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IELTS Global Warming Essay

This model answer is for an  IELTS global warming essay .

You are asked in the question to discuss the causes of global warming and possible solutions for individuals and the government.

Here is the question:

Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today.

What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue?

Three Tasks

Environmental Problems IELTS Speaking

You must answer these three things in order to fully answer it:

  • What are the causes of global warming?
  • What can governments do about it?
  • What can individuals do about it?

This essay has been divided into two paragraphs. However, you could write a separate paragraph about each of the above points if you wanted.

Take a look at the model answer and examine how it has been organized.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Global Warming Essay - Model Answer

Probably the most worrying threat to our planet at the present time is global warming. This essay will examine the reasons why global warming is occurring and discuss some possible solutions.

The predominant factors resulting in the warming of the earth are the emissions of CO2 and deforestation. CO2, which damages the ozone layer, comes from several sources, but the most problematic are those coming from the burning of fossil fuels from power plants. This releases thousands of tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere every year. Another cause of these emissions is the burning of gasoline for transportation, which continues to grow because of our demand for cars and also our increasing worldwide consumption, resulting in an escalating need to transport goods. Also, forests store large amounts of carbon, so deforestation is causing larger amounts of CO2 to remain in the atmosphere.

Nevertheless, there are potential ways to solve these problems, or at least reduce the effects. Firstly, governments need to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and promote alternatives. Plant-derived plastics, biodiesel, wind power and solar power are all things that are a step in the right direction, but governments need to enforce the limits on CO2 emissions for the polluting industries in their countries for these to be effective. Also, individuals can play a part by making lifestyle changes. People should try to buy cars with the best fuel economy, and only use their car when really necessary. They can also switch to energy companies that use renewable energy rather than fossil fuels. Finally, small things like buying energy efficient light bulbs, turning off electricity in the house, and planting trees in the garden can help.

To conclude, although global warming is a serious issue, there are steps that governments and individuals can take to reduce its effects. If we are to save our planet, it is important that this is treated as a priority for all concerned.

(320 Words )

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Climate change IELTS essay model answer

Home  »  IELTS academic task 2 » Climate change IELTS essay model answer

How can you get a high band score in lexical resource in IELTS writing task 2?

If you need a high band score in IELTS writing, then you first need to understand how IELTS examiners grade this part of the IELTS test .

IELTS examiners do not give you one grade, they give you four grades that you do not see and these are added together to create an overall band score in IELTS Writing.

The four areas that they grade you on are:

  • Task achievement
  • Cohesion and coherence
  • Lexical resource
  • Grammatical range and accuracy

In this article I will look at :

  • What is lexical resource?
  • What can you do to improve your band score in this area?

As lexical resource is 25% of the overall score, it is very important that you choose your vocabulary carefully. Many IELTS candidates focus on answering the question and do not pay enough attention to the vocabulary and then get 5.0 for Lexical Resource and this lowers their overall band score.

To get a 6.0 or above in Lexical Resource, IELTS examiners are looking for use of a range of less common words and phrases.

Let’s see how you can do this with an IELTS essay about global warming – a popular IELTS Writing topic!

First of all, before focusing on the vocabulary, you must read and understand the question…

It is the job of governments and companies to deal with the huge environmental problems which we face. Individuals on their own can do little or nothing’. What is your opinion about this statement?

In this question, you need to focus on governments, companies and individuals so the best way to write your answer would be using separate paragraphs for each group. The essay below is divided into three main topic paragraphs; however, you will see that I bring ‘individuals’ into each paragraph to say how they can help the situation.

Ok, so now you understand the question, before writing the essay, it is ESSENTIAL that you note down some complex words/phrases that you could use in your answer. If you do not do this, you will probably not think of using them in the answer and then you get a low Lexical Resource score.

What vocabulary could you use to improve your lexical resource band score in this task?

Take a look through the climate change essay below and you can see that all the words underlined are connected to climate change.

They are words/phrases that would show the IELTS examiner that you can use a range of less common words and complex language.

In addition, there are examples of collocations – these are words that go together and are used naturally by native speakers, but are often not widely known by non-native speakers. These can impress the examiner.

Here are some examples of collocations I have used in this essay:

  • To tackle climate change = to deal with climate change
  • A pressing problem = a problem that needs dealing with urgently
  • A moral responsibility = a duty to behave in a way that is right
  • The key players = the most important people

It cannot be disputed that the world is experiencing an environmental crisis . According to recent research, if nothing is done to tackle climate change in the near future, our planet will face the devastating consequences of global warming . Undoubtedly, it is the role of governments and corporate organisations to take action, however I strongly feel that individuals need to make a contribution to deal with this pressing problem as well.

Politicians could certainly invest public finances in order to research the issues connected with climate change and, furthermore, could pass laws in relation to industrial pollution , which is making a major contribution to the greenhouse effect . Nevertheless, it requires constant pressure from citizens, either alone or in environmental pressure groups, on our leaders to make this happen. The general public can protest, lobby their politicians or vote for a political party who proposes introducing green policies if elected.

Similarly, corporate businesses should be adopting more sustainable working practices , for instance, by switching to more environmentally-friendly ways of manufacturing using renewable energy such as solar panels . Likewise, the individual as consumer can play a role here too, by refusing to purchase products which have been manufactured in a way that damages the environment.

It must also be acknowledged that individuals have a moral responsibility to care for our planet . For example, reducing consumption of fossil fuels whenever possible, becoming self-sufficient by growing their own vegetables and switching off lights when they are not needed. Although some of these actions may seem minor, the cumulative effect of everyone taking such actions would be enormous.

It is probably certainly the case that governments and international companies are the key players with responsibility for protecting our planet . Nonetheless, I am still convinced that ordinary people, either individually or cooperatively, can help to make the changes necessary to have a significant impact on our future.

As previously mentioned, the environment is a frequently used topic in both IELTS Speaking and Writing so if you need a high band score in IELTS, write a practice essay on this topic now.

Re-orientate the topic to climate change / industrial pollution 600

Global warming essay

This global warming IELTS essay lesson is mostly about the need to vary your vocabulary when you write. This means thinking about the topic of the question of course but also thinking about what the question asks you to do – i.e. talk about causes etc.

Read and understand the question – structuring the essay

Research shows that global warming is caused by human activity. What are the possible effects of climate change and what can governments and individuals do to reduce these?

This is a two part question. To answer it, you must write about both

the causes of climate change

what can be done about it by both governments and individuals

The sensible approach is to use separate paragraphs for each point. My essay below is divided into two main topic paragraphs. You could use three if you wanted to write a separate paragraph for government and individual actions.

Choosing the language

You should see that you need this language for the essay:

  • climate change vocabulary

cause and effect vocabulary

suggestion vocabulary

My suggestion is that you do not start writing too quickly but plan and think about what words you need to use.

Cause and effect vocabulary .

This is key area of language and you want to vary the word “effects” in the question. Look at the red words below to see how I do this. You will find a lot more words on my lesson cause and effect vocabulary.

  • cause and effect

Climate change vocabulary.

This is the topic vocabulary of the essay. If you need more, take a look at my vocabulary lesson on this:

Suggestion language .

Don’t forget this. You have options here too. The mistake is to go “must” “must” “must”. English had lots of words for this. Think of

There is now little doubt that global warming and climate change are the result of human activity. This has happened because of a failure in environmental policy by governments and a lack of concern for wasted energy by individuals.

It is almost universally accepted that climate change is the consequence of a number of environmental failings. Perhaps the most important of these is how fossil fuels such as gas and coal are still the main source of power. This is a problem because their use means that a large amount of CO2 is released into the atmosphere causing the greenhouse effect. Another serious issue is how illegal logging continues in rainforests and the Amazon Basin in particular. It should also not be forgotten that there is a connection between global warming and the inefficient use of energy by consumers in the home.

While governments must take prime responsibility for reducing climate change, individuals too can play a part. Political leaders across the globe need to cooperate so that research into renewable forms of energy such as wind and solar power is properly funded and the use of coal and gas in power stations is phased out.

They must also of course ensure that regulations against logging are properly enforced. Consumers of energy can help by insulating their homes properly and using solar panels where possible so that less energy is required and wasted. These actions should limit the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and so reduce the greenhouse effect.

In conclusion, while global warming is a serious threat to humanity, there are a number of steps that can be taken to reduce its effects.

(274 words)

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Ielts writing task 2 sample 517 - global warming is one of the most serious issues, ielts writing task 2/ ielts essay:, global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today. what are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue  .

global warming causes and effects essay ielts

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Analysis (Global Warming) – Band 7

IELTS Writing Task 2 Analysis (Global Warming) – Band 7

Let us find out what band score a candidate deserves by doing complete analysis of his IELTS writing task 2 below.

Global warming is increasing day by day. What are the causes of global warming and what can be done to eradicate this global problem.

Candidate’s Response:

Nowadays, existance of human being is threatened by a serious environmental cause know as global warming. The causes of global warming are multifactorial, thus needs a systematic approach from government organizations and individuals to tackle the issue.

To begin with, the important causes of current globalwarming are, firstly, the industrial revolution in the modern times has led to an increased release of gases into the atmosphere like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, to name a few, these gases are known to increase the temperature of the atmosphere by trapping ultraviolet rays into the earth’s atmosphere. Moreoover, population explosion has resulted in excessive dependence on fossil fuels for cars, public transport and railways, these machines emit a lot of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

In addition, deforestation done by the humans for their habitat and agriculture has resulted in huge loss of trees who are the cleaners of combustion gases from the atmosphere. Furthermore, ozone layer is depleted from many parts of earth, thus allowing harmful rays of sun to enter the earth’s surface. The measures that government needs to take to solve or to reduce the global warming are, first of all, conserving the forest area by implementing strict norms and encouraging to plant more tree in the cities. Secondly, release of gases from industries should be reduced by instaling pollution control filters. Thirdly, discouraging use of fossil fuels for vehicles and promoting usage of renewable source of energy such as solar energy, tidal power and wind power.

To conclude, global warming is a very serious issue, which needs to be addressed at the priority. The government and all the individuals should join hands to reduce this eminent threat and save earth and future generations.

Let us try now do thorough analysis of the IELTS writing task 2 response as below:

Introduction

Paraphrasing of question is written well along with good use of vocabulary (multifactorial, systematic approach, tackle).

Corrected Erroneous Statement:

“existance” should be “existence”, “know as” should be “known as”, “thus needs a” can be “and thus it needs a”

Body Para 1

Sentence connectors (to begin with, moreover) are used, complex structures are used with good use of vocabulary (industrial revolution, excessive dependence) and causes are well explained.

“globalwarming” should be “global warming”, “like” can be written as “such as”, “these gases are known” should be “which are known”, “increase the temperature of the atmosphere” should be “increase the temperature of atmosphere”, “moreoover” should be “moreover”, “these machines emit” should be “which emit”

Body Para 2

Sentence connector (In addition, furthermore, secondly etc.) are used with good sign of coherence and solutions are also listed well.

“who are”should be “which are”, “earth, thus allowing” should be “earth, thus, allowing”, “instaling” should be “installing”, “discouraging use of fossil fuels” should be “discouraging the use of fossil fuels”, “and wind power” should be extended further to complete sentence as “and wind power can be the possible solutions”

Sentence connector (to conclude) is used, vocabulary (addressed, eminent threat) usage is good.

“save earth and future generations” should be “save earth as well as future generations”

Expected Band Score: Band 7

The candidate is writing free from errors of grammar or tense. But there are some mistakesof spelling, punctuation and others, to name a few.

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Global Warming is One of The Biggest Threats to Our Environment- IELTS Writing Task 2

Janice Thompson

Updated On Dec 18, 2023

global warming causes and effects essay ielts

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Global Warming is One of The Biggest Threats to Our Environment-  IELTS Writing Task 2

Limited-Time Offer : Access a FREE 10-Day IELTS Study Plan!

The Essay Writing section of the IELTS Writing Module can be a difficult task for many IELTS Aspirants. Thus, it is vital that you polish your essay writing skills before attempting the IELTS.

Below is a sample IELTS Essay for the IELTS Essay topic:

Global warming is one of the biggest threats to our environment. What causes global warming? What solutions are there to solve this problem?

Cause and solution Essay

Introduction

Paragraph 1 : ( State your understanding ) Global warming is a universal concern which has gained worldwide attention.

Body Paragraphs

Paragraph 1: ( cause statements ) The main causes of global warming are man-made. First, it is due to greenhouse gases often produced by power plants.

Paragraph 2 : (solution statements ) Fortunately, there are several measures that could be implemented to mitigate the problems arising from global warming.

Overall summary of your answers

Sample Essay

Global warming is a universal concern that has gained worldwide attention. A number of causes have led to this life-threatening phenomenon, the most conspicuous among them being human activities. This problem can be controlled to a certain extent by implementing certain environment-friendly practices.

The main causes of global warming are man-made. First, it is due to greenhouse gases often produced by power plants. When coal is burnt to make electricity, it releases a large amount of CO2 into the atmosphere. The second greatest source of carbon dioxide emissions comes from the petrol burning in motor vehicles which have led to increased toxicity and pollution of the atmosphere. Another reason is deforestation for farmland, wood and paper that contributes to higher temperatures which lead to the melting of polar ice caps and the rising of sea levels.

Fortunately, there are several measures that could be implemented to mitigate the problems arising from global warming. Firstly, the government should encourage power stations and plants to use more environmentally-friendly sources of energy such as renewable energy instead of fossil fuels. Secondly, raising social awareness of environmental protection should be high on the agenda. For instance, television programmes could be used to incentivize people to participate in environmental protection campaigns. Further, the governments of each country should implement stringent laws and rules to control the exploitation of resources and pollution of the environment by various organizations or common people.

In a nutshell, it is clear that there are various reasons for global warming, and steps need to be taken to tackle this problem.

Band 9 Sample Essay

Environmental issues are increasingly burgeoning worldwide, and one of the most pressing problems is global warming which has become humanity’s greatest threat. This phenomenon has several causes, and human actions are the most obvious cause. However, these problems can be tackled by following specific measures. Therefore, the following essay will discuss the causes and possible solutions.

Without a doubt, global warming has a number of negative implications, and the primary causes of this phenomenon are man-made due to their inadequate knowledge and reckless exploitation of natural resources. Firstly, the excessive consumption of fossil fuels that are burnt to produce electricity and run cars results in the release of CO₂ into the atmosphere. Secondly, increased emissions of green house gases have occurred from deforestation and the release of industrial pollutants into the atmosphere. Thirdly, the significant cause behind global warming is the increase in the population resulting in air pollution. As a result, global warming has a higher impact on human health than it does on the environment, water resources, regional sea-level rise, agriculture, natural vegetation, etc.

Global warming can not be blamed on humanity. But it can be addressed and prevented from worsening through human efforts. The state government and world leaders should design and execute concrete plans and programmes to ensure that the environment is not harmed further. The government should implement severe orders requiring industries, power plants, and power stations to use ecologically beneficial practices instead of fossil fuels. Similarly, instead of running gasoline-powered vehicles, consumers can switch to electric and hybrid vehicles, which will reduce pollution and congestion. Since students are future citizens, they should be taught about afforestation, planting saplings, using public transport, and minimising plastics. Even the elders can watch environmental TV shows to engage themselves in environmental conservation campaigns.

To sum up, there are a number of factors that contribute to global warming, some of them are under human control. Although t aking  efforts  to  mitigate  global  warming  may  appear challenging at first, it is not impossible. Global warming can be controlled with concerted efforts, in which individuals and governments can team up and take appropriate efforts to attain it. Every small step counts and makes a difference in the fight against global warming.

Meaning : make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task). Eg. The police have launched an initiative to tackle rising crime

Meaning : (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting. Eg. There has been stringent guidelines on air pollution issued by the government

  • Exploitation 

Meaning : the action of making use of and benefiting from resources. Eg. The migrant workers were exploited by the government

  • Incentivize 

Meaning : motivate or encourage (someone) to do something; provide with an incentive. Eg. the company is likely to incentivize the management to find ways to start savings

Meaning : a plan of things to be done or problems to be addressed. Eg . They vowed to put jobs at the top of the agenda

Meaning : the quality of being very harmful or unpleasant in a pervasive or insidious way. Eg. There has been various reports about the toxicity caused due to global warming

Meaning : make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful. Eg. There has been schemes that has helped to mitigate the problem of climate change

  • Conspicuous 

Meaning : clearly visible. Eg. The cause of global warming is conspicuous by the increase in temperature

  • Phenomenon 

Meaning : a fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question. Eg. glaciers are interesting natural phenomena

Meaning : Phrase used to describe in the fewest possible words. Eg. “she put the matter in a nutshell”

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Janice Thompson

Janice Thompson

Soon after graduating with a Master’s in Literature from Southern Arkansas University, she joined an institute as an English language trainer. She has had innumerous student interactions and has produced a couple of research papers on English language teaching. She soon found that non-native speakers struggled to meet the English language requirements set by foreign universities. It was when she decided to jump ship into IELTS training. From then on, she has been mentoring IELTS aspirants. She joined IELTSMaterial about a year ago, and her contributions have been exceptional. Her essay ideas and vocabulary have taken many students to a band 9.

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global warming causes and effects essay ielts

Trần Hoàng Phi Long

Posted on May 11, 2022

Can you give me feedback on my essay? I really appreciate.

In recent years, it is believed that the Earth is in danger due to the damage of climate change. As a result, human beings will have no place to live when the amount of sea level is continuously increasing throughout the time. Therefore, scientists and environmentalists are putting effort in stopping global warming. According to scientists, there are obviously three causes of global warming. First of all, there has been research that shows deforestation has a massive impact on how the climate has changed. With the need for land, human beings themselves have destroyed most of the trees which are believed to be the lungs of the Earth. Day after day, the more trees cut down the more carbon dioxide produced. Besides, the more carbon dioxide produced the more ozone harmed. As a consequence, the ozone will be massively affected by the light spectrum, which will lead to a climate apocalypse. Second, using fossil fuels are also the causes of climate change. Fossil fuels have been used for decades; Moreover, with their low cost and effectiveness, they still play a vital role in most countries around the world, especially poor and low-income countries. However, using fossil fuels means producing more and more carbon dioxide. According to scientists, whenever people use fossil fuels, they can create a heavy amount of carbon dioxide which puts a heavy strain on our environment. Finally, industrialization also plays a part in creating climate change. Most of the countries nowadays are focusing on developing industries. However, with the heavy amount of toxic gas emitted from places such as factories, industrial zones or cities, not only is the climate affected but also people’s health. Against global warming, many countries in the world are doing their best in order to find solutions to stop this issue. According to EU Action on how to deal with climate change, using alternative energy or renewable energy such as the wind, sun or water flow,… is the most efficient way to stop global warming. Renewable energy is limitless, easy to use, and most important, it is carbon dioxide free and friendly to the environment. Another solution is planting more trees. In order to encourage people to plant more trees, arbor day was established on the twenty-fifth of April in America. Arbor Day was soon responded to widely and became an important day when people started to grow more and more trees. Last but not least, it was the government’s responsibility to reduce the toxic gas caused by industrialization; in other words, the industrial zones and factories as well as cities should have a plan on how to minimize the effect of toxic gas before constructing. In short, the causes of global warming can be solved if we keep following the solutions. We need to give our best shot so that the Earth can be save and clean, unless we will have nowhere else to live.

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global warming causes and effects essay ielts

Global Warming Cause, Effect And Solution Essay Reading Questions and Answers

Ielts reading passage –  global warming cause, effect and solution essay.

global warming causes and effects essay ielts

Global Warming Cause, Effect And Solution Essay

In simple words, global warming is changing the surface temperature in a way that affects the existence or survival of living beings and natural cycles. In detail, global warming is the gradual and restrained increase in the surface temperature of the earth and its atmosphere generally characterized by the greenhouse effects causing the rise in levels of chloro-fluorocarbons (CFCs), carbon dioxide and various pollutants. It is a phenomenon that modifies the natural cycle on earth and creates weather imbalances and ecosystems in the long run.  

Despite the greenhouse effect being a natural phenomenon, human activities on earth create the restrained rise. Deforestation is a major cause of global warming as the forests play a vital role in maintaining the natural environment on earth. Fossil fuels and mining have also caused global warming as they don’t have a finished process of settling down the destroyed mines after obtaining fossil fuels. Intensive farming affects the actual state of soil and hampers earth and human lives too. Lack of proper waste management and overconsumption of non-biodegradable goods are causing global warming the most.

Further, those issues affect biodiversity on earth and hamper the natural habitat of various livestock. The floras and faunas cannot have a suitable environment to live in and the rise in temperature affects human lives too. Oceans are also most affected by global warming as they face acidification. The acid rain causes great harm to monuments and ancient sculptures to the cultural heritages too. Weather and seasons are not as timely as the biological eco cycle on earth are being affected due to global warming. So, climatic imbalances, oceanic traumas, and loss of biodiversity affect human life.

To cut these causes and avoid the effects of global warming,  we must encourage the use of renewable resources on earth. The alternative has to be set for the use of fossil fuels and renewable energy must get a priority. The motivation factor should act upon the use of sustainable transportation and environment-friendly generations to eliminate pollution on land, water, and air. This helps to promote the natural environment with no effects on environmental composition. We must promote the formula of R (Reduce, reuse, recycle)  in daily life, and with no underestimation of water efficiency as it is a perpetual resource on earth. Besides, an introduction of organic farming is beneficial to producers as well as consumers, and agricultural management should be a matter of concern for everyone. 

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IELTS Daily Essay Topic: Some people believe that global warming is today’s most pressing environmental problem.

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  • Updated on  
  • May 8, 2024

IELTS Daily Essay Topic: Some people believe that global warming is today’s most pressing environmental problem.

Brainstorming Ideas

Refer to the following brainstorming ideas to get a better understanding of the answer.

Reasons for global warming is the most pressing issue:

  • The impact of the emission of greenhouse gases is extensive and potentially irreversible.
  • Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, loss of biodiversity and forest fires.

Reasons for deforestation being the most pressing issue:

  • It causes Soil erosion, loss of habitat for millions of species, and disruption of water cycles.

Q. Some people believe that global warming is today’s most pressing environmental problem. At the same time, some consider deforestation to have the most devastating impact on the world. Discuss both views and give your opinion on the same. You should write at least 250 words for this task.

Ans . Today’s environment is grappling with various challenges, with global warming and deforestation being two of the most pressing issues. While some individuals argue that global warming is the most critical environmental problem, others believe deforestation has a more devastating impact on the world. In my opinion, global warming is the most pressing environmental issue due to its urgency and potential for catastrophic impacts. 

On one hand, global warming, characterised by the gradual rise in the Earth’s average temperature, is an urgent environmental concern. Its primary cause lies in the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, largely stemming from human activities such as burning fossil fuels. Its impacts are extensive and potentially irreversible. Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and loss of biodiversity are among its dire consequences. Moreover, global warming exacerbates other environmental issues; for instance, the heightened frequency and severity of wildfires, such as those witnessed in Australia and California, can be directly attributed to this phenomenon. These fires not only devastate forested areas but also contribute to the release of stored carbon dioxide, perpetuating the cycle of warming.

On the other hand, deforestation, characterised by the large-scale removal of forests, is often viewed as having the most destructive impact on the planet. It serves as the root cause of soil erosion, loss of habitat for millions of species, and disruption of water cycles. For instance, the Amazon rainforest, often referred to as the ‘lungs of the Earth,’ is rapidly shrinking due to deforestation, leading to the loss of biodiversity and disruption in the global carbon cycle. Additionally, forests play a crucial role in absorbing carbon dioxide, which would otherwise remain in the atmosphere. Therefore, their destruction exacerbates the problem of global warming.

In conclusion, both global warming and deforestation are significant environmental issues that require urgent action. However, given the widespread and profound impacts of global warming, it is, in my view, the most pressing environmental problem being faced today. 

Paraphrased Statement: Today’s environment is grappling with various challenges, with global warming and deforestation being two of the most pressing issues. While some individuals argue that global warming is the most critical environmental problem, others believe deforestation has a more devastating impact on the world. 

Thesis Statement:  In my opinion, global warming is the most pressing environmental issue due to its urgency and potential for catastrophic impacts. 

Body Paragraph 1-Topic Sentences: On one hand, global warming, characterised by the gradual rise in the Earth’s average temperature, is an urgent environmental concern. Its primary cause lies in the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, largely stemming from human activities such as burning fossil fuels. Its impacts are extensive and potentially irreversible. 

Body Paragraph 1- Supporting Reasons and Explanations:    Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and loss of biodiversity are among its dire consequences. Moreover, global warming exacerbates other environmental issues; for instance, the heightened frequency and severity of wildfires, such as those witnessed in Australia and California, can be directly attributed to this phenomenon. These fires not only devastate forested areas but also contribute to the release of stored carbon dioxide, perpetuating the cycle of warming.

Body Paragraph 2- Topic sentence: On the other hand, deforestation, characterised by the large-scale removal of forests, is often viewed as having the most destructive impact on the planet. It serves as the root cause of soil erosion, loss of habitat for millions of species, and disruption of water cycles. 

Body Paragraph 2- Supporting Reasons and Explanations:  For instance, the Amazon rainforest, often referred to as the ‘lungs of the Earth,’ is rapidly shrinking due to deforestation, leading to the loss of biodiversity and disruption in the global carbon cycle. Additionally, forests play a crucial role in absorbing carbon dioxide, which would otherwise remain in the atmosphere. Therefore, their destruction exacerbates the problem of global warming.

Conclusion: In conclusion, both global warming and deforestation are significant environmental issues that require urgent action. However, given the widespread and profound impacts of global warming, it is, in my view, the most pressing environmental problem being faced today. 

Vocabulary in Use

Linkers and connectors used.

Following are the linkers and connectors used:

  • While 
  • On one hand
  • For instance
  • On the other hand
  • In my opinion
  • Furthermore
  • In conclusion

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global warming causes and effects essay ielts

Causes and Effects of Climate Change

Fossil fuels – coal, oil and gas – are by far the largest contributor to global climate change, accounting for over 75 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions and nearly 90 per cent of all carbon dioxide emissions. As greenhouse gas emissions blanket the Earth, they trap the sun’s heat. This leads to global warming and climate change. The world is now warming faster than at any point in recorded history. Warmer temperatures over time are changing weather patterns and disrupting the usual balance of nature. This poses many risks to human beings and all other forms of life on Earth. 

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Global Warming Definition, Causes, Effects, Impacts, Solutions_1.1

Global Warming Definition, Causes, Effects, Impacts, Solutions

Global Warming is a long-term increase in average global temperature. Read about Global Warming Definition, Causes, Effects, Impact on Climate Change & Solutions for the UPSC exam.

Global Warming

Table of Contents

What is Global Warming?

Global Warming is a long-term increase in average global temperature. It is considered a natural phenomenon, but anthropogenic activities on earth, particularly post Industrial Revolution , have led to an increase in the rate of this temperature increase. Various Reports published by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have time and again highlighted that since 1850 human activities have led to an increase of about 1 degree Celsius in average global temperature. Most of this warming has taken place in the second half of the 20th century. The fact that 5 of the hottest recorded year have occurred since 2015 can help us better understand the calamitous impact of anthropogenic activities.

Global Warming Causes

Green House Gases also known as GHGs in the atmosphere trap the solar radiations that are reflected by the earth’s surface. Under normal circumstances, most of these radiations escape into outer space. However, the release of GHGs by anthropogenic activities has increased their concentration in the atmosphere. Thus, the earth is getting hotter and hotter. 

Some of the common GHGs include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and water vapour, among others. The global warming potential of each GHG is different. For example, methane has a 25-time warming potential than carbon dioxide. Similarly, nitrous oxide has more than 250 times the warming potential than carbon dioxide. The top  anthropogenic activities that are responsible for the release of GHGs are shown below.

Global Warming Definition, Causes, Effects, Impacts, Solutions_4.1

Global Warming and Green House Effect

Both phenomena are related to each other. Green House Gases also known as GHGs in the atmosphere trap the solar radiations that are reflected by the earth’s surface. Under normal circumstances, most of these radiations escape into outer space. However, the release of GHGs by anthropogenic activities has increased their concentration in the atmosphere. This is the primary cause of Global Warming . 

Global Warming Effects

Increase in the average temperature of the earth.

According to IPCC reports, human-induced global warming is responsible for nearly 1 degree Celsius temperature rise vis a vis pre-industrial level. Data from NASA suggest that 2016 has been the hottest year on record.

Frequency of Extreme Weather Events is Increasing

Across the globe, extreme weather events have increased in occurrence. For example, forest fires in California have become an annual event. Also, it is increasing in frequency each year. Most recently, we have recorded the phenomena of heat waves in Antarctica. The intensity of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal region has increased. Similarly, the frequency of occurrence of El Niño and La Niña has reduced from once in 8–10 years to once in 3–4 years now. More frequent episodes of floods and drought are being recorded every year across the world.

Melting of Ice

According to IPCC, there is 10% less permafrost in North Hemisphere at present compared to the 1900s. Remote sensing data suggest Arctic ice is melting fast. Experts suggest that not only will the sea level rise with the melting of glaciers, but there is also a danger of new bacteria and viruses being released into the environment which has so far been trapped in ice sheets. This may lead to outbreaks of disease and pandemics which are beyond the control of human medical sciences.

Sea Level Rise and Acidification of Ocean

A report published by WMO, suggests that the rate of sea level rise has doubled for the period between 2013 and 2021 compared to the rate for the period between 1993 and 2002. Earth scientists are suggesting that if this phenomenon continues, many human-inhabited coastal areas will be submerged into the sea in the coming decades. Also, with the concentration of carbon dioxide rising in the atmosphere, oceans are absorbing more of it. This is leading to ocean acidification. The impact of this phenomenon can be disastrous for ocean biodiversity, particularly the coral reefs. 

Adverse Impact on Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Earth

It has been recorded that many flora and fauna species are heading northwards in Northern Hemisphere. Significant changes have been observed in the migratory movements of birds across the world. Early arrival to their summer feeding and breeding grounds is quite evident. Expert biologists suggest that rising temperatures in the tropical and subtropical regions may lead to an outbreak of new diseases, which in turn may render many floral and faunal species extinct.

Social and Economic Impact

A rising number of extreme weather events will have an adverse impact on agriculture and fisheries. Rising global temperatures will have a negative impact on the productivity of human beings, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions of the earth. The impact on life and livelihoods of indigenous people across the world will be even more pronounced. 

Global Warming Solutions

Global cooperation for reduction of emissions.

It is time that the target of containing the global average temperature rise within 1.5 degrees Celsius of pre-industrial levels is taken seriously. Also, global efforts should be based on a spirit of Common But Differentiated Responsibility. This will ensure that historical injustices done to the global south are duly acknowledged, and they have an equal chance to transform themselves into developed countries. Countries must act proactively to achieve Net Zero Emission status at the earliest. 

Transition to Cleaner and Greener Forms of Energy

Thermal power plants based on coal should be made more efficient and inefficient ones should be phased off. Also, mass adoption of renewable forms of energy like solar should be promoted. Similarly, avenues for using hydrogen as energy fuel should be looked into. We must also explore the possibility of Nuclear fusion for energy generation, in addition to making nuclear fission-based energy generation safer.

Changes in Agricultural Practices and Land Use

Agriculture based on the use of nitrogenous fertilizers must be replaced with organic farming techniques. Also, methane gas released from agricultural and cattle waste must be trapped as biogas for domestic usage. Massive afforestation drives must be organized. Urban governments must make it a point to include green spaces in urban planning.

Improving Transportation System

The advent of E-vehicles is a welcome change, but we need to make the batteries used in these vehicles more efficient. Urban planners must make public transportation systems inherent as a benchmark of good urban planning. Also, urban planning should be such that it promotes more walking and cycling habits among the residents. 

Behavioural Changes

All the above discussions will have no meaning if we as individuals are not sensitive enough. We need to make reducing, reusing and recycling a mantra of our living. It should be our civic duty to save water, and wildlife and raise awareness among others. 

Solar Geoengineering

Solar geoengineering, a proposed climate intervention method, aims to counteract global warming by reflecting a portion of the sun’s rays back into space. One prominent approach involves injecting substances like sulphur dioxide into the upper atmosphere to create reflective aerosols. These particles can scatter sunlight, reducing the Earth’s temperature. However, solar geoengineering is a topic of debate, with concerns about its side effects, such as disrupted weather patterns and potential geopolitical risks. Research in this field is ongoing, but it remains a theoretical concept with limited practical implementation.

Can Solar Geoengineering Halt Global Warming?

Solar geoengineering, specifically solar radiation management (SRM), is under scrutiny as a potential method to mitigate global warming. SRM involves reflecting sunlight away from Earth, often by injecting substances like sulphur dioxide into the upper atmosphere to create reflective aerosols. However, its effectiveness remains a subject of debate, with concerns about potential side effects and ethical implications. While research in this field is ongoing, solar geoengineering is currently in a theoretical stage, with limited practical implementation.

Global Warming Conclusion

It is rightly said that “Charity begins at home.” Climate action will be more efficient if we go by this spirit. To begin with, each individual can make sure that what is happening in their house and immediate surroundings is in harmony with the environment. If this can happen, all the policies we are making at the local, national, regional and global levels will give far better results. 

Global Warming UPSC

Each year, we read about rising global temperatures. Also, catching the headlines is the news related to disasters caused by events like cyclones, forest fires, floods and drought. All these phenomena can be attributed to one single cause which is global warming. 

Global Warming is a long-term increase in average global temperature. It is considered a natural phenomenon, but anthropogenic activities on earth, particularly post-Industrial Revolution, have led to an increase in the rate of this temperature increase.

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Why is global warming a problem?

Global Warming at present rate can lead to disastrous impacts like rising sea level, out break of new diseases, extreme weather events among others.

What are 3 causes of global warming?

Human induced green house gas emission due to activities like agriculture, industrial emissions, transportation are the top 3 causes of global warming.

What are 5 effects of global warming?

Rising sea level, out break of new diseases, extreme weather events, changes in biodiversity and melting of glaciers are top 5 effects of global warming.

Why global warming is important?

Global warming at its natural rate is important to keep up the temperature of earth within the range that makes it habitable. This makes global warming important.

Can we control global warming?

Number of mitigation measures like shifting to cleaning forms of energy and transportation can be taken to control global warming.

Who help with global warming?

Global Warming is a collective challenge for entire humanity. Citizens, civil societies, governments and businesses must act in unison to address it.

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Global Warming Essay Sample – Causes, Effects, Solutions

Global Warming Essay (Es say Topics ) – write an essay on Global Warming for PTE & IELTS. It is not only asked in PTE or IELTS but Women Empowerment Essay UPSE (Union Public Service Commission) which means essay on Global Warming is asked everywhere. Now you will get Global Warming essay in English in 100, 200, 300, 350, 400, 500 and 1000 words. For students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 we have added Global Warming essay. Let us know through comment box if you need Global Warming essay pdf? Read essay about global warming in English.

Global Warming Essay

PTE & IELTS - Global Warming Essay

Global Warming Essay – Causes, Effects and Solutions

Global Warming Essay Sample – Causes, Effects and Solutions

In the past few decades use of automobiles have increased due to which pollution has increased. Due to increase in automobiles air has become toxic, these automobiles emit toxic gases like carbon monoxide in the air. This is the biggest cause of global warming. Another cause of global warming is deforestation. As we don’t have enough trees to absorb toxic gases due to which pollution is increasing. The root of all these problems is overpopulation. Because of overpopulation use of automobiles have increased and we don’t have enough trees because of overpopulation only. More people will need more space to live, more people will need more cars to travel which will lead to air pollution.

Third cause of global warming is smoke emit from factories. According to me change in lifestyle is also one of the cause of air pollution. Because of the high living standard, there is more than one car in many houses. Everyone wants to travel on their vehicle, people do not prefer public transport. This is also a reason for air pollution.

There are so many effects of global warming. It has affected earth drastically. It has become difficult to breathe in this toxic air. Global warming gives rise to many harmful diseases and huge effect on human life. It has affected climate also, because of which we see excessive and low rain in some areas. It has impacted agricultural productivity also.

The only solution to this problem is control on overpopulation if we get control on overpopulation half of the problem will be solved. Another solution to this problem is proper awareness. Some people are not aware of it and its consequences. If people will be aware of it they will take proper action to control it. All this can be possible if government will take action for controlling population and public awareness. So government and individuals both have to work together to tackle it.

PTE Repeated Essays With Answers

Global Warming Essay PTE & IELTS

Question – Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today. What are the causes of global warming and what measures can the government and individuals take to tackle the issue. What are the causes, effects and solutions to global warming? Here is “PTE & IELTS – Global Warming Essay Sample – Causes, Effects, Solutions.”

Global warming has become one of the most serious issues from the last few years. Probably this is the most worrying threat to our planet. In Global Warming essay, we will discuss what are the causes of global warming essay, how it is affecting the environment and what is a solution for it. PTE & IELTS – Global Warming essay is described in more than 600 words.

Answer – 

Global Warming is the gradual process of raising the level of earth temperature caused by greenhouse gases (GHGs). Global Warming is one of the greatest environmental problems that we are facing today.

There are many causes of Global Warming: some are natural causes and some are human-made causes. The most important causes of global warming are greenhouse gases (GHGS) which are generated by some natural process as well as human activities. It is believed that increasing level of carbon dioxide gas and other greenhouse gases on the earth are the main reasons of heating the atmosphere of Earth.

Global Warming is the urgent and serious problems that can lead to tragic results. It is important to think for reducing our emissions of CO2 or carbon footprint which contains greenhouse gases as Methane, Nitrous Oxide, CFCs etc. These gases are responsible for global warming which are increased day by day because of the explosive population, industrial development, technological advancement, deforestation and urbanization etc.

If it is not solved immediately, it causes the end of life on the earth. Its threatening effects are increasing day by day and creating danger for human life. Global Warming is the main and only reason of rising sea level, flooding, changes in weather patterns, storms, cyclones, epidemic disease, lack of food, deaths etc.

The only solution to global warming is the individual level Social awareness. People must be made aware of its meaning, causes, and bad effects. Firstly, forestation can be a great help in this regard so planting trees. Secondly, we must follow on environmental policy of reducing, reuse and recycle. Thirdly, the use of fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted. Fourthly, eco-friendly technologies must be promoted. If we follow the above solution individually, we will save our planet Earth.

More Essays on Global Issues – 

Climate Change Essay

Overpopulation Cause And Solution Essay

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Environment Essay Titles

Below are examples of IELTS Environmental writing task 2 questions.

Human activity has had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people think that this cannot be changed, while others believe actions can be taken to bring about a change. Discuss both and give your opinion. (Reported 2017, Academic Test)
It is often said that governments spend too much money on projects to protect wildlife, while there are other problems that are more important? Do you agree or disagree? (Reported 2017, GT Test)
Some people think the best way to solve global environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Reported 2017, Academic Test)
Some people think an international car-free day is an effective way to reduce air pollution. Others think there are more effective ways do to this. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. (Reported 2017, Academic Test)
While some people consider global warming to be the most pressing environmental problem which we have at the moment, others believe that deforestation has a more devastating impact on our world. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
The government should reduce the amount of money spent on local environmental problems and instead increase funding into urgent and more threatening issues such as global warming. To what extent do you agree?
With increasing populations and ever growing urban centers, many countries are losing their natural beauty spots. What benefits are there to protecting places of natural beauty? How can this be solved?
Although many people value their public parks, this space could be better used for other purposes such as residential areas for the ever growing population or to develop business and boost economies. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?
With deforestation, urban development and illegal hunting, many animal species are becoming endangered as they lose their habitat and some are even threatened to the point of extinction. Do you think it is important to protect animals? What measures can be taken to deal with this problem?
Global warming is one of the biggest threats to our environment. What causes global warming? What solutions are there to this problem?
Both governments and individuals are spending vast amounts of money protecting animals and their habitat. This money could be better spent dealing with fundamental issues in society such as poverty and health care. To what extent do you agree?
As a result of growth in some urban centers, the environment in those cities is deteriorating. How could this issue be tackled by both the government and individuals?
Some people think that current environmental issues are global problems and should therefore be dealt with by the government while others believe that these problems can only be tackled by individuals. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
Global environmental issues are the responsibility of rich nations not of poorer nations. Do you agree with this opinion?
Many people believe that global environmental problems should be dealt with internationally rather than domestically. What is your opinion?
 Many animals are being hunted to the brink of extinction in order to fulfil the demand and greed of mankind for decorative purposes as well as for other reasons, such as traditional medicine. How can this issue be tackled?
Restricting air travel is the only way to prevent air pollution. Do you agree?

Reported essay questions are from students who have taken their IELTS test. These questions may vary slightly in wording from the original question. 

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Climate Forward

With or without tesla, more e.v. chargers are coming.

Experts say that a new wave of electric vehicle charging stations are coming soon, even after Tesla gutted its charger team.

Blue and white charging stations in a parking lot.

By Manuela Andreoni

Last week, Tesla laid off most of its electric car charging team , raising doubts about the feasibility of the Biden administration’s ambitious E.V. expansion plans.

Though Tesla accounts for more than half of the fast E.V. chargers currently installed in the United States, and though it has continued to build them faster and cheaper than anyone else, the E.V. charging market may no longer need Tesla to lead it.

In fact, experts I spoke to believe the E.V. charging industry is set to expand quickly over the next few years. Let me explain why.

At first, Tesla’s move seemed like a blow to a sector that may seem like it’s struggling to grow despite the $7.5 billion investment from the bipartisan infrastructure law passed by President Biden in 2021. The administration’s goal is to build a network of a half million fast and slow chargers in the country by 2030, more than double what the U.S. has today . But roughly two and a half years after the bill’s passage only eight federally funded charging stations have opened in six states, according to government data.

Elon Musk, Tesla’s C.E.O., hasn’t explained why he decided to cut back on charger construction, but some analysts interviewed by my colleagues Jack Ewing and Ivan Penn said he had probably concluded that it would become harder to make money from charging as more companies entered the market.

As Ewing and Penn wrote, last year all major automakers selling cars in North America agreed to use the charging plug developed by Tesla, which has a reputation for being reliable and easy-to-use.

That leaves the question I set out to answer. What’s holding back the expansion of America’s electric charging infrastructure? Spoiler alert: The picture isn’t nearly as grim as it may seem.

“We’re not seeing a lag in process or progress,” Ellen Kennedy, a transportation expert at RMI, a clean energy think tank, told me. “I think that people have been taking a dim view of this without actually considering that what has been happening is amazing.”

Jumping through hoops

You might think Kennedy is being overly optimistic, but she’s not alone in thinking the U.S. is turning the corner on E.V. chargers.

My colleague Ewing, who has been covering automakers for decades, told me he has been hearing much of the same thing from experts. “A lot of people told me that the charger infrastructure has a momentum of its own,” he said. “Things are going up pretty fast.”

Including the federally funded program, the U.S. has added an average of about 2,800 fast and slow charging ports a month over the past year, according to government data . (A charging station can have several ports.) Many companies are excited, Ewing said, about the prospect of building out E.V. stations that can offer entertainment, dining and shopping options for drivers. That’s already happening in Norway .

The point of the federal government’s program isn’t simply to add more chargers to the network, but rather to guarantee there is an equitable distribution across the country, and to match charging infrastructure to demand.

“The charging networks, you know, just aren’t building these charging stations where there’s very little E.V. traffic,” Loren McDonald, the C.E.O. of EVAdoption, an industry data and analysis company, told me. “But it’s a chicken and egg thing, and that’s what this program is trying to solve.”

In a statement, the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation, which is responsible for the federal charger program, said, “We want to get it right to ensure we have a charging network that makes it easier for Americans to find a charge than to fill up on gas.”

The obstacles remaining

Still, coordination between the federal government, states and utilities can take time. Most of the money for E.V. chargers is federal, but states are the ones that need to spend it. And then, utilities must connect charging stations to the grid.

Utilities often delay projects. It can take months after a station is built for the local utility to connect it to the grid. A shortage of transformers and switch gears can add another layer of delays.

The good news is that every state, as well as Puerto Rico and Washington, D.C., have presented plans for how they will spend federal resources. But staffing can be an issue. States with high E.V. adoption, like New York, have more experienced staff handling charger expansion efforts than states where fewer people own electric cars, such as South Carolina.

The layoffs at Tesla won’t help any of this go faster. But the company picked up only 14 percent of the contracts from the federal charger program so far, according to EVAdoption. Dozens of competitors, like Francis Energy and Love’s Travel Stop, are working to build the rest.

Overcoming these obstacles is taking time. But all the experts I’ve spoken to expect that to change soon.

Right now, federally funded new stations are opening roughly one a month. McDonald said he expects them to open once a week or once a day by the end of the year.

McDonald also pointed out that public chargers, some of which can recharge a battery in less than half an hour, aren’t where most E.V. charging happens. Most charging happens at home, at work or wherever people park, using slower chargers that can take several hours to charge a car up, but get the job done.

The Biden administration’s “messaging has perhaps overly focused on the fast charging aspect of it,” McDonald said. “The biggest sort of challenge is, well, just education.”

For people considering buying an electric car, seeing charging stations pop up everywhere may help dispel some of their concerns. “We have this saying in the industry that the charger anxiety has replaced range anxiety,” McDonald said.

Still, when it comes to the Biden administration’s expansion plans, McDonald said “ it actually is fair to say that by and large, the program is on track .”

Today on The Daily: Our warming oceans

Ocean temperatures have been hitting record highs for more than a year now, puzzling scientists and raising the prospect of cataclysmic changes to life on Earth.

On Tuesday’s episode of The Daily , David Gelles and Raymond Zhong explain why the oceans are so hot, how the heat is already upending marine life and weather patterns, and what even bigger changes might be in store.

Climate change has been making oceans warmer for decades. But starting last March, scientists noticed a sharp jump in sea surface temperatures. Oceans have absorbed much of the excess heat produced by global warming, but that alone doesn’t explain the spike recorded over the past year.

Another factor was likely the current El Niño cycle , which typically has an overall warming effect on the world’s oceans. Still another likely cause has been the recent changes in shipping regulations that led to reduced air pollution over the North Atlantic, which counter-intuitively allowed more of the sun’s energy to reach the ocean, warming it up. But even when factoring in all those dynamics, scientists are still perplexed by the record heat .

All that extra heat is already having effects. As Catrin Einhorn has reported, coral reefs around the world are experiencing a mass bleaching event . Corals are vitally important parts of marine ecosystems, and responsible for some $2.7 trillion of economic activity. Their disappearance is a problem for the oceans and humans alike.

The warm oceans are also expected to contribute to an active hurricane season. As Judson Jones reported last month, a key area of the Atlantic Ocean where hurricanes form is abnormally warm , conditions that one leading scientist called “unprecedented,” “alarming” and an “out-of-bounds anomaly.”

Even bigger changes could be in store. A key current that moves warm water from the equatorial region up into the North Atlantic is showing early signs of collapsing . The last time that happened, more than 12,000 years ago, Europe was plunged into an ice age.

Listen to the whole episode here.

More climate news

Shell sold millions of carbon credits, for carbon dioxide removals that didn’t actually happen, to Canada’s largest oil sand companies, the Financial Times revealed.

The Environmental Protection Agency proposed to ban a pesticide after ProPublica showed that the government was ignoring the bug killer’s impacts on children’s brains .

Workers producing clothes for brands like Primark, H&M and Old Navy told Grist that they are struggling with rising temperatures .

Thanks for being a subscriber.

Read past editions of the newsletter here .

If you’re enjoying what you’re reading, please consider recommending it to others. They can sign up here . Browse all of our subscriber-only newsletters here . And follow The New York Times on Instagram , Threads , Facebook and TikTok at @nytimes.

Reach us at [email protected] . We read every message, and reply to many!

Manuela Andreoni is a Times climate and environmental reporter and a writer for the Climate Forward newsletter. More about Manuela Andreoni

Learn More About Climate Change

Have questions about climate change? Our F.A.Q. will tackle your climate questions, big and small .

Giant batteries are transforming the way the United States uses electricity. Here’s how .

Are carbon offsets for air travel worth it? A lot of them don’t work and some might even be harmful, but there are alternatives .

Cattle ranches have ruled the Amazon for decades. Now, new companies are selling something else: the ability of trees to lock away planet-warming carbon .

“Buying Time,” a series from The New York Times, looks at the risky ways  humans are starting to manipulate nature  to fight climate change.

Did you know the ♻ symbol doesn’t mean something is actually recyclable ? Read on about how we got here, and what can be done.

IMAGES

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COMMENTS

  1. IELTS Global Warming Essay

    This essay will examine the reasons why global warming is occurring and discuss some possible solutions. The predominant factors resulting in the warming of the earth are the emissions of CO2 and deforestation. CO2, which damages the ozone layer, comes from several sources, but the most problematic are those coming from the burning of fossil ...

  2. IELTS Essay on Global Warming: Sample answer and vocabulary

    Re-orientate the topic to climate change / industrial pollution 600. Global warming essay. This global warming IELTS essay lesson is mostly about the need to vary your vocabulary when you write. This means thinking about the topic of the question of course but also thinking about what the question asks you to do - i.e. talk about causes etc.

  3. IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 517

    Sample Answer 2: Global warming is a serious worldwide problem that arises as an effect of gases like Carbon Dioxide traps the heat from the sun causing the rise in the global temperature, this process is known as greenhouse effects which have many causes believed to be a human effect. There are many different measures that could be taken to ...

  4. IELTS Writing Task 2 Analysis (Global Warming)

    To conclude, global warming is a very serious issue, which needs to be addressed at the priority. The government and all the individuals should join hands to reduce this eminent threat and save earth and future generations. Let us try now do thorough analysis of the IELTS writing task 2 response as below: Introduction. Strength:

  5. Global Warming is One of The Biggest Threats to Our Environment- IELTS

    Band 9 Sample Essay. Environmental issues are increasingly burgeoning worldwide, and one of the most pressing problems is global warming which has become humanity's greatest threat. This phenomenon has several causes, and human actions are the most obvious cause. However, these problems can be tackled by following specific measures.

  6. Global Warming Cause, Effect And Solution Essay Reading Questions and

    IELTS Reading Passage - Global Warming Cause, Effect And Solution Essay. Global Warming Cause, Effect And Solution Essay. In simple words, global warming is changing the surface temperature in a way that affects the existence or survival of living beings and natural cycles. In detail, global warming is the gradual and restrained increase in ...

  7. The Environment Topic for Writing Task 2

    The Environment Topic for Writing Task 2. While some people consider global warming to be the most pressing environmental problem which we have at the moment, others believe that deforestation has a more devastating impact on our world. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. The government should reduce the amount of money spent on local ...

  8. Climate Change Assay: A Spark Of Change

    A spark of change. "Most human beings have an almost infinite capacity for taking things for granted," says Aldous Huxley in one of his books. He perfectly summarises the biggest cause of the issues the world of today struggles with, the issues that are created by humans' tendency to ignore the consequences of their actions.

  9. Global Warming is One of the Biggest Threats to Our Environment IELTS

    Natural causes like volcanic eruptions contribute to global warming but man-made causes are huge in number. This essay will discuss the causes and solutions to prevent global warming from becoming a major threat. There are several reasons that have contributed to global warming. The use of nitrogen-rich fertilizers on farms trap the heat.

  10. IELTS Writing Task 2: 'global warming' topic

    1. 7 sentences, 2 - sentence about gases and causes. 3-sentence about greenhouse effect and his cause. 4 and 5 - specific sentences reason to rise emission. 6 - sentence addition information about emission. 7- sentence conclusion about greenhouse. 2. global warming; carbon dioxide trap heat; global temperatures to rise; greenhouse effect ...

  11. Climate Changes, So Should We...

    In conclusion, climate change is the most significant problem facing the world. Global warming is increasing day by day. If we cannot prevent it as soon as possible, our world will face undesirable consequences. Artificial intelligence and machine learning, which have been quite advanced recently, is our immense weapon in the fight against ...

  12. Essay on Global Warming with Samples (150, 250, 500 Words

    Being able to write an essay is an integral part of mastering any language. Essays form an integral part of many academic and scholastic exams like the SAT , and UPSC amongst many others. It is a crucial evaluative part of English proficiency tests as well like IELTS, TOEFL, etc. Major essays are meant to emphasize public issues of concern that can have significant consequences on the world.

  13. IELTS Daily Essay Topic: Some people believe that global warming is

    On one hand, global warming, characterised by the gradual rise in the Earth's average temperature, is an urgent environmental concern. Its primary cause lies in the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, largely stemming from human activities such as burning fossil fuels.

  14. Answers to Greenhouse Matching Headings Reading

    If you didn't get this right, don't worry. The aim of the paragraph is to explain how the global warming is created. This paragraph explains how the greenhouse gases function to cause global warming. There certainly is a lot of information about greenhouse gases (vi), but the reason for the information is to explain how global warming happens.

  15. Global warming

    Modern global warming is the result of an increase in magnitude of the so-called greenhouse effect, a warming of Earth's surface and lower atmosphere caused by the presence of water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxides, and other greenhouse gases. In 2014 the IPCC first reported that concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and ...

  16. Causes and Effects of Climate Change

    This leads to global warming and climate change. The world is now warming faster than at any point in recorded history. Warmer temperatures over time are changing weather patterns and disrupting ...

  17. Cause and Effect Essay on Global Warming

    Global Warming Essay 6 (2500 words) "Global warming refers to the increase in the temperatures of the global surface causing various effects on the climate of the world," (Spencer, 2003). Changes in climate will include change in the patterns of rainfall, rise in the sea level among other climate changes.

  18. PDF Writing Task 2 Cause and Solution

    Conclusion: 17 Say there are causes and solutions to this issue 18 Make a statement about the future. (1) Scientists claim that the earth's temperature is rising, resulting in what is referred to as global warming, which poses a huge threat to our planet. (2) There are a number of man-‐made causes, which are said to add to this ...

  19. Global Warming Essay

    A rise in global temperatures can lead to additional changes in the environment, such as rising sea levels. Since an increase in the temperature causes the glaciers and icebergs to melt at a rapid pace, it causes the sea levels to rise. On the Weather: Global Warming causes intense heat waves by significantly increasing the temperature which ...

  20. IELTS Grammar: cause and effect

    Here are some useful phrases for describing causes and effects (for IELTS Writing Task 2 and maybe Speaking Part 3). I'll use the topic of 'global warming' to show how the phrases work. 1. Cause and Effect Pollution causes global warming. Pollution leads to global warming. Pollution results in global warming. Pollution is the main cause of global warming. Factories pollute the atmosphere. As a ...

  21. Global Warming Definition, Causes, Effects, Impacts, Solutions

    Global Warming is a long-term increase in average global temperature. It is considered a natural phenomenon, but anthropogenic activities on earth, particularly post Industrial Revolution, have led to an increase in the rate of this temperature increase. Various Reports published by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have time and ...

  22. Global Warming Essay Sample

    Global Warming is the main and only reason of rising sea level, flooding, changes in weather patterns, storms, cyclones, epidemic disease, lack of food, deaths etc. The only solution to global warming is the individual level Social awareness. People must be made aware of its meaning, causes, and bad effects. Firstly, forestation can be a great ...

  23. Environment Essay Titles

    Environment Essay Titles. Below are examples of IELTS Environmental writing task 2 questions. Human activity has had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people think that this cannot be changed, while others believe actions can be taken to bring about a change. Discuss both and give your opinion.

  24. The Doom vs. Optimism Debate

    Yes, planet-warming emissions are still on the rise, and the effects of climate change are growing worse. And also, yes, renewable energy is coming online at record rates, and there is a huge ...

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    These ancient insights may not help us manage individual wildfires today, Dr. Glasspool said. But they can provide a clearer sense of the global phenomenon of fire and how it shapes Earth's climate.

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    The recent drought in the Panama Canal was driven not by global warming but by below-normal rainfall linked to the natural climate cycle El Niño, an international team of scientists has concluded.

  27. With or Without Tesla, More E.V. Chargers Are Coming

    Another factor was likely the current El Niño cycle, which typically has an overall warming effect on the world's oceans. Still another likely cause has been the recent changes in shipping ...