And also from my perspective, you devalue what you want to value, which is a man and woman in marriage with a child or children. And when you devalue that, you get less of it. When you get less of it, society as a whole suffers.

Do you feel confident that if same-sex marriage became the norm in our society that we would get less traditional marriage?

The answer is yes, because marriage then becomes, to some degree, meaningless. I mean, if anybody can get married for any reason, then it loses its special place. And, you know, it’s already lost its special place, in many respects, because of divorce. The institution of marriage is already under assault. So why should we do more to discredit it and harm it?

Stanley Kurtz of the Ethics and Public Policy Center has written extensively about this, about what the impact is in countries that have adopted same-sex marriage. We have, in fact, seen a decline in the number of marriages, a delay in people getting married, more children being born out of wedlock and higher rates of divorce. None of those things are good for society. None of those things are good for children.

But can you lay these changes at the feet of same-sex marriage?

Yes, I think you can lay them at its feet. Kurtz notes that the marriage rate in the Netherlands was always actually one of the lowest in the EU. And once same-sex marriage was put in place, it broke below the line.

As a person who has positioned himself as a defender of Christian values, why is gay marriage particularly opposed to those values?

Well, the laws in this country are built upon a certain worldview, and it is the Judeo-Christian worldview. And that worldview has been expressed in our laws on marriage for 200-plus years. Up until 25 years ago, we would never have sat here and done this interview. It would have been beyond the pale. And so it is clearly a dramatic departure from the Judeo-Christian ethic that is reflected in our laws that say marriage is a sacred union between a man and a woman.

When you look ahead, do you feel optimistic that your side in this debate will ultimately prevail?

What I’ve noticed about this debate is that fewer and fewer people are stepping up and taking the position I’m taking because they see the consequences of doing so. I don’t think there is an issue that is a tougher issue for people to stand up against in American culture today than this one, both from the standpoint of the mainstream media and the popular culture condemning you for your – they can use all sorts of words to describe you – intolerant, bigot, homophobe, hater. The other side takes it personally. And so it makes it very difficult for folks to stand up and argue public policy when the other side views it as a personal, direct assault on them. So it’s very, very hard for me to be optimistic when we have a battle of ideas and one side is universally hammered for being intolerant bigots and the other side is enlightened and tolerant – which I think is false, but it is the pervasive attitude.

We know that the American public doesn’t approve of same-sex marriage, but they are uncomfortable about it because, again, the public perception is if you feel that way, you’re a bigot or a hater. And if the culture continues to send that message, if our educational system sends that message, which it does, you know, eventually the culture will change and people’s opinions will change.

The push back is what most people know: that mothers and fathers bring something unique. I mean, I have six children. I know that two mothers would not be able to give to my children what a mother and a father can give to my children. For instance, my daughter’s relationship with men is, in many respects, formed by her relationship with me. There are volumes of evidence showing that if little girls don’t have a father, it impacts their ability as adults to bond with men in healthy relationships.

What do we know, really, about children raised by same-sex couples? We’re into, in many respects, an unknown territory. There is already a difficult environment for children in America today, at least from the traditional Judeo-Christian perspective. So I think this is a fight worth fighting, even if it’s not a popular fight.

This transcript has been edited for clarity, spelling and grammar.

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ABOUT PEW RESEARCH CENTER  Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of  The Pew Charitable Trusts .

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The Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People

The struggle of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) people for equal rights has moved to center stage. LGBT people are battling for their civil rights in Congress, in courtrooms and in the streets. Well-known figures are discussing their sexual orientation in public. Gay and lesbian people are featured in movies and on television – not as novelty characters, but as full participants in society.

Despite these advances into the American mainstream, however, LGBT people continue to face real discrimination in all areas of life. No federal law prevents a person from being fired or refused a job on the basis of sexual orientation. The nation’s largest employer – the U.S. military – openly discriminates against gays and lesbians. Mothers and fathers lose child custody simply because they are gay or lesbian, and gay people are denied the right to marry.

One state even tried to fence lesbians and gay men out of the process used to pass laws. In 1992 Colorado enacted Amendment 2, which repealed existing state laws and barred future laws protecting lesbians, gay men and bisexuals from discrimination. The U. S. Supreme Court struck it down in the landmark 1996 Romer v. Evans decision.

We must conclude that Amendment 2 classifies homosexuals not to further a proper legislative end but to make them unequal to everyone else. This Colorado cannot do. A State cannot so deem a class of persons a stranger to its laws. — Justice Anthony Kennedy Majority Opinion in Romer v. Evans I

The modern gay rights movement began dramatically in June 1969 in New York City’s Greenwich Village. During a typical “raid,” police tried to arrest people for their mere presence at a gay bar, but the patrons of the Stonewall Inn fought back – and the gay rights movement was launched. Using many of the grass-roots and litigation strategies employed by other 20th century activists, gay rights advocates have achieved significant progress:

  • Ten states, the District of Columbia, many municipalities and hundreds of businesses and universities now ban employment discrimination.
  • “Domestic Partnership” programs exist in dozens of municipalities and hundreds of private institutions, including many of the country’s largest corporations and universities.
  • Sodomy laws, typically used to justify discrimination against gay people, once existed nationwide; they are now on the books in only 18 states and Puerto Rico.

But the increased empowerment of LGBT people has brought about even more open and virulent anti-gay hostility:

  • Although unrelated to an individual’s ability, sexual orientation can still be the basis for employment decisions in both the public and private sectors in most states and municipalities.
  • Violent hate crimes, such as the 1998 murder of Wyoming student Matthew Shepherd, depict a grisly backlash against LGBTs or people perceived to be gay.
  • LGBT students and teachers face daily harassment and discrimination in the schools, and LGBT student groups in high schools and colleges still face roadblocks.

In 1986, after more than two decades of support for lesbian and gay struggles, the American Civil Liberties Union established a national Lesbian and Gay Rights Project. Working in close collaboration with the ACLU’s affiliates nationwide, the Project coordinates the most extensive gay rights legal program in the nation. Increasing opposition from a well-organized, well-funded coalition of radical extremists and fundamentalists promises many battles and challenges ahead.


The struggle for legal equality for LGBT people rests on several fundamental constitutional principles.

Equal protection of the law is guaranteed by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments and reinforced by hundreds of local, state and federal civil rights laws. Although the Fourteenth Amendment, ratified at the end of the Civil War, was designed to ensure legal equality for African Americans, Congress wrote it as a general guarantee of equality, and the courts have interpreted the Equal Protection Clause to prohibit discrimination on the basis of gender, religion and disability. The ACLU believes the Equal Protection Cluase prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation as well.

The right to privacy, or “the right to be left alone,” is guaranteed by the Fourth, Fifth, Ninth and Fourteenth Amendments. In 1965, Griswold v. Connecticut struck down a state law that prohibited married couples from obtaining contraceptives, citing “zones of privacy.” In 1967, Loving v. Virginia decriminalized interracial marriage. The 1972 Eisenstadt v. Baird decision recognized unmarried persons’ right to contraceptives. And in 1973, Roe v. Wade recognized women’s right to reproductive choice. All of these Supreme Court decisions underscore the principle that decisions about intimate relationships are personal and should be left up to the individual.

Freedom of speech and association are protected under the First Amendment. This Amendment protects the right to organize and urge government to end discrimination, to recognize lesbian and gay relationships, and to adopt laws prohibiting discrimination in the private sector. It also includes the rights to form social and political organizations, to socialize in bars and restaurants, to march or protest peacefully, to produce art with gay themes and to speak out publicly about LGBT issues.

In the Schools

Nothing is more important than making schools safe and welcoming places for gay and lesbian youth, who often face tremendous hostility from their family and community during their formative years. This means protecting students from violence, guaranteeing their right to organize events and clubs like other students, and making sure that gay teachers who might serve as healthy role models are not themselves victimized by discrimination. The ACLU has fought harassment of students in California, Nevada, Ohio and Washington, defended gay teachers in California, Idaho and Utah, and advocated for gay student groups in Alabama, Indiana, Minnesota, Utah and Wisconsin.

Harassment on the job

Mary Jo Davis had high hopes when she accepted a job offer with the Radiology Department of Pullman Memorial Hospital in Whitman County, Washington. All that changed after her supervising doctor discovered she was a lesbian. The doctor started calling her a “dyke” and “faggot,” and wouldn’t work with her or even speak to her. When Mary Jo protested this harassment, she was fired. Represented by the ACLU’s Lesbian and Gay Rights Project, Mary Jo hopes to establish that public employees have a constitutional right to be free from discrimination and harassment in the workplace.

Sodomy and Homophobia

David Weigand could take it no longer. His son was living in the home of his former wife, along with the boy’s stepfather – a convicted felon with a drinking and drug problem who was beating his wife in the presence of the child. Things got so bad that the boy had to call 911 to save his mother’s life, and as a result of all the violence, the family was ultimately evicted from their home.

David asked a Mississippi family court to give him custody of his son. The court refused to do so, in essence saying that living in a home wracked with violence was preferable to living with a father who is gay and “commits sodomy.” In addition to representing David before the Mississippi Supreme Court, the ACLU will continue fighting on behalf of lesbian and gay parents, and to eliminate state sodomy laws.

In the Child’s Best Interest

States are supposed to make rules on adoption and foster care to protect the best interest of children in need of loving homes and families. But somehow it does not work out that way in states like Florida and Arkansas, which ban gays and lesbians from adopting and being foster parents, respectively. By challenging the discriminatory policies of these states, the ACLU is working hard to prevent similar policies from being adopted in other parts of the country.

As a reminder of what is supposed to be the essence of child-welfare policy, the ACLU’s Lesbian and Gay Rights Project in 1998 published a report entitled In the Child’s Best Interest: Defending Fair and Sensible Adoption Policies. To order this, the 1998 videotape Created Equal about employment discrimination against LGBTs, or any other ACLU publication, please contact ACLU Publications at 1-800-775-ACLU.


As the Supreme Court explained in Romer v. Evans, there is nothing “special” about laws which prevent people from losing jobs and homes because of who they are. Most of us take the right to participate in daily life on an equal footing for granted, the Court said, either because we already have the right under the law, or because we are not subjected to that kind of discrimination. Laws which prohibit discrimination simply give LGBT people that basic right to be equal participants in the communities in which they live.

Most Americans do not realize that many LGBT people who face discrimination – in areas from housing and employment to parenting – have no legal recourse since federal law does not prohibit discrimination against LGBT people. Extending such protection from discrimination to LGBT people is one of the many important battles ahead for the ACLU and other advocacy organizations.


Yes, twelve states (California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Nevada, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wisconsin), the District of Columbia, many municipalities, and hundreds of businesses and universities have enacted laws that protect gay, lesbian and bisexual people from employment discrimination. A smaller number of jurisdictions protect transgender people.

But in most locales in the remaining 38 states discrimination against LGBT people remains perfectly legal. Businesses openly fire LGBT employees, and every year, lesbian and gay Americans are denied jobs and access to housing, hotels and other public accommodations. Many more are forced to hide their lives, deny their families and lie about their loved ones just to get by.

The ACLU believes the best way to redress discrimination is to amend all existing federal, state and local civil rights laws and all existing business and university policies to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation.


Many cities, including New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, the District of Columbia and Minneapolis, have created “domestic partnership” registries. They give official status to same-sex couples who register with the city. Scores of government and private companies recognize the domestic partnerships of their employees. The state of Hawaii recognizes domestic partners.

While these laws do not confer most of the rights and responsibilities of marriage, they generally grant partners some of the recognition accorded to married couples – typically, the right to visit a sick or dying partner in a hospital, sometimes sick and bereavement leave and in a few cases, health insurance and other important benefits.

Perhaps as important, these policies give some small acknowledgement to the intimate, committed relationships central to the lives of so many lesbians and gay men, which society otherwise ignores.


Denying lesbian and gay couples the right to wed not only deprives them of the social and spiritual significance of marriage; it has serious, often tragic, practical consequences. Since they can not marry, the partners of lesbians and gay men are not next of kin in times of crisis; they are not consulted on crucial medical decisions; they are not given leave to care for each other; they are not each other’s legal heirs, if, like most Americans, they do not have wills. Marital status is often the basis on which employers extend health insurance, pension and other benefits. The ACLU believes that since we have attached such enormous social consequences to marriage, it violates equal protection of the law to deny lesbian and gay couples the right to wed.


Sodomy statutes generally prohibit oral and anal sex, even between consenting adults. Penalties for violating sodomy laws range from a $200 fine to 20 years imprisonment. While most sodomy laws apply to both heterosexuals and lesbians and gay men, they are primarily used against gay people. For example, some courts say sodomy laws justify separating gay parents from their children. Some cities use sodomy laws to arrest gay people for talking with each other about sex, in conversations which parallel those heterosexuals have every day.

In recent years, the legislatures of Pennsylvania, Nevada and Rhode Island joined the 23 other state legislatures which repealed sodomy laws in the 60s and 70s. Courts in Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana and Tennessee have struck down the statutes. The remaining sodomy laws will be challenged in the legislatures and the courts until they are all eliminated.

“We must conclude that Amendment 2 classifies homosexuals not to further a proper legislative end but to make them unequal to everyone else. This Colorado cannot do. A State cannot so deem a class of persons a stranger to its laws.”

– Justice Anthony Kennedy Majority Opinion in Romer v. Evans

Related Issues

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285 LGBT Essay Topics & Examples

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  • LGBTQ Members: Discrimination and Stigmatization What remains unclear from the reading is the notion that before the 1990s, people from the middle class expressed abiding and strong desires to be acknowledged as “the other sex”.
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  • Los Angeles LGBT Center’s Analysis Internal factors of the organization are cultural competencies, core values, and the effective management of the organization. They determine the goals and aims of the company in the field of healthcare services.
  • Transgender Women in Sports: Is the Threat Real? In this regard, it can be argued that the advantages of transgender women are a barrier to women’s sports. However, the topic of transgender people has received the most discussion in the last few years […]
  • The Advantages of Transgender Women Are a Barrier to Women’s Sports The main counterargument of proponents of transpeople participation in women’s sports is that there is no proven link between biology and endurance.
  • The Article “The Transgender Threat to Women’s Sports” by Abigail Shrier Abigail Shrier’s article The Transgender Threat to Women’s Sports provides a series of arguments and evidence that support the idea of excluding transgender people from women’s sports.
  • Transgender Women Take Part in Sports Competitions The issues that support this statement are unequal muscular mass of men and women unchanged by transgender therapy; and unequal height and length of the body needed in game sports and jumping.
  • Lesbian and Gay Parenthood: Gender and Language However, when people see a lesbian couple whose attitude towards their children is the same as the one in heterosexual couples, they may change their attitude towards lesbian motherhood.
  • Transgender Participation in Sports Among the successes in resolving the subject of transgenderism in society, medicine, psychology and sports, scientists include the exclusion of transgender issues from the sections of psychiatric diseases, and their inclusion in the section of […]
  • Transgender Teenagers and Obstacles They Face Transgender teens are one of the most vulnerable groups of people due to the enormous amount of discrimination and everyday challenges they face.
  • Spirituality and Sexuality in Men Who Identify as Gay The main finding of the study was that gay men raised in Conservative and religious households were subject to discrimination and marginalization.
  • Suicide Risk in the LGBTQ Community As a result, it is vital to conduct a thorough analysis of all the factors contributing to the health disparity and identify the possible solutions to the problem of suicide risk among LGBTQ individuals.
  • Protecting Queer People (LGBTQ+) in San Antonio The law was written in such a way that sexual orientation and gender identity were added to the list of protected classes.
  • Queer (LGBT) in Roman and Greek Civilizations Its visions of beauty, relations, and a sense of life created the basis of the current people’s mentality. In both these ancient states, same-sex relations were a part of their culture and resulted from the […]
  • Homosexuality From a Christian Viewpoint However, the idea of “orientation” as a property inherent in a particular person is relatively new; it appears only towards the end of the 19th century, making it difficult to directly compare the phenomenon of […]
  • LGBTQI+ People: Issues They Face and Advocating for Them This is evident in the division of labor between men and women, which demonstrates one of the expectations of society concerning gender-associated roles.
  • Becoming an Ally of the Queer (LGBT) Population From my point of view, this state of affairs is not appropriate and should be addressed, meaning that I could act as an ally for social justice. This information reveals that allying with the LGBT […]
  • Depression among Homosexual Males The literature used for the research on the paper aims to overview depression among homosexual males and describe the role of the nurse and practices based on the Recovery Model throughout the depression.
  • Suicidal Thoughts Among LGBTQ Youth: Client’s Case Assessment The therapist must exercise special caution and delicacy while evaluating the factors related to the case and engaging the LGBTQ client in the process of treatment.
  • Aspects of Identity: Transgender Status, Gender Identity In many countries in Europe and the rest of the world, the whites always obtain more benefits at the expense of the people of color and other races.
  • The Use of Psychoactive Substances by LGBT Youth The purpose of this survey is to identify how reliable the information is that LGBT community adolescents are more likely to use psychoactive substances than heterosexual youth.
  • Homosexuality as Social Construction His research has focused on the evolution of homosexuality from the nineteenth century to the present day, the widespread public regulation of homosexuality in Britain, and the ways that allowed sexuality to become the object […]
  • Walmart: Insufficient Support of LGBTQ LBGTQ presumably are the category of the population that still is facing one of the highest degrees of xenophobia, for which reason the need for inclusion initiatives remains considerable.
  • Queer (LGBT) Teenage Bullying at School The importance of this source to the research is associated with the significant role that youth organizations have to play towards minimizing bullying among LGBT students.
  • Should Gay Couples Have the Same Adoption Rights as Straight Couples? The authors of this article decide to focus on the children of gay men as compared to those of heterosexual parents in their study.
  • Raising Queer (LGBTQ) Awareness Through Media Most of the violence perpetrated against the LGBTQ community is a result of systematic dehumanization on the basis of sexual orientation.
  • A Peer Intervention Program to Reduce Smoking Rates Among LGBTQ Therefore, the presumed results of the project are its introduction into the health care system, which will promote a healthy lifestyle and diminish the level of smoking among LGBTQ people in the SESLHD.
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Families’ Issues In tendency for this, it is essential to analyze issues faced by such families in the community and thus provide recommendations on approaches to adopt during counseling sessions of LGBTQ families.
  • Considering Social Acceptability of Transgender and Transracial Identities This essay will examine two articles providing different views on transgender and transracial identities and argue that considerations used to support the transgender community are not transferable to the issue of transracial.
  • COVID-19 and the Mental Well-Being of LGBTQ+ Community The newspaper article studied for this week highlighted recent questions about the relationship between COVID-19 coronavirus infection and the mental well-being of Americans in the LGBTQ+ community.
  • The Church’s Attitude Toward Homosexual Marriage Erickson Millard claims that Jesus’s teaching about the permanence of marriage is based on the fact that: God made humanity as male and female and pronounced them to be one.
  • Homosexuality and Feminism in the TV Series The depiction of these complex topics in the TV series of the humoristic genre implies both regressive and progressive impulses for the audience.
  • Gay Marriage Should Be Repealed The institution of marriage has changed dramatically within the first two decades of the 21st century due to the gradual acceptance of gay marriage.
  • Queer (LGBTQ) Therapy and Religious Impact Secondly, LGBTQ+ community members face an array of challenges, which are not seen by the rest of the population. The necessity is caused by unique unfortunate aspects of these people’s lives, which must be addressed […]
  • “Social Attitudes Regarding Same-Sex Marriage and LGBT…” by Hatzenbuehler It relates to the fact that the scientists failed to articulate a research question in the proper form. However, it is possible to mention that the two hypotheses mitigate the adverse effect of the lacking […]
  • Anti-Transgender and Anti-LGBQ Violence Crisis in the US The vicious circle of minority stress that leads to marginalization and the marginalization that contributes to the stigma has to be broken.
  • LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) in Canada, Japan and China With a perfect understanding of the LGBTQ issue in Canada, my team and I started to compare LGBTQ in Canada, China, and Japan.
  • The Defense of Marriage Act: LGBTQ + Community One of the milestones in the development of the struggle of members of the LGBTQ + community for their rights in the United States is the adoption of the Defense of Marriage Act.
  • Mental Health Problems in Bisexuals Thus, the study appears to be insightful in the context of exploring the mental health of bisexuals. This article is informative, as it describes that the aforementioned factors appear to be influential considerably in the […]
  • Mental Health in Bisexuals: Mental Health Issues The current research views the mental health of bisexuals from several different perspectives in order to evaluate all the possible mechanisms that could have contributed to mental health issues in bisexual individuals over the course […]
  • Why LGBTQ+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer) Is Becoming Popular In the context of the continuity of experience, morality, and moral values, it is appropriate to emphasize one of the most apparent global trends, namely the gradual recognition of the inalienable rights of the LGBTQ+ […]
  • Teaching Strategies for LGBTQ (Queer) Community Men and women have different learning styles and orientations that depend on past experiences, interests, and social and biological roles. Therefore, educators should learn the art of inquiry to assess a group, inform them of […]
  • Abuse in the Queer (LGBTQ) Community Rolle et al.establish that there is an overwhelming increase in the rate of abuse across the LGBT community mainly because of their societal stigma and potential rejection. The consistent abuse of the individuals is a […]
  • LGBTQ: Personal Characteristics in Health Promotion According to GLMA, since the patient’s cultural relevance is vital to improve their health in this healthcare facility, in addition to biophysical information, the questionnaire should contain cultural questions.
  • Kahiu’s Rafiki Movie: Stereotypes Regarding Homosexuality Kahiu’s Rafiki movie is a salvo regarding an ongoing cultural conflict in Kenya over the rights of the LGBTQ community. The reason is that they live in a society that prevents them from expressing the […]
  • Nursing: Caring for a Pregnant Lesbian The second sensitive issue is the family history of diabetes. It is unknown if the patient herself had diabetes in the past.
  • The Gay Gene: Understanding Human Sexuality If this gene existed and it was similar to a gay gene, it would explain the difference in gay people. If this happened, there would be a great change in the way gay people are […]
  • HIV Transmission From Homosexual Men Receiving Cure The study reaches the following conclusions: In general, male partners to MSM receiving treatment are at risk of contracting HIV virus although the risk is relative to condom use as well as the last time […]
  • Gay Couples as Vulnerable Population and Self-Awareness The idea of same-sex marriages has developed in America to a legal platform. Cultural beliefs that undermine the role of same-sex parenting have an impact on the efficacy of gay couples as parents.
  • The Gay Marriages: Ethical and Economic Perspectives Among the key ethical dilemmas that are related to the issue in question, the conflict between religious beliefs and the necessity to provide the aforementioned services, the issue regarding the company’s needs v.its duty to […]
  • The Houston Gay Community’s Health Nursing Considering the demographics of this population group, this study seeks to carry out a community health analysis of the Houston Texas gay community, with a special emphasis on the health risks and health implications in […]
  • Homicides Associated With Homosexual Lifestyle Knight notes that murders by homosexuals are very common and most of the times they involve both sexes, either as the victims or the assailants.
  • HIV Intervention in Gay Community The AIDS scourge is at the center of this study because this paper seeks to address AIDS as a special health concern affecting the gay community in the Montrose area, with a clear aim of […]
  • Medical and Social Stances on Homosexuality The main aim of the essay is to highlight the medical and social view of homosexuality. There is no doubt that homosexuality is the current problem that threatens to wreck marriages and accelerate the spread […]
  • Attitude to the LGBTQ Rights in the Political System LGBTQ rights have advanced many positions in the last several decades. There is quantitative evidence regarding the increase in public support of gay rights.
  • LGBTQ Rights: Sexual Minority Members Discrimination In the past few years, the number of legal cases related to discrimination against LGBTQ representatives has been growing. In the past 30 years, LGBTQ activists have begun to fight for members of sexual minorities’ […]
  • Social Work With Disabled Representatives of LGBT Community Members of the LGBT community with disabilities are one of the most invisible and closed groups, both within the community itself and in society at large.
  • Bullying of LGBTQ Students in American Schools The chosen article focuses on the issue of bullying of LGBTQ students in American schools and its legal repercussions. The author shows that students who are openly gay or bi, as well as those who […]
  • The Opinion of Americans on Whether Gay Marriage Should Be Allowed or Not Based on the political nature of the population, 43% of the democrats think, American society supports gay marriages and only 18% of the republicans hold the same view.
  • Sexuality, Marriage, Gay Rights The supremacy of law and protection of people right lie in the heart of the protection of the freedom of personality.”Part of the basis of democratic government in the United States is a system of […]
  • Lesbian Motherhood: Identity Issues In the studies of Moore and Hequembourg, the problems of lesbian and black lesbian mothers are explored, while it is pointed out that women of color and those belonging to lower classes appear to be […]
  • The Gay Community’s Activism Events Research through interviews actually indicates that more than 60% of the population in the United States has come to the recognition and appreciation of their gay counterparts.
  • The Debate Over Gay Rights in American Politics Proponents of gay rights vigorously dispute these interpretations, but many people on both sides of the issue do not realize that the Bible has historically been used to argue many things in the past including […]
  • Democracy: Forms, Requirements and Homosexuality Democracy exists in two major forms there is the liberal democracy which is a very capitalistic economic approach in nature while the other form is a socialist democracy that embraces economic aspects like subsidies and […]
  • The Seed That Grew: Homosexuality The title “The seed that grew” demonstrate the reality that the seed of homosexuality is planted in an individual and grows as the individual grows.
  • Societal Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Therefore, people should not be homophobic but should try as much as possible to learn and understand the reasons as they interact with these people.
  • The Case Against Gay Marriage The Constitutional protection to equal rights under the law has been invoked over and over again to try and afford homosexuals “equal right” to the social institution of marriage and to social security when one […]
  • Re-Thinking Homosexual Marriage in Rational and Ethical Fashion We demonstrate that the way out of the hysterical debate is to consider soberly the basis for supporting the ordinary family as the basic unit of society and protector of the next generation.
  • Why Homosexuality Among Females Is Overlooked vs. Males? This leads to the difficulties of gay men in securing work in the military because the focus is mainly on the men.
  • Parental Rejection Effects on Homosexuals Society needs to come to terms that it has to include the homosexuals among and as one of them and attend to their needs as effectively as for the rest of it.
  • Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality From the context above, it is clear that historical and scientific perspectives on homosexuality contribute immensely to shaping how gay people view themselves.
  • Gay Marriage and Bible: Differences From Heterosexual Practice When respected the bonds of marriage leads to the good not only of the couple and their children, but also to the good of society as a whole.
  • Homosexuality and Conversion Therapy In order for conversion to occur in humans, there has to be a mental approach to facilitate the switch. This is attributed to the lack of a clear definition of sexual orientation.
  • How Views of Homosexuality Have Changed Homosexuality is the attraction and sexual acts performed with people of the same sex, between men and men and women and women.
  • Heterosexuality, Homosexuality and the Law In this respect the paper deals with the aspect of sociological research on the problem of heterosexuality and a lack of constructive data as for the sociological survey on the issue.
  • Gay Marriage: Evaluation Argument The basic theme of the article was to present advocacy of gay marriage and a thorough presentation of arguments in favor of the legalization of gay marriages.
  • Harassment of Young Adults Who Are Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning According to the professional code of ethics, it is the duty of a social worker to help people in need and with problems.
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Ideation, Correlations With ‘Suicidality’ In addition, experience of verbal ill-treatment and physical assault intensified feeling suicidal for both heterosexual and gay or bisexual men, not just for homosexual men alone as contained in many research findings, and that social […]
  • Homosexuality: Explanations of Origins and Causes Seen from the perspective of sexual orientation, homosexuality is “a lasting pattern of or inclination to encounter sexual, affectional, or romantic attractions predominantly to people of the same sex; it also relates to an individual’s […]
  • Homophobia in Social Workers: Gay Affirmative Practice Scale The obvious limitation of the study is the extremely low response rate. The sample size is the key strength of the study.
  • The Idea of Gay Parenting First of all, there have not been any studies done and proved that children of gay or lesbian parents are disadvantaged in any significant respect relative to children of heterosexual parents.
  • Transgender in Jewish Religion Transsexual people identify as or desire to live and be accepted as a member of the gender opposite to that assigned at birth.
  • Being Gay in Canada: Faced Problems and Difficulties It has encouraged immigration of Canada from all corners of the world and the homosexuals are making plans to move to this part of the globe to secure their rights and enjoy their life in […]
  • Discrimination Against Gays in the Military This information shows that the problem of gay men and lesbian in the military is a part of politics which supports discrimination and inequalities.
  • Homosexual Stereotypes in Film and TV Homosexuals are feeling more comfortable and open with their sexuality mainly due to the rise of new shows on American television that feature gay individuals and this exposure has resulted in a deep awareness of […]
  • Ethnography of Homosexuals Analysis According to Wikipedia LGBT is an acronym referring collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender/Transsexual people and relates to the diversity of gay culture.
  • Gay Culture’s Influence on Hip Hop Fashion Gay men have the influence of female fashion design due to the fact that most of the designers of female clothes are men and most of them are homosexual.
  • Feminism: Liberal, Black, Radical, and Lesbian 2 In the 1960s and the 1970s, liberal feminism focused on working women’s issues and the impact of experiences that females of any race could have.
  • Durable Inequalities in Relation to the LGBT Community in the United States The purpose of this paper is to discuss the phenomenon of durable inequalities with reference to the LGBT community in the US society to understand how four aspects of this concept are reflected in LGBT […]
  • Ethical Issues of the Transgender Rights One of the most significant burdens transgender people experience is the recognition of their identity. Therefore, to increase the chances for transgender adults’ health care, it is important to pay thorough attention to any signs […]
  • Growing Up Transgender: Malisa’s Story on NBC News It is essential to develop a better understanding of the concept of gender in relation to children and their development to ensure the protection of the interests of all people and, thus, improve their lives.
  • Gay Marriage: Societal Suicide While Colson and Morse cannot neglect the need to oppose gay marriage because it destroys human society, the tone, references to the law, and the language chosen for the article help the reader understand the […]
  • Transgender Bathroom Rights and Legal Reforms One of the themes that deserve discussion is the possibility of creating transgender baths and the rights that can be given to this category of the population.
  • Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and LGBTQ Suicide Awareness Concerning the format, the design of the poster is good and the words are readable. The colors and contrasts enhance the readability of the content and stress the key points, such as AN indicators, risk […]
  • Health Care for Transgender Individuals However, the medicalization of transsexualism made it more difficult to receive the treatment as individuals have to prove that they have such problems, and it is not just a temperate state of their mind that […]
  • The Discovery of the ‘Biological Marker’ of Homosexuality The discovery of the specific biological cause of homosexuality in one sex, but not the other, will most likely result in the following set of effects on people’s understanding of gender, sex and sexuality: The […]
  • Racism in Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgenders Instead of supporting one another as members of a minority group, these people arrange internal arguments within the society of LGBT that leads to the increased feeling of depression and psychological pressure on behalf of […]
  • Homosexual Relationships: Ethical Reflection That is why it is useless to hope that the discovery of some genomes, which could be taken as the sign that the preferences of these people are the result of physical development, can improve […]
  • Vladimir Putin’s Government: Controversial Anti-Gay Law The aim of this essay is to analyze the news of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin passing the controversial anti-gay law.
  • Philosophy: “The Gay Science” by Friedrich Nietzsche Darwin gave the world his famous book On the Origin of Species, in which he tried to trace the genealogy of some species and which made a revolution in the world of science.
  • Indians in the 19th Century vs. Gay’s Struggle Today The plight of American Indians in 19thcentury The present plight of the gay struggle for acceptance Legislations The Dewes Severalty Act of 1887 was passed on February 8th, 1887, with an intention to allot lands to individuals (Nichols 125). It was perceived that by allocating lands to Native Americans, the government would not have to […]
  • Open Homosexuals’ Effects on Military Morale Britton and Williams start by noting that when President Clinton announced his intention to lift the ban that restricted homosexuals from participating in the military service, a debate emerged in which the performance of lesbians […]
  • Gender Studies: Lesbian Sadomasochism She insists critics of sadomasochism only see pain and humiliation yet the people involved consent to it because of the strong connection they feel.
  • Homosexual Religious and Legal Rights Another recommendation is that the legal structures that govern the issue of homosexuality should be coherent and considerate. Conclusively, it is evident that legal and religious provisions differ remarkably on their stands regarding the matters […]
  • Sociological Imagination of Homosexuality This is due to the commonality of problems that we may have as members of a given society. I did not know whether the signs I was exhibiting were that of a homosexual or it […]
  • “An Asian Lesbian’s Struggle” by C. Allyson Lee In the end, the author confesses that she has finally come to terms with herself, and she is proud of being an Asian lesbian.
  • Gender Issues and Sexuality: Social Perspective and Distinction It is rather interesting to note that society today has such a well-established preconception regarding genders that when presented with alternatives to such established norms the result has been subject to confusion, disdain, at times […]
  • Children in Gay and Lesbian Couples These techniques of getting children not only provide gay and lesbian couples with an ethical method to have children, but they also provide them with a chance to raise children for the donors.
  • Homosexuals and Their Personal Culture Unique culture generally refers to a set of beliefs, values, or generally the way of life of an individual irrespective of the way of life of people in the larger society.
  • Gay and Lesbian Adoption Issues
  • The Problem of Discrimination Against the LGBT Community
  • Cancer Screening in Lesbians, Gays, Transgenders
  • Homosexuality in “Laura” and “Brokeback Mountain”
  • Gay Society and Challenges in “Gay” by Anna Quindlen
  • Transgender Issues in Modern Society
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender at Life Stages
  • Transgender Bathroom Rights and Needed Policy
  • Women in Sports: Policy for Transgender Players
  • Women and Homosexuality in “Pariah” by Dee Rees
  • Gay Marriage and Its Social Acceptance in the US
  • LGBT Literature: “The Picture of Dorian Gray”
  • Transgender People in the USA
  • Transgender Inclusivity in Higher Education
  • Amy Zimmerman: It Ain’t Easy Being Bisexual on TV
  • British vs. Japanese Homosexuality Criminal Laws
  • Homosexuals and Heterosexual Brain Structure Differences
  • Age Bias, Disability, Gay Rights in the Workplace
  • Sexual Strangers: LGBT Politics in United States
  • United States v. Windsor – Homosexual Rights
  • Homosexual Marriage: Causes of Debates
  • Parenting: Learning That an Adolescent Is Gay or Lesbian
  • Challenges for Educators: Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Families
  • LGBTQ Issues in Korean Film Industry
  • Korean LGBTQ Films: The King and the Clown and Hello My Love
  • Homosexual Discrimination in Our Society: Causes and Effects
  • Homosexual Students and Bullying
  • Gay Judge’s Ruling Should Be Thrown Out
  • Relations Between Homosexuality and Indian Culture
  • Gay and Lesbian Relationships’ Nature
  • Legalizing Gay Marriage in the US
  • The Evolution of the LGBT Rights
  • Queer Activism Influences on the Social Development of LGBT
  • “Gay Marriages” by Michael Nava and Robert Dawidoff
  • Dating Sites: Gay Latino Men and Women in Los Angeles
  • Globalization and Gay Tourism: Learning to Be Tolerant
  • Gay Marriage’s Social and Religious Debates
  • Members of the LGBT Community
  • Gay Marriage in The UK
  • Is homosexuality an Innate or an Acquired Trait?
  • Gay Marriage: Debating the Ethics, Religion, and Culture Analytical
  • Homosexuality, Religion and Atheism
  • Why Homosexuality Should Be Illegal
  • Homosexuals’ Right to Marry
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Labor and Employment Issues
  • LGBT Labor and Employment Issues
  • Transgender Students on Colleges: Needs and Challenges
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Sexuality in the Hispanic Culture
  • Problems Experienced by Children of Homosexual Parents
  • Is Homosexuality a Psychological Condition?
  • Gay Marriages and US Constitution
  • The Issue of Gay Marriages: Meaning, Importance and Cons
  • Views of Young Australian and Chinese Adults on Homosexuality
  • Legalizing Gay Marriage
  • Gay Marriage, Same-Sex Parenting, And America’s Children
  • Homosexuality Criticism Rates
  • Clinton Homosexual Discrimination Policy
  • Gay Couples’ Right to Marriage
  • Discrimination, Social Exclusion and Violence among the LGBT Community
  • Homosexuality: Why only some intimacies are labeled as homosexuality
  • Defending Gay Marriage
  • Relation of Gay Marriage to the Definition of Marriage
  • Setting the Parameters for Regarding Homosexuality: To Whose Doors Should One Lay the Blame To?
  • Gay Marriage: Culture, Religion, and Society
  • Homosexuality in the Contemporary Society
  • Gay Marriages in New York
  • Suicides Among Male Teen Homosexuals: Harassment, Shame or Stigma?
  • The Homosexual Lifestyle Issues
  • Why Gay Marriages Should Not Be Legalized?
  • Gay Marriage as a Civil Rights Issue
  • Gay Marriage and Parenting
  • Should Gay Marriages Be Allowed?
  • Gender Studies: Gay Rights
  • Gay Couples Should Not to Marry
  • Arguments for and against Homosexuality: A Civil rights & Liberties Perspective
  • Gays in the Military
  • Reasons of the High Homosexual Marriage Rate
  • BEAR Magazine: Lifestyle Entertainment for Gay Men
  • Gay Marriage and Decision Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
  • Gay Denied their ‘Rights’ in Australia
  • Arguments for Gay Marriages
  • Position of the Christian Church on Homosexuality
  • Gender Studies: Gays and Lesbians Issues in 1940’s and 1950’s
  • Young Opinion on Homosexuality
  • Should Homosexuality be Legalized?
  • Gay Marriages: Why Not Legalize Them?
  • Should We Allow Gay Marriages as Civil Unions?
  • Castro Gay Village’ Gentrification in San Francisco
  • Media and Homosexuality
  • Adopted Children With Gay Parents Have Better Chances of Succeeding
  • Must gay marriage to be legal?
  • Should Homosexuals be Allowed to Legally Marry?
  • Gay Marriage in the U.S.
  • A Critical Evaluation of Historical & Scientific Standpoints on Homosexuality
  • Gay marriage and homosexuality
  • Social Justice and Gay Rights
  • Gay Marriage Legalization
  • Gay in the Military
  • What Does LGBT Mean?
  • How LGBT Live in Russia?
  • Why Should the LGBT Community Serve Openly?
  • How LGBT Live in India?
  • How Can I Be More Inclusive With LGBT?
  • Are LGBT People Discriminated Against in the Hiring Process?
  • Why Should the LGBT Community Have Equal Rights?
  • What Were Cracker Barrels’ Reasons for Firing Their LGBT Employees?
  • How Does LGBT Culture Fall in Our Society Today?
  • How Happy Could LGBT People Be in a Homophobic Society Such as Ours?
  • Why LGBT Color Is Rainbow?
  • Why LGBT Teachers May Make Exceptional School Leaders?
  • How Does Stress Affect the LGBT Community?
  • Why Are LGBT Students Committing Suicide More Than Non?
  • Does LGBT Inclusion Promote National Innovative Capacity?
  • How Can I Be Kind to LGBT?
  • Are LGBT People Born This Way?
  • Does LGBT Marriage Threaten the Family?
  • How Are LGBT People Represented on TV?
  • How Virginia Woolf’s Orlando Subverted Censorship and Revolutionized the Politics of LGBT Love in 1928?
  • What Are the Different Flags for LGBT?
  • How LGBT Live in the USA?
  • How Successful Are LGBT People Straight Alliances?
  • Are You Born LGBT Person?
  • Were There LGBT Subcultures From the 1900s to the 1960s?
  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

IvyPanda. (2024, February 28). 285 LGBT Essay Topics & Examples.

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IvyPanda . "285 LGBT Essay Topics & Examples." February 28, 2024.

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argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

LGBT Argumentative Essay Topics

Argumentative essay about lgbtq, lgbt argumentative topics, lgbtq argumentative essay topics, lgbtq essay topics, title for lgbt essay, lgbt essay topics.

LGBT Argumentative Essay Topics : LGBT is a very thorny issue that is not accepted in many countries and even some people don’t want to talk about it, even in developed countries like the United States.  No matter how much we try to hide it or shun it away, we must understand the LGBTQ community, as well as acknowledge their existence.

If you are researching and want to write an argumentative essay on LGBT, today we will look at some of the topics you can write about.

Find LGBT discrimination argumentative essay topics, LGBT rights argumentative essay topics, topics on argumentative essays on LGBT, and more.

1. Should the Universal Declaration of Human Rights explicitly include the rights and protection of rights of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) worldwide?

2. Should all companies’ Work cultures be adaptable to the LGBT community?

3. Is intersectionality so important when thinking about LGBT issues?

4. Must we all Become More Accepting of the LGBT Community?

LGBT Argumentative Topics

5. Is there domestic Violence In the LGBT Community?

6. Should governments intervene to lower the Violence Against LGTBQ Community?

7. The United States Healthcare: Are there barriers to LGTB Health?

8. How should The LGTB Community be treated by society?

9. Should the Transgender Community And The LGTB Community be classified in the same category?

10. Did The Stonewall Riots of 1969 Jumpstart the Gay Movement?

11. Should Adolescents gays and lesbians be allowed to join gay movements?

12. Will Same-Sex ever Be Accepted By Everyone?

See Also: LGBT Persuasive Essay Topics

1. Do catholic women have a role of Women to play in the LGBT Community?

2. Is the Mental Health of Individuals in the LGBT community the same as that of the rest of society?

3. Is it okay to allow gays in the Military?

4. The LGBT Community: Is there a need for an Anti-Discrimination Bill?

5. In what ways should the LGBT Community Enjoy Equal Rights?

6. Should we have LGBT families On Television?

7. Should the LGBT Community be affected by the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)?

8. Are there cases of Bullying at School for kids from LGBT families?

9. Are there cases of LGBT Hate Crimes?

10. Is there relevant History of LGBT rights in California?

11. Gay marriages should not be illegal.

12. Same-Sex Marriage Should Be Legal.

Read: Argumentative Essay Topics on Social Media

Argumentative Essay About LGBTQ

1. Are there any Marketing ideas to attract the LGBT community?

2. Should  LGBT Themes in Kids’ Video Games be embraced by society?

3. Should LGBT in the Communities be embraced fully?

4. Is it okay for LGBTQ families to hold a wedding in a church?

5. Should LGBT in the Communities be embraced fully?

6. Should LGBT Politicians in the US be allowed to vie for presidential seats?

6. Can LGBT Marriage vows be legally bidding?

7. Are there LGBT Rights on Wall Street?

8. Do LGBT Lobbying groups influence the Local and State Governments?

9. Should gay marriage be legalized all over the world?

Read: Argumentative Essay Topics On Religion

1. Should countries that illegalize same-sex marriage be penalized?

2. Are there any effects of discrimination on mental health among LGBTQ individuals?

3. Should the world athletes committee allow transgender individuals to get involved in the races?

4. Are social media platforms the right place to advocate for LGBTQ rights?

5. Should LGBTQ+ individuals be allowed to adopt children?

6. The effects of STD on the LGBTQ+ community and the need for increased awareness and resources.

7. Should there be ethics of Sexual orientation-based LGBTQ in the Workplace?

8. Are there any Effects Of Television On The Cultural Acceptance Of Homosexuality?

9. The Diversity Of The Young LGBT Community.

10. The Debate Over Gay Rights Movement.

11. The Controversy Of The LGBT Community.

12. The Consuming Habits Of LGBT Individuals.

See Also: Argumentative Essay Topics about Mental Health

lgbtq essay topics

13. The Civil Rights and the LGBT Movements.

14. The Anti-Homosexuality Act Of Uganda.

15. The ACLU of Pennsylvania: Fighting for the Equality of All.

16. Taking a Closer Look at Same-Sex Marriage in the United States.

17. Suicide Prevention Among LGBT Youth.

18. Stonewall riot of 1969: LGBT civil rights.

19. Stereotypes And Stereotypes Of Gay.

20. Sociological Perspectives On The Sociological Perspective.

Read: Controversial Argumentative Essay Topics

1. Socialization Analysis: Homosexuality.

2. Sexual Orientation: Stop the Hate.

3. Sexual Orientation And Transgender Community.

4. Sexual Abuse Dependency As Heterosexual Females.

5. School-Related Gender-Based Violence.

6. Same-Sex Adoption: Preference Or Prejudice?

7. Religion and LGBT Rights.

8. Providing Support to Transgender Students On Campus.

9. Progress of LGBT in mass media.

10. Policies Toward LGBT Students in America’s Public Schools.

11. Police brutality and the LGBT community.

12. Perception of the Employed Sexual Minorities on Their Inclusion in the Workplace.

13. Our Age Of Acceptance Of The Lesbian Community.

14. Organizations and Awareness towards LGBT Rights, Equality, and Acceptance.

15. Oppressing the LGBT Communities.

16. Marriage Inequality in America Spotlighting Equal Rights for the LGBT Community.

17. Marriage Equality for the LGBT Community.

Read also: Good Informative Speech Topics

1. LGBT Subculture.

2. LGBT Social Movements.

3. LGBT Rights in India.

4. LGBT Rights in Uganda.

5. LGBT Protecting Your Freedom.

6. LGBT Identity Stages and Career Development.

7. LGBT Hate Crimes and Suicidality Among a Population-Bases Sample of Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Boston.

8. LGBT Employment Discrimination in National and International Law.

9. LGBT Discrimination in religious setup.

10. LGBT Community Within The 21st Century.

11. LGBT community from a sociological perspective.

12. LGBT Bullying in the United States.

13. LGBT and the Religious Right: Opposing Movements, Similar Methods.

14. LGBT and how the three branches of government affect it.

15. LGBT and Gender Equality.

16. LGBT Adoption.

15. Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual, and Transgendered: Significance.

16. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Society in Jordan.

17. Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage.

1. Homosexuality And Its Impact On Society.

2. Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Discrimination.

3. Legalization of LGBT Marriages in Africa.

4. Lebanon Must Pave the Way for LGBT Rights.

5. Lawrence v. Texas and the History of Gay Rights.

6. Is Gay Parenting Bad For Kids?

7. Inclusion Of Lgbt Issues During Post Secondary Health Education.

8. How Does Stress Affect The LGBT Community?

9. How LGBT populations are being impacted by sexual violence in a specific country.

10. Hate Crimes Committed Against Gays.

11. Hate Crimes Against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender Individuals.

12. Global Perspectives On Human Rights And Russian LGBTQ Legislation.

13. Gay Marriage and Other Issues Surrounding the LGBTQ Community.

14. Fighting for Same-Sex Marriage.

15. Fight for the LGBT Community Rights.

16. Exploring Heterosexism And Same-Sex Sexualities.

17. Equality in the Workplace: Whose Rights are Right?

Read: Psychology Compare and Contrast Essay Topics

1. Diversity Within The Classroom: LGBTQ Students.

2. Discrimination of the LGBT Community:  Fear and Unnaturalness.

3. Discrimination Against the LGBT Community in Malaysia.

4. Cyberbullying: Direct Victimization in Schools and to Specific Groups.

5. Childhood Physical Abuse, Homophobia, And Experiential, Avoidance Among Lesbians And Gay Men.

6. Bullying and LGBT Youth.

7. Born Different, But Not With Different Freedom.

8. Being LGBT in the past vs. in today’s society.

9. Attitudes and Prejudices against Homosexuals.

10. American History: LGBT Community and California´s Proposition 22.

11. Adult Aging Health Risks Factors Within The LGBT Community.

12. Adoption Is A Big Responsibility.

13. A Journey to Equality: The LGBT Movement.

14. A Brief Note On Gay And Lesbian Families.

15. Common Arguments Against LGBT Rights.

Read: Illustration Essay Topics


Betty is a qualified teacher with a Bachelor of Education (Arts). In addition, she is a registered Certified Public Accountant. She has been teaching and offering part-time accounting services for the last 10 years. She is passionate about education, accounting, writing, and traveling.

argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

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LGBT Argumentative Essays Samples For Students

50 samples of this type

Regardless of how high you rate your writing skills, it's always a good idea to check out a competently written Argumentative Essay example, especially when you're handling a sophisticated LGBT topic. This is exactly the case when collection of sample Argumentative Essays on LGBT will come in useful. Whether you need to brainstorm an original and meaningful LGBT Argumentative Essay topic or survey the paper's structure or formatting peculiarities, our samples will provide you with the necessary data.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 2

Man and Woman, Woman and Woman or Man and Man 4 Procreation or Not 4 Optimum Environment for Children 5 Gay Relationships are Moral or Immoral 5 Federal Law 6 President Obama 7 Politicians and Media Figures 8 Conclusion 10 Work Cited 10

Norah Vincents Learning Experience In Self-Made Man Argumentative Essay

Gay marriage in america argumentative essay examples.

Same-sex marriage is the legal union between people of the same sex. The debate concerning the marriage rights and benefits to gay couples has been intense since early 1970s. In 1996, the then US president Bill Clinton, signed DOMA (Defense of Marriage Act) into law (Pinello 12). This Act gives a legal definition of Marriage as a legal union between one woman and one man. However, this enactment gave the definition of marriage for federal law purposes only and gave authority to the states to make their own rulings concerning the matter.

Example Of Argumentative Essay On Gay Rights In Canada

Argumentative essay on gay marriage.

This thesis aims to highlight the issue of gay marriage that is now being seen in a positive light. It has readily gained acceptance over so many years. People are beginning to see it as an acceptable reality. The roots of its acceptance are also traced through various countries with so many countries beginning to understand how essential it is to allow man with the freedom of anything.

Free Argumentative Essay On Gay Marriages

Marriage is a social union between two people, a union that promotes connection. The definition of marriage often varies depending on individual beliefs, cultural values among others. It can be defined as a union where individual relationships such as intimacy and sex are accepted. Marriage is formalized through a wedding either in a law court or in a church. Marriage was naturally supposed to be between people of different sex but in recent times, marriages between people of the same sex have been a normal scenario. Marriage is however not an institution for companionship alone but also for procreation, something gay couples are unable to do.

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Example Of Same Sex Marriage Arguments Essay

Argumentative essay on increased incidence of std in older adults.

Unprotected sex among older adults is giving rise to more incidents of sexually transmitted disease in people between the ages of forty-five to seventy. There will always be a reaction to every action, and having sex without protection is the cause of this increase of sexually transmitted disease among older adults. Protecting oneself from sexually transmitted disease requires the practice of safe sex. Safe sex should be worn as an amour against STDs.

Increased Incidence of STD in Older Adults

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1. In William Blake's "Songs of Innocence and of Experience," Blake attempts to dig into the very nature of existence and perception; part of the primary message of the works is that childhood is an innocent time that should be protected, but it is capable of being corrupted by the structures and rules of the adult world. As we get older and move through life, getting more experiences, we lose our innocence and start to become adults because of what the government, the church and the rich do to us.

Argumentative Essay On The Pros And Cons Of Single-Sex Schools

Free argumentative essay on american politics and presidential election, example of euthanasia and assisted suicide arguments pro and con argumentative essay, hate speech is not free speech argumentative essay sample, wong kar wai argumentative essay examples, introduction.

Wong Kar-Wai is a director based from Hong Kong, who is hugely respected as not only a director, but an artist who is constantly mentioned by critics and film enthusiasts alike. Although many of his films did not go on to become big as other major films in the Box Office, Wong Kar-Wai's films have begun to be well known for breaking the contemporary style of Hong Kong cinema.

Gender Bender Argumentative Essay

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argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

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Writing About LGBTQ Rights

Academic writing

Essay paper writing

argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

Violation of the rights of sexual minorities is an acute problem in modern society. That is why LGBT essay topics are getting more and more popular nowadays. The issue is that some conservative groups still regard homosexuality as unnatural and harmful phenomenon.

Cultural traditions and values ​​that determine heterosexual behavior as ‘normal’ contribute to the formation of heterosexism and various phobias towards gay people. This attitude leads to the occurrence of social stigma, which turns the lives of sexual minorities into hell. Accordingly, to solve this problem, it is necessary to promote tolerance and acceptance towards LGBTQ people. You will take a little step in this direction when writing a homosexuality research paper.

Basic terminology for essay on homosexuality

‘Sexual minorities’ is a general collective term formed according to the principle of similarity with such notions as ‘national (ethnic) minorities’ (representatives of a nationality or ethnos) and ‘political minorities’ (representatives of the opposition).

It is worth explaining to the readers of your gay rights activist essay that this concept assumes that the sexual orientation is not deviant or pathological, just like national or political minorities.

The concept of ‘sexual minorities’ does not include groups of people whose sexual predilections are defined as deviant or pathological by medicine, or whose sexual actions occur not with the mutual consent of two adult persons: zoophiles, necrophiles, and pedophiles.

Since these parameters may not coincide with each other and can be manifested differently at various stages of life, an unambiguous division of individuals into hetero-, homo- and bisexual groups, as well as their number, is very problematic.

Here are some interesting facts that can be used for gay rights history essay:

  • The term ‘homosexuality’ was first used in 1869 in an anonymously published pamphlet written in German by the Austrian publicist Karl-Maria Kertbeny.
  • Half a century ago, the word ‘gay’ meant ‘cheerful and carefree’ in English. However, now it is no longer used in this meaning. The origin of its use for defining sexual orientation is not entirely clear.
  • In the Provençal dialect, the term ‘gay’ meant the ‘art of poetry and love.’
  • In England in the XVII century, the word ‘gay’ denoted a frivolous person, and then (with regard to women) a prostitute.
  • In the 1930s, it was the most frequently used name among the homosexuals themselves.
  • In the 1960s, this word began to spread to a wider range of speakers. For example, it was used by the psychotherapist Albert Ellis to refer to homosexuals in the popular book The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Man-Hunting (1963).
  • The term ‘lesbianism’ comes from the name of the Greek island of Lesbos. The ancient poet Sappho ran to the island from Athens due to persecution. Her poetry was later perceived as the chanting of same-sex love between women.

Now let’s consider the phenomenon of transsexuality. As you definitely know, transsexuals are people who strive to change their sex to the opposite. The phenomenon of transsexuality existed in all historical periods; nevertheless, for centuries, such people were perceived as deviant ones.

In 1966, the American researcher Harry Benjamin devoted the book to this issue and managed to convince the medical community that the former opinion about the mental state of these people was incorrect. He also introduced the term ‘transsexualism’ and proved that it is a special form of psychosexual disorder: the human body remains healthy enough and possess the characteristics of natural gender, but the psyche (quite healthy from the point of view of psychiatry) belongs to a person of the opposite gender, which is confirmed by their behavior, lifestyle, habits, manners, and clothes.

gay rights essay

Historical overview for gay rights research paper

In order to write a quality sexual orientation discrimination essay, it is worth touching upon the history of the issue under consideration. Homosexuality exists just as long as humanity. It was normal practice for inhabitants of undiscovered America as well as for the black people of the African continent. Moreover, this phenomenon broadly existed in Greek and Roman cultures. Finally, homosexuality in Slavic society was perceived as a normal intimate contact between willing partners.

At various stages of the development of civilizations, the attitude towards sexual minorities was quite ambiguous. The model of behavior depended primarily on the prevailing ideology, culture, and the existence of certain traditions.

Among the aborigines of New Guinea and Melanesia, the ritual of initiation (insemination) was quite popular. It was considered that a boy could become a real man only if he was inseminated by an adult tribesman who conveys the best traits: masculinity and courage. A similar ritual took place among the tribes of Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Amazonia.

The Japanese were considered quite tolerant people until the XIX century. They respected the aesthetics of the male body. For example, the samurai homoerotic connection was a typical feudal relationship.

With the establishment of the dominant positions of Christian dogmatism in Europe, ‘sodomites’ were outlawed, and measures were introduced to curb the grave sin. In particular, along with the witches and heretics, the Holy Inquisition tortured homosexuals at the stake.

In an essay on gay rights violation in Russia, you may mention that in pre-Petrine time, serious penalties for ‘sodomites’ were not practiced, unlike in Western Europe. The Russian Orthodox Church condemned the “mortal sin,” but, meantime, monasteries were the source of the spread of same-sex relationships. Peter the Great tried to toughen the policy concerning sexual minorities. In 1706, the death penalty through burning at the stake was introduced for the military for ‘unnatural fornication’ (according to the Swedish model). In 1716, the ruler replaced the burning with corporal punishment and exile. However, these norms did not apply to civilians.

After the October Revolution, the situation changed radically. The acquisition of the governing role by the Bolshevik party drove gays and lesbians into the underground. In 1934, the article of the Criminal Code on imprisonment up to 5 years (up to 8 years in case of physical violence) for sodomy came into force. Although same-sex sexual activity between consenting adults in private was decriminalized in 1993, homosexuality is disapproved of by most Russians, and same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are ineligible for the legal protections available to opposite-sex couples. Since 2006, numerous regions in Russia have enacted varying laws restricting the distribution of materials promoting LGBT relationships to minors; in June 2013, a federal law criminalizing the distribution of materials among minors in support of non-traditional sexual relationships was enacted as an amendment to an existing child protection law. This is a good example for your gay rights cases essay, which should be focused on the serious problems the gay people still have to face.

While homosexuality in the USSR was criminalized, in Europe and in the West, reverse processes progressed. Before Hitler came to power in Germany, there was a struggle between the country’s leadership and the gay community, which advocated the abolition of criminal punishment for people of ‘unnatural’ sexual orientation. Activists have achieved their goal only in 1969, one hundred years after the first attempts.

An important fact to describe in research essay on gay rights is that in Europe, in the 1970s, the activists adopted the official symbol of LGBTQ, the rainbow, as well as developed a concept with basic political requirements, namely the legalization of same-sex relationships and the right to marry. Recently, one more requirement has been added: the right to adopt children.

The first country to legalize the registered love unions of homosexual couples was Denmark (1989). The Netherlands, the Czech Republic, and the Scandinavian countries followed the trend. In April 2005, New Zealand also permitted same-sex civil unions. In December 2005, the conservative United Kingdom became the next country to allow the legalization of homosexual relations.

LGBT research paper thesis

Information for development of LGBT rights essay

LGBT movement is a civil society movement that seeks to achieve legislation changes aimed at ensuring and protecting human rights for the LGBT community and promote social adaptation of its representatives in the society.

The opponents of this human rights movement are a variety of political and religious organizations collectively referred to as anti-homosexual unions.

Gay rights in different countries

It is worth describing the legal status of homosexuality in the world in an essay on gay marriages. The attitude towards the LGBT community is rather heterogeneous in different parts of the world. As a rule, in Western countries, homosexuals and heterosexuals have equal rights. In many states of Western Europe (The Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Great Britain, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Greenland, Iceland, France, Germany, Finland, Luxembourg, Northern Ireland, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Switzerland since 2007), as well as some countries of North and South America and South Africa, same-sex couples may enter into so-called civil partnerships or marriages.

At the same time, discrimination against people of homosexual orientation is also a common phenomenon whose roots go far into history. There is a significant number of states in Africa and Asia in which non-violent homosexual intercourse is perceived as a criminal offense punishable by imprisonment or death, for instance, in modern Iran, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan, Nigeria, and Mauritania.

In these countries, there is no open struggle for the rights of sexual and gender minorities since such activities may pose a threat to their freedom and life. However, some political parties lobby for the softening of criminal legislation against homosexuals. The lobbyists are the reformist and moderately liberal forces in the leadership of these states. In particular, former Iranian President Mohammad Khatami expressed his views in favor of softening the laws against homosexuals.

In addition, international pressure is aimed to compel respect for human rights.

Abolition of instructions and provisions defining homosexuality as a medical pathology

The idea of rights equality implies the official recognition of homosexuality as one of the variants of the psychological norm in accordance with modern scientific views and official WHO documents.

In this regard, LGBTQ organizations, professional medical bodies, liberal politicians, and human rights activists fight for the abolition of instructions and provisions that define homosexuality as a mental disorder and adoption of official documents prohibiting them at the level of the state Ministry of Health and national associations of psychiatrists and psychologists.

You may use such LGBT research paper thesis: there should be no ‘treatment for homosexuality’ or ‘correction of sexual orientation’ for healthy people as homosexuality is not a disease. The harm of such influences for patients has already been proven, while there are still no reliable examples of ‘correction of orientation.’

Abolition of prohibitions on professions

In some countries, there have been or still exist bans on certain professions for people who are openly gay. This may be, for example, a ban on army service, work as a teacher at school or as a doctor. LGBTQ organizations seek, and in some cases, have already achieved the abolition of these prohibitions.

Special sociological studies conducted in Western countries revealed that the homosexuality of an officer or soldier does not affect the discipline or internal psychological climate of the military unit. Consequently, there is no reason to deny homosexuals the right to serve in the army.

It was also proved that the homosexuality of the teacher does not lead to any complications in the relations with the students and does not predispose an educator to committing lewd acts against the students. It’s an obvious fact that homosexuality and pedophilia are fundamentally different things. So, there is no reason to prohibit homosexuals from working as teachers at schools.

The idea of ​​repealing the ban on the profession of a teacher for homosexuals is being criticized by conservative people who believe that the very presence of an educator with such sexual orientation in school is a negative example and the promotion of homosexuality. At the same time, supporters of this point view do not have any scientific data proving that there are more homosexual graduates at schools where gay teachers work or that such educators are more likely to commit lewd acts toward students. So this idea is just a prejudice of some groups of society.

Abolition of the ban on donation

In some countries, there is a ban on the donation of blood and organs from members of sexual minorities. LGBTQ organizations are trying to challenge this norm and achieve the elimination of discrimination.

Observance of human rights in relation to LGBT people

The gay rights movement essay should be focused on the fact that, even in countries where criminal and administrative penalties for manifestations of homosexuality were abolished a long time ago, the practice of human rights violations against homosexuals persisted.

LGBTQ organizations struggle not only for the formal abolition of criminal punishment for homosexuality but also for changing the real polices and administrative practices. For example, the notion of ‘disturbance of public order’ should be equally applied (or not applied) to same-sex and heterosexual couples kissing or hugging in public places. Also, LGBTQ activists fight for the right to participate in peaceful demonstrations, including prides, create public organizations, have access to information and medical care, etc.

Anti-discrimination laws

LGBTQ organizations also advocate for the mentioning of sexual minorities members in anti-discrimination laws (or the adoption of separate anti-discrimination laws on sexual minorities). They also seek direct mentioning of sexual orientation and gender importance in relevant articles of the Constitution guaranteeing equal rights to all citizens regardless of gender, age, religion, and nationality.

The right to register a marriage

Writing a gay marriage civil rights essay will be very relevant because, in recent years, there has been a growing movement in support of same-sex unions. The fact of marriage registration assigns the following rights to the homosexual family:

  • joint property;
  • inheritance;
  • social and medical insurance;
  • preferential taxation and lending;
  • the right to a name;
  • the right not to testify in court against the spouse;
  • the right to act as a trustee on behalf of the spouse in the case of his/her incapacity because of health problems;
  • the right to joint parenthood and the upbringing of foster children;
  • other rights of which unregistered couples are deprived.

Advocates of same-sex unions point out that the registration of marriage is a legal action which is independent of the religious norm (in most modern states, legal and church registration of marital relations occur separately) and that the law should follow social changes leading to the elimination of inequality between people as it happened during the last centuries when the existing prohibitions on registration of marriages were gradually abolished, for example, for spouses belonging to different confessions or races.

In a research paper about same-sex marriage countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Canada, South Africa, Norway, Sweden, Portugal, Iceland, and Argentina among others may be listed as those which granted gay couples the full right to marry. Same-sex partnerships alternative to marriage are legal in many states, for example, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Israel, Ireland, Colombia, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Slovenia, Uruguay, Finland, France, Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, and Ecuador.

The LGBT movement seeks the right for the adoption of a child of one of the partners by his or her spouse, the possibility of adopting children from orphanages by same-sex families, and the right of equal access to reproductive technologies for gay and heterosexual couples. It should be noted in a same-sex parenting research paper that these issues are considered separately in many countries where LGBTQ people are given broad rights.

In accordance with the legislation of some states, only one partner can adopt a child, becoming a caretaker or foster parent. Laws do not contain references to sexual orientation as grounds for refusal of adoption or guardianship, but gay couples often face failures in practice. Sexual orientation is also not a restriction on access to reproductive technologies, but the same-sex family may have problems with establishing the child’s parenthood. That is why the research paper on gay parenting should touch upon the acute problem.

Social activities

LGBT movement members are engaged in social activities such as the organization of various cultural events, for instance, film festivals, sports competitions, musical concerts, photo exhibitions, theater performances, installations, flash mobs, etc. Their aim is a social adaptation of the LGBT community, development of its cultural potential and building a dialogue with the rest of society. As a rule, most of such events are of the educational nature, which should be described as a positive factor in argumentative essay on gay rights.

In addition, the representatives of the LGBT community release numerous books and magazines and take part in various radio- and television translations. Moreover, it is worth mentioning that they offer special services, namely accessible and high-quality psychological, legal, and medical assistance, hotlines, and self-help groups to the members of their community.

Useful tips on how to write a quality LGBT discrimination essay

An important part of many international exams is essay writing. Preparing this type of academic paper might be a difficult task since it requires excellent knowledge of the subject, creative thinking, and adherence to certain rules. Using our advice, you will create a perfect essay about gay and lesbian rights.


Start to think about human sexuality research paper topics as soon as the assignment has been given to you. The saved time will give you the opportunity to collect as much information as you need to write a persuasive paper.

If you are given the freedom of choice, rely on your own preferences and knowledge about the phenomena under consideration. The topic of homosexuality is much wider and more interesting than it seems at first glance. You can write:

  • research paper on gay adoption;
  • essay about issues that LBTQ community has to face;
  • gay rights court cases essay;
  • paper about the nature of human sexuality;
  • work about homosexuality and domestic violence, etc.

Having completely concentrated on a chosen issue, you will soon notice that the necessary data and facts appear exactly when you need them. A similar effect occurs when learning a new word. It suddenly begins to appear more often than before. Since the brain is tuned for a certain type of information, you will, first of all, pay attention to it.

Try to draw up an approximate gay rights essay outline. Systematize all the material you have. This will help you to determine the future direction of the work. Write down the main questions to be answered. In the process of studying the topic, the outline will be replenished with new and more specific items.

Do not be afraid to start writing the gay and lesbian rights essay

It is said that even experienced writers sometimes feel insecurity and fear before they take on new work. So it is necessary to overcome your concerns regarding your writing skills and start working. You can start with anything. Do not think about style and spelling for now. The main thing is to move from a dead point. Having written the thesis, begin to elaborate on the structure of your gay rights pros and cons essay.

If you are printing a text on the computer, you can rearrange the fragments of an essay as you need. If you keep notes on the paper, leave a few blank lines after each important idea in order to complete it later. Try to adhere to the classical structure, especially if you were instructed to do so: introduction, main part, conclusion.

Introduction for gay rights essay

This part usually provides general information on what you are going to write in a paper and lists the expository essay on gay rights key points if you are writing this type of essay. Specify what questions on the chosen topic you are going to cover. Do not forget that essay is usually considered a short paper, and therefore, only the necessary details should be mentioned.

From a well-written introduction of gay rights expository essay, it becomes clear to a reader that you understand the topic and intend to answer all the questions posed. It is of critical importance to mention the conducted studies related to the point and give reference to respective sources. The ideal size of this part of the essay is no more than 10% of the entire work. For example, if the paper is to be of 2000 characters, the length of the introduction paragraph should not exceed two hundred characters.

At the beginning of the essay, use such phrases as ‘This paper is devoted to...’, ‘This essay will consider...’, etc. Next, you need to repeat or slightly modify the wording of the main question. For instance, if you prepare a should gay couples have the same adoption rights as straight couples essay, you can write something like ‘This paper considers the preconditions for giving same-sex and gay families equal rights regarding the adoption of children.’ Definitions should be clear, without any ambiguous interpretations.

In the main part of your assignment, you need to present all arguments supported by examples and relevant citations. Based on the logic of the narrative, the text, including the body section, should be divided into paragraphs. Therefore, it is necessary to make up the gay rights movement outline for essay in such a way that the main part can smoothly flow to the conclusion.

You must draw conclusions based on all the ideas presented in the previous sections. This way, you will be able to answer the main question considered in the paper. If this information was already mentioned in the research paper topics about homosexuality, describe the consequences and prospects of the issue under study and suggest different solutions to it. You can surely share your views. However, make sure to support them with reliable arguments.

Below we have listed some helpful tips that can assist you in writing a good conclusion:

  • It is not enough just to sum up and logically complete the paper. You have to tell how the written content is applicable to real life.
  • Restate the theses presented in the introduction of gay rights expository essay in other words in a conclusion paragraph.
  • You need to emphasize the key ideas that were expressed in the body of the text. It will be particularly necessary if the volume of the paper is large enough. The conclusion of a short gay rights pros and cons essay may do without listing the main ideas.
  • You can use a relevant quote or a spectacular question at the end of the paper to encourage the reader to further reflections.

What should you avoid while writing a conclusion?

Many students lower the quality of their work by making commonplace mistakes. If you are interested in writing a top-notch paper, make sure to avoid them. Here are some of the recommendations on how to make your paper engaging:

  • Express your opinion confidently, without apologizing and justifying yourself. Phrases like ‘Of course, I’m not an expert’ are inadmissible.
  • Do not pay too much attention to minor facts.
  • Do not question the arguments given earlier. That means you should not contradict yourself.

Most teachers believe that the final part is the most important one in the essay. Conclusion is an illustration of how well you have learned the material and managed to cover the essence of essay topics about gay rights. If, after writing the concluding paragraph, you notice that some corrections are needed throughout the rest of the paper, make sure to adjust the text accordingly. This will only improve the quality of the writing piece.

Below you can see the approximate proportions of the ideal essay:

  • introduction – up to 10% of the total volume;
  • main body – approximately 70% of writing;
  • conclusion – no more than 15% of the text.

You may not rush to choose a title among all the gay rights movement essay titles. This task can be left for the final stage of work when all thoughts are formulated in the paper, and you can summarize them in a thesis based on which a concise title should be created.

Stylistics of an essay

Do not abuse cumbersome verbal constructions. Refrain from jargon and abbreviations unless you are writing a satirical essay over gay rights. The optimal form of writing presupposes using concise and comprehensible phrases. Sometimes they can be alternated with more voluminous sentences. Your main goal is a simple and apprehensible presentation of the essence of the material. Write in such a way that the reader can easily follow the course of your reasoning without being distracted by unnecessary details.

Sometimes it is worth challenging both sides

If you consider complex persuasive essay topics on gay rights, keep in mind that there are two sides to every coin. That means that each phenomenon has negative and positive aspects. The list of contradicting arguments will help in the development of theses. In addition, arguing on the opposite side of your opinion, you will learn what points should be reviewed in more detail.

For example, you write a gay adoption research paper. In order to substantiate both the pros and cons of adoption by gay couples, it is necessary to consider not only arguments for but also those against the adoption of children by same-sex families. You will have to think of the answers to the questions like ‘Will the parents cope with their responsibilities?’ If you find good answers to these questions, be sure that you will be able to support your point of view.

It is advised to expose your writing to a scrupulous analysis. It is much better than trying to adapt real facts to own goals, present false information to the readers, and mislead them. Perhaps you will be able to convince an inexperienced novice. However, if the teacher who is well-versed in all argumentative essay topics on gay rights will check the paper, you will need a strong argumentation with consideration of solid facts to justify your ideas. Therefore, do your best to make your paper really unique.

Use these instructions, and it will be easy for you to work with any LGBT topics for research papers.

For a long time, gays, lesbians, transsexuals, and bisexuals were forced to live hiding their true nature, silently enduring persecution, contempt, humiliation, blackmail, and even murders. They had to suffer from the common opinion about their ‘inferiority.’ Being victims and objects of ridicule and gossip in all social circles, gay people were rejected by everyone and everywhere.

People governed by stereotypes and prejudices denied the rights of LGBTQ community. But we all need to understand that everyone has the right to respected, regardless of skin color, language, income, culture, religious beliefs, political ideology, or sexual preferences.

As stated in the UNESCO Declaration of Principles on Tolerance (1995), “ Tolerance is harmony in difference. It is not only a moral duty, it is also a political and legal requirement. Tolerance, the virtue that makes peace possible, contributes to the replacement of the culture of war by a culture of peace.” 

We hope that you will be able to convey these important thoughts to readers of your essay on gay rights. Following all the above rules written by our best paper writers, you will get the highest score. Good luck!

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Home — Essay Samples — Sociology — Sociology of Gender — LGBT

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LGBT is an initialism that represents the diverse identities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals. This term, along with its commonly used variations, serves as an umbrella term encompassing a range of sexual orientations and gender identities. It acknowledges and respects the experiences and diversity within these communities. The initialism LGBT provides a concise way to refer to these groups, promoting inclusivity and recognition of the unique challenges and contributions of individuals who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.

Starting around 1988, activists in the United States began adopting the initialism LGBT. It wasn't until the 1990s that the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender communities within the movement started receiving equal recognition. While the LGBT community has faced challenges and debates over the acceptance of various groups within it, the term LGBT has come to symbolize inclusivity and has had a positive impact. It serves as a unifying symbol for individuals of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities, reflecting the ongoing progress towards equal respect and understanding. The evolution of the term LGBT highlights the collective efforts of activists and serves as a reminder of the continued work needed to achieve universal acceptance within the community.

Ellen DeGeneres: A well-known comedian, actress, and talk show host, DeGeneres came out as a lesbian in 1997, making a significant impact on mainstream visibility and acceptance of the LGBT community. She has been an advocate for LGBTQ+ rights and has used her platform to promote inclusivity and understanding. Sir Ian McKellen: A renowned British actor, McKellen has been openly gay and a prominent advocate for LGBT rights. He has used his platform to raise awareness, challenge discrimination, and promote inclusivity in the entertainment industry and beyond. Ellen Page (Elliot Page): Page, a Canadian actor, came out as gay in 2014 and later as transgender in 2020, changing his name to Elliot Page. He has been vocal about his experiences and has become an important advocate for transgender rights and representation in the media. Janelle Monáe: An American singer, songwriter, and actor, Monáe has identified as pansexual, openly expressing her attraction to people regardless of their gender. She has used her artistry and platform to promote LGBTQ+ visibility and empowerment. Billy Porter: A multi-talented actor, singer, and fashion icon, Porter is openly gay and has been a prominent advocate for LGBTQ+ rights. He has made a significant impact through his activism, while his unique style and presence challenge traditional gender norms.

Public opinion regarding the topic of LGBT has undergone significant transformations over time. While societal attitudes towards the LGBT community have become more accepting and supportive in various regions, it is essential to acknowledge that perspectives can vary widely based on cultural, religious, and individual beliefs. In recent years, there has been a noticeable trend towards increased acceptance and inclusivity towards LGBT individuals. Many individuals now recognize the importance of upholding equal rights and protections for people of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. This shift can be attributed to factors such as heightened visibility of LGBT individuals in mainstream media, educational initiatives, and the tireless activism of the LGBT rights movement. However, it is crucial to note that not all individuals hold positive views towards the LGBT community. There are still pockets of resistance and discrimination, often rooted in deeply ingrained biases and misconceptions. These differing opinions contribute to ongoing debates and discussions surrounding issues like same-sex marriage, transgender rights, and the need for anti-discrimination measures.

The depiction of LGBT individuals in media has undergone significant changes, reflecting the evolving attitudes and increasing visibility of the LGBT community. In recent years, there has been a notable shift towards more authentic and diverse portrayals, highlighting the complexities and experiences of LGBT individuals. Television shows such as "Pose" have gained acclaim for their authentic representation of the transgender community and the ballroom culture in the 1980s and 1990s. This series not only features transgender actors in prominent roles but also explores the challenges and triumphs faced by the characters, providing a nuanced portrayal. Another example is the film "Moonlight," which received critical acclaim for its poignant depiction of a young, gay African American man navigating his identity and relationships. The film's exploration of sexuality and race resonated with audiences and contributed to important conversations surrounding intersectionality. Furthermore, the Netflix series "Orange Is the New Black" introduced a diverse range of LGBT characters, portraying their stories with depth and complexity. By showcasing the experiences of lesbian, bisexual, and transgender women in a prison setting, the series shed light on the intersection of sexuality, gender, and incarceration.

The topic of LGBT is important because it encompasses the rights, experiences, and identities of a significant portion of the population. Recognizing and understanding the diversity of sexual orientations and gender identities promotes inclusivity, equality, and social justice. It is crucial to address the unique challenges and discrimination faced by LGBT individuals to foster a society that embraces everyone, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. By raising awareness, promoting acceptance, and advocating for equal rights, we can create a more inclusive and supportive environment where individuals can express their authentic selves without fear of discrimination or marginalization. Embracing the topic of LGBT is a step towards building a more compassionate and equitable society for all.

The topic of LGBT is worth writing an essay for students because it provides an opportunity for education, awareness, and personal growth. Engaging with this topic allows students to develop a deeper understanding of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities, fostering empathy and acceptance. Exploring the challenges faced by LGBT individuals, such as discrimination and social stigma, encourages critical thinking and empathy-building skills. Additionally, studying the history and achievements of the LGBT rights movement can inspire students to become advocates for equality and inclusion. By addressing the topic of LGBT, students gain valuable knowledge that is relevant to today's society, helping to create a more inclusive and respectful environment for all individuals.

1. A significant portion of the LGBT community (42%) indicates residing in unwelcoming environments, while a substantial number of gay and lesbian youth (80%) experience severe social isolation. 2. Workplace discrimination remains a concern, with 35% of LGBT staff concealing their sexual orientation or gender identity due to fear of discrimination. 3. The majority (90%) of LGBT teens choose to come out to their close friends, highlighting the importance of supportive social circles.

1. Human Rights Campaign. (n.d.). LGBT Issues. Retrieved from 2. American Psychological Association. (n.d.). LGBT Resources. Retrieved from 3. GLAAD. (n.d.). About GLAAD. Retrieved from 4. Lambda Legal. (n.d.). Impacting Policy. Retrieved from 5. National LGBT Chamber of Commerce. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved from 6. Williams Institute. (n.d.). Research. Retrieved from 7. The Trevor Project. (n.d.). About. Retrieved from 8. Transgender Legal Defense & Education Fund. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved from 9. Center for LGBTQ Economic Advancement & Research. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved from 10. Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD). (n.d.). GLAAD Media Reference Guide - 10th Edition. Retrieved from

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This Supreme Court case is reshaping LGBTQ+ rights. You probably haven’t heard about it.

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LGBTQ+ supporters wave a rainbow flag in front of the U.S. Supreme Court during oral arguments in Bostock v. Clayton County on Oct. 8, 2019, in Washington, D.C. (AP)

LGBTQ+ supporters wave a rainbow flag in front of the U.S. Supreme Court during oral arguments in Bostock v. Clayton County on Oct. 8, 2019, in Washington, D.C. (AP)

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If Your Time is short

In 2020’s Bostock v. Clayton County decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that discrimination on the basis of gender identity and sexual orientation is a form of “sex discrimination” prohibited in employment. 

Since 2021, the Biden administration has directed federal agencies to incorporate that ruling into their policies. Some people opposed to these changes have sued federal agencies, including the U.S. Department of Education, questioning whether the Bostock ruling should be applied beyond employment.

Transgender rights advocates have also cited Bostock in their lawsuits challenging state laws they argue discriminate against transgender people. Circuit courts have issued mixed rulings, and a new case addressing transgender discrimination is likely to reach the Supreme Court.

This spring, multiple federal government agencies announced changes to antidiscrimination policies for LGBTQ+ people at work, at the doctor and in the classroom. Around the same time, a federal court ruled that restricting gender-affirming care and barring a West Virginia transgender student from playing girls’ sports violates antidiscrimination law.

Behind these policy and legal shifts is a 2020 Supreme Court case most people likely have never heard of: Bostock v. Clayton County.  

Weighing cases in which employees said they were fired for being gay or transgender, the Supreme Court ruled in Bostock that firing people for their sexual orientation or gender identity amounts to "sex discrimination," which is prohibited under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The landmark Bostock ruling’s impact on LGBTQ+ civil rights is proving significant. Here’s a crash course on the case, how it is shaping federal policy and being used to challenge legislation that aims to curb transgender rights.

In June 2020, as the world reeled from the coronavirus pandemic and nationwide protests against police brutality gripped the United States, the Supreme Court issued its 6-3 ruling in Bostock v. Clayton County . The ruling combined three Title VII lawsuits in which employees said they were fired because they were gay or transgender. 

All three cases were "direct evidence" cases, said Jennifer Shinall, Vanderbilt University law professor. That means there was no dispute that the plaintiffs were fired for their LGBTQ+ identities; the question was whether that counted as illegal discrimination. In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court found that it did. 

Neil Gorsuch, considered to be a " reliable conservative vote " on the Supreme Court, authored the majority opinion, joined by Chief Justice John Roberts and the four liberal justices on the bench at the time.

argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

He gave an example he said shows such discrimination: A woman being attracted to men is tolerated, but a man being attracted to men is not. "An employer who fires an individual for being homosexual or transgender fires that person for traits or actions it would not have questioned in members of a different sex," Gorsuch wrote. "Sex plays a necessary and undisguisable role in the decision, exactly what Title VII forbids."

This ruling is binding precedent only for Title VII employment cases, and Gorsuch made it clear that it did not address questions beyond those narrow circumstances. Nevertheless, many LGBTQ+ advocates and legal experts saw potential for the same legal logic to be applied to other laws that prohibit "sex discrimination," such as Title IX, which prohibits sex-based discrimination in federally funded schools; the Affordable Care Act; and even the U.S. Constitution. 

On his first day in office, President Joe Biden signed an executive order directing each federal agency to review and revise its policies to ensure they reflected the Supreme Court's reasoning in Bostock. 

The Biden administration’s call to expand Bostock’s reasoning to other federal laws and corresponding policy drew criticism . Nevertheless, federal agencies including the Justice Department , Department of Agriculture , Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Department of Health and Human Services responded, releasing guidance, and in some cases, formal regulations clarifying that "sex discrimination" includes discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation. The Education Department’s recently released regulations for Title IX are one of the most controversial changes. Title IX, passed in 1972, aims to protect students against sex discrimination and harassment in classrooms and school admissions. But it is best known for changing athletics to require that women and men receive equitable participation opportunities. On April 19, citing the Bostock case, the Education Department updated its regulations to extend protections against sex discrimination to LGBTQ+ students. Although the regulations stopped short of providing guidance on the controversial issue of transgender athletes in school sports, the inclusion of LGBTQ+ identities under the nation’s leading gender-equity law prompted backlash. House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La., wrote on X about the rule change, "This expansion embraces radical gender theory & erases the protections women fought for."

I applaud Louisiana’s @AGLizMurrill & @LAGovJeffLandry for refusing the Biden Admin’s outrageous Title IX revisions. This expansion embraces radical gender theory & erases the protections women fought for. Every state that seeks to protect women’s sports should follow suit. — Speaker Mike Johnson (@SpeakerJohnson) April 30, 2024

Twenty-two state attorneys general have filed lawsuits challenging the new Title IX regulations. Some of those states have passed laws that potentially violate the new regulations. Interpretations of Title VII and Title IX have often informed one another , said Shinall, the Vanderbilt University law professor. So, it’s not unusual that an interpretation of a term in one statute would affect the other. 

But opponents are expected to argue that Bostock applies only in limited circumstances, and these changes overstep agencies’ policymaking authority.

"The bottom line is that the (Biden) Administration is interpreting Bostock more broadly than perhaps the (Supreme) Court will ultimately accept," Duke University law professor Doriane Lambelet Coleman told PolitiFact in an email. 

Title VII is a general nondiscrimination rule, but other statutes, such as Title IX, make exceptions for single-sex accommodations such as sex-segregated living facilities and single-sex sports teams. 

It’s unclear how the Supreme Court will apply Bostock’s logic to those statutory exceptions — such as whether barring a transgender girl from playing on a girls’ sports team is unlawful discrimination. 

Issues of privacy, safety, fairness or equal opportunity could figure in deciding how nondiscrimination rules should apply beyond employment. 

"I think that the margins of Bostock are going to be subject to a tremendous amount of litigation," said Elana Redfield, federal policy director at the Williams Institute, a think tank at the UCLA School of Law. "As the Biden administration continues to examine the applicability of Bostock in other contexts, that's going to provide new testing ground for the scope of the ruling."

The Bostock case also has been cited by individual plaintiffs in lawsuits nationwide that challenge laws restricting transgender access to bathrooms, school sports teams and gender-affirming care. Most recently, the U.S Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit applied Bostock’s reasoning to a case in which a Houston County, Georgia, sheriff’s department employee alleged discrimination because the health insurance policy would not cover her gender-affirming surgery. The court ruled in her favor, writing, "Applying Bostock’s reasoning to the facts in this case, we conclude that the district court was correct in finding that the (policy) violated Title VII." Other lower courts are also weighing whether Bostock’s reasoning applies to other federal laws that prohibit sex discrimination or the Constitution’s equal protection clause. 

argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

(Source:  U.S. Courts)

Several circuit courts have found that Bostock’s LGBTQ+ protections apply to other federal statutes , and in some cases, the Constitution’s 14th Amendment equal protection clause. Most recently, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit ruled in both a school athletics case and a case about access to gender-affirming care that discrimination against transgender people constituted illegal discrimination under federal law, and in the case of health care, constitutional law.

But some circuit courts have decided differently . The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit, in the case LW v. Skrmetti , said Bostock was limited to Title VII and does not apply to the Constitution.

Most lawsuits make a two-part argument, alleging discrimination under federal laws such as the Affordable Care Act or Title IX, and that certain state laws violate the Constitution's 14th Amendment . "In all of those cases to some degree, the question of Bostock’s applicability beyond Title (VII) is at issue" said Joshua Block, an attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union‘s LGBTQ & HIV Project. The ACLU is serving as legal representation for transgender plaintiffs in several of these cases.  

The Supreme Court has declined in the past to review cases that wrestle with similar issues. But given the number of cases related to Bostock, and disagreement among the circuit court rulings, experts wonder if the Supreme Court will have to resolve the issue. 

"The court is always more likely to take cases with clean facts that allow the court to only decide one issue and decide as narrowly as possible," Shinall said.

Our Sources

Email interview with Doriane Lambelet Coleman, Duke University law professor, May 6, 2024

Interview with Jennifer Shinall, Vanderbilt University law professor, May 3, 2024

Interview with Heron Greenesmith, deputy policy director at the Transgender Law Center, May 3, 2024

Interview with Rick Rossein, law professor at the City University of New York, May 6, 2024

Interview with Elana Redfield, federal policy director at the Williams Institute, May 6, 2024

Interview with Joshua Block, senior staff attorney for the ACLU's LGBTQ & HIV Project, May 7, 2024

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U.S. Supreme Court, " Bostock v. Clayton County ," June 15, 2020

U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission, " Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ," 1964

American Civil Liberties Union, " This Women’s History Month, Celebrate Title VII for Banning Sex Discrimination in the Workplace ," March 9, 2016

Cornell Law School, " Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins ," May 1, 1989

U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission, " Examples of Court Decisions Supporting Coverage of LGBT-Related Discrimination Under Title VII ," accessed May 6, 2024

American Civil Liberties Union, " How the Impact of Bostock v. Clayton County on LGBTQ Rights Continues to Expand ," June 15, 2022

White House, " Executive Order on Preventing and Combating Discrimination on the Basis of Gender Identity or Sexual Orientation ," Jan. 20, 2021

Heritage Foundation, " Biden’s Executive Order on Gender Discrimination Has Muddied Waters on Title IX. Challenges Could Clear That Up ," Feb. 19, 2021

Wall Street Journal, " Joe Biden’s First Day Began the End of Girls’ Sports ," Jan. 22, 2021

Daily Signal, " Justices’ Title VII ‘on Basis of Sex’ Ruling Wreaking Havoc in Lower Courts ," March 16, 2021

U.S. Department of Agriculture, " USDA Promotes Program Access, Combats Discrimination Against LGBTQI+ Community ," May 5, 2022

U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission, " Enforcement Guidance on Harassment in the Workplace ," April 29, 2024

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, " Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities ," May 6, 2024

PolitiFact, " Here’s how new Title IX regulations could affect LGBTQ+ students ," April 26, 2024

U.S. Department of Justice, " Title Ix Of The Education Amendments Of 1972 ," accessed May 6, 2024

X post, April 30, 2024

ABC News, " More GOP states challenge federal rules protecting transgender students ," May 7, 2024

Movement Advancement Project, " Bans on Transgender People Using Public Bathrooms and Facilities According to their Gender Identity ," accessed May 7, 2024

Movement Advancement Project, " LGBTQ Curricular Laws ," accessed May 7, 2024

Congressional Research Service, " Potential Application of Bostock v. Clayton County to Other Civil Rights Statutes ," July 2, 2021

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, " Grimm v. Gloucester ," Aug. 26, 2020

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, " A.C. v. Metropolitan School District of Martinsville ," Aug. 1, 2023

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, " B.P.J. v. West Virginia State Board of Education ," April 16, 2024

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, " Kadel v. Folwell ," April 29, 2024

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, " Paul Eknes-Tucker, et al. v. Governor of the State of Alabama, et al ," Aug. 21, 2023

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, " Adams v. School Board of St. Johns County, Florida ," Dec. 30, 2022

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, " L.W. v. Skrmetti ," Sept. 28, 2023

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, " Hecox v. Little ," Aug. 17, 2023

The 19th, " Where does the Supreme Court stand on gender-affirming care bans? ," May 2, 2024

The Washington Post, " Court says state health-care plans can’t exclude gender-affirming surgery ," April 29, 2024

The Associated Press, " West Virginia's and North Carolina's transgender care coverage policies discriminate, judges rule ," April 29, 2024

The Washington Post, " Biden moves to reinstate health protections for LGBTQ Americans ," July 25, 2022

The Washington Post, " Biden calls for LGBTQ protections in Day 1 executive order, angering conservatives ," July 21, 2021

USA Today, " Fact check: Biden executive order on discrimination in women's sports ," Feb. 14, 2021

CNN, " Biden administration restores protections for gay and transgender Americans seeking health care ," April 27, 2024

NBC News, " EEOC says workplace bias laws cover bathrooms, pronouns and abortion ," April 30, 2024

Ballotpedia, " Neil Gorsuch ," accessed May 9, 2024

Sports Illustrated, " 50 Years of Title IX: How One Law Changed Women's Sports Forever ," May 19, 2022

U.S. Department of Education, " FACT SHEET: U.S. Department of Education’s 2024 Title IX Final Rule Overview ," April 19, 2024, " Fourteenth Amendment ," accessed May 8, 2024

U.S. Department of Education, " U.S. Department of Education Releases Final Title IX Regulations, Providing Vital Protections Against Sex Discrimination ," April 19, 2024

U.S. Department of Justice, " Application of Bostock v. Clayton County to Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 ," March 26, 2021

American Civil Liberties Union, " Opening Brief of Plaintiff in B.P.J. v. WV ," March 27, 2023

Reuters, " US Supreme Court sidesteps fight over transgender student bathroom access ," Jan. 16, 2024

American Civil Liberties Union, " U.S. Supreme Court Declines to Hear Challenge to Title IX Victory for Transgender Rights ," Jan. 16, 2024

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, " Lange v. Houston County, Georgia ," May 13, 2024

NBC News, " Mississippi enacts transgender bathroom ban in public schools ," May 13, 2024

NBC News, " Over 20 GOP-led states sue Biden administration over Title IX rules for LGBTQ students ," May 8, 2024

U.S. District Court Northern District Alabama Western Division, " Title IX regulations complaint - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina ," April 29, 2024

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Louisiana attorney general, " Louisiana Attorney General Liz Murrill Files Lawsuit ," May 3, 2024

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The Most Effective Argument Against Gay Rights

By Mike Hofman

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By all accounts, 2015 has been a watershed year for gay rights in America. In June, the Supreme Court affirmed a Constitutional right to marriage in a landmark 5-4 decision. Elsewhere, Caitlyn Jenner’s very public coming out has placed the trans experience squarely in the national conversation—as have pop cultural milestones like the Amazon series Transparent and the forthcoming The Danish Girl starring Oscar incumbent Eddie Redmayne .

But though the arc of the moral universe famously bends toward justice (Dr. King promised us this), it’s also true that for every action there is typically an equal and opposite reaction (Sir Isaac Newton came first). And as of this week, it seems that we are now entering a period, both politically and possibly socially, in which the good news for gay rights will likely be undermined and undone in a million ways large and small.

People have been worrying about a great gay rights backlash on-and-off for the past few years, of course. The Advocate even ran a foreboding cover story mere weeks before the Court ruled in favor of gay marriage. For a time, it seemed possible to think that recent gains would be hard to reverse. Not long ago, I asked a Black, gay rights activist what she thought. She looked at me like I was the most naïve person on the planet. “The backlash is definitely coming,” she said. “And it’s going to be harsh.”

Her words seemed prescient as the off-year election results rolled in this week. In Kentucky, Republican entrepreneur Matt Bevin was elected governor by a 10-point margin , even though polls leading up to Election Day had suggested he was trailing Democrat Jack Conway. A Tea Party favorite, Bevin is perhaps best known outside the state for his ardent support of Kim Davis, the Rowan County Clerk who famously denied marriage licenses to gay couples in her rural district. He visited her in jail and gave a rousing speech at a rally in her honor when she was released. “I am ecstatic,” said Davis, in a statement congratulating Bevin on his victory. “He is such a genuine and caring person.”

Further to the south in Houston, voters undid the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance, a municipal law that sought to protect gay and transgender people from discrimination. Dubbed HERO, the would-be ordinance reflected laws across the country that seek to ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity in areas such as housing and employment.

What seemed to persuade 61 percent of the voters in the nation’s fourth largest metropolitan area that this was a bad idea is that one small sliver of the ordinance dared to suggest that transgender people could choose the restroom that matches their gender identity. “No Men In Women’s’ Bathrooms” became the simple, simplistic, reductive—and totally effective—rallying cry. At a victory party for the anti-HERO crowd, Texas lieutenant governor Dan Patrick boasted that the repeal vote was about “protecting our grandmoms, and our mothers and our wives and our sisters and our daughters and our granddaughters.” (No word yet on where Lt. Gov. Patrick and his ilk expect a trans woman or, for that matter, a trans man to pee.)

You can roll your eyes and think to yourself that, in the grand scheme of gay rights, the bathroom thing is a rather fine point—although it’s worth noting what any third grader will tell you, which is that public bathrooms and locker rooms tend to be a bully’s natural habitat.

Alternately, you may believe that the women of Texas are perhaps not as fragile as Patrick assumes—but that, among them, transgender women are just as worthy of civic empathy as any subgroup, maybe even more so given the appalling statistics about anti-trans violence.

You may even take a pragmatic approach and think to yourself that this is all rhetoric and nonsense. Men and women use the same toilets everyday without incident; your local Starbucks has done more to promote unisex bathrooms than even the most militant activist could ever hope to.

Whatever your take, the reality is that the vulgar, dude-peeing-in-the-stall-next-to-grandma formulation has proven itself to be a big winner, and you can bet the argument will be used again, quite soon, in a town or city near you. In other news, Kim Davis picked the day after her buddy Matt Bevin was elected to file her appeal . The conversation over gay rights has entered a new phase and, unfortunately for all of us, it’s quite literally going down the toilet.

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How a Supreme Court case most people likely have never heard of is reshaping LGBTQ+ rights

A 2020 Supreme Court case called Bostock v. Clayton County has led to a number of policy and legal shifts

argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

This spring, multiple federal government agencies announced changes to antidiscrimination policies for LGBTQ+ people at work, at the doctor and in the classroom. Around the same time, a federal court ruled that restricting gender-affirming care and barring a West Virginia transgender student from playing girls’ sports violates antidiscrimination law.

Behind these policy and legal shifts is a 2020 Supreme Court case most people likely have never heard of:  Bostock v. Clayton County.

Weighing cases in which employees said they were fired for being gay or transgender, the Supreme Court ruled in Bostock that firing people for their sexual orientation or gender identity amounts to “sex discrimination,” which is prohibited under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

The landmark Bostock ruling’s impact on LGBTQ+ civil rights is proving significant. Here’s a crash course on the case, how it is shaping federal policy and being used to challenge legislation that aims to curb transgender rights.

Bostock v. Clayton County unpacked

In June 2020, as the world reeled from the coronavirus pandemic and nationwide protests against police brutality gripped the United States, the Supreme Court issued its 6-3 ruling in  Bostock v. Clayton County . The ruling combined three  Title VII  lawsuits in which employees said they were fired because they were gay or transgender.

All three cases were “direct evidence” cases, said Jennifer Shinall, Vanderbilt University law professor. That means there was no dispute that the plaintiffs were fired for their LGBTQ+ identities; the question was whether that counted as illegal discrimination.

In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court found that it did.

Neil Gorsuch, considered to be a “ reliable conservative vote ” on the Supreme Court, authored the majority opinion, joined by Chief Justice John Roberts and the four liberal justices on the bench at the time.

Gorsuch said the 1964 Civil Rights Acts’ authors likely did not consider LGBTQ+ identities when drafting the bill. But, he wrote, even if “sex” referred only to biological sex assigned at birth, “It is impossible to discriminate against a person for being homosexual or transgender without discriminating against that individual based on sex.”

He gave an example he said shows such discrimination: A woman being attracted to men is tolerated, but a man being attracted to men is not. “An employer who fires an individual for being homosexual or transgender fires that person for traits or actions it would not have questioned in members of a different sex,” Gorsuch wrote. “Sex plays a necessary and undisguisable role in the decision, exactly what Title VII forbids.”

This ruling is binding precedent only for Title VII employment cases, and Gorsuch made it clear that it did not address questions beyond those narrow circumstances. Nevertheless, many  LGBTQ+ advocates  and legal experts saw potential for the same legal logic to be applied to other laws that prohibit “sex discrimination,” such as Title IX, which prohibits sex-based discrimination in federally funded schools; the Affordable Care Act; and even the U.S. Constitution.

How the Bostock case is shaping federal policy

On his first day in office, President Joe Biden signed an executive order  directing each federal agency  to review and revise its policies to ensure they reflected the Supreme Court’s reasoning in Bostock.

The Biden administration’s  call to expand  Bostock’s reasoning to other federal laws and corresponding policy  drew criticism . Nevertheless, federal agencies including the  Justice Department ,  Department of Agriculture ,  Equal Employment Opportunity Commission  and the  Department of Health and Human Services  responded, releasing guidance, and in some cases, formal regulations clarifying that “sex discrimination” includes discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation.

The Education Department’s  recently released regulations  for Title IX are one of the most controversial changes. Title IX, passed in 1972, aims to protect students against sex discrimination and harassment in classrooms and school admissions. But it is best known for  changing athletics  to require that women and men receive equitable participation opportunities.

On April 19, citing the  Bostock  case, the Education Department updated its regulations to extend protections against sex discrimination to LGBTQ+ students. Although the regulations  stopped short  of providing guidance on the controversial issue of transgender athletes in school sports, the inclusion of LGBTQ+ identities under the nation’s leading gender-equity law prompted backlash.

House Speaker  Mike Johnson, R-La., wrote on X about the rule change, “This expansion embraces radical gender theory & erases the protections women fought for.”

I applaud Louisiana’s @AGLizMurrill & @LAGovJeffLandry for refusing the Biden Admin’s outrageous Title IX revisions. This expansion embraces radical gender theory & erases the protections women fought for. Every state that seeks to protect women’s sports should follow suit. — Speaker Mike Johnson (@SpeakerJohnson) April 30, 2024

Twenty-two state  attorneys general have filed lawsuits challenging the new Title IX regulations. Some of those states have  passed laws  that  potentially   violate  the new regulations.

Interpretations of Title VII and Title IX have often informed  one another , said Shinall, the Vanderbilt University law professor. So, it’s not unusual that an interpretation of a term in one statute would affect the other.

But opponents are expected to argue that Bostock only applies in limited circumstances, and these changes overstep agencies’ policy-making authority.

“The bottom line is that the (Biden) Administration is interpreting Bostock more broadly than perhaps the (Supreme) Court will ultimately accept,” Duke University law professor Doriane Lambelet Coleman told PolitiFact in an email.

Title VII is a general nondiscrimination rule, but other statutes, such as Title IX, make exceptions for single-sex accommodations such as sex-segregated living facilities and single-sex sports teams.

It’s unclear how the Supreme Court will apply Bostock’s logic to those statutory exceptions — such as whether barring a transgender girl from playing on a girls’ sports team is unlawful discrimination.

Issues of privacy, safety, fairness or equal opportunity could figure in deciding how nondiscrimination rules should apply beyond employment.

“I think that the margins of Bostock are going to be subject to a tremendous amount of litigation,” said Elana Redfield, federal policy director at the Williams Institute, a think tank at the UCLA School of Law. “As the Biden administration continues to examine the applicability of Bostock in other contexts, that’s going to provide new testing ground for the scope of the ruling.”

How Bostock is being used in legal challenges to anti-trans laws

The Bostock case also has been cited by individual plaintiffs in lawsuits nationwide that challenge laws restricting transgender access to bathrooms, school sports teams and gender-affirming care.

Most recently, the U.S Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit applied Bostock’s reasoning to a case in which a Houston County, Georgia, sheriff’s department employee alleged discrimination because the health insurance policy would not cover her gender-affirming surgery. The court ruled in her favor, writing, “Applying Bostock’s reasoning to the facts in this case, we conclude that the district court was correct in finding that the (policy) violated Title VII.”

Other lower courts are also weighing whether Bostock’s reasoning applies to other federal laws that prohibit sex discrimination or the Constitution’s equal protection clause.

argumentative essay on lgbtq rights

(Source: U.S. Courts)

Several circuit  courts  have found that Bostock’s LGBTQ+ protections  apply  to other  federal statutes , and in some cases, the Constitution’s 14th Amendment equal protection clause.

Most recently, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit ruled in both a school athletics case  and a case about  access to gender-affirming care that discrimination against transgender people constituted illegal discrimination under federal law, and in the case of health care, constitutional law.

But some  circuit courts  have  decided differently . The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit, in the case  LW v. Skrmetti , said Bostock was limited to Title VII and does not apply to the Constitution.

Most lawsuits make a two-part argument, alleging discrimination under federal laws such as the Affordable Care Act or Title IX, and that certain state laws violate the Constitution’s  14th Amendment .

“In all of those cases to some degree, the question of Bostock’s applicability beyond Title (VII) is at issue” said Joshua Block, an attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union‘s LGBTQ & HIV Project. The ACLU is serving as legal representation for transgender plaintiffs in several of these cases.

The Supreme Court has  declined  in the  past  to review cases that wrestle with similar issues. But given the number of cases related to Bostock, and disagreement among the circuit court rulings, experts wonder if the Supreme Court will have to resolve the issue.

“The court is always more likely to take cases with clean facts that allow the court to only decide one issue and decide as narrowly as possible,” Shinall said.

This fact check was originally published by PolitiFact , which is part of the Poynter Institute. See the sources for this fact check here .

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Home / Essay Samples / Sociology / LGBT / Equality for All: Advocating for LGBT Rights

Equality for All: Advocating for LGBT Rights

  • Category: Sociology , Social Issues
  • Topic: Gender Criticism , Gender Inequality , LGBT

Pages: 1 (661 words)

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